Desulphurization and Denitrification of Diesel Oil Using Ionic Liquids Book

Desulphurization and Denitrification of Diesel Oil Using Ionic Liquids


  • Author : Tamal Banerjee
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-05-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN 10 : 0128013478

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Desulphurization and Denitrification of Diesel Oil Using Ionic Liquids Excerpt :

Desulphurization and Denitrification of Diesel Oil using Ionic Liquids: Experiments and Quantum Chemical Predictions discusses how quantum chemical calculations are applied to investigate the fundamental nature of the IL-sulphur-nitrogen systems at atomic and molecular levels. The book will help readers understand the nature of the structural relationship between molecules such as ionic liquid + aromatic sulphur + aromatic nitrogen system(s). In addition, COSMO-RS (Conductor Like Screening Model for Real Solvents) predictions and subsequent experimentation are discussed to evaluate the performance of ionic liquids for desulphurization and denitrification of diesel oil. Provides current research on green solvents, such as ionic liquids, used in desulphurization and denitrification of fuels Discusses the COSMO-RS model in predicting the properties of ionic liquids to aid in the design of separation processes Includes real-world applications of desulphurization and denitrification using ionic liquids

Desulphurization and Denitrification of Diesel Oil Using Ionic Liquids Book

Desulphurization and Denitrification of Diesel Oil Using Ionic Liquids


  • Author : Tamal Banerjee
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-04-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128014905

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Desulphurization and Denitrification of Diesel Oil Using Ionic Liquids Excerpt :

Desulphurization and Denitrification of Diesel Oil using Ionic Liquids: Experiments and Quantum Chemical Predictions discusses how quantum chemical calculations are applied to investigate the fundamental nature of the IL-sulphur-nitrogen systems at atomic and molecular levels. The book will help readers understand the nature of the structural relationship between molecules such as ionic liquid + aromatic sulphur + aromatic nitrogen system(s). In addition, COSMO-RS (Conductor Like Screening Model for Real Solvents) predictions and subsequent experimentation are discussed to evaluate the performance of ionic liquids for desulphurization and denitrification of diesel oil. Provides current research on green solvents, such as ionic liquids, used in desulphurization and denitrification of fuels Discusses the COSMO-RS model in predicting the properties of ionic liquids to aid in the design of separation processes Includes real-world applications of desulphurization and denitrification using ionic liquids

ICGSCE 2014 Book

ICGSCE 2014


  • Author : Md Amin Hashim
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-06-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 421
  • ISBN 10 : 9789812875051

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ICGSCE 2014 Excerpt :

This book includes selected papers from the ICGSCE 2014 with focus on the current trends of global resources used to meet the growing demands to improve life style coupled with environmental and social problems related to the resource consumption with emphasize to move towards sustainable development. It provides a platform for scientists and academicians from local and international universities and industries to promote, share and discuss various new issues and developments in different areas of Chemical Engineering with respect to global sustainability. Under the sustainability umbrella the topics covered are; alternative energy sources, alternative feedstock for energy and chemicals, alternative raw materials for household commodity, green process with minimal environmental impact, process intensification, waste minimization, recycling of wastes and providing quality water, food and medicines. Other topics covered include: 1. Oil and gas, Biofuel, Fuel cell, Renewable energy 2. Green technology, Sustainability, Environmental, Carbon sequestration, Carbon footprint, Natural resources 3. Chemical processes, Separation technology, Biotechnology, Nanotechnology, Food technology, Particle technology, Corrosion, Pharmaceutical, Phytochemical, Oleochemical 4. Process modeling, Process Simulation, Process control 5. Advanced material, Polymer, Catalyst, Enzyme 6. Policy, Regulations, Strategy and implementation, Safety, Management of science, Engineering education 7. Process Safety and Loss Prevention, Environmental and chemical risk assessment, Transportation risk analysis, Inherent safety.

