Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior Book

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior


  • Author : Michael D. Breed
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-01-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128095454

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Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior Excerpt :

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior highlights, through concise summaries, the most important discoveries and scientific revolutions in animal behavior. These are assessed for their relative impact on the field and their significance to the forward motion of the science of animal behavior. Eighty short essays capture the moment when a new concept emerged or a publication signaled a paradigm shift. How the new understanding came about is explained, and any continuing controversy or scientific conversation on the issue is highlighted. Behavior is a rich and varied field, drawing on genetics, evolution, physiology, and ecology to inform its principles, and this book embraces the wealth of knowledge that comes from the unification of these fields around the study of animals in motion. The chronological organization of the essays makes this an excellent overview of the history of animal behavior, ethology, and behavioral ecology. The work includes such topics as Darwin’s role in shaping the study of animal behavior, the logic of animal contests, cognition, empathy in animals, and animal personalities. Succinct accounts of new revelations about behavior through scientific investigation and scrutiny reveal the fascinating story of this field. Similar to Dr. John Avise’s Contemporary Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics, the work is structured into vignettes that describe the conceptual revolution and assess the impact of the conceptual change, with a score, which ranges from 1-10, providing an assessment of the impact of the new findings on contemporary science. Features a lively, brisk writing style and brief entries to enable easy, enjoyable access to this essential information Includes topics that cover the range of behavioral biology from mechanism to behavioral ecology Can also be used as supplemental material for an undergraduate animal behavior course, or as the foundational text for an upper level or graduate discussion course in advanced

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology Book

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology


  • Author : Laurence Mueller
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128160145

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Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology Excerpt :

Although biologists recognize evolutionary ecology by name, many only have a limited understanding of its conceptual roots and historical development. Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology fills that knowledge gap in a thought-provoking and readable format. Written by a world-renowned evolutionary ecologist, this book embodies a unique blend of expertise in combining theory and experiment, population genetics and ecology. Following an easily-accessible structure, this book encapsulates and chronologizes the history behind evolutionary ecology. It also focuses on the integration of age-structure and density-dependent selection into an understanding of life-history evolution. Covers over 60 seminal breakthroughs and paradigm shifts in the field of evolutionary biology and ecology Modular format permits ready access to each described subject Historical overview of a field whose concepts are central to all of biology and relevant to a broad audience of biologists, science historians, and philosophers of science

Morality Made Visible Book

Morality Made Visible


  • Author : Otto Pipatti
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2019-04-01
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351169141

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Morality Made Visible Excerpt :

While highly respected among evolutionary scholars, the sociologist, anthropologist and philosopher Edward Westermarck is now largely forgotten in the social sciences. This book is the first full study of his moral and social theory, focusing on the key elements of his theory of moral emotions as presented in The Origin and Development of the Moral Ideas and summarised in Ethical Relativity. Examining Westermarck’s evolutionary approach to the human mind, the author introduces important new themes to scholarship on Westermarck, including the pivotal role of emotions in human reciprocity, the evolutionary origins of human society, social solidarity, the emergence and maintenance of moral norms and moral responsibility. With attention to Westermarck’s debt to David Hume and Adam Smith, whose views on human nature, moral sentiments and sympathy Westermarck combined with Darwinian evolutionary thinking, Morality Made Visible highlights the importance of the theory of sympathy that lies at the heart of Westermarck’s work, which proves to be crucial to his understanding of morality and human social life. A rigorous examination of Westermarck’s moral and social theory in its intellectual context, this volume connects Westermarck’s work on morality to classical sociology, to the history of evolutionism in the social and behavioural sciences, and to the sociological study of morality and emotions, showing him to be the forerunner of modern evolutionary psychology and anthropology. In revealing the lasting value of his work in understanding and explaining a wide range of moral phenomena, it will appeal to scholars of sociology, anthropology and psychology with interests in social theory, morality and intellectual history.

