Consciousness and Cognition Book

Consciousness and Cognition

  • Author : Henri Cohen
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-10-10
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080471198

Consciousness and Cognition Excerpt :

What were the circumstances that led to the development of our cognitive abilities from a primitive hominid to an essentially modern human? The answer to this question is of profound importance to understanding our present nature. Since the steep path of our cognitive development is the attribute that most distinguishes humans from other mammals, this is also a quest to determine human origins. This collection of outstanding scientific problems and the revelation of the many ways they can be addressed indicates the scope of the field to be explored and reveals some avenues along which research is advancing. Distinguished scientists and researchers who have advanced the discussion of the mind and brain contribute state-of-the-art presentations of their field of expertise. Chapters offer speculative and provocative views on topics such as body, culture, evolution, feelings, genetics, history, humor, knowledge, language, machines, neuroanatomy, pathology, and perception. This book will appeal to researchers and students in cognitive neuroscience, experimental psychology, cognitive science, and philosophy. Includes a contribution by Noam Chomsky, one of the most cited authors of our time

Cognition  Brain  and Consciousness Book
Score: 5
From 2 Ratings

Cognition Brain and Consciousness

  • Author : Bernard J. Baars
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2010-02-04
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN 10 : 0123814405

Cognition Brain and Consciousness Excerpt :

Cognition, Brain, and Consciousness, Second Edition, provides students and readers with an overview of the study of the human brain and its cognitive development. It discusses brain molecules and their primary function, which is to help carry brain signals to and from the different parts of the human body. These molecules are also essential for understanding language, learning, perception, thinking, and other cognitive functions of our brain. The book also presents the tools that can be used to view the human brain through brain imaging or recording. New to this edition are Frontiers in Cognitive Neuroscience text boxes, each one focusing on a leading researcher and their topic of expertise. There is a new chapter on Genes and Molecules of Cognition; all other chapters have been thoroughly revised, based on the most recent discoveries. This text is designed for undergraduate and graduate students in Psychology, Neuroscience, and related disciplines in which cognitive neuroscience is taught. New edition of a very successful textbook Completely revised to reflect new advances, and feedback from adopters and students Includes a new chapter on Genes and Molecules of Cognition Student Solutions available at For Teachers: Rapid adoption and course preparation: A wide array of instructor support materials are available online including PowerPoint lecture slides, a test bank with answers, and eFlashcords on key concepts for each chapter. A textbook with an easy-to-understand thematic approach: in a way that is clear for students from a variety of academic backgrounds, the text introduces concepts such as working memory, selective attention, and social cognition. A step-by-step guide for introducing students to brain anatomy: color graphics have been carefully selected to illustrate all points and the research explained. Beautifully clear artist's drawings are used to 'build a brain' from top to bottom, simplifying the layout of the brain. For stud

The Cognitive Neuroscience of Consciousness Book

The Cognitive Neuroscience of Consciousness

  • Author : Stanislas Dehaene
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2001
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 243
  • ISBN 10 : 0262541319

The Cognitive Neuroscience of Consciousness Excerpt :

Empirical and theoretical foundations of a cognitive neuroscience ofconsciousness.

Mechanisms and Consciousness Book

Mechanisms and Consciousness

  • Author : Marek Pokropski
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2021-11-30
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000480733

Mechanisms and Consciousness Excerpt :

This book develops a new approach to naturalizing phenomenology. The author proposes a mechanistic model that offers new methodological perspectives for studying complex mental phenomena such as consciousness. While mechanistic models of explanation are widely applied in cognitive science, their approach to describing subjective phenomena is limited. The author argues that phenomenology can fill this gap. He proposes two novel ways of integrating phenomenology and mechanism. First, he presents a novel reading of phenomenological analyses as functional analyses. Such functional phenomenology delivers a functional sketch of a target system and provides constraints on the space of possible mechanisms. Second, he develops a neurophenomenological approach to dynamic modeling of experience. He shows that it can deliver a dynamic model of a target phenomenon, in this case a model of subjective experience, and inform the search for an underlying mechanism. Mechanisms and Consciousness will be of interest to scholars and advanced students working in phenomenology, philosophy of mind, and the cognitive sciences.

Cognition  Computation  and Consciousness Book

Cognition Computation and Consciousness

  • Author : Masao Ito
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 1997-05-29
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191660757

Cognition Computation and Consciousness Excerpt :

The topic of consciousness is truly multidisciplinary, attracting researchers and theorists from diverse backgrounds. It is now widely accepted that previously disparate areas all have contributions to make to the understanding of the nature of consciousness. Thus, we now have computational scientists, neuroscientists, and philosophers all engaged in the same effort. This book illustrates these three approaches, with chapters provided by some of the most important and provocative figures in the field. The first section is concerned with philosophical approaches to consciousness. One of the fundamental issues here is that of subjective feeling or qualia. The second section focuses on approaches from cognitive neuroscience. Patients with different types of neurological problems, and new imaging techniques, provide rich sources of data for studying how consciousness relates to brain function. The third section includes computational approaches looking at the quantitative relationship between brain processes and conscious experience. Cognition, Computation, and Consciousness represents a uniquely integrated and current account of this most fascinating and intractable subject.