Deep Eutectic Solvents Book

Deep Eutectic Solvents


  • Author : Yizhak Marcus
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-12-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030006082

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Deep Eutectic Solvents Excerpt :

This is one of the first books fully dedicated to the rapidly advancing and expanding research area of deep eutectic solvents. Written by the internationally recognized expert in solution chemistry, it supplies full information regarding preparation of these new eco-friendly solvents, their properties and applications. The current and potential applications of deep eutectic solvents as organic reaction media, catalytic system, in biomass processing, nanotechnology and metal finishing industry, as well as for extraction and separation are extensively discussed.This highly informative and carefully presented book will appeal to practicing chemists (organic chemists, polymer chemists, biochemists) as well as chemical engineers and environmental scientists.

Biodesulfurization in Petroleum Refining Book

Biodesulfurization in Petroleum Refining


  • Author : Nour Shafik El-Gendy
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2018-09-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1200
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119224082

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Biodesulfurization in Petroleum Refining Excerpt :

Petroleum refining and process engineering is constantly changing. No new refineries are being built, but companies all over the world are still expanding or re-purposing huge percentages of their refineries every year, year after year. Rather than building entirely new plants, companies are spending billions of dollars in the research and development of new processes that can save time and money by being more efficient and environmentally safer. Biodesulfurization is one of those processes, and nowhere else it is covered more thoroughly or with more up-to-date research of the new advances than in this new volume from Wiley-Scrivener. Crude oil consists of hydrocarbons, along with other minerals and trace elements. Sulfur is the most abundant element after carbon and hydrogen, then comes after it nitrogen, and they usually concentrated in the higher boiling fractions of the crude oil. The presence of sulfur compounds causes the corrosion of refining facilities and catalysts poisoning. Moreover, the presence of nitrogen-compounds directly impacts the refining processes via; poisoning the cracking catalysts and inhibiting the hydrodesulfurization catalysts. In addition, both have bad impacts on the environment, throughout the sulfur and nitrogen oxide emissions. Removing this sulfur and nitrogen from the refining process protects equipment and the environment and creates a more efficient and cost-effective process. Besides the obvious benefits to biodesulfurization, there are new regulations in place within the industry with which companies will, over the next decade or longer, spend literally tens, if not hundreds, of billions of dollars to comply. Whether for the veteran engineer needing to update his or her library, the beginning engineer just learning about biodesulfurization, or even the student in a chemical engineering class, this outstanding new volume is a must-have. Especially it covers also the bioupgrading of crude oil and its fractions, biodenitrogenation

Phase Equilibria in Ionic Liquid Facilitated Liquid Liquid Extractions Book

Phase Equilibria in Ionic Liquid Facilitated Liquid Liquid Extractions


  • Author : Anand Bharti
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-03-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 222
  • ISBN 10 : 9781498769495

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Phase Equilibria in Ionic Liquid Facilitated Liquid Liquid Extractions Excerpt :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of ionic liquid based separation techniques. The glimpse of thermodynamic predictive models along with global optimization techniques will help readers understand the separation techniques at molecular and macroscopic levels. Experimental and characterization techniques are coupled with model based predictions so as to provide multicomponent data for the scientific community. The models will focus more on the a-priori based predictions which gives higher emphasis on hydrogen-bonded systems. Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) technique will also eventually help the readers to apply optimization technique to an extraction process. The overriding goal of this work is to provide pathways for leading engineers and researchers toward a clear understanding and firm grasp of the phase equilibria of Ionic Liquid systems.

Application  Purification  and Recovery of Ionic Liquids Book

Application Purification and Recovery of Ionic Liquids


  • Author : Olga Kuzmina
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2016-03-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444633019

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Application Purification and Recovery of Ionic Liquids Excerpt :

Application, Purification, and Recovery of Ionic Liquids provides a comprehensive overview of the usage of ionic liquids (IL). The book gives a description of the methods used for recovery and purification of ILs, a summary of the economic aspects of using ILs, and a review on the toxicity data of ILs. It is written for researchers, scientists, and engineers working with ILs, their properties, and usages. The book not only describes the chemical aspects, but the economic and environmental aspects as well, making it of particular interest to professionals applying this technology. Chapters written by scientists in academia and researchers in industry, ensuring coverage of both the scientific fundaments and industrial applications A single source of information for a broad collection of recovery and purification methods Provides information on using ionic liquids as green solvents Includes economic aspects of recovery and reuse of ionic liquids

Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining


  • Author : Mohamed A. Fahim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2009-11-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN 10 : 0080931561

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Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining Excerpt :

Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining presents the fundamentals of thermodynamics and kinetics, and it explains the scientific background essential for understanding refinery operations. The text also provides a detailed introduction to refinery engineering topics, ranging from the basic principles and unit operations to overall refinery economics. The book covers important topics, such as clean fuels, gasification, biofuels, and environmental impact of refining, which are not commonly discussed in most refinery textbooks. Throughout the source, problem sets and examples are given to help the reader practice and apply the fundamental principles of refining. Chapters 1-10 can be used as core materials for teaching undergraduate courses. The first two chapters present an introduction to the petroleum refining industry and then focus on feedstocks and products. Thermophysical properties of crude oils and petroleum fractions, including processes of atmospheric and vacuum distillations, are discussed in Chapters 3 and 4. Conversion processes, product blending, and alkylation are covered in chapters 5-10. The remaining chapters discuss hydrogen production, clean fuel production, refining economics and safety, acid gas treatment and removal, and methods for environmental and effluent treatments. This source can serve both professionals and students (on undergraduate and graduate levels) of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Chemistry, and Chemical Technology. Beginners in the engineering field, specifically in the oil and gas industry, may also find this book invaluable. Provides balanced coverage of fundamental and operational topics Includes spreadsheets and process simulators for showing trends and simulation case studies Relates processing to planning and management to give an integrated picture of refining

A Dictionary of Chemical Engineering Book

A Dictionary of Chemical Engineering


  • Author : Carl Schaschke
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 2014-01-09
  • Genre: Reference
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191002694

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A Dictionary of Chemical Engineering Excerpt :

A Dictionary of Chemical Engineering is one of the latest additions to the market leading Oxford Paperback Reference series. In over 3,400 concise and authoritative A to Z entries, it provides definitions and explanations for chemical engineering terms in areas including: materials, energy balances, reactions, separations, sustainability, safety, and ethics. Naturally, the dictionary also covers many pertinent terms from the fields of chemistry, physics, biology, and mathematics. Useful entry-level web links are listed and regularly updated on a dedicated companion website to expand the coverage of the dictionary. Comprehensively cross-referenced and complemented by over 60 line drawings, this excellent new volume is the most authoritative dictionary of its kind. It is an essential reference source for students of chemical engineering, for professionals in this field (as well as related disciplines such as applied chemistry, chemical technology, and process engineering), and for anyone with an interest in the subject.

Waste Management for the Food Industries Book

Waste Management for the Food Industries


  • Author : Ioannis S. Arvanitoyannis
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2010-07-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1096
  • ISBN 10 : 0080554938

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Waste Management for the Food Industries Excerpt :

The continuously increasing human population, has resulted in a huge demand for processed and packaged foods. As a result of this demand, large amounts of water, air, electricity and fuel are consumed on a daily basis for food processing, transportation and preservation purposes. Although not one of the most heavily polluting, the food industry does contribute to the increase in volume of waste produced as well as to the energy expended to do so. For the first time, nine separate food industry categories are thoroughly investigated in Waste Management for the Food Industries in an effort to help combat this already acute problem. The current state of environmental management systems is described, offering comparisons of global legislation rarely found in other resources. An extensive review of commercial equipment, including advantages and disadvantages per employed waste management technique, offers a unique perspective for any academic, student, professional, and/or consultant in the food, agriculture and environmental industries. Thoroughly examines the most prevalent and most polluting industries such as Meat, Fish, Dairy, Olive Oil, Juice and Wine industries Includes synoptical tables [methods employed, physicochemical or microbiological parameters altered after treatment etc] and comparative figures of the effectiveness of various waste management methods Contains nearly 2500 of the most up-to-date references available

Physicochemical Properties of Ionic Liquid Mixtures Book

Physicochemical Properties of Ionic Liquid Mixtures


  • Author : Suojiang Zhang
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-10-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1122
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401775731

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Physicochemical Properties of Ionic Liquid Mixtures Excerpt :

This handbook is a valuable resource for scientists, engineers, graduate students, managers, decision makers, and those who are interested in ionic liquids. Many industrial applications rely on the use of Ionic Liquid Mixtures, as in solar energy storage, waste recycling or batteries.Physicochemical Properties of Ionic Liquid Mixtures is a useful handbook that contains the following features: - the physicochemical properties and property models of mixtures containing ionic liquids - supplemented by a comprehensive database of properties listing ionic liquid systems collected from more than 800 dependable literature sources - over 60,000 data entries on 39 types of physicochemical properties for 1388 mixtures, including binary, ternary, quaternary and other mixtures.

