Diffuse Algorithms for Neural and Neuro Fuzzy Networks Book

Diffuse Algorithms for Neural and Neuro Fuzzy Networks

  • Author : Boris.A Skorohod
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2017-02-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128126103

Diffuse Algorithms for Neural and Neuro Fuzzy Networks Excerpt :

Diffuse Algorithms for Neural and Neuro-Fuzzy Networks: With Applications in Control Engineering and Signal Processing presents new approaches to training neural and neuro-fuzzy networks. This book is divided into six chapters. Chapter 1 consists of plants models reviews, problems statements, and known results that are relevant to the subject matter of this book. Chapter 2 considers the RLS behavior on a finite interval. The theoretical results are illustrated by examples of solving problems of identification, control, and signal processing. Properties of the bias, the matrix of second-order moments and the normalized average squared error of the RLS algorithm on a finite time interval are studied in Chapter 3. Chapter 4 deals with the problem of multilayer neural and neuro-fuzzy networks training with simultaneous estimation of the hidden and output layers parameters. The theoretical results are illustrated with the examples of pattern recognition, identification of nonlinear static, and dynamic plants. Chapter 5 considers the estimation problem of the state and the parameters of the discrete dynamic plants in the absence of a priori statistical information about initial conditions or its incompletion. The Kalman filter and the extended Kalman filter diffuse analogues are obtained. Finally, Chapter 6 provides examples of the use of diffuse algorithms for solving problems in various engineering applications. This book is ideal for researchers and graduate students in control, signal processing, and machine learning. Presents a new approach to training which can be applied to solve the control, identification, signal processing, and classification problems arising in practice Offers an improvement from the existing learning techniques in control, robotics, and machine learning Provides examples of the use of diffuse algorithms for solving problems in various engineering applications

Diffuse Algorithms for Neural Networks Book

Diffuse Algorithms for Neural Networks

  • Author : Ghanta BABU
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2018-12
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN 10 : 1792846037

Diffuse Algorithms for Neural Networks Excerpt :

The problem of neural and neuro-fuzzy networks training is considered in this book. The author's attention is concentrated on the approaches which are based on the use of a separable structure of plants models--nonlinear with respect to some unknown parameters and linear relating to the others. It may be, for example, a multilayered perceptron with a linear activation function at its output, a radial base neural network, a neuro-fuzzy Sugeno network, or a recurrent neural network, which are widely used in a variety of applications relating to the identification and control of nonlinear plants, time series forecasting, classification, and recognition.

Advantages and Pitfalls of Pattern Recognition Book

Advantages and Pitfalls of Pattern Recognition

  • Author : Horst Langer
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-11-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128118436

Advantages and Pitfalls of Pattern Recognition Excerpt :

Advantages and Pitfalls of Pattern Recognition presents various methods of pattern recognition and classification, useful to geophysicists, geochemists, geologists, geographers, data analysts, and educators and students of geosciences. Scientific and technological progress has dramatically improved the knowledge of our planet with huge amounts of digital data available in various fields of Earth Sciences, such as geology, geophysics, and geography. This has led to a new perspective of data analysis, requiring specific techniques that take several features into consideration rather than single parameters. Pattern recognition techniques offer a suitable key for processing and extracting useful information from the data of multivariate analysis. This book explores both supervised and unsupervised pattern recognition techniques, while providing insight into their application. Offers real-world examples of techniques for pattern recognition and handling multivariate data Includes examples, applications, and diagrams to enhance understanding Provides an introduction and access to relevant software packages

Youmans and Winn Neurological Surgery Book

Youmans and Winn Neurological Surgery

  • Author : H. Richard Winn
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release Date : 2022-01-21
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 4568
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323674997

Youmans and Winn Neurological Surgery Excerpt :