Stratification in Cognition and Consciousness Book

Stratification in Cognition and Consciousness

  • Author : Bradford H. Challis
  • Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
  • Release Date : 1999-11-15
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 293
  • ISBN 10 : 9789027299970

Stratification in Cognition and Consciousness Excerpt :

The notion of stratification has played an important role in linguistics and evolutionary studies for some time, but its role in cognitive science has not yet been well articulated and identified. What is meant by stratification? What is the role and value of stratification in the contemporary study of cognition and consciousness? This collective volume speaks to these questions. The twelve articles in the book cover a range of relevant issues including (a) the vertical dimension and modularity of visual processing, search and attention, (b) the stratification of encoding and retrieval processes in memory, (c) the hierarchical nature of conscious and unconscious components of memory, and (d) the levels of awareness and varieties of conscious experience. The volume presents stimulating and self-contained articles for researchers and students of experimental psychology and neuroscience, and is suitable for an advanced university course. (Series B)

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science Book

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science

  • Author : Eric Margolis
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2012-02-23
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 562
  • ISBN 10 : 9780195309799

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science Excerpt :

This volume offers an overview of the philosophy of cognitive science that balances breadth and depth, with chapters covering every aspect of the psychology and cognitive anthropology.

Neurodynamics of Cognition and Consciousness Book

Neurodynamics of Cognition and Consciousness

  • Author : Leonid I. Perlovsky
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2007-08-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540732679

Neurodynamics of Cognition and Consciousness Excerpt :

Experimental evidence in humans and other mammalians indicates that complex neurodynamics is crucial for the emergence of higher-level intelligence. Dynamical neural systems with encoding in limit cycle and non-convergent attractors have gained increasing popularity in the past decade. The role of synchronization, desynchronization, and intermittent synchronization on cognition has been studied extensively by various authors, in particular by authors contributing to the present volume. This book addresses dynamical aspects of brain functions and cognition.

Dark Cognition Book

Dark Cognition

  • Author : David Vernon
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2020-10-02
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429824838

Dark Cognition Excerpt :

Outlining the scientific evidence behind psi research, Dark Cognition expertly reveals that such anomalous phenomena clearly exist, highlighting that the prevailing view of consciousness, purely as a phenomenon of the brain, fails to account for the empirical findings. David Vernon provides essential coverage of information and evidence for a variety of anomalous psi phenomena, calling for a paradigm shift in how we view consciousness: from seeing it as something solely reliant on the brain to something that is enigmatic, fundamental and all pervasive. The book examines the nature of psi research showing that, despite claims to the contrary, it is clearly a scientific endeavour. It explores evidence from telepathy and scopaesthesia, clairvoyance and remote viewing, precognition, psychokinesis, fields of consciousness, energy healing, out of body experiences, near-death experiences and post death phenomena, showing that not only do these phenomena exist, but that they have significant implications for our understanding of consciousness. Featuring discussion on scientific research methods, reflections on the fields of dark cognition and end-of-chapter questions that encourage critical thinking, this book is an essential text for those interested in parapsychology, consciousness and cognitive psychology.

The Missing Link in Cognition Book

The Missing Link in Cognition

  • Author : Herbert S. Terrace
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2005-01-20
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190289799

The Missing Link in Cognition Excerpt :

Are humans unique in having self-reflective consciousness? Or can precursors to this central form of human consciousness be found in non-human species? The Missing Link in Cognition brings together a diverse group of researchers who have been investigating this question from a variety of perspectives, including the extent to which non-human primates, and, indeed, young children, have consciousness, a sense of self, thought process, metacognitions, and representations. Some of the participants--Kitcher, Higgins, Nelson, and Tulving--argue that these types of cognitive abilities are uniquely human, whereas others--Call, Hampton, Kinsbourne, Menzel, Metcalfe, Schwartz, Smith, and Terrace--are convinced that at least the precursors to self-reflective consciousness exist in non-human primates. Their debate focuses primarily on the underpinnings of consciousness. Some of the participants believe that consciousness depends on representational thought and on the mental manipulation of such representations. Is representational thought enough to ensure consciousness, or does one need more? If one needs more, exactly what is needed? Is reflection upon the representations, that is, metacognition, the link? Does a realization of the contingencies, that is, "knowing that," in Gilbert Ryle's terminology, ensure that a person or an animal is conscious? Is true episodic memory needed for consciousness, and if so, do any animals have it? Is it possible to have episodic memory or, indeed, any self-reflective processing, without language? Other participants believe that consciousness is inextricably intertwined with a sense of self or self-awareness. From where does this sense of self or self-awareness arise? Some of the participants believe that it develops only through the use of language and the narrative form. If it does develop in this way, what about claims of a sense of self or self-awareness in non-human animals? Others believe that the autobiographical record implied by episod

Purple Haze Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Purple Haze

  • Author : Joseph Levine
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN 10 : 9780195173086

Purple Haze Excerpt :

"In this study, Joseph Levine explores both sides of the mind-body dilemma. Unlike both dualists and materialists, he takes the position that there is no stable resting place, no clear explanation of consciousness. Levine presents the first book-length treatment of his highly influential ideas on the "explanatory gap" - the fact that we can't explain the nature of phenomenal experience in terms of its physical realization. He offers a careful argument that there is such a gap and, after providing intriguing analyses of virtually all existing theories of consciousness, shows that recent attempts to close it fall short of the mark. Levine concludes that in the foreseeable future, consciousness will remain a mystery." "Purple Haze is a vital contribution to the fields of philosophy of mind, philosophy of psychology, metaphysics, and cognitive science and will appeal to anyone with an interest in consciousness and the nature of the mind."--BOOK JACKET.