Alternative Solvents for Green Chemistry Book

Alternative Solvents for Green Chemistry


  • Author : Francesca Kerton
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2015-11-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782626138

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Alternative Solvents for Green Chemistry Excerpt :

Everyone is becoming more environmentally conscious and therefore, chemical processes are being developed with their environmental burden in mind. This also means that more traditional chemical methods are being replaced with new innovations and this includes new solvents. Solvents are everywhere, but how necessary are they? They are used in most areas including synthetic chemistry, analytical chemistry, pharmaceutical production and processing, the food and flavour industry and the materials and coatings sectors. However, the principles of green chemistry guide us to use less of them, or to use safer, more environmentally friendly solvents if they are essential. Therefore, we should always ask ourselves, do we really need a solvent? Green chemistry, as a relatively new sub-discipline, is a rapidly growing field of research. Alternative solvents - including supercritical fluids and room temperature ionic liquids - form a significant portion of research in green chemistry. This is in part due to the hazards of many conventional solvents (e.g. toxicity and flammability) and the significant contribution that solvents make to the waste generated in many chemical processes. Solvents are important in analytical chemistry, product purification, extraction and separation technologies, and also in the modification of materials. Therefore, in order to make chemistry more sustainable in these fields, a knowledge of alternative, greener solvents is important. This book, which is part of a green chemistry series, uses examples that tie in with the 12 principles of green chemistry e.g. atom efficient reactions in benign solvents and processing of renewable chemicals/materials in green solvents. Readers get an overview of the many different kinds of solvents, written in such a way to make the book appropriate to newcomers to the field and prepare them for the 'green choices' available. The book also removes some of the mystique associated with 'alternative solvent' choices and inc

Polyoxometalate Chemistry From Topology via Self Assembly to Applications Book

Polyoxometalate Chemistry From Topology via Self Assembly to Applications


  • Author : M.T. Pope
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-05-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 427
  • ISBN 10 : 9780306476259

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Polyoxometalate Chemistry From Topology via Self Assembly to Applications Excerpt :

This work incorporates contributions from polyoxometalate scientists, and presents a summary of research developments in this field. Topics discussed include synthetic strategies leading to functionalized organic polyoxometalate derivatives, oxothioanions, and supramolecular assemblies.

Advances in Catalysis Book

Advances in Catalysis


  • Author : Bruce C. Gates
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2001-05-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN 10 : 0122772512

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Advances in Catalysis Excerpt :

Since 1948, this series has filled the gap between the papers that report on and the textbooks that teach in the diverse areas of catalysis research. The editors of and contributors to Advances in Catalysis are dedicated to recording progress in this area. Each volume of Advances in Catalysis contains articles covering a subject of broad interest. Advances in Catalysis 45 is dedicated to a single theme: the impact of surface science on catalysis. COVERAGE INCLUDES: · Dynamics of reactions at surfaces on time scales ranging from 10-13s to 103s · Density functional theory of adsorption and surface chemical reactions · Catalysts in action: atomic-resolution STM images elucidating elementary reactions on surfaces · Adsorption energetics and bonding: femtomole calorimetry and first-principles theory · Active sites on oxide catalysts: from single crystals to powders · Model supported catalysts: metal particles on well-ordered oxide layers · Vibrational spectra of reaction intermediates on catalyst surfaces by sum frequency generation

Dictionary of Oil  Gas  and Petrochemical Processing Book

Dictionary of Oil Gas and Petrochemical Processing


  • Author : Alireza Bahadori
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2013-12-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 478
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466588264

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Dictionary of Oil Gas and Petrochemical Processing Excerpt :

In industry, miscommunication can cause frustration, create downtime, and even trigger equipment failure. By providing a common ground for more effective discourse, the Dictionary of Oil, Gas, and Petrochemical Processing can help eliminate costly miscommunication.An essential resource for oil, gas, and petrochemical industry professionals, enginee