Economic and Ecological Significance of Arthropods in Diversified Ecosystems Book

Economic and Ecological Significance of Arthropods in Diversified Ecosystems


  • Author : Akshay Kumar Chakravarthy
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-10-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811015243

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Economic and Ecological Significance of Arthropods in Diversified Ecosystems Excerpt :

Arthropods are invertebrates that constitute over 90% of the animal kingdom, and their bio-ecology is closely linked with global functioning and survival. Arthropods play an important role in maintaining the health of ecosystems, provide livelihoods and nutrition to human communities, and are important indicators of environmental change. Yet the population trends of several arthropods species show them to be in decline. Arthropods constitute a dominant group with 1.2 million species influencing earth’s biodiversity. Among arthropods, insects are predominant, with ca. 1 million species and having evolved some 350 million years ago. Arthropods are closely associated with living and non-living entities alike, making the ecosystem services they provide crucially important. In order to be effective, plans for the conservation of arthropods and ecosystems should include a mixture of strategies like protecting key habitats and genomic studies to formulate relevant policies for in situ and ex situ conservation. This two-volume book focuses on capturing the essentials of arthropod inventories, biology, and conservation. Further, it seeks to identify the mechanisms by which arthropod populations can be sustained in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, and by means of which certain problematic species be managed without producing harmful environmental side-effects. This edited compilation includes chapters contributed by over 80 biologists on a wide range of topics embracing the diversity, distribution, utility and conservation of arthropods and select groups of insect taxa. More importantly, it describes in detail the mechanisms of sustaining arthropod ecosystems, services and populations. It addresses the contribution of modern biological tools such as molecular and genetic techniques regulating gene expression, as well as conventional, indigenous practices in arthropod conservation. The contributors reiterate the importance of documenting and understanding the biology of a

Insect Mouthparts Book

Insect Mouthparts


  • Author : Harald W. Krenn
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2019-12-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 683
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030296544

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Insect Mouthparts Excerpt :

This is the first comprehensive book focusing on the form and function of insect mouthparts. Written by leading experts, it reviews the current knowledge on feeding types and the evolution of mouthparts and presents new research approaches. The richly illustrated articles cover topics ranging from functional morphology, biomechanics of biting and chewing, and the biophysics of fluid-feeding to the morphogenesis and genetics of mouthpart development, ecomorphology in flower-visiting insects as well as the evolution of mouthparts, including fossil records. Intended for entomologists and scientists interested in interdisciplinary approaches, the book provides a solid basis for future scientific work. Chapter 6 of this book is available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com.

River Health and Ecology in South Asia Book

River Health and Ecology in South Asia


  • Author : Bidhan Chandra Patra
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-01-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030835538

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River Health and Ecology in South Asia Excerpt :

This volume reviews recent hydrological and environmental issues resulting from human-induced water pollution practices while providing case studies on the physical, chemical, and eco-biological techniques used to mitigate the impacts of river ecosystem pollution in South Asian countries. The book demonstrates the key methods of measurement, monitoring, mapping, and modeling of river water quality and how it is impacted by pollution and incorporates contemporary geospatial technological applications for the management and sustainability of future water resources. The major topics that the book addresses are the fundamental concepts of river ecosystem health, riverine ecology and habitats, risk assessment of riverine pollution, and technology-based river pollution control strategies. The book will serve as an interdisciplinary guide for researchers, students, and GIS specialists working in various disciplines, including pollution hazards, river ecosystem restoration, water quality, remote sensing, zoology, natural resources management, and environmental geography.

Impact of Agricultural Practices on Biodiversity of Soil Invertebrates Book

Impact of Agricultural Practices on Biodiversity of Soil Invertebrates


  • Author : Stefano Bocchi
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2021-01-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 150
  • ISBN 10 : 9783039437191

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Impact of Agricultural Practices on Biodiversity of Soil Invertebrates Excerpt :

Soil fauna plays a key role in many soil functions, such as organic matter decomposition, humus formation, and nutrient release, modifying soil structure, and improving its fertility. Soil invertebrates play key roles in determining soil suitability for agricultural production and realizing sustainable farming systems. They include an enormous diversity of arthropods, nematodes, and earthworms. However, this fauna suffers from the impact of agricultural activities with implications for the capacity of soil to maintain its fertility and provide ecosystem services. Some agricultural practices may create crucial soil habitat changes, with consequences for invertebrate biodiversity. In the few last decades, especially under intensive and specialized farming systems, a loss in soil ecosystem services has been observed, as a result of the reduction in both the abundance and taxonomic diversity of soil faunal communities. On the other hand, agricultural practices, based on sustainable soil management, can promote useful soil fauna. Therefore, the concerns about the sensibility of soil biota to the agricultural practices make it urgent to develop sustainable management strategies, able to realize favorable microclimate and habitats, and reduce the soil disturbance.

