Control of Cardiovascular Diseases in Developing Countries Book

Control of Cardiovascular Diseases in Developing Countries


  • Author : Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1998-09-29
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 104
  • ISBN 10 : 0309173817

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Control of Cardiovascular Diseases in Developing Countries Excerpt :

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are increasing in epidemic proportions in developing countries. CVD already accounts for almost 10 percent of the developing world's burden of disease and is likely to become the developing world's leading cause of death. There is reason for hope, however, given that huge potential exists for applying R&D to control this emerging epidemic--both in creating powerful new interventions such as vaccines and dietary supplements and in guiding behavior. In addition, a considerable body of evidence suggests that current risk-factor prevention programs and low-cost case management of CVD offer feasible, cost-effective ways to reduce CVD mortality and disability in developing country populations. Large-scale CVD control efforts are lacking, however, and thus governments and individuals are left to make choices about health and health care services without the benefit of appropriate knowledge. This report was designed to promote a policy dialogue on CVD based on informed knowledge of R&D opportunities that offer effective, affordable, and widely applicable responses in developing countries. The report examines (a) the emerging burden of CVD in developing countries, (b) the future worldwide burden of CVD, (c) current prevention and treatment of CVD in developing countries, (d) R&D to support CVD control, (e) opportunities and priorities for R&D, and the need for institutional arrangements for collaboration in facing the epidemic.

Promoting Cardiovascular Health in the Developing World Book

Promoting Cardiovascular Health in the Developing World


  • Author : Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2010-07-29
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 482
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309147743

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Promoting Cardiovascular Health in the Developing World Excerpt :

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), once thought to be confined primarily to industrialized nations, has emerged as a major health threat in developing countries. Cardiovascular disease now accounts for nearly 30 percent of deaths in low and middle income countries each year, and is accompanied by significant economic repercussions. Yet most governments, global health institutions, and development agencies have largely overlooked CVD as they have invested in health in developing countries. Recognizing the gap between the compelling evidence of the global CVD burden and the investment needed to prevent and control CVD, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) turned to the IOM for advice on how to catalyze change. In this report, the IOM recommends that the NHLBI, development agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and governments work toward two essential goals: creating environments that promote heart healthy lifestyle choices and help reduce the risk of chronic diseases, and building public health infrastructure and health systems with the capacity to implement programs that will effectively detect and reduce risk and manage CVD. To meet these goals, the IOM recommends several steps, including improving cooperation and collaboration; implementing effective and feasible strategies; and informing efforts through research and health surveillance. Without better efforts to promote cardiovascular health, global health as a whole will be undermined.

Disease Control Priorities  Third Edition  Volume 5  Book

Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Volume 5


  • Author : Dorairaj Prabhakaran
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release Date : 2017-11-17
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN 10 : 9781464805202

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Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Volume 5 Excerpt :

Cardiovascular, respiratory, and related conditions cause more than 40 percent of all deaths globally, and their substantial burden is rising, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Their burden extends well beyond health effects to include significant economic and societal consequences. Most of these conditions are related, share risk factors, and have common control measures at the clinical, population, and policy levels. Lives can be extended and improved when these diseases are prevented, detected, and managed. This volume summarizes current knowledge and presents evidence-based interventions that are effective, cost-effective, and scalable in LMICs.

Disease and Mortality in Sub Saharan Africa Book

Disease and Mortality in Sub Saharan Africa


  • Author : Dean T. Jamison
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release Date : 2006-01-01
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 387
  • ISBN 10 : 9780821363980

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Disease and Mortality in Sub Saharan Africa Excerpt :

Current data and trends in morbidity and mortality for the sub-Saharan Region as presented in this new edition reflect the heavy toll that HIV/AIDS has had on health indicators, leading to either a stalling or reversal of the gains made, not just for communicable disorders, but for cancers, as well as mental and neurological disorders.

Control of Cardiovascular Diseases in Developing Countries Book

Control of Cardiovascular Diseases in Developing Countries


  • Author : Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1998-10-29
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 104
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309061377

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Control of Cardiovascular Diseases in Developing Countries Excerpt :

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are increasing in epidemic proportions in developing countries. CVD already accounts for almost 10 percent of the developing world's burden of disease and is likely to become the developing world's leading cause of death. There is reason for hope, however, given that huge potential exists for applying R&D to control this emerging epidemic--both in creating powerful new interventions such as vaccines and dietary supplements and in guiding behavior. In addition, a considerable body of evidence suggests that current risk-factor prevention programs and low-cost case management of CVD offer feasible, cost-effective ways to reduce CVD mortality and disability in developing country populations. Large-scale CVD control efforts are lacking, however, and thus governments and individuals are left to make choices about health and health care services without the benefit of appropriate knowledge. This report was designed to promote a policy dialogue on CVD based on informed knowledge of R&D opportunities that offer effective, affordable, and widely applicable responses in developing countries. The report examines (a) the emerging burden of CVD in developing countries, (b) the future worldwide burden of CVD, (c) current prevention and treatment of CVD in developing countries, (d) R&D to support CVD control, (e) opportunities and priorities for R&D, and the need for institutional arrangements for collaboration in facing the epidemic.

Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health Book

Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health


  • Author : Roger Detels
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2017
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1687
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198810131

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Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health Excerpt :

Sixth edition of the hugely successful, internationally recognised textbook on global public health and epidemiology comprehensively covering the scope, methods, and practice of the discipline.

