Economic Conditions and Electoral Outcomes Book

Economic Conditions and Electoral Outcomes


  • Author : Heinz Eulau
  • Publisher : Algora Publishing
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN 10 : 9780875862729

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Economic Conditions and Electoral Outcomes Excerpt :

Does economics influence elections? How does such influence work? Under what conditions is it more or less likely to occur? Free, popular elections matter, and they make a difference precisely because, at periodic intervals, they set the limits or constraints within which the interests of business and the interests of the people pursue their political goals. These are the basic ideas addressed in the chapters of this volume. "This fine collection of papers dealing with the effects of economic variables on electoral behaviour and electoral outcomes . . . will be of particular interest to specialists in the study of elections, but will also be valuable to students of political economy and comparative politics more generally . . ." - Canadian Journal of Politics

Political Control of the Economy Book

Political Control of the Economy


  • Author : Edward R. Tufte
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-10-06
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN 10 : 9780691219417

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Political Control of the Economy Excerpt :

Speculations about the effects of politics on economic life have a long and vital tradition, but few efforts have been made to determine the precise relationship between them. Edward Tufte, a political scientist who covered the 1976 Presidential election for Newsweek, seeks to do just that. His sharp analyses and astute observations lead to an eye-opening view of the impact of political life on the national economy of America and other capitalist democracies. The analysis demonstrates how politicians, political parties, and voters decide who gets what, when, and how in the economic arena. A nation's politics, it is argued, shape the most important aspects of economic life--inflation, unemployment, income redistribution, the growth of government, and the extent of central economic control. Both statistical data and case studies (based on interviews and Presidential documents) are brought to bear on four topics. They are: 1) the political manipulation of the economy in election years, 2) the new international electoral-economic cycle, 3) the decisive role of political leaders and parties in shaping macroeconomic outcomes, and 4) the response of the electorate to changing economic conditions. Finally, the book clarifies a central question in political economy: How can national economic policy be conducted in both a democratic and a competent fashion?

Mass Politics in Tough Times Book

Mass Politics in Tough Times


  • Author : Nancy Bermeo
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2014
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 401
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199357505

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Mass Politics in Tough Times Excerpt :

In Mass Politics in Tough Times, the eminent political scientists Larry Bartels and Nancy Bermeo have gathered a group of leading scholars to analyze the political responses to the Great Recession in the US, Western Europe, and East-Central Europe.

Economic Voting Book

Economic Voting


  • Author : Han Dorussen
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2002
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN 10 : 9780415254335

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Economic Voting Excerpt :

This collection examines to what extents the economic situation is a decisive factor in dictating how people vote. The book combines theoretical work with empirical research and quantitative analysis.

The Economy and the Vote Book

The Economy and the Vote


  • Author : Wouter van der Brug
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2007-04-30
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781139464222

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The Economy and the Vote Excerpt :

Economic conditions are said to affect election outcomes, but past research has produced unstable and contradictory findings. This book argues that these problems are caused by the failure to take account of electoral competition between parties. A research strategy to correct this problem is designed and applied to investigate effects of economic conditions on (individual) voter choices and (aggregate) election outcomes over 42 elections in 15 countries. It shows that economic conditions exert small effects on individual party preferences, which can have large consequences for election outcomes. In countries where responsibility for economic policy is clear, voters vote retrospectively and reward or punish incumbent parties - although in coalition systems smaller government parties often gain at the expense of the largest party when economic conditions deteriorate. Where clarity of responsibility for economic policy is less clear, voters vote more prospectively on the basis of expected party policies.

The Economic Vote Book

The Economic Vote


  • Author : Raymond M. Duch
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2008-03-17
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781139470629

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The Economic Vote Excerpt :

This book proposes a selection model for explaining cross-national variation in economic voting: Rational voters condition the economic vote on whether incumbents are responsible for economic outcomes, because this is the optimal way to identify and elect competent economic managers under conditions of uncertainty. This model explores how political and economic institutions alter the quality of the signal that the previous economy provides about the competence of candidates. The rational economic voter is also attentive to strategic cues regarding the responsibility of parties for economic outcomes and their electoral competitiveness. Theoretical propositions are derived, linking variation in economic and political institutions to variability in economic voting. The authors demonstrate that there is economic voting, and that it varies significantly across political contexts. The data consist of 165 election studies conducted in 19 different countries over a 20-year time period.

The Message Matters Book

The Message Matters


  • Author : Lynn Vavreck
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2009-07-26
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN 10 : 0691139636

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The Message Matters Excerpt :

Demonstrating how candidates and their campaigns affect the economic vote, this book provides a different way of understanding past elections - and predicting future ones. It offers a theory of campaigns that explains why electoral victory requires more than simply being the candidate favored by prevailing economic conditions.

