Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology Book

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology

  • Author : Laurence Mueller
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128160145

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology Excerpt :

Although biologists recognize evolutionary ecology by name, many only have a limited understanding of its conceptual roots and historical development. Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology fills that knowledge gap in a thought-provoking and readable format. Written by a world-renowned evolutionary ecologist, this book embodies a unique blend of expertise in combining theory and experiment, population genetics and ecology. Following an easily-accessible structure, this book encapsulates and chronologizes the history behind evolutionary ecology. It also focuses on the integration of age-structure and density-dependent selection into an understanding of life-history evolution. Covers over 60 seminal breakthroughs and paradigm shifts in the field of evolutionary biology and ecology Modular format permits ready access to each described subject Historical overview of a field whose concepts are central to all of biology and relevant to a broad audience of biologists, science historians, and philosophers of science

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics Book

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics

  • Author : John C. Avise
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2014-01-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124202375

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics Excerpt :

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics is a pithy, lively book occupying a special niche—the conceptual history of evolutionary genetics— not inhabited by any other available treatment. Written by a world-leading authority in evolutionary genetics, this work encapsulates and ranks 70 of the most significant paradigm shifts in evolutionary biology and genetics during the century-and-a-half since Darwin and Mendel. The science of evolutionary genetics is central to all of biology, but many students and other practitioners have little knowledge of its historical roots and conceptual developments. This book fills that knowledge gap in a thought-provoking and readable format. This fascinating chronological journey along the many conceptual pathways to our modern understanding of evolutionary and genetic principles is a wonderful springboard for discussions in undergraduate or graduate seminars in evolutionary biology and genetics. But more than that, anyone interested in the history and philosophy of science will find much of value between its covers. Provides a relative ranking of 70 seminal breakthroughs and paradigm shifts in the field of evolutionary biology and genetics Modular format permits ready access to each described subject Historical overview of a field whose concepts are central to all of biology and relevant to a broad audience of biologists, science historians, and philosophers of science Extensively cross-referenced with a guide to landmark papers and books for each topic

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior Book

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior

  • Author : Michael D. Breed
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-01-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128095454

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior Excerpt :

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior highlights, through concise summaries, the most important discoveries and scientific revolutions in animal behavior. These are assessed for their relative impact on the field and their significance to the forward motion of the science of animal behavior. Eighty short essays capture the moment when a new concept emerged or a publication signaled a paradigm shift. How the new understanding came about is explained, and any continuing controversy or scientific conversation on the issue is highlighted. Behavior is a rich and varied field, drawing on genetics, evolution, physiology, and ecology to inform its principles, and this book embraces the wealth of knowledge that comes from the unification of these fields around the study of animals in motion. The chronological organization of the essays makes this an excellent overview of the history of animal behavior, ethology, and behavioral ecology. The work includes such topics as Darwin’s role in shaping the study of animal behavior, the logic of animal contests, cognition, empathy in animals, and animal personalities. Succinct accounts of new revelations about behavior through scientific investigation and scrutiny reveal the fascinating story of this field. Similar to Dr. John Avise’s Contemporary Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics, the work is structured into vignettes that describe the conceptual revolution and assess the impact of the conceptual change, with a score, which ranges from 1-10, providing an assessment of the impact of the new findings on contemporary science. Features a lively, brisk writing style and brief entries to enable easy, enjoyable access to this essential information Includes topics that cover the range of behavioral biology from mechanism to behavioral ecology Can also be used as supplemental material for an undergraduate animal behavior course, or as the foundational text for an upper level or graduate discussion course in advanced

Conceptual Breakthroughs Book

Conceptual Breakthroughs

  • Author : Adam Martiny
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2022-03-15
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN 10 : 0323855067

Conceptual Breakthroughs Excerpt :

