Contamination of Water Book

Contamination of Water

  • Author : Arif Ahamad
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-08-16
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 612
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128240595

Contamination of Water Excerpt :

Contamination of Water: Health Risk Assessment and Treatment Strategies takes an interconnected look at various pollutants, sources of contamination, the effects of contamination on aquatic ecosystems and human health, and potential mitigation strategies. The book begins by examining the sources of potential contamination, including the current scenario of dyes, heavy metals, pesticides and oils contamination as well as regions impacted due to industrialization, mining or urbanization. It then analyzes various methods of water contamination, assesses health risk and adverse effects on those impacted, and concludes with an exploration of efficient, low-cost treatment technologies that remove toxic pollutants from the water. This book incorporates both theoretical and practical information that will be useful for researchers, professors, graduate students and professionals working on water contamination, environmental and health impacts, and the management and treatment of water resources. Provides practical case studies of various types of contamination and sources in different regions Offers an overview of inorganic and organic contaminants and their impact on human health Evaluates several low-cost, efficient and effective water treatment technologies to remove toxins from water and minimize risk

Soil and Water Contamination  2nd Edition Book

Soil and Water Contamination 2nd Edition

  • Author : Marcel van der Perk
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2013-11-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN 10 : 9780415893435

Soil and Water Contamination 2nd Edition Excerpt :

Soil and Water Contamination, Second Edition gives a structured overview of transport and fate processes of environmental contaminants. Dealing with all topics essential for understanding and predicting contaminant patterns in soil, groundwater and surface water, it contributes to the formation of a solid basis for adequate soil and water pollution control and integrated catchment management. A unique feature of this work is that it does not treat water and soil pollution as independent processes, but as components of an integrated whole. The core of this geoscientific approach is divided into four parts: • Introduction to the basics of soil and water contamination, such as the fundamentals of environmental pollution and chemistry and the basic properties of soil, groundwater and surface water. • Source, role, and behaviour of substances in soil and water, treating natural and anthropogenic sources of nutrients, heavy metals, radionuclides and organic pollutants as well as emerging substances of concern, their physico-chemical characteristics, behaviour, and toxicity. • Transport and fate of substances in soil and water, focusing on processes of transport, exchange and transformations like advection, dispersion, adsorption kinetics and biochemical decay. Special attention is paid to the mathematical description and modelling of these processes. • Patterns of substances in soil and water, explaining spatial and temporal patterns of pollutants in soil, groundwater, and surface water, illustrated by recent case studies from fundamental and applied research. This comprehensive, successful textbook, now in its second edition, has been conscientiously updated and extended and includes many case studies, examples and exercises sections, providing undergraduate and graduate students in the Earth and Environmental Sciences with all the material necessary for the study of soil and water contamination. In addition, it can serve as a useful source of information for pro

Selenium Contamination in Water Book

Selenium Contamination in Water

  • Author : Pooja Devi
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2021-05-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119693543

Selenium Contamination in Water Excerpt :

The contamination of environment and water resources by Selenium (Se) and its oxyanions from various sources are emerging contaminants of significant health and environmental concern. The primary sources include agricultural drainage water, mine drainage, residues from fossil fuels, thermoelectric power plants, oil refineries, and metal ores. Various methods and technologies have been developed which focus on the treatment of selenium-containing waters and wastewater. High concentrations of selenium in water cause various adverse impact to human health, such as carcinogenic, genotoxic, and cytotoxic effects. But in the lower concentrations, it is a useful constituent of the biological system. The range between toxicity and deficiency of selenium is minimal (40 to 400 μg per day), due to its dual nature. Selenium Contamination in Water contains the latest status and information on selenium’s origin, its chemistry and its toxicity to humans. The book represents a comprehensive and advanced reference book for students, researchers, practitioners, and policymakers in working in the field of metalloids, in particular selenium. A special emphasis is given on its geological distribution, monitoring techniques, and remedial technologies. As such, the authors critically analyze the various techniques used for the monitoring and removal of selenium from water. Featuring chapters arranged according to the major themes of the latest research, with specific case-studies from industrial experiences of selenium detection and removal, Selenium Contamination in Water will be particularly valued by researchers, practitioners, and policymakers in working in the field of metalloids including selenium.