The Nature Instinct Book

The Nature Instinct


  • Author : Tristan Gooley
  • Publisher : The Experiment
  • Release Date : 2018-11-20
  • Genre: Sports & Recreation
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN 10 : 9781615195169

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The Nature Instinct Excerpt :

From the New York Times–bestselling author, “a captivating guide to finding one’s way in the wild” (The Wall Street Journal). Master outdoorsman Tristan Gooley was just about to make camp when he sensed danger—but couldn’t say why. After sheltering elsewhere, Gooley returned to investigate: What had set off his subconscious alarm? Suddenly, he understood: All of the tree trunks were slightly bent. The ground had already shifted once and could easily become treacherous in a storm. The Nature Instinct shows how we, too, can unlock this intuitive understanding of our surroundings. Learn to sense the forest’s edge from deep in the woods, or whether a wild animal might pose danger—before you even know how you know. “[A] beautifully written almanac of tips and tricks we’ve lost along the way.” —The Guardian “A useful owner’s manual for anyone who likes to get outdoors and be immersed in something beyond the asphalt.” —Kirkus Reviews Previously published in the UK under the title Wild Signs and Star Paths

Gorilla Pathology and Health Book

Gorilla Pathology and Health


  • Author : John E Cooper
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-04-13
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 666
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128020852

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Gorilla Pathology and Health Excerpt :

Gorilla Pathology and Health: With a Catalogue of Preserved Materials consists of two cross-referenced parts. The first, the book itself, is a review of pathological changes and tissue responses in gorillas (Gorilla gorilla and G. beringei), with an emphasis on free-living animals, but also with reference to those in captivity. The comparative aspects are discussed, stressing the relevance of research to both gorillas and humans. What makes the publication truly unique, however, is the second part, a comprehensive descriptive catalogue of the location and nature of gorilla material in museums and scientific institutions throughout the world. This is of great consequence because free-living gorillas are strictly conserved with restricted access, so the location of a wealth of preserved tissues and other material that has been collected over the decades is a great benefit for research and study. This book can, and should, be used to gain cardinal knowledge regarding the biology and pathology of this genus. The combination of book and catalogue in this extensive compilation makes it an invaluable tool for all those concerned with the health, welfare, and conservation of gorillas, one of our nearest living relatives. Brings together studies, data, and clinical practice from difficult-to-access or obscure journals and NGO reports, in different languages, for all interested parties and practitioners Provides perspectives on existing research in gorilla pathology, both for those studying conservation practices and those seeking an understanding of comparable diseases in humans Includes illustrative figures on gross and microscopic pathological changes, museum specimens, photos of field necropsy and techniques, and examples of laboratory tests Features an extensive list of references and further reading, in different languages Incorporates a comprehensive, descriptive catalogue of gorilla material from around the world

The Foundations of Ethology Book

The Foundations of Ethology


  • Author : K. Lorenz
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-04-17
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN 10 : 9783709136713

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The Foundations of Ethology Excerpt :

This book is a contribution to the history of ethology-not a definitive history, but the personal view of a major figure in that story. It is all the more welcome because such a grand theme as ethology calls for a range of perspectives. One reason is the overarching scope of the subject. Two great questions about life that constitute much of biology are "How does it work (structure and function)?" and "How did it get that way (evolu tion and ontogeny)?" Ethology addresses the antecedent of "it. " Of what are we trying to explain the mechanism and development? Surely behav ior, in all its wealth of detail, variation, causation, and control, is the main achievement of animal evolution, the essential consequence of animal structure and function, the raison d' etre of all the rest. Ethology thus spans between and overlaps with the ever-widening circles of ecol ogy over the eons and the ever-narrowing focus of physiology of the neurons. Another reason why the history of ethology needs perspectives is the recency of its acceptance. For such an obviously major aspect of animal biology, it is curious how short a time-less than three decades-has seen the excitement of an active field and a substantial fraternity of work ers, the addition of professors and courses to departments and curricula in biology (still far from universal}, and the normal complement of spe cial journals, symposia, and sessions at congresses.

