Credibility Assessment Book

Credibility Assessment


  • Author : J.C. Yuille
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-03-14
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401578561

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Credibility Assessment Book Description :

Credibility assessment refers to any attempt to ascertain truthfulness. Other terms which have been used to refer to the assessment of credibility include the detection of deception and lie detection. The term lie detection has become virtually synonymous with the use of the polygraph and can no longer be used to refer to the range of procedures currently employed to assess credibility. Also, both lie detection and the detection of deception have a negative cast which does not fully capture the orientation of current approaches to credibility. Consequently, the term credibility assessment has emerged recently as the preferred label. The goal of credibility assessment is typically the determination of the truth of a statement or be found in set of statements. The need or desire to make such an assessment can every human context from marital relations through clinical examinations to police and court interrogations. Examples of the kinds of statements which require credibility assessment are: 1) A child's assertion that she or he has been sexually abused. 2) The claim by a previously suicidal person that he or she has recovered and will not attempt suicide again. 3) The denial of guilt by a suspect in a criminal investigation. 4 ) The confident statement of a witness that he or she is sure in his or her identification of a thief. 5) The vow of loyalty by a potential employee for a security job. It is necessary to assess the credibility of these and similar statements.

Credibility Assessment Book

Credibility Assessment


  • Author : David C. Raskin
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2013-12-17
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123947826

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Credibility Assessment Book Description :

In 2001, the late Murray Kleiner and an array of experts contributed to the Handbook of Polygraph Testing, published by Elsevier, which examined the fundamental principles behind polygraph tests and reviewed the key tests and methods used at that time. In the intervening thirteen years, the field has moved beyond traditional polygraph testing to include a host of biometrics and behavioral observations. The new title reflects the breadth of methods now used. Credibility Assessment builds on the content provided in the Kleiner volume, with revised polygraph testing chapters and chapters on newer methodologies, such as CNS, Ocular-motor, and behavioral measures. Deception detection is a major field of interest in criminal investigation and prosecution, national security screening, and screening at ports of entry. Many of these methods have a long history, e.g., polygraph examinations, and some rely on relatively new technologies, e.g., fMRI and Ocular-motor measurements. Others rely on behavioral observations of persons in less restricted settings, e.g., airport screening. The authors, all of whom are internationally-recognized experts associated with major universities in the United States, United Kingdom, and Europe, review and analyze various methods for the detection of deception, their current applications, and major issues and controversies surrounding their uses. This volume will be of great interest among forensic psychologists, psychophysiologists, polygraph examiners, law enforcement, courts, attorneys, and government agencies. Provides a comprehensive review of all aspects of methods for deception detection Includes methods being used in credibility, such as autonomic, CNS, fMRI, and Ocular-motor measures and behavioral and facial observation Edited by leaders in the field with over 25+ years of experience Discusses theory and application

Applied Issues in Investigative Interviewing  Eyewitness Memory  and Credibility Assessment Book

Applied Issues in Investigative Interviewing Eyewitness Memory and Credibility Assessment


  • Author : Barry S. Cooper
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-02-01
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 349
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461455479

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Applied Issues in Investigative Interviewing Eyewitness Memory and Credibility Assessment Book Description :

Contingent on funding being available, a Festschrift will be held in honor of Dr. John Yuille’s career as a Forensic Psychologist. He has become one of the most visible and respected Canadian psychologists worldwide. In light of his upcoming retirement in December 2006, the Festschrift will recognize Dr. Yuille’s achievements in the areas of eyewitness memory research (i.e., pioneering a new research paradigm that grants better validity), investigative interviewing (i.e., the development and use of the Step Wise Interview Protocol), and credibility assessment (i.e., introducing Statement Validity Analysis to North America). New directions for future work will be explored at the workshop. The focus of this Festschrift will be three-fold: 1. International. Dr. Yuille’s work has influenced law enforcement practices and stimulated research in and outside of Canada. The international and multicultural aspects of the work that Dr. Yuille has inspired will be reflected and promoted by this workshop. 2. Interdisciplinary. Dr. Yuille is internationally known as an expert, consultant and trainer to law enforcement. As such, Dr. Yuille’s work has also influenced other disciplines, e.g., the law, social work, oral history. The participants of this Festschrift will gain insight into other professionals’ perspectives and foster potential collaborations on future projects. 3. Emphasis on applied research. A hallmark of Dr. Yuille’s research has been the application of field and archival methods, which made his work directly applicable to forensically relevant contexts. The potential future directions of applied forensic research will be discussed at this Festschrift. The importance of the subject at this time: - A lack of integrative models in the literatures of eyewitness memory and the assessment of truthfulness and deception. Presenters of the Festschrift have recently developed such models and will discuss them at the Festschrift. Publishing these models and their

Digital Media  Youth  and Credibility Book

Digital Media Youth and Credibility


  • Author : Miriam J. Metzger
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Education
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN 10 : 9780262062732

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Digital Media Youth and Credibility Book Description :

The difficulties in determining the quality of information on the Internet--inparticular, the implications of wide access and questionable credibility for youth andlearning.