Inorganic Pollutants in Water Book

Inorganic Pollutants in Water

  • Author : Pooja Devi
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2020-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 444
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128189658

Inorganic Pollutants in Water Excerpt :

Inorganic Pollutants in Water provides a clear understanding of inorganic pollutants and the challenges they cause in aquatic environments. The book explores the point of source, how they enter water, the effects they have, and their eventual detection and removal. Through a series of case studies, the authors explore the success of the detection and removal techniques they have developed. Users will find this to be a single platform of information on inorganic pollutants that is ideal for researchers, engineers and technologists working in the fields of environmental science, environmental engineering and chemical engineering/ sustainability. Through this text, the authors introduce new researchers to the problem of inorganic contaminants in water, while also presenting the current state-of-the-art in terms of research and technologies to tackle this problem.

Contaminated Water Supplies at Camp Lejeune Book

Contaminated Water Supplies at Camp Lejeune

  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2009-09-06
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309136990

Contaminated Water Supplies at Camp Lejeune Excerpt :

In the early 1980s, two water-supply systems on the Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune in North Carolina were found to be contaminated with the industrial solvents trichloroethylene (TCE) and perchloroethylene (PCE). The water systems were supplied by the Tarawa Terrace and Hadnot Point watertreatment plants, which served enlisted-family housing, barracks for unmarried service personnel, base administrative offices, schools, and recreational areas. The Hadnot Point water system also served the base hospital and an industrial area and supplied water to housing on the Holcomb Boulevard water system (full-time until 1972 and periodically thereafter). This book examines what is known about the contamination of the water supplies at Camp Lejeune and whether the contamination can be linked to any adverse health outcomes in former residents and workers at the base.

Handbook of Water Purity and Quality Book

Handbook of Water Purity and Quality

  • Author : Satinder Ahuja
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2009-07-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN 10 : 0080921124

Handbook of Water Purity and Quality Excerpt :

This work provides those involved in water purification research and administration with a comprehensive resource of methods for analyzing water to assure its safety from contaminants, both natural and human caused. The book first provides an overview of major water-related issues in developing and developed countries, followed by a review of issues of sampling for water analysis, regulatory considerations and forensics in water quality and purity investigations. The subsequent chapters cover microbial as well chemical contaminations from inorganic compounds, radionuclides, volatile and semi-volatile compounds, disinfectants, herbicides, and pharmaceuticals, including endocrine disruptors, as well as potential terrorist-related contamination. The last chapter describes the Grainger prize-winning filter that can remove arsenic from water sources and sufficiently protect the health of a large number of people. - Covers the scope of water contamination problems on a worldwide scale - Provides a rich source of methods for analyzing water to assure its safety from natural and deliberate contaminants - Describes the filter that won the $1 million Grainger prize and thereby highlighting an important approach to remediation

Water Pollution  Modelling  Measuring and Prediction Book

Water Pollution Modelling Measuring and Prediction

  • Author : C.A. Wrobel
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 762
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401136945

Water Pollution Modelling Measuring and Prediction Excerpt :

Water Pollution is a subject of growing concern in our industrial world. The environmental problems caused by the increase of pollutant loads dis charged into natural water systems have led the scientific community to pursue studies capable of relating the pollutant discharge with changes in the water quality. The results of these studies are permitting industries to employ more efficient methods of controlling and treating the waste loads, and water authorities to enforce more strict legislation regarding this matter. The present book contains edited versions of the papers presented at the First International Conference on Water Pollution (Modelling, Measuring and Prediction), held in Southampton, England, in September 1991. Its contents, which reflect the interdisciplinarity of the subject, are divided into four parts, each consisting of a keynote address and several invited and contributed papers: 1. Mathematical models (Keynote speaker: Prof. R.A. Falconer, Univer sity of Bradford, USA) 2. Data acquisition/monitoring/measurement (Keynote speaker: Dr. A. Plata Bedmar, IAEA, Austria) 3. Waste disposal and wastewater treatment (Keynote speaker: Prof. D.R.F. Harleman, MIT, USA) 4. Chemical and biological problems (Keynote speaker: Dr. E.I. Hamil ton, Environmental consultant, UK) Although the papers have been typographically edited they have been re produced directly from material submitted by the authors, and their content is a reflection of the authors' research and opinion.