Reproductive Strategies in Insects Book

Reproductive Strategies in Insects


  • Author : Omkar
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2022-02-16
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000529999

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Reproductive Strategies in Insects Excerpt :

Reproduction is one of the most inherent tasks that all living organisms are actively involved in. It forms the backbone of their existence with all evolutionary energies directed over billion years of creation into maximizing reproductive effort. For so simple and directed a need such as maximizing reproduction, it is interesting to see how much diversity and complexity exists in this task. Each organism despite having the same end goal employs different strategies. The complexities, intricacies and strategies of successful reproduction while being extremely fascinating are equally befuddling. Reproductive Strategies in Insects provides an expansive critical look at the reproductive strategies of the most diverse group of animals, the insects. Insects which inhabit myriad niches in all ecosystems except the oceans, show the most diverse reproductive strategies ranging from simplest to most complex. Reproductive strategies, viz., search for mates, number of mates, display of mate quality, assessment of mate quality, acceptance of mate, rejection of mates, forced copulations, the fight for paternity pre, during and post copula, the modulation of paternity, ovipositional strategies and parental care are described in detail in this book. Also, each strategy in analyzed in relation to its morphological, physiological, ethological, ecological and evolutionary aspects. Features: Covers a wide variety of reproductive strategies, A detailed step by step description of reproductive strategies. Discusses morphological, physiological, ethological, ecological and evolutionary aspects. Modulation of these strategies and responsible modulatory factors are also discussed. Well-illustrated. Recent research results and probable future research directions. This is a niche reference book for ethologists, biologists studying behavioural evolution and entomologists. It may also be used as a textbook for a graduate level course in behaviour.

Ecology and Behaviour of the African Buffalo Book

Ecology and Behaviour of the African Buffalo


  • Author : H.H.T Prins
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 293
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400915275

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Ecology and Behaviour of the African Buffalo Excerpt :

Over the past 30 years or so, research effort in behaviour and ecology has progressed from simple documentation of the habits or habitats of differ ent species to asking more searching questions about the adaptiveness of the patterns of behaviour observed; moved from documenting simply what occurs, to trying to understand why. Increasingly, studies of behav iour or ecology explore the function of particular responses or patterns of behaviour in individuals or populations - looking for the adaptiveness that has led to the adoption of such patterns either at a proximate level (what environmental circumstances have favoured the adoption of some particular strategy or response from within the animal's repertoire at that specific time) or at an evolutionary level (speculating upon what pres sures have led to the inclusion of a particular pattern of behaviour within the repertoire in the first place). Many common principles have been established - common to a wide diversity of animal groups, yet showing some precise relationship between a given aspect of behaviour or population dynamics and some particular ecological factor. In particular, tremendous advances have been made in understanding the foraging behaviour of animals - and the 'decision rules' by which they seek and select from the various resources on offer - and patterns of social organization and behaviour: the adap tiveness of different social structures, group sizes or reproductive tactics.

Pheromones and Animal Behavior Book

Pheromones and Animal Behavior


  • Author : Tristram D. Wyatt
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2014-01-23
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN 10 : 9780521112901

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Pheromones and Animal Behavior Excerpt :

Explains how animals use chemical communication, emphasising the evolutionary context and covering fields from ecology to neuroscience and chemistry.

Animal Behaviour Abstracts Book

Animal Behaviour Abstracts


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Genre: Animal behavior
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015053936459

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Animal Behaviour Abstracts Excerpt :

Animal Behavior Book

Animal Behavior


  • Author : Michael D. Breed
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-11-15
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 0128195584

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Animal Behavior Excerpt :

Animal Behavior, Third Edition covers animal behavior from its neurological underpinnings to the importance of behavior in conservation. The book's authors, Michael Breed and Janice Moore, bring almost 60 years of combined experience as university professors, much of that teaching animal behavior. Chapters cover this social behavior and the relationship between parasites, pathogens and behavior. Thoughtful coverage has also been given to foraging behavior, mating and parenting behavior, anti-predator behavior, and learning. The book addresses the physiological foundations of behavior in a way that is both accessible and inviting, with each chapter beginning with learning objectives and ending with thought-provoking questions. Additionally, special terms and definitions are highlighted throughout, making this book an essential work for students and academic seeking a foundation in the field. Provides a rich resource on animal science and behavior for students and professors from a wide range of life science disciplines Features updated and revised chapters, with new case studies and high-definition illustrations Highlights new focuses on animal welfare issues and companion animal behavior

The Origin of Concepts Book

The Origin of Concepts


  • Author : Susan Carey
  • Publisher : Oxford Series in Cognitive Dev
  • Release Date : 2011
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 598
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199838806

