Crude Oil Fouling Book

Crude Oil Fouling


  • Author : Francesco Coletti
  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release Date : 2014-11-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128013595

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Crude Oil Fouling Excerpt :

With production from unconventional rigs continuing to escalate and refineries grappling with the challenges of shale and heavier oil feedstocks, petroleum engineers and refinery managers must ensure that equipment used with today’s crude oil is protected from fouling deposits Crude Oil Fouling addresses this overarching challenge for the petroleum community with clear explanations on what causes fouling, current models and new approaches to evaluate and study the formation of deposits, and how today’s models could be applied from lab experiment to onsite field usability for not just the refinery, but for the rig, platform, or pipeline. Crude Oil Fouling is a must-have reference for every petroleum engineer’s library that gives the basic framework needed to analyze, model, and integrate the best fouling strategies and operations for crude oil systems. Defines the most critical variables and events that cause fouling Explains the consequences of fouling and its impact on operations, safety, and economics Provides the technical models available to better predict and eliminate the potential for fouling in any crude system

Crude Oil Fouling Book

Crude Oil Fouling


  • Author : Francesco Coletti
  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release Date : 2014-11-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN 10 : 0128012560

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Crude Oil Fouling Excerpt :

"Nearly every gallon (or litre!) of fuel which is used in transport vehicles (cars, trucks, trains, aeroplanes etc.) is derived from oil which is extracted in the crude state from oil wells and which is then processed in an oil refinery to yield the required transport fuel (gasoline, diesel, kerosene etc). The first task in the refinery is to separate these useful fuels from the crude oil by the process of distillation in which the components of the oil are separated on the basis of their volatility. Of course, the components of crude oil which are of volatility too low to allow them to be used as fuels are also separated in the distillation process and can be either directly used (for example as lubricating or fuel oils) or can be chemically converted to more volatile materials"--

Fouling in Refineries Book

Fouling in Refineries


  • Author : James G. Speight
  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release Date : 2015-05-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 538
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128011454

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Fouling in Refineries Excerpt :

Fouling in Refineries is an important and ongoing problem that directly affects energy efficiency resulting in increased costs, production losses, and even unit shutdown, requiring costly expenditures to clean up equipment and return capacity to positive levels. This text addresses this common challenge for the hydrocarbon processing community within each unit of the refinery. As refineries today face a greater challenge of accepting harder to process heavier crudes and the ongoing flow of the lighter shale oil feedstocks, resulting in bigger challenges to balance product stability within their process equipment, this text seeks to inform all relative refinery personnel on how to monitor fouling, characterize the deposits, and follow all available treatments. With basic modeling and chemistry of fouling and each unit covered, users will learn how to operate at maximum production rates and elongate the efficiency of their refinery’s capacity. Presents an understanding of the breakdown of fouling per refinery unit, including distillation and coking units Provides all the factors, crude types, and refining blends that cause fouling, especially the unconventional feedstocks and high acid crudes used today Helps users develop an analysis-based treatment and control strategy that empowers them to operate refinery equipment at a level that prevents fouling from occurring

Asphaltene Deposition Book

Asphaltene Deposition


  • Author : Francisco M. Vargas
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-05-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351977319

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Asphaltene Deposition Excerpt :

As global consumption of fossil fuels such as oil increases, previously abundant sources have become depleted or plagued with obstructions. Asphaltene deposition is one of such obstructions which can significantly decrease the rate of oil production. This book offers concise yet thorough coverage of the complex problem of asphaltene precipitation and deposition in oil production. It covers fundamentals of chemistry, stabilization theories and mechanistic approaches of asphaltene behavior at high temperature and pressure. Asphaltene Deposition: Fundamentals, Prediction, Prevention, and Remediation explains techniques for experimental determination of asphaltene precipitation and deposition and different modeling tools available to forecast the occurrence and magnitude of asphaltene deposition in a given oil field. It discusses strategies for mitigation of asphaltene deposition using chemical inhibition and corresponding challenges, best practices for asphaltene remediation, current research, and case studies.

Processing of Heavy Crude Oils Book

Processing of Heavy Crude Oils


  • Author : Ramasamy Marappa Gounder
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2019-12-18
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN 10 : 9781839684098

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Processing of Heavy Crude Oils Excerpt :

Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry  Second Edition Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry Second Edition


  • Author : Malcolm A. Kelland
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2014-03-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN 10 : 9781439873816

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Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry Second Edition Excerpt :

Production chemistry issues result from changes in well stream fluids, both liquid and gaseous, during processing. Since crude oil production is characterized by variable production rates and unpredictable changes to the nature of the produced fluids, it is essential for production chemists to have a range of chemical additives available for rectifying issues that would not otherwise be fully resolved. Modern production methods, the need to upgrade crude oils of variable quality, and environmental constraints demand chemical solutions. Thus, oilfield production chemicals are necessary to overcome or minimize the effects of the production chemistry problems. Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry, Second Edition discusses a wide variety of production chemicals used by the oil and gas industry for down-hole and topside applications both onshore and offshore. Incorporating the large amount of research and applications since the first edition, this new edition reviews all past and present classes of production chemicals, providing numerous difficult-to-obtain references, especially SPE papers and patents. Unlike other texts that focus on how products perform in the field, this book focuses on the specific structures of chemicals that are known to deliver the required or desired performance—information that is very useful for research and development. Each updated chapter begins by introducing a problem, such as scale or corrosion, for which there is a production chemical. The author then briefly discusses all chemical and nonchemical methods to treat the problem and provides in-depth descriptions of the structural classes of relevant production chemicals. He also mentions, when available, the environmental properties of chemicals and whether the chemical or technique has been successfully used in the field. This edition includes two new chapters and nearly 50 percent more references.