Sucking Pests of Crops Book

Sucking Pests of Crops


  • Author : Omkar
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-10-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 515
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811561498

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Sucking Pests of Crops Excerpt :

Sucking pests are most notorious group of pests for agricultural crops. Unlike most pests with chewing mouth parts, sucking pests cause more severe damage to the crops and are complex to get identified until advanced stages of infection. Not only is this late detection detrimental to their effective control, sucking pests also often cause fungal growth and virus transmission. The book emphasizes on sucking pests of most major crops of India. It aims to reflect Indian scenario before the international readership. This book complies comprehensive information on sucking pests of crops and brings the attention of the readers to this multiple damage causing insect complex. The chapters are contributed by highly experienced Indigenous experts from Universities & ICAR institutes, and book collates useful content for students and young researchers in plant pathology, entomology and agriculture.

The Black spotted  Yellow Borer  Conogethes punctiferalis Guen  e and Allied Species Book

The Black spotted Yellow Borer Conogethes punctiferalis Guen e and Allied Species


  • Author : Akshay Kumar Chakravarthy
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-09-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 347
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811303906

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The Black spotted Yellow Borer Conogethes punctiferalis Guen e and Allied Species Excerpt :

Conogethes is a group of moths distributed in Austral-Asian region from India to New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and Australia.The moths are also found in Hawaii and Great Britain. Conogethes is mostly known for the economic impact of its larvae on agricultural crops. Substantial research has been undertaken in order to understand the biology of these harmful insects and to develop strategies to confine their impact. Research on chemical communication between males and females via sex pheromones is in progress.Recent research has also focused on the acoustic communication of Conogethes. The moths can feed on more than 200 plants in diversified habitats. The borer moths have become major pest on Horticultural , Agricultural,Avenue trees and forest trees. Its a pest of Quarantine importance as it has been found in Exportable commodities. The book contains 22 chapters from a dozen countries. The authors are from China, Vietnam, Australia, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Norway etc. This is the first book on the pest globally where interesting insights are provided. This is one of the book of its kind on single pest dealing with almost all aspects of its biology and management on cultivated crops.

Advances in Pest Management in Commercial Flowers Book

Advances in Pest Management in Commercial Flowers


  • Author : Suprakash Pal
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-03-09
  • Genre: Gardening
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000008227

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Advances in Pest Management in Commercial Flowers Excerpt :

Floricultural crops all over the world are challenged by a number of insect and mite pests. The pest scenario is changing, and with climate change the instances of new pest incidences have become a more common problem. Like other crops, the intensive cultivation of commercial flowers has accentuated pest problems, as farmers tend to use more agricultural chemicals, which, in turn, increase the problems of pesticide resistance, pest resurgence, and residues leading to health hazards. This volume, Advances in Pest Management in Commercial Flowers, looks at the major challenges and improvements in this growing area today. It first provides an informative overview of worldwide pests of important commercial flowers. It explores a number of important issues in this area, such as the role of climate change on insect pests of commercial flowers and the synthetic chemicals and their possible harmful effects on the environment.

Coconut Biotechnology  Towards the Sustainability of the    Tree of Life    Book

Coconut Biotechnology Towards the Sustainability of the Tree of Life


  • Author : Steve Adkins
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-06-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030449889

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Coconut Biotechnology Towards the Sustainability of the Tree of Life Excerpt :

Widely known as the ‘tree of life’, coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) provides a bountiful source for making a wide variety of healthy foods and industrial items. Its cultivation, however, has been encountering seriously destructive issues including lethal diseases and natural adversities which are currently distressing livelihoods of millions of small-holder farmers around the world. There is an urgent mandate to resolve these issues by meeting sustainable seedling production, facilitating genetic conservation, as well as developing disease identification and modern breeding. This book introduces improvements in coconut biotechnology by covering the advances in micropropagation, germplasm conservation, and molecular pathogenic diagnosis. This comprehensive volume will be a useful source of information and references to researchers, graduate students, agricultural developers, and scholars in the plant sciences. In order to benefit general readers, the book also covers fundamental aspects of biology, diversity, and evolution of this marvelous palm species.