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The Origin of Concepts Excerpt :

Carey begins by characterizing the innate starting point for conceptual development, namely systems of core cognition. Representations of core cognition are the output of dedicated input analyzers, as with perceptual representations, but these core representations differ from perceptual representations in having more abstract contents and richer functional roles. Carey argues that the key to understanding cognitive development lies in recognizing conceptual discontinuities in which new representational systems emerge that have more expressive power than core cognition and are also incommensurate with core cognition and other earlier representational systems. Finally, Carey fleshes out Quinian bootstrapping, a learning mechanism that has been repeatedly sketched in the literature on the history and philosophy of science. She demonstrates that Quinian bootstrapping is a major mechanism in the construction of new representational resources over the course of children's cognitive development.

Behaviour  Development and Evolution Book

Behaviour Development and Evolution


  • Author : Patrick Bateson
  • Publisher : Open Book Publishers
  • Release Date : 2017-02-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 134
  • ISBN 10 : 9781783742516

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Behaviour Development and Evolution Excerpt :

The role of parents in shaping the characters of their children, the causes of violence and crime, and the roots of personal unhappiness are central to humanity. Like so many fundamental questions about human existence, these issues all relate to behavioural development. In this lucid and accessible book, eminent biologist Professor Sir Patrick Bateson suggests that the nature/nurture dichotomy we often use to think about questions of development in both humans and animals is misleading. Instead, he argues that we should pay attention to whole systems, rather than to simple causes, when trying to understand the complexity of development. In his wide-ranging approach Bateson discusses why so much behaviour appears to be well-designed. He explores issues such as ‘imprinting’ and its importance to the attachment of offspring to their parents; the mutual benefits that characterise communication between parent and offspring; the importance of play in learning how to choose and control the optimal conditions in which to thrive; and the vital function of adaptability in the interplay between development and evolution. Bateson disputes the idea that a simple link can be found between genetics and behaviour. What an individual human or animal does in its life depends on the reciprocal nature of its relationships with the world about it. This knowledge also points to ways in which an animal’s own behaviour can provide the variation that influences the subsequent course of evolution. This has relevance not only for our scientific approaches to the systems of development and evolution, but also on how humans change institutional rules that have become dysfunctional, or design public health measures when mismatches occur between themselves and their environments. It affects how we think about ourselves and our own capacity for change.

Animals and us Book

Animals and us


  • Author : Jennifer Brown
  • Publisher : Wageningen Academic Publishers
  • Release Date : 2016-07-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN 10 : 9789086868285

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Animals and us Excerpt :

Can we improve the health and welfare of livestock while increasing production? Can we maintain animal biodiversity in the face of increasing demands for resources and expanding agriculture? Can we use animal behaviour to reduce the carbon footprint of livestock production? Applied ethology is a young, multidisciplinary science that is relevant to these and other pressing issues. This book celebrates the history and science of applied ethology, and commemorates the 50th anniversary of the International Society for Applied Ethology. Through themes such as human-animal interaction, play behaviour, cognition, evolutionary theory and the relationship between applied ethology and animal welfare science, the book examines why ethologists are so passionate about their work, and why this field remains more exciting now than ever. Chapter authors include world renowned ethologists such as Don Broom, Ian Duncan, Ruth Newberry, and many others. The history of the ISAE and development of the field is presented with engaging profiles of founding members and pioneers in the field. New methods and emerging issues in behaviour research are discussed, along with the development of ethology around the globe. The book concludes with thoughts on future directions for applied ethology in addressing global issues of animal production, welfare, biodiversity, and the role of the ISAE. The book provides an exciting overview of this emerging field of science, and is intended for academics, students and anyone who takes pleasure in observing animals.

Caste Differentiation in Social Insects Book

Caste Differentiation in Social Insects


  • Author : J. A. L. Watson
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-04-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483286181

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Caste Differentiation in Social Insects Excerpt :

In more detail than has previously been available, this book comprehensively covers all the various mechanisms of caste differentiation in social insects. For the first time the most recent information regarding mechanisms of caste differentiation in higher termites has been compiled in a well illustrated volume, together with comparative discussion of the whole range of social insects, including bees, ants and wasps.