Conceptual Breakthroughs in Comparative Animal Physiology Book

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Comparative Animal Physiology

  • Author : James Hicks
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-12-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128173671

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Comparative Animal Physiology Excerpt :

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Comparative Physiology focuses on milestones and research achievements in comparative animal physiology. The book looks at the future of the field, illustrating how advances in technology continue to help us understand how animals work and adapt to their environments. Written by a leading expert in comparative physiology, the book follows the chronological order of discoveries and developments in the field. It covers the origins of comparative physiology in the 16th century, moving on to describe new topics such as developmental, diving and renal physiology. In addition, it examines new developments in ecological physiology and the birth of evolutionary physiology. This is an essential resource for undergraduates, graduate students and researchers interested in physiology with its comprehensive synopsis on the field’s foundational history and significant advances. Provides a single-source, historical overview of the field Examines more than 70 significant achievements in the history of comparative animal physiology Written in a comprehensive and easy-to-read format

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior Book

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior

  • Author : Michael D. Breed
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-01-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128095454

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior Excerpt :

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior highlights, through concise summaries, the most important discoveries and scientific revolutions in animal behavior. These are assessed for their relative impact on the field and their significance to the forward motion of the science of animal behavior. Eighty short essays capture the moment when a new concept emerged or a publication signaled a paradigm shift. How the new understanding came about is explained, and any continuing controversy or scientific conversation on the issue is highlighted. Behavior is a rich and varied field, drawing on genetics, evolution, physiology, and ecology to inform its principles, and this book embraces the wealth of knowledge that comes from the unification of these fields around the study of animals in motion. The chronological organization of the essays makes this an excellent overview of the history of animal behavior, ethology, and behavioral ecology. The work includes such topics as Darwin’s role in shaping the study of animal behavior, the logic of animal contests, cognition, empathy in animals, and animal personalities. Succinct accounts of new revelations about behavior through scientific investigation and scrutiny reveal the fascinating story of this field. Similar to Dr. John Avise’s Contemporary Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics, the work is structured into vignettes that describe the conceptual revolution and assess the impact of the conceptual change, with a score, which ranges from 1-10, providing an assessment of the impact of the new findings on contemporary science. Features a lively, brisk writing style and brief entries to enable easy, enjoyable access to this essential information Includes topics that cover the range of behavioral biology from mechanism to behavioral ecology Can also be used as supplemental material for an undergraduate animal behavior course, or as the foundational text for an upper level or graduate discussion course in advanced

Analytical Techniques Book

Analytical Techniques

  • Author : T.P. Mommsen
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2012-12-02
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 718
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080933221

Analytical Techniques Excerpt :

This third volume in the series covers such topics as anaesthetics, cannulation and injection techniques, and surgery. The book will be invaluable to fisheries scientists, aquaculturists, and animal biochemists, physiologists and endocrinologists; it will provide researchers and students with a pertinent information source from theoretical and experimental angles.

Phylogenetic and Biochemical Perspectives Book

Phylogenetic and Biochemical Perspectives

  • Author : T.P. Mommsen
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2012-12-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080934280

Phylogenetic and Biochemical Perspectives Excerpt :

This new series on The Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Fishes grew out of the demand for state-of-the-art review articles in a rapidly expanding field of research. Up to the present, most research literature on biochemistry involved rats and humans, but new breakthroughs in the piscine setting have indicated that the field is ready for a review series of its own. Because of funding and experimental availability restrictions, most research in the field has dealt with fish and insects. Within the insect field, comparative biochemistry and comparative physiology have proceeded along independent paths as opposed to the piscine field, where the tendency has been for the latter to envelop the former. This volume sets out to make comparative biochemistry and comparative physiology independent of each other within the piscine setting, another important rationale for this review series as well as detailing the phylogenetic evolution of fishes. The goal of the series is to provide researchers and students with an appropriate balance between experimental results and theoretical concepts.