A Race Against Time Book

A Race Against Time


  • Author : Stephen R. Leeder
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2004-01-01
  • Genre: Cardiovascular system
  • Pages : 95
  • ISBN 10 : 0975433601

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A Race Against Time Excerpt :

Global Health and the Future Role of the United States Book

Global Health and the Future Role of the United States


  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2017-09-05
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309457668

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Global Health and the Future Role of the United States Excerpt :

While much progress has been made on achieving the Millenium Development Goals over the last decade, the number and complexity of global health challenges has persisted. Growing forces for globalization have increased the interconnectedness of the world and our interdependency on other countries, economies, and cultures. Monumental growth in international travel and trade have brought improved access to goods and services for many, but also carry ongoing and ever-present threats of zoonotic spillover and infectious disease outbreaks that threaten all. Global Health and the Future Role of the United States identifies global health priorities in light of current and emerging world threats. This report assesses the current global health landscape and how challenges, actions, and players have evolved over the last decade across a wide range of issues, and provides recommendations on how to increase responsiveness, coordination, and efficiency â€" both within the U.S. government and across the global health field.

Public Health in Developing Countries Book

Public Health in Developing Countries


  • Author : Edlyne Eze Anugwom
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2020-09-09
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789858730

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Public Health in Developing Countries Excerpt :

Public health entails the use of models, technologies, experience and evidence derived through consumer participation, translational research and population sciences to protect and improve the health of the population. Enhancing public health is of significant importance to the development of a nation, particularly for developing countries where the health care system is underdeveloped, fragile or vulnerable.This book examines progress and challenges with regards to public health in developing countries in two parts: Part 1 “General and Crosscutting Issues in Public Health and Case Studies” and Part 2 “Country-Specific Issues in Public Health.” For example, assuring equity for marginalized indigenous groups and other key populations entails the application of transdisciplinary interventions including legislation, advocacy, financing, empowerment and de-stigmatization. The diverse structural, political, economic, technological, geographical and social landscape of developing countries translates to unique public health challenges, infrastructure and implementation trajectories in addressing issues such as vector-borne diseases and intimate partner violence.This volume will be of interest to researchers, health ministry policy makers, public health professionals and non-governmental organizations whose work entails collaborations with public health systems of developing nations and regions.

A Population Based Policy and Systems Change Approach to Prevent and Control Hypertension Book

A Population Based Policy and Systems Change Approach to Prevent and Control Hypertension


  • Author : Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2010-08-13
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309148092

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A Population Based Policy and Systems Change Approach to Prevent and Control Hypertension Excerpt :

Hypertension is one of the leading causes of death in the United States, affecting nearly one in three Americans. It is prevalent in adults and endemic in the older adult population. Hypertension is a major contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and disability. Although there is a simple test to diagnose hypertension and relatively inexpensive drugs to treat it, the disease is often undiagnosed and uncontrolled. A Population-Based Policy and Systems Change Approach to the Prevention and Control Hypertension identifies a small set of high-priority areas in which public health officials can focus their efforts to accelerate progress in hypertension reduction and control. It offers several recommendations that embody a population-based approach grounded in the principles of measurement, system change, and accountability. The recommendations are designed to shift current hypertension reduction strategies from an individual-based approach to a population-based approach. They are also designed to improve the quality of care provided to individuals with hypertension and to strengthen the Center for Disease Control and Prevention's leadership in seeking a reduction in the sodium intake in the American diet to meet dietary guidelines. The book is an important resource for federal public health officials and organizations, especially the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, as well as medical professionals and community health workers.

The Impact of Nutrition and Statins on Cardiovascular Diseases Book

The Impact of Nutrition and Statins on Cardiovascular Diseases


  • Author : Ioannis Zabetakis
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-01-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128137932

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The Impact of Nutrition and Statins on Cardiovascular Diseases Excerpt :

The Impact of Nutrition and Statins on Cardiovascular Diseases presents a summary of the background information and published research on the role of food in inhibiting the development of cardiovascular diseases. Written from a food science, food chemistry, and food biochemistry perspective, the book provides insights on the origin of cardiovascular diseases, an analysis of statin therapy, their side effects, and the role of dietary intervention as an alternative solution to preventing cardiovascular diseases. It focuses on the efficacy of nutrition and statins to address inflammation and inhibit the onset of disease, while also providing nutrition information and suggested dietary interventions. Includes a bioscience approach that focuses on inflammation and revisits the lipid hypothesis Presents the view that nutritional interventions have considerable value, not only for reducing cardiovascular risk for CVDs patients, but also acting as the best precaution for otherwise healthy people Advocates that nutritional habits that are formed at a young age are the best way to tackle the global epidemic that is CVDs

Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries Book

Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries


  • Author : Dean T. Jamison
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release Date : 2006-04-02
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1452
  • ISBN 10 : 9780821361801

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Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries Excerpt :

Based on careful analysis of burden of disease and the costs ofinterventions, this second edition of 'Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, 2nd edition' highlights achievable priorities; measures progresstoward providing efficient, equitable care; promotes cost-effectiveinterventions to targeted populations; and encourages integrated effortsto optimize health. Nearly 500 experts - scientists, epidemiologists, health economists,academicians, and public health practitioners - from around the worldcontributed to the data sources and methodologies, and identifiedchallenges and priorities, resulting in this integrated, comprehensivereference volume on the state of health in developing countries.

Diet  Nutrition  and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases Book

Diet Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases


  • Author : World Health Organization
  • Publisher : World Health Organization
  • Release Date : 2003-04-22
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 149
  • ISBN 10 : 9789241209168

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Diet Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases Excerpt :

Trends such as shifting dietary patterns and an increasingly sedentary lifestyle combined with smoking and alcohol consumption are major risk factors for noncommunicable chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension and stroke, cancer dental diseases and osteoporosis. This report reviews the scientific evidence on the effects of diet, nutrition and physical activity on chronic diseases and makes recommendations for public health policies and programmes. Issues considered include the macro-economic implications of public health on agriculture and the global supply and demand for fresh and processed foods.