The Science of Consciousness Book

The Science of Consciousness

  • Author : Trevor A. Harley
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2021-02-28
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107125285

The Science of Consciousness Excerpt :

An introduction to the psychology, philosophy, and neuroscience of consciousness, including sleep, dreaming, meditative, and altered states.

Andy Clark and His Critics Book

Andy Clark and His Critics

  • Author : Matteo Colombo
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-05-02
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190662820

Andy Clark and His Critics Excerpt :

Andy Clark is a leading philosopher of cognitive science, whose work has had an extraordinary impact throughout philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, and robotics. His monographs have led the way for new research programs in the philosophy of mind and cognition: Microcognition (1989) and Associative Engines (1993) introduced the philosophical community to connectionist research and the novel issues it raised; Being There (1997) showed the relevance of embodiment, dynamical systems theory, and minimal computation frameworks for the study of the mind; Natural Born Cyborgs (OUP 2003) presented an accessible development of embodied and embedded approaches to understanding human nature and cognition; Supersizing the Mind (OUP 2008) developed this yet further along with the famous "Extended Mind" hypothesis; and Surfing Uncertainty (OUP 2017) presents a framework for uniting perception, action, and the embodied mind. In Andy Clark and His Critics, a range of high-profile researchers in philosophy of mind, philosophy of cognitive science, and empirical cognitive science, critically engage with Clark's work across the themes of: Extended, Embodied, Embedded, Enactive, and Affective Minds; Natural Born Cyborgs; and Perception, Action, and Prediction. Daniel Dennett provides a foreword on the significance of Clark's work, and Clark replies to each section of the book, thus advancing current literature with original contributions that will form the basis for new discussions, debates and directions in the discipline.

Embodiment and the Inner Life Book

Embodiment and the Inner Life

  • Author : Murray Shanahan
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2010
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199226559

Embodiment and the Inner Life Excerpt :

To understand the mind and its place in Nature is one of the great intellectual challenges of our time, a challenge that is both scientific and philosophical. How does cognition influence an animal's behaviour? What are its neural underpinnings? How is the inner life of a human being constituted? What are the neural underpinnings of the conscious condition? Embodiment and the Inner Life approaches each of these questions from a scientific standpoint. But it contends that, before we can make progress on them, we have to give up the habit of thinking metaphysically, a habit that creates a fog of philosophical confusion. From this post-reflective point of view, the book argues for an intimate relationship between cognition, sensorimotor embodiment, and the integrative character of the conscious condition. Drawing on insights from psychology, neuroscience, and dynamical systems, it proposes an empirical theory of this three-way relationship whose principles, not being tied to the contingencies of biology or physics, are applicable to the whole space of possible minds in which humans and other animals are included. Embodiment and the Inner Life is one of very few books that provides a properly joined-up theory of consciousness, and will be essential reading for all psychologists, philosophers, and neuroscientists with an interest in the enduring puzzle of consciousness.

Experienced Cognition Book

Experienced Cognition

  • Author : Richard A. Carlson
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 1997-09-01
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN 10 : 9781135693091

Experienced Cognition Excerpt :

This volume presents a theoretical framework for understanding consciousness and learning. Drawing on work in cognitive psychology and philosophy, this framework begins with the observation that to be conscious is literally to have a point of view. From this starting point, the book develops a descriptive scheme that allows perceptual, symbolic, and emotional awareness to be discussed in common theoretical terms, compatible with a computational view of the mind. A central theme is our experience of ourselves as agents, consciously controlling activities situated in environments. In contrast to previous theories of consciousness, the experienced cognition framework emphasizes the changes in conscious control as individuals acquire skills. The book is divided into four parts. The first introduces the central themes and places them in the context of information-processing theory and empirical research on cognitive skill. The second develops the theoretical framework, emphasizing the unity of perceptual, symbolic, and emotional awareness and the relation of conscious to nonconscious processes. The third applies the experienced cognition framework to a variety of topics in cognitive psychology, including working memory, problem solving, and reasoning. It also includes discussions of everyday action, skill, and expertise, focusing on changes in conscious control with increasing fluency. The last concludes the book by evaluating the recent debate on the "cognitive unconscious" and implicit cognition from the perspective of experienced cognition, and considering the prospects for a cognitive psychology focused on persons. This book addresses many of the issues raised in philosophical treatments of consciousness from the point of view of empirical cognitive psychology. For example, the structure of conscious mental states is addressed by considering how to describe them in terms of variables suitable for information-processing theory. Understanding conscious states in this w