Water Pollution Biology  Second Edition Book

Water Pollution Biology Second Edition

  • Author : P.D. Abel
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2002-09-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN 10 : 9780203483749

Water Pollution Biology Second Edition Excerpt :

Presents an examination of the scale of water pollution problems, and, through case studies, explores the type of investigations biologists need to undertake in solving them. The text draws comparisons between British and European practice,

Contaminants of Emerging Concern in Water and Wastewater Book

Contaminants of Emerging Concern in Water and Wastewater

  • Author : Arturo Hernandez-Maldonado
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2019-10-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 434
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128135624

Contaminants of Emerging Concern in Water and Wastewater Excerpt :

Contaminants of Emerging Concern in Water and Wastewater: Advanced Treatment Processes presents the state-of-the-art in the design and use of adsorbents, membranes, and UV/oxidation processes, along with the challenges that will need to be addressed to close the gap between development and implementation in water/wastewater treatment applications. Chapters cover adsorbent and membrane design and performance, direct comparison of performance data between new (inorganic and metal organic nanoporous materials) and classic adsorbents and membranes, a list of advantages, disadvantages, and challenges related to performance limitations, regenerability, and upscaling. In addition, users will find sections on the identification of potential site and off-site applications that are listed according to adsorbent and membrane types, transformation of CECs in low- and/or medium-pressure UV irradiation processes used for disinfection, the oxidation of CECs by chlorine and ozone, and a comparison of advanced oxidation processes for the treatment of a variety of CECs in water and wastewater. Addresses the advantages/disadvantages of select technologies, including energy resource needs and waste management issues of reverse osmosis, amongst other issues Presents information on the advancements of technology within the realm of Engineered Treatments of CECs Focuses on the inherent science and technology of advanced treatment processes

The Environmental Science of Drinking Water Book

The Environmental Science of Drinking Water

  • Author : Patrick Sullivan
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2005-08-01
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080457727

The Environmental Science of Drinking Water Excerpt :

In today’s chemically dependent society, environmental studies demonstrate that drinking water in developed countries contains numerous industrial chemicals, pesticides, pharmaceuticals and chemicals from water treatment processes. This poses a real threat. As a result of the ever-expanding list of chemical and biochemical products industry, current drinking water standards that serve to preserve our drinking water quality are grossly out of date. Environmental Science of Drinking Water demonstrates why we need to make a fundamental change in our approach toward protecting our drinking water. Factual and circumstantial evidence showing the failure of current drinking water standards to adequately protect human health is presented along with analysis of the extent of pollution in our water resources and drinking water. The authors also present detail of the currently available state-of-the-art technologies which, if fully employed, can move us toward a healthier future. * Addresses the international problems of outdated standards and the overwhelming onslaught of new contaminants. * Includes new monitoring data on non-regulated chemicals in water sources and drinking water. * Includes a summary of different bottled waters as well as consumer water purification technologies.

Water Pollution  Prevention and Treatment Book

Water Pollution Prevention and Treatment

  • Author : Vincent Emerson
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2019-06-25
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN 10 : 1682867307

Water Pollution Prevention and Treatment Excerpt :

Water pollution is the contamination of water as a result of human activities. It is primarily caused by the discharge of inadequately treated wastewater into natural water streams leading to environmental degradation and impacts on public health. Other effects include eutrophication, acidity, anoxia, etc. Common contaminants contributing to water pollution include chemicals and pathogens. Water pollution can be classified as surface water, groundwater and marine pollution. The measurement of water pollution is done by analyzing water samples with a variety of physical, chemical and biological tests. Prevention of pollution can be achieved by the adoption of appropriate sewage and industrial treatments, control of urban runoff, agricultural wastewater management, erosion and sediment control, etc. This book provides comprehensive insights into the field of water pollution. It discusses some existing theories and innovative concepts revolving around water pollution, its treatment and mitigation strategies. This book is a vital tool for all researching and studying this field.