Ethnozoology Book

Ethnozoology


  • Author : Romulo Romeu Nobrega Alves
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-10-31
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 552
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128099148

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Ethnozoology Excerpt :

Ethnozoology: Animals In Our Lives represents the first book about this discipline, providing a discussion on key themes on human-animal interactions and their implications, along with recent major advances in research. Humans share the world with a bewildering variety of other animals, and have interacted with them in different ways. This variety of interactions (both past and present) is investigated through ethnozoology, which is a hybrid discipline structured with elements from both the natural and social sciences, as it seeks to understand how humans have perceived and interacted with faunal resources throughout history. In a broader context, ethnozoology, and its companion discipline, ethnobotany, form part of the larger body of the science of ethnobiology. In recent years, the importance of ethnozoological/ethnobiological studies has increasingly been recognized, unsurprisingly given the strong human influence on biodiversity. From the perspective of ethnozoology, the book addresses all aspects of human connection, animals and health, from its use in traditional medicine, to bioprospecting derivatives of fauna for pharmaceuticals, with expert contributions from leading researchers in the field. Draws on editors’ and contributors’ extensive research, experience and studies covering ethnozoology and ethnobiology Covers all aspects of human-animal interaction through the lens of this emerging discipline, with coverage of both domestic and wild animal topics Presents topics of great interest to a variety of researchers including those in wildlife/conservation (biologists, ecologists, conservationists) and domestic-related disciplines (psychologists, sociologists)

Proteins  Sustainable Source  Processing and Applications Book

Proteins Sustainable Source Processing and Applications


  • Author : Charis M. Galanakis
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-05-30
  • Genre: Health & Fitness
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128172865

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Proteins Sustainable Source Processing and Applications Excerpt :

Proteins: Sustainable Source, Processing and Applications addresses sustainable proteins, with an emphasis on proteins of animal origin, plant-based and insect proteins, microalgal single cell proteins, extraction, production, the stability and bioengineering of proteins, food applications (e.g. encapsulation, films and coatings), consumer behavior and sustainable consumption. Written in a scientific manner to meet the needs of chemists, food scientists, technologists, new product developers and academics, this book addresses the health effects and properties of proteins, highlights sustainable sources, processes and consumption models, and analyzes the potentiality of already commercialized processes and products. This book is an integral resource that supports the current applications of proteins in the food industry, along with those that are currently under development. Supports the current applications of proteins in the food industry, along with those that are under development Connects the properties and health effects of proteins with sustainable sources, recovery procedures, stability and encapsulation Explores industrial applications that are affected by aforementioned aspects

Agricultural Resilience Book

Agricultural Resilience


  • Author : Sarah M. Gardner
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-05-31
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107067622

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Agricultural Resilience Excerpt :

Offers an interdisciplinary exploration of resilience in agriculture, and implications for producers seeking to adapt to change and uncertainty.

Biodiversity in Agroecosystems Book

Biodiversity in Agroecosystems


  • Author : Wanda W. Collins
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 1998-08-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN 10 : 1420049240

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Biodiversity in Agroecosystems Excerpt :

between the diversity of plant and animal species and host/dependent agricultural systems. Biodiversity in Agroecosystems shows how biodiversity can be thought of not only as the rich make-up of a great number of related and competing species within an ecologically defined community, but also as the robust behavior and resilience of those species over time and as the endurance of their eco-community. This book brings to the fore new research on biodiversity in agricultural ecosystems at both micro and macro levels, heretofore available only in journals and proceedings papers.

Biodiversity and Human Health Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Biodiversity and Human Health


  • Author : Francesca Grifo
  • Publisher : Island Press
  • Release Date : 1997-02
  • Genre: Health & Fitness
  • Pages : 379
  • ISBN 10 : 1559635002

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Biodiversity and Human Health Excerpt :

Biodiversity and Human Health brings together leading thinkers on the global environment and biomedicine to explore the human health consequences of the loss of biological diversity.

Climate Change and Cities Book

Climate Change and Cities


  • Author : Cynthia Rosenzweig
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2018-03-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN 10 : 9781316603338

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Climate Change and Cities Excerpt :

"Urban Climate Change Research Network, Center for Climate Systems Research, Earth Institute, Columbia University."

New Horizons in Insect Science  Towards Sustainable Pest Management Book

New Horizons in Insect Science Towards Sustainable Pest Management


  • Author : Akshay Kumar Chakravarthy
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-04-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 431
  • ISBN 10 : 9788132220893

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New Horizons in Insect Science Towards Sustainable Pest Management Excerpt :

Insect science is fast changing as insects are evolving to a plethora of newer chemical molecules, climate change, management tactics and transformation of the landscapes. Through the International Conference, the editors have attempted to gather together newer aspects of Insect Sciences like Insect Taxonomy, DNA Barcoding, Physiology, Toxicology, Vectors and their Management, Molecular Biology, RNA interference in Pest Management, Semiochemicals and Pest Management using Host Plant Resistance and Biological Control appropriated especially for the developing world. Both basic and applied aspects of insect science have been included to stimulate comprehensive studies on insect science. The book not only deals with insect science but also environmental and ecological aspects in the hope that the book will be of immense use to students, researchers, extension workers, planners, administrators, farmers and other end users. The Chapters on diversified aspects of Insect Science are contributed by leading scientists for the coming 21st century in which entomology is witnessing a dramatic advancement in management of pests through in-depth investigations. The dimensions of Insect Science covered in the book are pest management approaches that can be adopted worldwide with ascent on sustainability.