Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics Book

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics

  • Author : John C. Avise
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2014-01-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124202375

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics Excerpt :

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics is a pithy, lively book occupying a special niche—the conceptual history of evolutionary genetics— not inhabited by any other available treatment. Written by a world-leading authority in evolutionary genetics, this work encapsulates and ranks 70 of the most significant paradigm shifts in evolutionary biology and genetics during the century-and-a-half since Darwin and Mendel. The science of evolutionary genetics is central to all of biology, but many students and other practitioners have little knowledge of its historical roots and conceptual developments. This book fills that knowledge gap in a thought-provoking and readable format. This fascinating chronological journey along the many conceptual pathways to our modern understanding of evolutionary and genetic principles is a wonderful springboard for discussions in undergraduate or graduate seminars in evolutionary biology and genetics. But more than that, anyone interested in the history and philosophy of science will find much of value between its covers. Provides a relative ranking of 70 seminal breakthroughs and paradigm shifts in the field of evolutionary biology and genetics Modular format permits ready access to each described subject Historical overview of a field whose concepts are central to all of biology and relevant to a broad audience of biologists, science historians, and philosophers of science Extensively cross-referenced with a guide to landmark papers and books for each topic

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology Book

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology

  • Author : Laurence Mueller
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128160145

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology Excerpt :

Although biologists recognize evolutionary ecology by name, many only have a limited understanding of its conceptual roots and historical development. Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology fills that knowledge gap in a thought-provoking and readable format. Written by a world-renowned evolutionary ecologist, this book embodies a unique blend of expertise in combining theory and experiment, population genetics and ecology. Following an easily-accessible structure, this book encapsulates and chronologizes the history behind evolutionary ecology. It also focuses on the integration of age-structure and density-dependent selection into an understanding of life-history evolution. Covers over 60 seminal breakthroughs and paradigm shifts in the field of evolutionary biology and ecology Modular format permits ready access to each described subject Historical overview of a field whose concepts are central to all of biology and relevant to a broad audience of biologists, science historians, and philosophers of science

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior Book

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior

  • Author : Michael D. Breed
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-01-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128095454

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior Excerpt :

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior highlights, through concise summaries, the most important discoveries and scientific revolutions in animal behavior. These are assessed for their relative impact on the field and their significance to the forward motion of the science of animal behavior. Eighty short essays capture the moment when a new concept emerged or a publication signaled a paradigm shift. How the new understanding came about is explained, and any continuing controversy or scientific conversation on the issue is highlighted. Behavior is a rich and varied field, drawing on genetics, evolution, physiology, and ecology to inform its principles, and this book embraces the wealth of knowledge that comes from the unification of these fields around the study of animals in motion. The chronological organization of the essays makes this an excellent overview of the history of animal behavior, ethology, and behavioral ecology. The work includes such topics as Darwin’s role in shaping the study of animal behavior, the logic of animal contests, cognition, empathy in animals, and animal personalities. Succinct accounts of new revelations about behavior through scientific investigation and scrutiny reveal the fascinating story of this field. Similar to Dr. John Avise’s Contemporary Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics, the work is structured into vignettes that describe the conceptual revolution and assess the impact of the conceptual change, with a score, which ranges from 1-10, providing an assessment of the impact of the new findings on contemporary science. Features a lively, brisk writing style and brief entries to enable easy, enjoyable access to this essential information Includes topics that cover the range of behavioral biology from mechanism to behavioral ecology Can also be used as supplemental material for an undergraduate animal behavior course, or as the foundational text for an upper level or graduate discussion course in advanced

Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Soft Computing and Pattern Recognition  SoCPaR 2018  Book

Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Soft Computing and Pattern Recognition SoCPaR 2018

  • Author : Ana Maria Madureira
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-04-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 394
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030170653

Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Soft Computing and Pattern Recognition SoCPaR 2018 Excerpt :

This book highlights recent research on Soft Computing, Pattern Recognition, Information Assurance and Security. It presents 38 selected papers from the 10th International Conference on Soft Computing and Pattern Recognition (SoCPaR 2018) and the 14th International Conference on Information Assurance and Security (IAS 2018) held at Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto (ISEP), Portugal during December 13–15, 2018. SoCPaR – IAS 2018 is a premier conference and brings together researchers, engineers and practitioners whose work involves soft computing and information assurance and their applications in industry and the real world. Including contributions by authors from over 25 countries, the book offers a valuable reference guide for all researchers, students and practitioners in the fields of Computer Science and Engineering.