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Microbial Ecology and Evolution continues the innovative Conceptual Breakthroughs series by providing a comprehensive outline of the combination of the major breakthroughs for this young and emerging scientific field. The chapters cover important theoretical, technical, and natural history discoveries that have led to conceptual breakthroughs. The book offers a concise and accessible analysis of microbiology viewed through an ecological and evolutionary lens. By highlighting and interpreting key publications over the past 50 years, the book provides an important resource for students and researchers as they navigate this fast-moving research area. The authors draw upon literature from diverse ecosystems (such as oceans, soil and humans) and fields of study (microbiology, ecology, evolutionary biology, medical microbiology, molecular biology). The book offers a framework for readers to place contemporary studies into a historical context Reviews the history of the field and highlights intellectual challenges, debates, and breakthroughs Demonstrates how technical advances in microbial and molecular tools have led to conceptual breakthroughs Provides a time-line of key natural history discoveries that have influenced the field's direction

Conceptual Breakthroughs in the Evolutionary Biology of Aging Book

Conceptual Breakthroughs in the Evolutionary Biology of Aging

  • Author : Kenneth R. Arnold
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-06-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128215463

Conceptual Breakthroughs in the Evolutionary Biology of Aging Excerpt :

Conceptual Breakthroughs in the Evolutionary Biology of Aging continues the innovative Conceptual Breakthroughs series by providing a comprehensive outline of the major breakthroughs that built the evolutionary biology of aging as a leading scientific field. Following the evolutionary study of aging from its humble origins to the present, the book's chapters treat the field’s breakthroughs one at a time. Users will find a concise and accessible analysis of the science of aging viewed through an evolutionary lens. Building upon widely-cited studies conducted by author Michael Rose, this book covers 30 subsequent years of growth and development within the field. The book highlights key publications for those who are not experts in the field, providing an important resource for researchers. Given the prevailing interest in changing the aging process dramatically, it is a powerful tool for readers who have a vested interest in understanding its causes and future control measures. Reviews cell-molecular theories of aging in the light of evolutionary biology Offers an evolutionary analysis of prospects for mitigating aging not commonly discussed within private and public sectors Provides readers with a radically different perspective on contemporary biological gerontology, specifically through the lens of evolutionary biology

Big Questions in Ecology and Evolution Book

Big Questions in Ecology and Evolution

  • Author : Thomas N. Sherratt
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2009-02-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 297
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199548606

Big Questions in Ecology and Evolution Excerpt :

This book provides an introduction to a range of fundamental questions that have taxed evolutionary biologists and ecologists for decades. All of the questions posed have at least a partial solution, all have seen exciting breakthroughs in recent years, yet many of the explanations have been hotly debated.

Game Theory in Biology Book

Game Theory in Biology

  • Author : John M. McNamara
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-09-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 9780192547835

Game Theory in Biology Excerpt :

The principles of game theory apply to a wide range of topics in biology. This book presents the central concepts in evolutionary game theory and provides an authoritative and up-to-date account. The focus is on concepts that are important for biologists in their attempts to explain observations. This strong connection between concepts and applications is a recurrent theme throughout the book which incorporates recent and traditional ideas from animal psychology, neuroscience, and machine learning that provide a mechanistic basis for behaviours shown by players of a game. The approaches taken to modelling games often rest on idealized and unrealistic assumptions whose limitations and consequences are not always appreciated. The authors provide a novel reassessment of the field, highlighting how to overcome limitations and identifying future directions. Game Theory in Biology is an advanced textbook suitable for graduate level students as well as professional researchers (both empiricists and theoreticians) in the fields of behavioural ecology and evolutionary biology. It will also be of relevance to a broader interdisciplinary audience including psychologists and neuroscientists.