Plant Physiology 75th Anniversary Book

Plant Physiology 75th Anniversary

  • Author : Natasha V. Raikhel
  • Publisher : Amer Society of Plant physiologists
  • Release Date : 2001
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN 10 : WISC:89077299824

Plant Physiology 75th Anniversary Excerpt :

Development and Evolution of Brain Size Book

Development and Evolution of Brain Size

  • Author : Martine Hahn
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-12-02
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323151535

Development and Evolution of Brain Size Excerpt :

Development and Evolution of Brain Size: Behavioral Implications contains the proceedings of a symposium entitled ""Development and Evolution of Brain Size: Behavioral Implications,"" held at William Paterson College in Wayne, New Jersey, in April 1978. The papers explore the relationship between evolution and development and its implications for brain size and behavior. This book is comprised of 18 chapters and begins with an overview of the brain-behavior relationship, with emphasis on the importance of brain size for behavior; the effects of genetic selection for brain size on brain substructures and behavior; and whether genetic and environmental manipulations of brain size have similar consequences. The next two chapters explain evolutionary theory and the evolution of the human brain as well as diversity in brain size. A general model for brain evolution that offers some synthetic possibilities for approaching the questions of brain evolution, size, allometry, and reorganization is then described. The correlation between cerebral indices and behavioral differences is also discussed, along with biochemical correlates of selective breeding for brain size. The results of an experiment that assessed the effects of early undernutrition on brain and behavior of developing mice are presented. This monograph should be of interest to students and practitioners in a wide range of disciplines, including evolutionary biology and clinical psychology.

Molecular Biology Frontiers Book

Molecular Biology Frontiers

  • Author : T.P. Mommsen
  • Publisher : Elsevier Science
  • Release Date : 1993-12-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN 10 : 0444816631

Molecular Biology Frontiers Excerpt :

This second volume in the series covers such topics as DNA fingerprinting of fishes, the cytochromes P450 in fish, the molecular biology of bacterial fish diseases, and new insights into the origins of the diversity and distribution of fish antifreeze proteins. The book will be of great value to fisheries scientists, animal biochemists, physiologists and endocrinologists, and aquaculturists. It will provide researchers and students alike with a pertinent information source from theoretical and experimental angles.

Environmental and Ecological Biochemistry Book

Environmental and Ecological Biochemistry

  • Author : Peter W. Hochachka
  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Release Date : 1995
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN 10 : UCSD:31822023312325

Environmental and Ecological Biochemistry Excerpt :

This third volume in the series covers such topics as anaesthetics, cannulation and injection techniques, and surgery. The book will be invaluable to fisheries scientists, aquaculturists, and animal biochemists, physiologists and endocrinologists; it will provide researchers and students with a pertinent information source from theoretical and experimental angles.

This Is Biology Book

This Is Biology

  • Author : Ernst Mayr
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Release Date : 1998-09-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN 10 : 9780674256170

This Is Biology Excerpt :

Biology until recently has been the neglected stepchild of science, and many educated people have little grasp of how biology explains the natural world. Yet to address the major political and moral questions that face us today, we must acquire an understanding of their biological roots. This magisterial new book by Ernst Mayr will go far to remedy this situation. An eyewitness to this century’s relentless biological advance and the creator of some of its most important concepts, Mayr is uniquely qualified to offer a vision of science that places biology firmly at the center, and a vision of biology that restores the primacy of holistic, evolutionary thinking. As he argues persuasively, the physical sciences cannot address many aspects of nature that are unique to life. Living organisms must be understood at every level of organization; they cannot be reduced to the laws of physics and chemistry. Mayr’s approach is refreshingly at odds with the reductionist thinking that dominated scientific research earlier in this century, and will help to redirect how people think about the natural world. This Is Biology can also be read as a "life history" of the discipline--from its roots in the work of Aristotle, through its dormancy during the Scientific Revolution and its flowering in the hands of Darwin, to its spectacular growth with the advent of molecular techniques. Mayr maps out the territorial overlap between biology and the humanities, especially history and ethics, and carefully describes important distinctions between science and other systems of thought, including theology. Both as an overview of the sciences of life and as the culmination of a remarkable life in science, This Is Biology will richly reward professionals and general readers alike.