Conceptual Breakthroughs Book

Conceptual Breakthroughs

  • Author : Adam Martiny
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2022-03-15
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN 10 : 0323855067

Conceptual Breakthroughs Excerpt :

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Microbial Ecology and Evolution continues the innovative Conceptual Breakthroughs series by providing a comprehensive outline of the combination of the major breakthroughs for this young and emerging scientific field. The chapters cover important theoretical, technical, and natural history discoveries that have led to conceptual breakthroughs. The book offers a concise and accessible analysis of microbiology viewed through an ecological and evolutionary lens. By highlighting and interpreting key publications over the past 50 years, the book provides an important resource for students and researchers as they navigate this fast-moving research area. The authors draw upon literature from diverse ecosystems (such as oceans, soil and humans) and fields of study (microbiology, ecology, evolutionary biology, medical microbiology, molecular biology). The book offers a framework for readers to place contemporary studies into a historical context Reviews the history of the field and highlights intellectual challenges, debates, and breakthroughs Demonstrates how technical advances in microbial and molecular tools have led to conceptual breakthroughs Provides a time-line of key natural history discoveries that have influenced the field's direction

Human Diversity Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Human Diversity

  • Author : Charles Murray
  • Publisher : Twelve
  • Release Date : 2020-01-28
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN 10 : 9781538744000

Human Diversity Excerpt :

All people are equal but, as Human Diversity explores, all groups of people are not the same -- a fascinating investigation of the genetics and neuroscience of human differences. The thesis of Human Diversity is that advances in genetics and neuroscience are overthrowing an intellectual orthodoxy that has ruled the social sciences for decades. The core of the orthodoxy consists of three dogmas: - Gender is a social construct. - Race is a social construct. - Class is a function of privilege. The problem is that all three dogmas are half-truths. They have stifled progress in understanding the rich texture that biology adds to our understanding of the social, political, and economic worlds we live in. It is not a story to be feared. "There are no monsters in the closet," Murray writes, "no dread doors we must fear opening." But it is a story that needs telling. Human Diversity does so without sensationalism, drawing on the most authoritative scientific findings, celebrating both our many differences and our common humanity.

The Logic of Social Practices Book

The Logic of Social Practices

  • Author : Raffaela Giovagnoli
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-02-04
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 199
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030373054

The Logic of Social Practices Excerpt :

This book reports on cutting-edge research concerning social practices. Merging perspectives from various disciplines, including philosophy, biology, and cognitive science, it discusses theoretical aspects of social behavior along with models to investigate them, and also presents key case studies. Further, It describes concepts related to habits, routines, and rituals and examines important features of human action, such as intentionality and choice, exploring the influence of specific social practices in different situations. Based on a workshop held in June 2018 at the 6th World Congress of Universal Logic, UNILOG2018, in Vichy, and including additional invited chapters, the book offers fresh insights into the fields of social practice and the cognitive, computational, and philosophical tools to understand them.

Planning for the Planet Book

Planning for the Planet

  • Author : Simone Schleper
  • Publisher : Berghahn Books
  • Release Date : 2019-07-01
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789202991

Planning for the Planet Excerpt :

In the 1960s and 1970s, rapidly growing environmental awareness and concern not only led to widespread calls for new policies, but also created unprecedented demand for ecological expertise. This led to novel challenges for advocacy groups such as the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, which had to navigate rival scientific approaches, Cold War politics, and decolonization in their efforts to integrate the study and protection of nature into international policymaking. This book reveals how, despite their vast scientific knowledge and attempts to incorporate socially relevant themes, experts inevitably struggled to make conservation a central part of environmental politics within intergovernmental organizations like the United Nations.

Complementarity Beyond Physics Book

Complementarity Beyond Physics

  • Author : Arun Bala
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-12-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 269
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319397849

Complementarity Beyond Physics Excerpt :

In this study Arun Bala examines the implications that Niels Bohr’s principle of complementarity holds for fields beyond physics. Bohr, one of the founding figures of modern quantum physics, argued that the principle of complementarity he proposed for understanding atomic processes has parallels in psychology, biology, and social science, as well as in Buddhist and Taoist thought. But Bohr failed to offer any explanation for why complementarity might extend beyond physics, and his claims have been widely rejected by scientists as empty speculation. Scientific scepticism has only been reinforced by the naïve enthusiasm of postmodern relativists and New Age intuitionists, who seize upon Bohr’s ideas to justify anti-realist and mystical positions. Arun Bala offers a detailed defence of Bohr’s claim that complementarity has far-reaching implications for the biological and social sciences, as well as for comparative philosophies of science, by explaining Bohr’s parallels as responses to the omnipresence of grown properties in nature.

Ecological Genomics Book

Ecological Genomics

  • Author : Christian R. Landry
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-11-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 359
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400773479

Ecological Genomics Excerpt :

Researchers in the field of ecological genomics aim to determine how a genome or a population of genomes interacts with its environment across ecological and evolutionary timescales. Ecological genomics is trans-disciplinary by nature. Ecologists have turned to genomics to be able to elucidate the mechanistic bases of the biodiversity their research tries to understand. Genomicists have turned to ecology in order to better explain the functional cellular and molecular variation they observed in their model organisms. We provide an advanced-level book that covers this recent research and proposes future development for this field. A synthesis of the field of ecological genomics emerges from this volume. Ecological Genomics covers a wide array of organisms (microbes, plants and animals) in order to be able to identify central concepts that motivate and derive from recent investigations in different branches of the tree of life. Ecological Genomics covers 3 fields of research that have most benefited from the recent technological and conceptual developments in the field of ecological genomics: the study of life-history evolution and its impact of genome architectures; the study of the genomic bases of phenotypic plasticity and the study of the genomic bases of adaptation and speciation.