Credibility Assessment of Misinformed Vs  Deceptive Children Book

Credibility Assessment of Misinformed Vs Deceptive Children


  • Author : Yi Shao
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Genre:
  • Pages : 70
  • ISBN 10 : CORNELL:31924107953907

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Credibility Assessment of Misinformed Vs Deceptive Children Book Description :

This is the first study to contrast how adults make credibility assessments about children who experienced a suggestive interview, children who had been coached to lie, and children who were telling the truth. Nine preschool children were interviewed about an event involving a minor infraction. Three of the children reported the truth, four were coached to lie, and two children reported misinformation as the result of a suggestive interview. Eighty-seven college students watched videotaped interviews of these nine children and assessed their credibility. Children who had experienced a suggestive interview were rated as credible as those who were telling the truth. Children who had been coached to lie were rated as less credible than the two groups of children. The results suggest that misleading information gets incorporated into children's memory, thus arguing for a cognitive rather than social explanation of suggestibility. The implication for children's court testimony and jury decisions are discussed. (Abstract).

Information Security Practice and Experience Book

Information Security Practice and Experience


  • Author : Xinyi Huang
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-04-28
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 578
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319063201

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Information Security Practice and Experience Book Description :

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Information Security Practice and Experience, ISPEC 2014, held in Fuzhou, China, in May 2014. The 36 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 158 submissions. In addition the book contains 5 invited papers. The regular papers are organized in topical sections named: network security; system security; security practice; security protocols; cloud security; digital signature; encryption and key agreement and theory.

EPA Science  New Assessment Process Further Limits the Credibility and Timeliness of EPA s Assessments of Toxic Chemicals Book

EPA Science New Assessment Process Further Limits the Credibility and Timeliness of EPA s Assessments of Toxic Chemicals


  • Author : John B. Stephenson
  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release Date : 2009-03
  • Genre:
  • Pages : 32
  • ISBN 10 : 9781437909920

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EPA Science New Assessment Process Further Limits the Credibility and Timeliness of EPA s Assessments of Toxic Chemicals Book Description :

The EPA¿s Integrated Risk Info. System (IRIS) contains EPA¿s scientific position on the potential human health effects of exposure to more than 540 chemicals. Toxicity assessments in the IRIS database constitute the first two critical steps of the risk assessment process. Thus, IRIS is a critical component of EPA¿s capacity to support scientifically sound environmental decisions, policies, and regulations. This testimony discusses: (1) highlights of a report, ¿Chemical Assessments: Low Productivity and New Interagency Review Process Limit the Usefulness and Credibility of EPA¿s IRIS:¿; (2) key aspects of EPA¿s revised IRIS assessment process; and (3) progress EPA has made in completing assessments in FY 2008. Charts and tables.

The Handbook of the Psychology of Communication Technology Book

The Handbook of the Psychology of Communication Technology


  • Author : S. Shyam Sundar
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2015-01-20
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118426524

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The Handbook of the Psychology of Communication Technology Book Description :

The Handbook of the Psychology of Communication Technology offers an unparalleled source for seminal and cutting-edge research on the psychological aspects of communicating with and via emergent media technologies, with leading scholars providing insights that advance our knowledge on human-technology interactions. • A uniquely focused review of extensive research on technology and digital media from a psychological perspective • Authoritative chapters by leading scholars studying psychological aspects of communication technologies • Covers all forms of media from Smartphones to Robotics, from Social Media to Virtual Reality • Explores the psychology behind our use and abuse of modern communication technologies • New theories and empirical findings about ways in which our lives are transformed by digital media

Administrative Justice and Asylum Appeals Book

Administrative Justice and Asylum Appeals


  • Author : Robert Thomas
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release Date : 2011-01-18
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN 10 : 9781847316240

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Administrative Justice and Asylum Appeals Book Description :

FIRST PRIZE WINNER OF THE SLS BIRKS PRIZE FOR OUTSTANDING LEGAL SCHOLARSHIP 2011 How are we to assess and evaluate the quality of the tribunal systems that do the day-to-day work of adjudicating upon the disputes individuals have with government? This book examines how the idea of adjudicative quality works in practice by presenting a detailed case-study of the tribunal system responsible for determining appeals lodged by foreign nationals who claim that they will be at risk of persecution or ill-treatment on return to their country of origin. Over recent years, the asylum appeal process has become a major area of judicial decision-making and the most frequently restructured tribunal system. Asylum adjudication is also one of the most difficult areas of decision-making in the modern legal system. Integrating empirical research with legal analysis, this book provides an in-depth study of the development and operation of this tribunal system and of asylum decision-making. The book examines how this particular appeal process seeks to mediate the tension between the competing values under which it operates. There are chapters examining the organisation of the tribunal system, its procedures, the nature of fact-finding in asylum cases and the operation of onward rights of challenge. An examination as to how the tensions inherent in the idea of administrative justice are manifested in the context of a tribunal system responsible for making potentially life or death decisions, this book fills a gap in the literature and will be of value to those interested in administrative law and asylum adjudication.