A Conceptual History of Modern Embryology Book

A Conceptual History of Modern Embryology

  • Author : Scott F. Gilbert
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-11-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461568230

A Conceptual History of Modern Embryology Excerpt :

"Glory to the science of embryology!" So Johannes Holtfreter closed his letter to this editor when he granted permission to publish his article in this volume. And glory there is: glory in the phenomenon of animals developing their complex morphologies from fertilized eggs, and glory in the efforts of a relatively small group of scientists to understand these wonderful events. Embryology is unique among the biological disciplines, for it denies the hegemony of the adult and sees value (indeed, more value) in the stages that lead up to the fully developed organism. It seeks the origin, and not merely the maintenance, of the body. And if embryology is the study of the embryo as seen over time, the history of embryology is a second-order derivative, seeing how the study of embryos changes over time. As Jane Oppenheimer pointed out, "Sci ence, like life itself, indeed like history, itself, is a historical phenomenon. It can build itself only out of its past. " Thus, there are several ways in which embryology and the history of embryology are similar. Each takes a current stage of a developing entity and seeks to explain the paths that brought it to its present condition. Indeed, embryology used to be called Entwicklungsgeschichte, the developmental history of the organism. Both embryology and its history interpret the interplay between internal factors and external agents in the causation of new processes and events.

Translational Research and Discovery in Gastroenterology Book

Translational Research and Discovery in Gastroenterology

  • Author : Deborah L. Gumucio
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2014-08-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118492871

Translational Research and Discovery in Gastroenterology Excerpt :

Translational Gastroenterology: Organogenesis to Disease bridges the gap between basic and clinical research by providing information on GI (gastrointestinal) organ development discovered through scientific inquiry, alongside clinical observations of acquired and congenital abnormalities. Paired chapters, written from basic science and clinical viewpoints, review the major biological pathways and molecules at work in organ ontogeny and disease. In addition to a comprehensive survey of GI organ development and pathologies, the book also highlights model organisms and new areas of research, with chapters devoted to recent advances in the field of GI stem cell biology, and the potential for tissue engineering of GI organs. The topics covered provide a unique window onto current activity in the field of gastroenterology, fostering enhanced knowledge for developmental biologists as well as for clinical practitioners. Notable features include the following: • Basic science chapters review the molecular and cellular pathways of GI organ development alongside clinical chapters examining organ-based diseases, closing the gap between the bench and the clinic. • Derivative organs – esophagus, stomach, pylorus, small intestine, colon, liver, and pancreas –as well as tissues such as serosa and enteric nervous system that are common to multiple GI organs. • Chapters detailing the use of model organisms – Drosophila, sea urchin, zebrafish, C. elegans, Xenopus – for basic discovery studies are included. • Chapters on GI stem cells and the potential for tissue engineering of the GI organs provide a view to the future of research and therapy in these organs.

Princeton Alumni Weekly Book

Princeton Alumni Weekly

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : princeton alumni weekly
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : PRNC:32101081978007

Princeton Alumni Weekly Excerpt :

The Foundations of Ethology Book

The Foundations of Ethology

  • Author : K. Lorenz
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-04-17
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN 10 : 9783709136713

The Foundations of Ethology Excerpt :

This book is a contribution to the history of ethology-not a definitive history, but the personal view of a major figure in that story. It is all the more welcome because such a grand theme as ethology calls for a range of perspectives. One reason is the overarching scope of the subject. Two great questions about life that constitute much of biology are "How does it work (structure and function)?" and "How did it get that way (evolu tion and ontogeny)?" Ethology addresses the antecedent of "it. " Of what are we trying to explain the mechanism and development? Surely behav ior, in all its wealth of detail, variation, causation, and control, is the main achievement of animal evolution, the essential consequence of animal structure and function, the raison d' etre of all the rest. Ethology thus spans between and overlaps with the ever-widening circles of ecol ogy over the eons and the ever-narrowing focus of physiology of the neurons. Another reason why the history of ethology needs perspectives is the recency of its acceptance. For such an obviously major aspect of animal biology, it is curious how short a time-less than three decades-has seen the excitement of an active field and a substantial fraternity of work ers, the addition of professors and courses to departments and curricula in biology (still far from universal}, and the normal complement of spe cial journals, symposia, and sessions at congresses.