Context Effects on Embodied Representation of Language Concepts Book

Context Effects on Embodied Representation of Language Concepts


  • Author : Jie Yang
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2013-03-20
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 28
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124079304

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Context Effects on Embodied Representation of Language Concepts Excerpt :

Embodied theories claim that semantic representations are grounded in sensorimotor systems, but the contribution of sensorimotor brain areas in representing meaning is still controversial. One current debate is whether activity in sensorimotor areas during language comprehension is automatic. Numerous neuroimaging studies reveal activity in perception and action areas during semantic processing that is automatic and independent of context, but increasing findings show that involvement of sensorimotor areas and the connectivity between word-form areas and sensorimotor areas can be modulated by contextual information. Context Effects on Embodied Representation of Language Concepts focuses on these findings and discusses the influences from word, phrase, and sentential contexts that emphasize either dominant conceptual features or non-dominant conceptual features. Reviews the findings about contextual modularity Clarifies the invariant and flexible features of embodied lexical-semantic processing

Conceptual and Interactive Embodiment Book

Conceptual and Interactive Embodiment


  • Author : Martin H. Fischer
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2015-12-22
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317616726

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Conceptual and Interactive Embodiment Excerpt :

This two-volume set provides a comprehensive overview of the multidisciplinary field of Embodied Cognition. With contributions from internationally acknowledged researchers from a variety of fields, Foundations of Embodied Cognition reveals how intelligent behaviour emerges from the interplay between brain, body and environment. Drawing on the most recent theoretical and empirical findings in embodied cognition, Volume 2 Conceptual and Interactive Embodiment is divided into four distinct parts, bringing together a number of influential perspectives and new ideas. Part one introduces the field of embodied language processing, before part two presents recent developments in our understanding of embodied conceptual understanding. The final two parts look at the applied nature of embodied cognition, exploring the embodied nature of social co-ordination as well as the emerging field of artificial embodiment. Building on the idea that knowledge acquisition, retention and retrieval are intimately interconnected with sensory and motor processes, Foundations of Embodied Cognition is a landmark publication in the field. It will be of great interest to researchers and advanced students from across the cognitive sciences, including those specialising in psychology, neuroscience, intelligent systems and robotics, philosophy, linguistics and anthropology.

What can we make of theories of embodiment and the role of the human mirror neuron system  Book

What can we make of theories of embodiment and the role of the human mirror neuron system


  • Author : Analia Arevalo
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2016-03-09
  • Genre: Electronic book
  • Pages : 118
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889197613

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What can we make of theories of embodiment and the role of the human mirror neuron system Excerpt :

In recent years, work surrounding theories of embodiment and the role of the putative mirror neuron system (MNS) in humans has gained considerable attention. If humans have developed a network of neurons that fire in response to other beings’ actions, as has been shown in macaques, this system could have vast implications for all kinds of cognitive processes unique to humans, such as language, learning, empathy and communication in general. The goal of tapping into and understanding such a system is a fascinating yet challenging one. One form of embodiment -- embodied linguistics -- suggests that the way we process linguistic information is linked to our physical experience of the concept conveyed by each word. The interaction between these cognitive systems (i.e., language and motor processing) may occur thanks to the firing of neurons making up the MNS. The possible interdependence between different cognitive systems has implications for healthy as well as pathological profiles, and in fact, work in recent years has also explored the role of ‘embodiment’ and/or the MNS in clinical populations such as stroke, Parkinson’s Disease, Alzheimer’s Disease, and Autism, among others. Research on embodiment and/or the MNS has been approached with a number of different methodologies, but the results obtained with these different methodologies have not been entirely consistent, generating doubts regarding the theories. The question has been raised as to what this line of inquiry can gain from the types of evidence contributed by functional neuroimaging methods carried out with healthy volunteers versus behavioral or lesion-symptom mapping methods employed with neurologically-compromised individuals. Of particular interest are the clinical applications of this line of research. If indeed a system exists which reflects a tight link between, for example, the human language and motor systems, then the obvious challenge is to tap into this system to create useful therapi

Brain Informatics Book

Brain Informatics


  • Author : Shouyi Wang
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-12-06
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 498
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030055875

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Brain Informatics Excerpt :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Brain Informatics, BI 2018, held in Arlington, TX, USA, in December 2018. The 46 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 53 submissions. The papers are grouped thematically on cognitive and computational foundations of brain science, human information processing systems, brain big data analysis, curation and management, informatics paradigms for brain and mental health research, brain-machine intelligence and brain-inspired computing.