Ecological Genomics Book

Ecological Genomics

  • Author : Christian R. Landry
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-11-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 359
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400773479

Ecological Genomics Excerpt :

Researchers in the field of ecological genomics aim to determine how a genome or a population of genomes interacts with its environment across ecological and evolutionary timescales. Ecological genomics is trans-disciplinary by nature. Ecologists have turned to genomics to be able to elucidate the mechanistic bases of the biodiversity their research tries to understand. Genomicists have turned to ecology in order to better explain the functional cellular and molecular variation they observed in their model organisms. We provide an advanced-level book that covers this recent research and proposes future development for this field. A synthesis of the field of ecological genomics emerges from this volume. Ecological Genomics covers a wide array of organisms (microbes, plants and animals) in order to be able to identify central concepts that motivate and derive from recent investigations in different branches of the tree of life. Ecological Genomics covers 3 fields of research that have most benefited from the recent technological and conceptual developments in the field of ecological genomics: the study of life-history evolution and its impact of genome architectures; the study of the genomic bases of phenotypic plasticity and the study of the genomic bases of adaptation and speciation.

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Comparative Animal Physiology Book

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Comparative Animal Physiology

  • Author : James Hicks
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-12-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN 10 : 0128173661

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Comparative Animal Physiology Excerpt :

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Comparative Physiology focuses on milestones and research achievements in comparative animal physiology. The book looks at the future of the field, illustrating how advances in technology continue to help us understand how animals work and adapt to their environments. Written by a leading expert in comparative physiology, the book follows the chronological order of discoveries and developments in the field. It covers the origins of comparative physiology in the 16th century, moving on to describe new topics such as developmental, diving and renal physiology. In addition, it examines new developments in ecological physiology and the birth of evolutionary physiology. This is an essential resource for undergraduates, graduate students and researchers interested in physiology with its comprehensive synopsis on the field's foundational history and significant advances. Provides a single-source, historical overview of the field Examines more than 70 significant achievements in the history of comparative animal physiology Written in a comprehensive and easy-to-read format

Events of Increased Biodiversity Book

Events of Increased Biodiversity

  • Author : Pascal Neige
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-05-14
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081004746

Events of Increased Biodiversity Excerpt :

The fossil record offers a surprising image: that of evolutionary radiations characterized by intense increases in cash or by the sudden diversification of a single species group, while others stagnate or die out. In a modern world, science carries an often pessimistic message, surrounded by studies of global warming and its effects, extinction crisis, emerging diseases and invasive species. This book fuels frequent "optimism" of the sudden increase in biodiversity by exploring this natural phenomenon. Events of Increased Biodiversity: Evolutionary Radiations in the Fossil Record explores this natural phenomenon of adaptive radiation including its effect on the increase in biodiversity events, their contribution to the changes and limitations in the fossil record, and examines the links between ecology and paleontology’s study of radiation. Details examples of evolutionary radiations Explicitly addresses the effect of adaptation driven by ecological opportunity Examines the link between ecology and paleontology’s study of adaptive radiation

Eco evolutionary Dynamics Book

Eco evolutionary Dynamics

  • Author : Andrew P. Hendry
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-06-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN 10 : 9780691204178

Eco evolutionary Dynamics Excerpt :

In recent years, scientists have realized that evolution can occur on timescales much shorter than the 'long lapse of ages' emphasized by Darwin - in fact, evolutionary change is occurring all around us all the time. This work provides an authoritative and accessible introduction to eco-evolutionary dynamics, a cutting-edge new field that seeks to unify evolution and ecology into a common conceptual framework focusing on rapid and dynamic environmental and evolutionary change.

Conceptual Change in Biology Book

Conceptual Change in Biology

  • Author : Alan C. Love
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-11-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 490
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401794121

Conceptual Change in Biology Excerpt :

This volume explores questions about conceptual change from both scientific and philosophical viewpoints by analyzing the recent history of evolutionary developmental biology. It features revised papers that originated from the workshop "Conceptual Change in Biological Science: Evolutionary Developmental Biology, 1981-2011" held at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin in July 2010. The Preface has been written by Ron Amundson. In these papers, philosophers and biologists compare and contrast key concepts in evolutionary developmental biology and their development since the original, seminal Dahlem conference on evolution and development held in Berlin in 1981. Many of the original scientific participants from the 1981 conference are also contributors to this new volume and, in conjunction with other expert biologists and philosophers specializing on these topics, provide an authoritative, comprehensive view on the subject. Taken together, the papers supply novel perspectives on how and why the conceptual landscape has shifted and stabilized in particular ways, yielding insights into the dynamic epistemic changes that have occurred over the past three decades. This volume will appeal to philosophers of biology studying conceptual change, evolutionary developmental biologists focused on comprehending the genesis of their field and evaluating its future directions, and historians of biology examining this period when the intersection of ev olution and development rose again to prominence in biological science.