Social Informatics Book

Social Informatics


  • Author : Adam Jatowt
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2013-11-18
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 494
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319032603

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Social Informatics Book Description :

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Social Informatics, SocInfo 2013, held in Kyoto, Japan, in November 2013. The 23 full papers, 15 short papers and three poster papers included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 103 submissions. The papers present original research work on studying the interplay between socially-centric platforms and social phenomena.

Human Interface and the Management of Information  Information and Interaction Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Human Interface and the Management of Information Information and Interaction


  • Author : Gavriel Salvendy
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2009-07-15
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 877
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642025594

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Human Interface and the Management of Information Information and Interaction Book Description :

The 13th International Conference on Human–Computer Interaction, HCI Inter- tional 2009, was held in San Diego, California, USA, July 19–24, 2009, jointly with the Symposium on Human Interface (Japan) 2009, the 8th International Conference on Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics, the 5th International Conference on Universal Access in Human–Computer Interaction, the Third International Conf- ence on Virtual and Mixed Reality, the Third International Conference on Internati- alization, Design and Global Development, the Third International Conference on Online Communities and Social Computing, the 5th International Conference on Augmented Cognition, the Second International Conference on Digital Human Mod- ing, and the First International Conference on Human-Centered Design. A total of 4,348 individuals from academia, research institutes, industry and gove- mental agencies from 73 countries submitted contributions, and 1,425 papers that were judged to be of high scientific quality were included in the program. These papers - dress the latest research and development efforts and highlight the human aspects of the design and use of computing systems. The papers accepted for presentation thoroughly cover the entire field of human–computer interaction, addressing major advances in knowledge and effective use of computers in a variety of application areas.

Reading between the lines Book

Reading between the lines


  • Author : Ágoston Gabriella
  • Publisher :
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre:
  • Pages : 109
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:1082083258

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Reading between the lines Book Description :

The Cambridge Handbook of Forensic Psychology Book

The Cambridge Handbook of Forensic Psychology


  • Author : Jennifer M. Brown
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2010-04-29
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages :
  • ISBN 10 : 9781139489454

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The Cambridge Handbook of Forensic Psychology Book Description :

Forensic psychology has developed and extended from an original, narrow focus on presenting evidence to the courts to a wider application across the whole span of civil and criminal justice, which includes dealing with suspects, offenders, victims, witnesses, defendants, litigants and justice professionals. This Handbook provides an encyclopedic-style source regarding the major concerns in forensic psychology. It is an invaluable reference text for practitioners within community, special hospital, secure unit, prison, probation and law enforcement forensic settings, as well as being appropriate for trainees and students in these areas. It will also serve as a companion text for lawyers and psychiatric and law enforcement professionals who wish to be apprised of forensic psychology coverage. Each entry provides a succinct outline of the topic, describes current thinking, identifies relevant consensual or contested aspects and alternative positions. Readers are presented with key issues and directed towards specialized sources for further reference.

CBRN and Hazmat Incidents at Major Public Events Book

CBRN and Hazmat Incidents at Major Public Events


  • Author : Dan Kaszeta
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2014-10-01
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118529737

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CBRN and Hazmat Incidents at Major Public Events Book Description :

Sets forth what to do and what not to do to keep people and property safe Based on the author's more than two decades of managing core facets of emergency planning and response, this book enables readers to minimize the possibility of a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear (CBRN) disaster or a hazardous material (hazmat) incident at public events. Moreover, it sets forth the tools needed to quickly respond to an incident in order to avoid or minimize casualties and damages. With its comprehensive approach, the book equips readers to plan for and manage a multi-disciplinary safety and emergency response team, including police, security, medical, military, and fire and civil protection personnel. CBRN and Hazmat Incidents at Major Public Events examines all aspects of security planning and emergency response, including: General planning and preparedness procedures such as initial considerations, response network development, and training and exercise Planning and preparedness for security and emergency response providers, including medical, fire, police, military, and VIP protection personnel Incident response, including initial response, detection and identification, and law enforcement Lastly, the author provides fourteen specific public event scenarios, explaining what to do and what not to do for effective emergency planning and response to CBRN and hazmat incidents. These scenarios also set the foundation for preparedness training and exercises. Throughout the book, sidebars summarize the author's extensive operational and managerial experience, helping readers focus on the core tested and proven strategies and techniques needed to prevent or mitigate the impact of a CBRN or hazmat incident. With its unique focus on CBRN and hazmats, this book is essential reading for all personnel charged with protecting lives and property at large public events.