Symbols and Embodiment Book

Symbols and Embodiment


  • Author : Manuel de Vega
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 445
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015082767222

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Symbols and Embodiment Excerpt :

Some cognitive scientists think the mind works like a computer, involving programs composed of abstract and arbitrary symbols. Others think cognition is embodied - based on perceptual and emotional experience. This book is a rare collaboration between scientists holding both viewpoints, in an attempt to better understand the mind.

Embodied and grounded cognition Book

Embodied and grounded cognition


  • Author : Anna Borghi
  • Publisher : Frontiers E-books
  • Release Date : 2012-01-01
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889190133

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Embodied and grounded cognition Excerpt :

In the last 10-15 years, the "embodied" and "grounded" cognition approach has become widespread in all fields related to cognitive science, such as cognitive and social psychology, neuroscience, philosophy, anthropology, computational modelling and robotics. According to this approach, our cognitive activity is grounded in sensory-motor processes and situated in specific contexts and situations. Therefore, in this view, concepts consist of the reactivation of the same neural pattern that is present when we perceive and/or interact with the objects they refer to. In the same way, understanding language would imply forming a mental simulation of what is linguistically described. This simulation would entail the recruitment of the same neurons that are activated when actually acting or perceiving the situation, action, emotion, object or entity described by language. In the last years a lot of evidence has been collected in favour of EC and GC view. The aim of this Research Topic is twofold. First, it intends to give an idea of the field of embodied and grounded cognition in its broadness. We therefore intend to invite scientists of different disciplines (anthropology, philosophy, linguistics, cognitive and social psychology, neuroscience, computer science) to submit their proposals. The second aim of this Research Topicis to focus on some challenges that in our opinion embodied and grounded theories of cognition need to face. First, we believe that one important challenge for EC and GC views is to account for the way the so-called "abstract concepts" and abstract words are represented. Evidence on the representation of concrete concepts and words is compelling, whereas evidence on abstract concepts representation is still too scarce and limited to restricted domains. We therefore welcome proposals dealing with this complex issue. Second, we think that embodied and grounded theories of cognition would need to formulate more precise hypotheses, and that in general withi

The Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics Book

The Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics


  • Author : Shirley-Ann Rueschemeyer
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-09-06
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 1088
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191090431

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The Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics Excerpt :

The ability to communicate quickly and flexibly through both spoken and written language is one of the defining characteristics of the human race. Yet it remains a mysterious process. The science of psycholinguistics attempts to uncover the mechanisms and representations underlying human language. This interdisciplinary field has seen massive developments over the last decades, with a broad expansion of the research base, and the incorporation of new experimental techniques such as brain imaging and computational modelling. The result is that real progress is being made in the understanding of the key components of language in the mind. This new and expanded edition of The Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics brings together the views of over 80 experts in various domains of psycholinguistic research, offering a comprehensive and authoritative review of the field. With contributions from the fields of psychology, linguistics, cognitive neuroscience, attention, genetics, development, and neuropsychology divided into five themed sections, this new edition of The Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics is unparalleled in its breadth of coverage. The comprehensive nature of this book coupled with the accessibility of the short chapter format makes this handbook essential reading for students and researchers in the fields of psychology, linguistics and neuroscience.