Widely regarded as the definitive reference in the field, Youmans and Winn Neurological Surgery offers unparalleled, multimedia coverage of the entirety of this complex specialty. Fully updated to reflect recent advances in the basic and clinical neurosciences, the 8th Edition covers everything you need to know about functional and restorative neurosurgery, deep brain stimulation, stem cell biology, radiological and nuclear imaging, and neuro-oncology, as well as minimally invasive surgeries in spine and peripheral nerve surgery, and endoscopic and other approaches for cranial procedures and cerebrovascular diseases. In four comprehensive volumes, Dr. H. Richard Winn and his expert team of editors and authors provide updated content, a significantly expanded video library, and hundreds of new video lectures that help you master new procedures, new technologies, and essential anatomic knowledge in neurosurgery. Discusses current topics such as diffusion tensor imaging, brain and spine robotic surgery, augmented reality as an aid in neurosurgery, AI and big data in neurosurgery, and neuroimaging in stereotactic functional neurosurgery. 55 new chapters provide cutting-edge information on Surgical Anatomy of the Spine, Precision Medicine in Neurosurgery, The Geriatric Patient, Neuroanesthesia During Pregnancy, Laser Interstitial Thermal Therapy for Epilepsy, Fetal Surgery for Myelomeningocele, Rehabilitation of Acute Spinal Cord Injury, Surgical Considerations for Patients with Polytrauma, Endovascular Approaches to Intracranial Aneurysms, and much more. Hundreds of all-new video lectures clarify key concepts in techniques, cases, and surgical management and evaluation. Notable lecture videos include multiple videos on Thalamotomy for Focal Hand Dystonia and a video to accompany a new chapter on the Basic Science of Brain Metastases. An extensive video library contains stunning anatomy videos and videos demonstrating intraoperative procedures with more than 800 videos i

Physical Management for Neurological Conditions E Book Book

Physical Management for Neurological Conditions E Book

  • Author : Sheila Lennon
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release Date : 2018-07-28
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN 10 : 9780702077234

Physical Management for Neurological Conditions E Book Excerpt :

The second edition of the Neurological Physiotherapy Pocketbook is the only book for physiotherapists that provides essential evidence-based information in a unique and easy-to-use format, applicable to clinical settings. Written by new international editors and contributors, this pocketbook provides quick and easy access to essential clinical information.

Signal Processing in Neuroscience Book

Signal Processing in Neuroscience

  • Author : Xiaoli Li
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-08-31
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811018220

Signal Processing in Neuroscience Excerpt :

This book reviews cutting-edge developments in neural signalling processing (NSP), systematically introducing readers to various models and methods in the context of NSP. Neuronal Signal Processing is a comparatively new field in computer sciences and neuroscience, and is rapidly establishing itself as an important tool, one that offers an ideal opportunity to forge stronger links between experimentalists and computer scientists. This new signal-processing tool can be used in conjunction with existing computational tools to analyse neural activity, which is monitored through different sensors such as spike trains, local filed potentials and EEG. The analysis of neural activity can yield vital insights into the function of the brain. This book highlights the contribution of signal processing in the area of computational neuroscience by providing a forum for researchers in this field to share their experiences to date.

Augmenting Neurological Disorder Prediction and Rehabilitation Using Artificial Intelligence Book

Augmenting Neurological Disorder Prediction and Rehabilitation Using Artificial Intelligence

  • Author : Anitha S. Pillai
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2022-02-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323886260

Augmenting Neurological Disorder Prediction and Rehabilitation Using Artificial Intelligence Excerpt :

Augmenting Neurological Disorder Prediction and Rehabilitation Using Artificial Intelligence focuses on how the neurosciences can benefit from advances in AI, especially in areas such as medical image analysis for the improved diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease, early detection of acute neurologic events, prediction of stroke, medical image segmentation for quantitative evaluation of neuroanatomy and vasculature, diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease, autism spectrum disorder, and other key neurological disorders. Chapters also focus on how AI can help in predicting stroke recovery, and the use of Machine Learning and AI in personalizing stroke rehabilitation therapy. Other sections delve into Epilepsy and the use of Machine Learning techniques to detect epileptogenic lesions on MRIs and how to understand neural networks. Provides readers with an understanding on the key applications of artificial intelligence and machine learning in the diagnosis and treatment of the most important neurological disorders Integrates recent advancements of artificial intelligence and machine learning to the evaluation of large amounts of clinical data for the early detection of disorders such as Alzheimer’s Disease, autism spectrum disorder, Multiple Sclerosis, headache disorder, Epilepsy, and stroke Provides readers with illustrative examples of how artificial intelligence can be applied to outcome prediction, neurorehabilitation and clinical exams, including a wide range of case studies in predicting and classifying neurological disorders

Handbook of Neurophotonics Book

Handbook of Neurophotonics

  • Author : Francesco S. Pavone
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-05-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 9781498718769

Handbook of Neurophotonics Excerpt :