Anthropology and Expertise in the Asylum Courts Book

Anthropology and Expertise in the Asylum Courts


  • Author : Anthony Good
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2007-03-12
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9781135308865

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Anthropology and Expertise in the Asylum Courts Book Description :

Although asylum has generated unparalleled levels of public and political concern over the past decade, there has been astonishingly little field research on the topic. This is a study of the legal process of claiming asylum from an anthropological perspective, focusing on the role of expert evidence from 'country experts' such as anthropologists. It describes how such evidence is used in assessments of asylum claims by the Home Office and by adjudicators and tribunals hearing asylum appeals. It compares uses of social scientific and medical evidence in legal decision-making and analyzes, anthropologically, the legal uses of key concepts from the 1951 Refugee Convention, such as 'race', 'religion', and 'social group'. The evidence is drawn from field observation of more than 300 appeal hearings in London and Glasgow; from reported case law and from interviews with immigration adjudicators, tribunal chairs, barristers and solicitors, as well as expert witnesses.

Trust Management in Cloud Services Book

Trust Management in Cloud Services


  • Author : Talal H. Noor
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-11-14
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 119
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319122502

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Trust Management in Cloud Services Book Description :

This book describes the design and implementation of Cloud Armor, a novel approach for credibility-based trust management and automatic discovery of cloud services in distributed and highly dynamic environments. This book also helps cloud users to understand the difficulties of establishing trust in cloud computing and the best criteria for selecting a service cloud. The techniques have been validated by a prototype system implementation and experimental studies using a collection of real world trust feedbacks on cloud services. The authors present the design and implementation of a novel protocol that preserves the consumers’ privacy, an adaptive and robust credibility model, a scalable availability model that relies on a decentralized architecture, and a cloud service crawler engine for automatic cloud services discovery. This book also analyzes results from a performance study on a number of open research issues for trust management in cloud environments including distribution of providers, geographic location and languages. These open research issues illustrate both an overview of the current state of cloud computing and potential future directions for the field. Trust Management in Cloud Services contains both theoretical and applied computing research, making it an ideal reference or secondary text book to both academic and industry professionals interested in cloud services. Advanced-level students in computer science and electrical engineering will also find the content valuable.

Detecting Deception Book

Detecting Deception


  • Author : Pär Anders Granhag
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2014-10-28
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118509852

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Detecting Deception Book Description :

Detecting Deception offers a state-of-the-art guide to the detection of deception with a focus on the ways in which new cognitive psychology-based approaches can improve practice and results in the field. Includes comprehensive coverage of the latest scientific developments in the detection of deception and their implications for real-world practice Examines current challenges in the field - such as counter-interrogation strategies, lying networks, cross-cultural deception, and discriminating between true and false intentions Reveals a host of new approaches based on cognitive psychology with the potential to improve practice and results, including the strategic use of evidence, imposing cognitive load, response times, and covert lie detection Features contributions from internationally renowned experts

Knowledge Integration Book

Knowledge Integration


  • Author : Antonie Jetter
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2005-11-18
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN 10 : 3790815861

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Knowledge Integration Book Description :

The ability to manage knowledge is relevant for millions of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) that operate in high-tech environments. They strongly depend on external knowledge about customers, technologies, and competitors because, as opposed to large companies, they have limited internal knowledge resources and little power to control their business environments. Present KM literature, however, mainly focuses on large companies and therefore does not explain, how SMEs, for example, can successfully apply groupware, data mining, semantic networks, and knowledge maps. This book addresses this problem by introducing the concept of knowledge integration (KI) that places emphasis on the identification, acquisition and use of external knowledge. Drawing from this theoretical basis, the book presents concepts and instruments specifically designed for SMEs, as well as examples of their implementation and use in practice.

Handbook of Clinical Intervention in Child Sexual Abuse Book

Handbook of Clinical Intervention in Child Sexual Abuse


  • Author : Suzanne Sgroi
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Release Date : 1982
  • Genre: Family & Relationships
  • Pages : 387
  • ISBN 10 : 9780669052138

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Handbook of Clinical Intervention in Child Sexual Abuse Book Description :

Valuable resource for professionals in fields of psychiatry, psychology, mentatal health, social work and teaching, also for concerned parents. Provides guidelines for treating the child and family and systems for prevention. Techniques of different therapies are discussed as well as procedures for reporting, investigating, and interviewing the child.