Fouling of Heat Exchangers Book

Fouling of Heat Exchangers


  • Author : T.R. Bott
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1995-04-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 546
  • ISBN 10 : 0080531903

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Fouling of Heat Exchangers Excerpt :

This unique and comprehensive text considers all aspects of heat exchanger fouling from the basic science of how surfaces become fouled to very practical ways of mitigating the problem and from mathematical modelling of different fouling mechanisms to practical methods of heat exchanger cleaning. The problems that restrict the efficient operation of equipment are described and the costs, some of them hidden costs, that are associated with the fouling of heat exchangers are discussed. Some simple concepts and models of the fouling processes are presented as part of the introduction to the subject. Advice on the selection, design, installation and commissioning of heat exchangers to minimise fouling is given. A large part of the text is devoted to the use of chemical and other additives to reduce or eliminate the problem of fouling. Another large section is designed to give information on both on-line and off-line cleaning of heat exchangers. One of the difficulties faced by designers and operators of heat exchangers is anticipating the likely extent of fouling problems to be encountered with different flow streams. Another large section addresses the question and describes methods that have been used in attempting to define fouling potential. The book concludes with a chapter on how fouling information can be obtained using plant data, field tests and laboratory studies.

Energy Management and Efficiency for the Process Industries Book

Energy Management and Efficiency for the Process Industries


  • Author : Alan P. Rossiter
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2015-03-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119033394

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Energy Management and Efficiency for the Process Industries Excerpt :

Provides a unique overview of energy management for the process industries Provides an overall approach to energy management and places the technical issues that drive energy efficiency in context Combines the perspectives of freewheeling consultants and corporate insiders In two sections, the book provides the organizational framework (Section 1) within which the technical aspects of energy management, described in Section 2, can be most effectively executed Includes success stories from three very different companies that have achieved excellence in their energy management efforts Covers energy management, including the role of the energy manager, designing and implementing energy management programs, energy benchmarking, reporting, and energy management systems Technical topics cover efficiency improvement opportunities in a wide range of utility systems and process equipment types, as well as techniques to improve process design and operation

Corrosion Problems and Solutions in Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry Book

Corrosion Problems and Solutions in Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry


  • Author : Alec Groysman
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-10-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319452562

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Corrosion Problems and Solutions in Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry Excerpt :

This book addresses corrosion problems and their solutions at facilities in the oil refining and petrochemical industry, including cooling water and boiler feed water units. Further, it describes and analyzes corrosion control actions, corrosion monitoring, and corrosion management. Corrosion problems are a perennial issue in the oil refining and petrochemical industry, as they lead to a deterioration of the functional properties of metallic equipment and harm the environment – both of which need to be protected for the sake of current and future generations. Accordingly, this book examines and analyzes typical and atypical corrosion failure cases and their prevention at refineries and petrochemical facilities, including problems with: pipelines, tanks, furnaces, distillation columns, absorbers, heat exchangers, and pumps. In addition, it describes naphthenic acid corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, hydrogen damages, sulfidic corrosion, microbiologically induced corrosion, erosion-corrosion, and corrosion fatigue occurring at refinery units. At last, fouling, corrosion and cleaning are discussed in this book.

Refinery Feedstocks Book

Refinery Feedstocks


  • Author : James G. Speight
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-10-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 483
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429675645

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Refinery Feedstocks Excerpt :

Over the last several decades, the petroleum industry has experienced significant changes in resource availability, petro-politics, and technological advancements dictated by the changing quality of refinery feedstocks. However, the dependence on fossil fuels as the primary energy source has remained unchanged. Refinery Feedstocks addresses the problems of changing feedstock availability and properties; the refining process; and solids deposition during refining. This book will take the reader through the various steps that are necessary for crude oil evaluation and refining including the potential for the use of coal liquids, shale oil, and non-fossil fuel materials (biomass) as refinery feedstocks. Other features: Describes the various types of crude oil and includes a discussion of extra heavy oil and tar sand bitumen Includes basic properties and specifications of crude oil and the significance in refinery operations This book is a handy reference for engineers, scientists, and students who want an update on crude oil refining and on the direction the industry must take to assure the refinability of various feedstocks and the efficiency of the refining processes in the next fifty years. Non-technical readers, with help from the extensive glossary, will also benefit from reading this book.