The Handbook of Neurophotonics provides a dedicated overview of neurophotonics, covering the use of advanced optical technologies to record, stimulate, and control the activity of the brain, yielding new insight and advantages over conventional tools due to the adaptability and non-invasive nature of light. Including 32 colour figures, this book addresses functional studies of neurovascular signaling, metabolism, electrical excitation, and hemodynamics, as well as clinical applications for imaging and manipulating brain structure and function. The unifying theme throughout is not only to highlight the technology, but to show how these novel methods are becoming critical to breakthroughs that will lead to advances in our ability to manage and treat human diseases of the brain. Key Features: Provides the first dedicated book on state-of-the-art optical techniques for sensing and imaging across at the cellular, molecular, network, and whole brain levels. Highlights how the methods are used for measurement, control, and tracking of molecular events in live neuronal cells, both in basic research and clinical practice. Covers the entire spectrum of approaches, from optogenetics to functional methods, photostimulation, optical dissection, multiscale imaging, microscopy, and structural imaging. Includes chapters that show use of voltage-sensitive dye imaging, hemodynamic imaging, multiphoton imaging, temporal multiplexing, multiplane microscopy, optoacoustic imaging, near-infrared spectroscopy, and miniature neuroimaging devices to track cortical brain activity.

From Neuron to Cognition via Computational Neuroscience Book

From Neuron to Cognition via Computational Neuroscience

  • Author : Michael A. Arbib
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2016-11-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 808
  • ISBN 10 : 9780262034968

From Neuron to Cognition via Computational Neuroscience Excerpt :

A comprehensive, integrated, and accessible textbook presenting core neuroscientific topics from a computational perspective, tracing a path from cells and circuits to behavior and cognition. This textbook presents a wide range of subjects in neuroscience from a computational perspective. It offers a comprehensive, integrated introduction to core topics, using computational tools to trace a path from neurons and circuits to behavior and cognition. Moreover, the chapters show how computational neuroscience—methods for modeling the causal interactions underlying neural systems—complements empirical research in advancing the understanding of brain and behavior. The chapters—all by leaders in the field, and carefully integrated by the editors—cover such subjects as action and motor control; neuroplasticity, neuromodulation, and reinforcement learning; vision; and language—the core of human cognition. The book can be used for advanced undergraduate or graduate level courses. It presents all necessary background in neuroscience beyond basic facts about neurons and synapses and general ideas about the structure and function of the human brain. Students should be familiar with differential equations and probability theory, and be able to pick up the basics of programming in MATLAB and/or Python. Slides, exercises, and other ancillary materials are freely available online, and many of the models described in the chapters are documented in the brain operation database, BODB (which is also described in a book chapter). Contributors Michael A. Arbib, Joseph Ayers, James Bednar, Andrej Bicanski, James J. Bonaiuto, Nicolas Brunel, Jean-Marie Cabelguen, Carmen Canavier, Angelo Cangelosi, Richard P. Cooper, Carlos R. Cortes, Nathaniel Daw, Paul Dean, Peter Ford Dominey, Pierre Enel, Jean-Marc Fellous, Stefano Fusi, Wulfram Gerstner, Frank Grasso, Jacqueline A. Griego, Ziad M. Hafed, Michael E. Hasselmo, Auke Ijspeert, Stephanie Jones, Daniel Kersten, Jeremie Knuesel, Owen

Computational Neuroscience Book
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Computational Neuroscience

  • Author : Jianfeng Feng
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2003-10-20
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 656
  • ISBN 10 : 9780203494462

Computational Neuroscience Excerpt :

How does the brain work? After a century of research, we still lack a coherent view of how neurons process signals and control our activities. But as the field of computational neuroscience continues to evolve, we find that it provides a theoretical foundation and a set of technological approaches that can significantly enhance our understanding.

Artificial Neural Networks as Models of Neural Information Processing Book

Artificial Neural Networks as Models of Neural Information Processing

  • Author : Marcel van Gerven
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2018-02-01
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889454013

Artificial Neural Networks as Models of Neural Information Processing Excerpt :

Modern neural networks gave rise to major breakthroughs in several research areas. In neuroscience, we are witnessing a reappraisal of neural network theory and its relevance for understanding information processing in biological systems. The research presented in this book provides various perspectives on the use of artificial neural networks as models of neural information processing. We consider the biological plausibility of neural networks, performance improvements, spiking neural networks and the use of neural networks for understanding brain function.