Monitoring Water Quality Book

Monitoring Water Quality

  • Author : Satinder Ahuja
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2013-01-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444594044

Monitoring Water Quality Excerpt :

Monitoring Water Quality is a practical assessment of one of the most pressing growth and sustainability issues in the developed and developing worlds: water quality. Over the last 10 years, improved laboratory techniques have led to the discovery of microbial and viral contaminants, pharmaceuticals, and endocrine disruptors in our fresh water supplies that were not monitored previously. This book offers in-depth coverage of water quality issues (natural and human-related), monitoring of contaminants, and remediation of water contamination. In particular, readers will learn about arsenic removal techniques, real-time monitoring, and risk assessment. Monitoring Water Quality is a vital text for students and professionals in environmental science, civil engineering, chemistry — anyone concerned with issues of water analysis and sustainability assessment. Covers in depth the scope of sustainable water problems on a worldwide scale Provides a rich source of sophisticated methods for analyzing water to assure its safety Describes the monitoring of contaminants, including pharmaceutical and endocrine disruptors Helps to quickly identify the sources and fates of contaminants and sources of pollutants and their loading

Identifying Future Drinking Water Contaminants Book

Identifying Future Drinking Water Contaminants

  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1999-09-30
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309064323

Identifying Future Drinking Water Contaminants Excerpt :

With an increasing population, use of new and diverse chemicals that can enter the water supply, and emergence of new microbial pathogens, the U.S. federal government is faced with a regulatory dilemma: Where should it focus its attention and limited resources to ensure safe drinking water supplies for the future? Identifying Future Drinking Water Contaminants is based on a 1998 workshop on emerging drinking water contaminants. It includes a dozen papers that were presented on new and emerging microbiological and chemical drinking water contaminants, associated analytical and water treatment methods for their detection and removal, and existing and proposed environmental databases to assist in their proactive identification and regulation. The papers are preceded by a conceptual approach and related recommendations to EPA for the periodic creation of future Drinking Water Contaminant Candidate Lists (CCLs--produced every five years--include currently unregulated chemical and microbiological substances that are known or anticipated to occur in public water systems and that may pose health risks).

Drinking Water Quality and Contaminants Guidebook Book

Drinking Water Quality and Contaminants Guidebook

  • Author : Joseph Cotruvo
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-09-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 185
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351110457

Drinking Water Quality and Contaminants Guidebook Excerpt :

K347191 BCC Drinking water quality is a sensitive issue, and the public is constantly barraged by contaminant reports now routinely at parts-per-trillion. Protection from microbial disease risks from drinking water must always be predominant; trace chemicals usually fall farther down the scale of possible health risks, but even negligible detections raise public concerns. Drinking Water Quality and Contaminants Guidebook presents information and guidance on drinking water quality and regulatory issues reflecting experiences and judgments from the author’s more than 43 years of extensive experience. It contains digested comprehensive information on important chemical, microbial, and radionuclide water contaminants, and discussions of several drinking water-related policy issues. Information is presented for long-standing regulated contaminants and chemicals of emerging concern in understandable terms for professionals and non-experts alike. Dossiers contain readily accessed information on sources, physical and chemical properties, toxicity, analytical methodology, water treatment technology, regulations and health advisories, and also include World Health Organization Guidelines. Aesthetic and acceptance factors such as water hardness and salinity that influence public perceptions of drinking water quality are also addressed. Features: Compiles and interprets essential information on numerous key chemical, microbial, and radionuclide water contaminants Provides standardized entries for each contaminant, including occurrence, health, analytical, water treatment, regulations, and World Health Organization guidance and recommendations with source citations Examines many water-related topics including fracking, potable water reuse, desalination, boil water notices, bottled water, foodborne and waterborne disease, and public perceptions about public drinking water quality Provides essential information and the basis for management of many long-standing contaminants such

Pollution of Water Bodies in Latin America Book

Pollution of Water Bodies in Latin America

  • Author : Leobardo Manuel Gómez-Oliván
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2019-11-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030272968

Pollution of Water Bodies in Latin America Excerpt :

The indiscriminate use of chemical substances in industrial processes and anthropogenic activities, have resulted in the release of these compounds into aquatic ecosystems through municipal, hospital and industrial discharges, producing various undesired effects on the environment and on species of ecological interest. These compounds, such as metals, pesticides, emerging pollutants and other substances are persistent and susceptible to biotic and/or abiotic transformations, yielding metabolites that can be more toxic than the original compounds. In this book, researchers from diverse environmental science disciplines share their experiences in countries such as Argentina, Brazil, Colombia and Mexico, and critically examine the problem of contaminants in aquatic ecosystems in Latin America, as well as the risks presented by their presence.