The Oxford Handbook of 4E Cognition Book

The Oxford Handbook of 4E Cognition


  • Author : Albert Newen
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-08-30
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 952
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191054358

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The Oxford Handbook of 4E Cognition Excerpt :

4E cognition (embodied, embedded, enactive, and extended) is a relatively young and thriving field of interdisciplinary research. It assumes that cognition is shaped and structured by dynamic interactions between the brain, body, and both the physical and social environments. With essays from leading scholars and researchers, The Oxford Handbook of 4E Cognition investigates this recent paradigm. It addresses the central issues of embodied cognition by focusing on recent trends, such as Bayesian inference and predictive coding, and presenting new insights, such as the development of false belief understanding. The Oxford Handbook of 4E Cognition also introduces new theoretical paradigms for understanding emotion and conceptualizing the interactions between cognition, language, and culture. With an entire section dedicated to the application of 4E cognition in disciplines such as psychiatry and robotics, and critical notes aimed at stimulating discussion, this Oxford handbook is the definitive guide to 4E cognition. Aimed at neuroscientists, psychologists, psychiatrists, and philosophers, The Oxford Handbook of 4E Cognition will be essential reading for anyone with an interest in this young and thriving field.

The Speech Processing Lexicon Book

The Speech Processing Lexicon


  • Author : Aditi Lahiri
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2017-04-10
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN 10 : 9783110422658

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The Speech Processing Lexicon Excerpt :

In this book, some of today’s leading neurolinguists and psycholinguists provide insight into the nature of phonological processing using behavioural measures, computational modeling, EEG and fMRI. The essays cover a range of topics including categorization, acoustic variability and invariance, underspecification, talker-specificity and machine learning, focusing on the acoustics, perception, acquisition and neural representation of speech.

Beyond the body  The Future of Embodied Cognition Book

Beyond the body The Future of Embodied Cognition


  • Author : Guy Dove
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2016-03-22
  • Genre: Cognition
  • Pages : 149
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889197972

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Beyond the body The Future of Embodied Cognition Excerpt :

Embodied cognition represents one of most important research programs in contemporary cognitive science. Although there is a diversity of opinion concerning the nature of embodiment, the core idea is that cognitive processes are influenced by body morphology, emotions, and sensorimotor systems. This idea is supported by an ever increasing collection of empirical studies that fall into two broad classes: one consisting of experiments that implicate action, emotion, and perception systems in seemingly abstract cognitive tasks and the other consisting of experiments that demonstrate the contribution of bodily interaction with the external environment to the performance of such tasks. Now that the research program of embodied cognition is well established, the time seems right for assessing its further promise and potential limitations. This research topic aims to create an interdisciplinary forum for discussing where we go from here. Given that we have good reason to think that the body influences cognition in surprisingly robust ways, the central question is no longer whether or not any cognitive processes are embodied. Instead, other questions have come to the fore: To what extent are cognitive processes in general embodied? Are there disembodied processes? Among those that are embodied, how are they embodied? Is there more than one kind of embodiment? Is embodiment a matter of degree? There are a number of specific issues that could be addressed by submissions to this research topic. Some supporters of embodied cognition eschew representations. Should anti-representationalism be a core part of an embodied approach? What role should dynamical models play? Research in embodied cognition has tended to focus on the importance of sensorimotor areas for cognition. What are the functions of multimodal or amodal brain areas? Abstract concepts have proved to be a challenge for embodied cognition. How should they be handled? Should researchers allow for some form of weak embo

Handbook of Embodied Psychology Book

Handbook of Embodied Psychology


  • Author : Michael D. Robinson
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-12-02
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 642
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030784713

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Handbook of Embodied Psychology Excerpt :

This edited volume seeks to integrate research and scholarship on the topic of embodiment, with the idea being that thinking and feeling are often grounded in more concrete representations related to perception and action. The book centers on psychological approaches to embodiment and includes chapters speaking to development as well as clinical issues, though a larger number focus on topics related to cognition and neuroscience as well as social and personality psychology. These topical chapters are linked to theory-based chapters centered on interoception, grounded cognition, conceptual metaphor, and the extended mind thesis. Further, a concluding section speaks to critical issues such as replication concerns, alternative interpretations, and future directions. The final result is a carefully conceived product that is a comprehensive and well-integrated volume on the psychology of embodiment. The primary audience for this book is academic psychologists from many different areas of psychology (e.g., social, developmental, cognitive, clinical). The secondary audience consists of disciplines in which ideas related to embodied cognition figure prominently, such as counseling, education, biology, and philosophy.