Introduction to Evolutionary Computing Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Introduction to Evolutionary Computing

  • Author : Agoston E. Eiben
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-03-14
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662050941

Introduction to Evolutionary Computing Excerpt :

The first complete overview of evolutionary computing, the collective name for a range of problem-solving techniques based on principles of biological evolution, such as natural selection and genetic inheritance. The text is aimed directly at lecturers and graduate and undergraduate students. It is also meant for those who wish to apply evolutionary computing to a particular problem or within a given application area. The book contains quick-reference information on the current state-of-the-art in a wide range of related topics, so it is of interest not just to evolutionary computing specialists but to researchers working in other fields.

Modularity in Development and Evolution Book

Modularity in Development and Evolution

  • Author : Gerhard Schlosser
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 2004-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN 10 : 0226738531

Modularity in Development and Evolution Excerpt :

Modularity in Development and Evolution offers the first sustained exploration of modules from developmental and evolutionary perspectives. Contributors discuss what modularity is, how it can be identified and modeled, how it originated and evolved, and its biological significance. Covering modules at levels ranging from genes to colonies, the book focuses on their roles not just in structures but also in processes such as gene regulation. Among many exciting findings, the contributors demonstrate how modules can highlight key constraints on evolutionary processes. A timely synthesis of a crucial topic, Modularity in Development and Evolution shows the invaluable insights modules can give into both developmental complexities and their evolutionary origins.

The West without Water Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

The West without Water

  • Author : B. Lynn Ingram
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release Date : 2013-08-01
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN 10 : 9780520954809

The West without Water Excerpt :

The West without Water documents the tumultuous climate of the American West over twenty millennia, with tales of past droughts and deluges and predictions about the impacts of future climate change on water resources. Looking at the region’s current water crisis from the perspective of its climate history, the authors ask the central question of what is "normal" climate for the West, and whether the relatively benign climate of the past century will continue into the future. The West without Water merges climate and paleoclimate research from a wide variety of sources as it introduces readers to key discoveries in cracking the secrets of the region’s climatic past. It demonstrates that extended droughts and catastrophic floods have plagued the West with regularity over the past two millennia and recounts the most disastrous flood in the history of California and the West, which occurred in 1861–62. The authors show that, while the West may have temporarily buffered itself from such harsh climatic swings by creating artificial environments and human landscapes, our modern civilization may be ill-prepared for the future climate changes that are predicted to beset the region. They warn that it is time to face the realities of the past and prepare for a future in which fresh water may be less reliable.

Reproductive Strategies in Insects Book

Reproductive Strategies in Insects

  • Author : Omkar
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2022-02-16
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000529999

Reproductive Strategies in Insects Excerpt :

Reproduction is one of the most inherent tasks that all living organisms are actively involved in. It forms the backbone of their existence with all evolutionary energies directed over billion years of creation into maximizing reproductive effort. For so simple and directed a need such as maximizing reproduction, it is interesting to see how much diversity and complexity exists in this task. Each organism despite having the same end goal employs different strategies. The complexities, intricacies and strategies of successful reproduction while being extremely fascinating are equally befuddling. Reproductive Strategies in Insects provides an expansive critical look at the reproductive strategies of the most diverse group of animals, the insects. Insects which inhabit myriad niches in all ecosystems except the oceans, show the most diverse reproductive strategies ranging from simplest to most complex. Reproductive strategies, viz., search for mates, number of mates, display of mate quality, assessment of mate quality, acceptance of mate, rejection of mates, forced copulations, the fight for paternity pre, during and post copula, the modulation of paternity, ovipositional strategies and parental care are described in detail in this book. Also, each strategy in analyzed in relation to its morphological, physiological, ethological, ecological and evolutionary aspects. Features: Covers a wide variety of reproductive strategies, A detailed step by step description of reproductive strategies. Discusses morphological, physiological, ethological, ecological and evolutionary aspects. Modulation of these strategies and responsible modulatory factors are also discussed. Well-illustrated. Recent research results and probable future research directions. This is a niche reference book for ethologists, biologists studying behavioural evolution and entomologists. It may also be used as a textbook for a graduate level course in behaviour.

Globalization  Biosecurity  and the Future of the Life Sciences Book

Globalization Biosecurity and the Future of the Life Sciences

  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2006-06-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN 10 : 0309164753

Globalization Biosecurity and the Future of the Life Sciences Excerpt :

Biomedical advances have made it possible to identify and manipulate features of living organisms in useful ways--leading to improvements in public health, agriculture, and other areas. The globalization of scientific and technical expertise also means that many scientists and other individuals around the world are generating breakthroughs in the life sciences and related technologies. The risks posed by bioterrorism and the proliferation of biological weapons capabilities have increased concern about how the rapid advances in genetic engineering and biotechnology could enable the production of biological weapons with unique and unpredictable characteristics. Globalization, Biosecurity, and the Future of Life Sciences examines current trends and future objectives of research in public health, life sciences, and biomedical science that contain applications relevant to developments in biological weapons 5 to 10 years into the future and ways to anticipate, identify, and mitigate these dangers.