The Evolutionary Neuroethology of Paul MacLean Book

The Evolutionary Neuroethology of Paul MacLean

  • Author : Gerald A. Cory
  • Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
  • Release Date : 2002
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9780275972196

The Evolutionary Neuroethology of Paul MacLean Excerpt :

Cory, Gardner, and their contributors argue that how the brain is constructed determines how people behave socially. This has been a neglected thesis, except for a few pioneers, of whom Paul MacLean has been most outstanding. His animal observations, brain research, and evolutionary formulations have formed the basis of new important initiatives discussed in this collection.

Traumatic Brain Injury as a Systems Neuroscience Problem Book

Traumatic Brain Injury as a Systems Neuroscience Problem

  • Author : H. Isaac Chen
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2017-04-27
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889450985

Traumatic Brain Injury as a Systems Neuroscience Problem Excerpt :

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is traditionally viewed as an anatomic and neuropathological condition. Caring for TBI patients is a matter of defining the extent of an anatomical lesion, managing this lesion, and minimizing secondary brain injury. On the research side, the effects of TBI often are studied in the context of neuronal and axonal degeneration and the subsequent deposition of abnormal proteins such as tau. These approaches form the basis of our current understanding of TBI, but they pay less attention to the function of the affected organ, the brain. Much can be learned about TBI by studying this disorder on a systems neuroscience level and correlating changes in neural circuitry with neurological and cognitive function. There are several aspects of TBI that are a natural fit for this perspective, including post-traumatic epilepsy, consciousness, and cognitive sequelae. How individual neurons contribute to network activity and how network function responds to injury are key concepts in examining these areas. In recent years, the available tools for studying the role of neuronal assemblies in TBI have become increasingly sophisticated, ranging from optogenetic and electrophysiological techniques to advanced imaging modalities such as functional magnetic resonance imaging and magnetoencephalography. Further progress in understanding the disruption and subsequent reshaping of networks is likely to have substantial benefits in the treatment of patients with TBI-associated deficits. In this Frontiers Topic, we intend to highlight the systems neuroscience approach to studying TBI. In addition to analyzing the clinical sequelae of TBI in this context, this series of articles explores the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying network dysfunction, including alterations in synaptic activity, changes in neural oscillation patterns, and disruptions in functional connectivity. We also include articles on treatment options for TBI patients that modulate network funct

Neurophotonics and Biomedical Spectroscopy Book

Neurophotonics and Biomedical Spectroscopy

  • Author : Robert R. Alfano
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release Date : 2018-11-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 610
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323480680

Neurophotonics and Biomedical Spectroscopy Excerpt :

Neurophotonics and Biomedical Spectroscopy addresses the novel state-of-the-art work in non-invasive optical spectroscopic methods that detect the onset and progression of diseases and other conditions, including pre-malignancy, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, tissue and cell response to therapeutic intervention, unintended injury and laser energy deposition. The book then highlights research in neurophotonics that investigates single and multi-photon excitation optical signatures of normal/diseased nerve tissues and in the brain, providing a better understanding of the underlying biochemical and structural changes of tissues and cells that are responsible for the observed spectroscopic signatures. Topics cover a wide array of well-established UV, visible, NIR and IR optical and spectroscopic techniques and novel approaches to diagnose tissue changes, including: label free in vivo and ex vivo fluorescence spectroscopy, Stoke shift spectroscopy, spectral imaging, Resonance Raman spectroscopy, multiphoton two Photon excitation, and more. Provides an overview of the spectroscopic properties of tissue and tissue-light interaction, describing techniques to exploit these properties in imaging Explores the potential and significance of molecule-specific imaging and its capacity to reveal vital new information on nanoscale structures Offers a concise overview of different spectroscopic methods and their potential benefits for solving diagnostic and therapeutic problems

Fuzzy and Neuro Fuzzy Systems in Medicine Book

Fuzzy and Neuro Fuzzy Systems in Medicine

  • Author : Horia-Nicolai L Teodorescu
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-11-22
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351364522

Fuzzy and Neuro Fuzzy Systems in Medicine Excerpt :

Fuzzy and Neuro-Fuzzy Systems in Medicineprovides a thorough review of state-of-the-art techniques and practices, defines and explains relevant problems, as well as provides solutions to these problems. After an introduction, the book progresses from one topic to another - with a linear development from fundamentals to applications.