Process Heat Transfer Book

Process Heat Transfer


  • Author : Robert W. Serth
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2014-01-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123977922

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Process Heat Transfer Excerpt :

Process Heat Transfer is a reference on the design and implementation of industrial heat exchangers. It provides the background needed to understand and master the commercial software packages used by professional engineers in the design and analysis of heat exchangers. This book focuses on types of heat exchangers most widely used by industry: shell-and-tube exchangers (including condensers, reboilers and vaporizers), air-cooled heat exchangers and double-pipe (hairpin) exchangers. It provides a substantial introduction to the design of heat exchanger networks using pinch technology, the most efficient strategy used to achieve optimal recovery of heat in industrial processes. Utilizes leading commercial software. Get expert HTRI Xchanger Suite guidance, tips and tricks previously available via high cost professional training sessions. Details the development of initial configuration for a heat exchanger and how to systematically modify it to obtain an efficient final design. Abundant case studies and rules of thumb, along with copious software examples, provide a complete library of reference designs and heuristics for readers to base their own designs on.

Bioinspired Optimization Methods and Their Applications Book

Bioinspired Optimization Methods and Their Applications


  • Author : Peter Korošec
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-05-11
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 333
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319916415

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Bioinspired Optimization Methods and Their Applications Excerpt :

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed revised selected papers of the 10th International Conference on Bioinspired Optimization Models and Their Applications, BIOMA 2018, held in Paris, France, in May 2018. The 27 revised full papers were selected from 53 submissions and present papers in all aspects of bioinspired optimization research such as new algorithmic developments, high-impact applications, new research challenges, theoretical contributions, implementation issues, and experimental studies.

Oil in the Sea III Book

Oil in the Sea III


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2003-03-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 278
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309084383

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Oil in the Sea III Excerpt :

Since the early 1970s, experts have recognized that petroleum pollutants were being discharged in marine waters worldwide, from oil spills, vessel operations, and land-based sources. Public attention to oil spills has forced improvements. Still, a considerable amount of oil is discharged yearly into sensitive coastal environments. Oil in the Sea provides the best available estimate of oil pollutant discharge into marine waters, including an evaluation of the methods for assessing petroleum load and a discussion about the concerns these loads represent. Featuring close-up looks at the Exxon Valdez spill and other notable events, the book identifies important research questions and makes recommendations for better analysis ofâ€"and more effective measures againstâ€"pollutant discharge. The book discusses: Inputâ€"where the discharges come from, including the role of two-stroke engines used on recreational craft. Behavior or fateâ€"how oil is affected by processes such as evaporation as it moves through the marine environment. Effectsâ€"what we know about the effects of petroleum hydrocarbons on marine organisms and ecosystems. Providing a needed update on a problem of international importance, this book will be of interest to energy policy makers, industry officials and managers, engineers and researchers, and advocates for the marine environment.

Process Chemistry of Petroleum Macromolecules Book

Process Chemistry of Petroleum Macromolecules


  • Author : Irwin A. Wiehe
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2008-06-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420018332

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Process Chemistry of Petroleum Macromolecules Excerpt :

Although there is a shortage of light petroleum, there is plenty of heavy petroleum rich in macromolecules available, creating an increasing interest for processes that can convert heavy oils to light oils. Process Chemistry of Petroleum Macromolecules provides the scientific basis for such processes, presenting methods to determine improvement potential. Topics include characterization, thermal kinetics, phase behavior, and separation. Revealing that the science of petroleum macromolecules is simpler and more exciting than imagined, it also discusses macromolecules that self-associate, liquid crystalline phases, reactions triggered by phase separation, and both dispersed and dissolved solutes.

Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industry Book

Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industry


  • Author : Viswanathan S. Saji
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2020-02-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527822133

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Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industry Excerpt :

Provides comprehensive coverage of corrosion inhibitors in the oil and gas industries Considering the high importance of corrosion inhibitor development for the oil and gas sectors, this book provides a thorough overview of the most recent advancements in this field. It systematically addresses corrosion inhibitors for various applications in the oil and gas value chain, as well as the fundamentals of corrosion inhibition and interference of inhibitors with co-additives. Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industries is presented in three parts. The first part on Fundamentals and Approaches focuses on principles and processes in the oil and gas industry, the types of corrosion encountered and their control methods, environmental factors affecting inhibition, material selection strategies, and economic aspects of corrosion. The second part on Choice of Inhibitors examines corrosion inhibitors for acidizing processes, inhibitors for sweet and sour corrosion, inhibitors in refinery operations, high-temperature corrosion inhibitors, inhibitors for challenging corrosive environments, inhibitors for microbiologically influenced corrosion, polymeric inhibitors, vapor phase inhibitors, and smart controlled release inhibitor systems. The last part on Interaction with Co-additives looks at industrial co-additives and their interference with corrosion inhibitors such as antiscalants, hydrate inhibitors, and sulfide scavengers. -Presents a well-structured and systematic overview of the fundamentals and factors affecting corrosion -Acts as a handy reference tool for scientists and engineers working with corrosion inhibitors for the oil and gas industries -Collectively presents all the information available on the development and application of corrosion inhibitors for the oil and gas industries -Offers a unique and specific focus on the oil and gas industries Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industries is an excellent resource for scientists in industry as well as in