Abstract Concepts and the Embodied Mind Book

Abstract Concepts and the Embodied Mind


  • Author : Guy Dove
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2022
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 281
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190061975

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Abstract Concepts and the Embodied Mind Excerpt :

"Our thoughts depend on knowledge about objects, people, properties, and events. To think about where we left our keys, what we are going to make for dinner, when we last fed the dogs, and how we are going to survive our next visit with our family, we need to know something about locations, keys, cooking, dogs, survival, families, and so on. This book examines how our brains can store and access such general knowledge about the world and our place in it. More specifically, it investigates the neurocognitive mechanisms responsible for encoding our concepts. Sorting objects, events, and experiences into categories enables us to recall and use information that we have gathered over time. Stored information about these categories helps us make decisions, communicate, and respond in an intelligent way to changing circumstances. Our concepts serve as the building blocks for many forms of thinking. We use them to recognize patterns, draw inferences, make decisions, and understand word meanings. Concepts are bodies of knowledge that are quickly accessed in various situations (Machery, 2009; Margolis & Laurence, 1999; Murphy, 2002)"--

Heart to Heart Book

Heart to Heart


  • Author : Brian Parkinson
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-07
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 433
  • ISBN 10 : 9781108484503

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Heart to Heart Excerpt :

Positions emotion in the social world by arguing that its central function is to align relations between people.

Perceptual and Emotional Embodiment Book

Perceptual and Emotional Embodiment


  • Author : Yann Coello
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2015-12-22
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 290
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317616764

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Perceptual and Emotional Embodiment Excerpt :

This two-volume set provides a comprehensive overview of the multidisciplinary field of Embodied Cognition. With contributions from internationally acknowledged researchers from a variety of fields, Foundations of Embodied Cognition reveals how intelligent behaviour emerges from the interplay between brain, body and environment. Covering early research and emerging trends in embodied cognition, Volume 1 Perceptual and Emotional Embodiment is divided into four distinct parts, bringing together a number of influential perspectives and new ideas. Part one opens the volume with an overview of theoretical perspectives and the neural basis of embodiment, before part two considers body representation and its links with action. Part three examines how actions constrain perception of the environment, and part four explores how emotions can be shaped and structured by the body and its activity. Building on the idea that knowledge acquisition, retention and retrieval are intimately interconnected with sensory and motor processes, Foundations of Embodied Cognition is a landmark publication in the field. It will be of great interest to researchers and advanced students from across the cognitive sciences, including those specialising in psychology, neuroscience, intelligent systems and robotics, philosophy, linguistics and anthropology.

Perspectives on Abstract Concepts Book

Perspectives on Abstract Concepts


  • Author : Marianna Bolognesi
  • Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing Company
  • Release Date : 2019-06-15
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN 10 : 9789027262523

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Perspectives on Abstract Concepts Excerpt :

Human language is the most powerful communication system that evolution has produced. Within this system, we can talk about things we can physically see, such as cats and tables, but also about more abstract entities, such as theories and feelings. But how are these abstract concepts grounded in human cognition and represented in the mind? How are they constructed in language? And how are they used in natural communication settings? This book addresses these questions through a collection of studies that relate to various theoretical frameworks, ranging from Conceptual Metaphor Theory to Words as Social Tools. Contributors investigate how abstract concepts are grounded in the mind, represented in language, and used in verbal discourse. This richness is matched by a range of methods used throughout the volume, from neuroimaging to computational modeling, and from behavioral experiments to corpus analyses.