Ten Thousand Birds Book

Ten Thousand Birds

  • Author : Tim Birkhead
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2014-03-01
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN 10 : 9781400848836

Ten Thousand Birds Excerpt :

Ten Thousand Birds provides a thoroughly engaging and authoritative history of modern ornithology, tracing how the study of birds has been shaped by a succession of visionary and often-controversial personalities, and by the unique social and scientific contexts in which these extraordinary individuals worked. This beautifully illustrated book opens in the middle of the nineteenth century when ornithology was a museum-based discipline focused almost exclusively on the anatomy, taxonomy, and classification of dead birds. It describes how in the early 1900s pioneering individuals such as Erwin Stresemann, Ernst Mayr, and Julian Huxley recognized the importance of studying live birds in the field, and how this shift thrust ornithology into the mainstream of the biological sciences. The book tells the stories of eccentrics like Colonel Richard Meinertzhagen, a pathological liar who stole specimens from museums and quite likely murdered his wife, and describes the breathtaking insights and discoveries of ambitious and influential figures such as David Lack, Niko Tinbergen, Robert MacArthur, and others who through their studies of birds transformed entire fields of biology. Ten Thousand Birds brings this history vividly to life through the work and achievements of those who advanced the field. Drawing on a wealth of archival material and in-depth interviews, this fascinating book reveals how research on birds has contributed more to our understanding of animal biology than the study of just about any other group of organisms.

The West without Water Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

The West without Water

  • Author : B. Lynn Ingram
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release Date : 2013-08-01
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN 10 : 9780520954809

The West without Water Excerpt :

The West without Water documents the tumultuous climate of the American West over twenty millennia, with tales of past droughts and deluges and predictions about the impacts of future climate change on water resources. Looking at the region’s current water crisis from the perspective of its climate history, the authors ask the central question of what is "normal" climate for the West, and whether the relatively benign climate of the past century will continue into the future. The West without Water merges climate and paleoclimate research from a wide variety of sources as it introduces readers to key discoveries in cracking the secrets of the region’s climatic past. It demonstrates that extended droughts and catastrophic floods have plagued the West with regularity over the past two millennia and recounts the most disastrous flood in the history of California and the West, which occurred in 1861–62. The authors show that, while the West may have temporarily buffered itself from such harsh climatic swings by creating artificial environments and human landscapes, our modern civilization may be ill-prepared for the future climate changes that are predicted to beset the region. They warn that it is time to face the realities of the past and prepare for a future in which fresh water may be less reliable.

Opportunities in Biology Book

Opportunities in Biology

  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies
  • Release Date : 1989-01-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309039277

Opportunities in Biology Excerpt :

Biology has entered an era in which interdisciplinary cooperation is at an all-time high, practical applications follow basic discoveries more quickly than ever before, and new technologies--recombinant DNA, scanning tunneling microscopes, and more--are revolutionizing the way science is conducted. The potential for scientific breakthroughs with significant implications for society has never been greater. Opportunities in Biology reports on the state of the new biology, taking a detailed look at the disciplines of biology; examining the advances made in medicine, agriculture, and other fields; and pointing out promising research opportunities. Authored by an expert panel representing a variety of viewpoints, this volume also offers recommendations on how to meet the infrastructure needs--for funding, effective information systems, and other support--of future biology research. Exploring what has been accomplished and what is on the horizon, Opportunities in Biology is an indispensable resource for students, teachers, and researchers in all subdisciplines of biology as well as for research administrators and those in funding agencies.