Multi level Electoral Politics Book

Multi level Electoral Politics


  • Author : Sona Nadenichek Golder
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2017
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198791539

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Multi level Electoral Politics Excerpt :

National-level elections receive more attention from scholars and the media than elections at other levels, even though in many European countries the importance of both regional and European levels of government has grown in recent years. The growing importance of multiple electoral arenas suggests that scholars should be cautious about examining single levels in isolation. Taking the multilevel structure of electoral politics seriously requires a re-examination of how the incentives created by electoral institutions affect the behaviour of voters and party elites. The standard approach to analysing multilevel elections is the second-order election (SOE) model, in which national elections are considered to be first-order elections while other elections are second order. However, this model does not provide micro mechanisms that determine how elections in one arena affect those in another, or explain variations in individual voting behaviour. The objective of this book is to explain how party and voter behaviour in a given election is affected by the existence of multiple electoral arenas. It provides original qualitative and quantitative data to examine European, national, and subnational elections in France, Germany, and Spain from 2011-2015. The volume examines party mobilization efforts across multiple electoral arenas, as well as decisions by individual voters with respect to turnout, strategic voting, and accountability. This book provides the first systematic analysis of multilevel electoral politics at three different levels across multiple countries. Comparative Politics is a series for researchers, teachers, and students of political science that deals with contemporary government and politics. Global in scope, books in the series are characterised by a stress on comparative analysis and strong methodological rigour. The series is published in association with the European Consortium for Political Research. For more information visit: www.ecprnet.eu. The s

Economics and Elections Book
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Economics and Elections


  • Author : Michael S. Lewis-Beck
  • Publisher : University of Michigan Press
  • Release Date : 1990
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN 10 : 0472081330

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Economics and Elections Excerpt :

A cross-national study of the effect of economic conditions on voting behavior in the United States and the Western democracies

The Economy and the Vote Book

The Economy and the Vote


  • Author : Wouter van der Brug
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2007-04-30
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN 10 : 0521682339

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The Economy and the Vote Excerpt :

This book estimates the effects of economic conditions on the behavior of individual voters and on the outcomes of 42 elections in 15 countries. The conventional wisdom that poor economic conditions hurt governing parties is too simplistic. It does not hold for junior parties in coalition governments, who frequently gain at the expense of larger parties. It also does not hold in countries where responsibility for economic policy is unclear (more often than not). The extent to which the economy affects election outcomes depends strongly on the degree of electoral competition between parties.

Leaders  Personalities and the Outcomes of Democratic Elections Book

Leaders Personalities and the Outcomes of Democratic Elections


  • Author : Anthony King
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 2002-03-21
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191522994

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Leaders Personalities and the Outcomes of Democratic Elections Excerpt :

The conventional wisdom purveyed by the press and television and accepted as true by most politicians is that elections throughout the democratic world are personal clashes between individual presidential candidates and party leaders. Almost everyone assumes that election outcomes are frequently determined by the major candidates' personal characteristics. In the United States, Al Gore in 2000 came over as aloof and arrogant­­and failed to win his expected victory. In Great Britain, Tony Blair in 2001 came across as dynamic and personable­­and won a second term. So personal charisma appears to yield electoral success. This study by eminent scholars on both sides of the Atlantic suggests that the conventional wisdom is wrong. Survey research conducted in recent decades indicates that relatively few voters are swayed by candidates1 personal characteristics. Far more important are voters' longstanding party loyalties, their views on issues, and their judgments of how well or badly presidents and parties have performed­­or will perform­­in office. The votes of even the few electors who are swayed by candidates' personalities usually cancel each other out. As a result, election outcomes are seldom decided by individual candidates' personal images. Occasionally, but not often. Ronald Reagan and Bill Clinton owed their election victories more to economics than to charm. At the end of World War II, the charismatic Winston Churchill lost the 1945 British general election; the colorless Clement Attlee won. Chancellor Helmut Kohl remained in power in Germany for a generation-but was never personally popular. Russian voters reckoned that Boris Yeltsin could not hold his drink- but nevertheless elected him. The implications of the authors' analyses are profound. They suggest that modern democratic politics is not nearly as candidate-centered and personality-oriented as is often supposed. They also suggest that parties' policies and their performance in office usually cou

Electoral Shocks Book

Electoral Shocks


  • Author : Ed Fieldhouse
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2020
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 305
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198800583

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Electoral Shocks Excerpt :

This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International licence. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations. Electoral Shocks: The Volatile Voter in a Turbulent World offers a novel perspective on British elections, focusing on the role of electoral shocks in the context of increasing electoral volatility. It demonstrates and explains the long-term trend in volatility, how shocks have contributed to the level of electoral volatility, and also which parties have benefited from the ensuing volatility. It follows in the tradition of British Election Study books, providing a comprehensive account of specific election outcomes- the General Elections of 2015 and 2017-and a more general and novel approach to understanding electoral change. The authors examine five electoral shocks that affected the elections of 2015 and 2017: the rise in immigration after 2004, particularly from Eastern Europe; the Global Financial Crisis prior to 2010; the coalition government of the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats between 2010 and 2015; the Scottish Independence Referendum in 2014; and the European Union Referendum in 2016. The focus on electoral shocks offers an overarching explanation for the volatility in British elections, alongside the long-term trends that have led to this point. It offers a way to understand the rise and fall of the UK Independence Party (UKIP), Labour's disappointing 2015 performance and its later unexpected gains, the collapse in support for the Liberal Democrats, the dramatic gains of the Scottish National Party (SNP) in 2015, and the continuing period of tumultuous politics that has followed the EU referendum and the General Election of 2017. It provides a new way of understanding electoral choice in Britain, and also beyond, and a better understanding of the outcomes of recent elections.

Self Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics Book

Self Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics


  • Author : Leif Lewin
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 1991-04-11
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191520877

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Self Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics Excerpt :

Leif Lewin examines more than two hundred studies of democracy in action from seventeen countries, to address the question of whether Western politics is dominated by self-interest or public interest. - ;Is it self-interest or public interest that dominates Western politics? This question has been debated in many fields, and through the 1980s a consensus developed, supported by extensive research, that in their political decisions and actions people are largely motivated by self-interest, not by common good. In this book, combining in a novel way insights from different fields, including rational choice theory, political philosophy, and electoral research, Leif Lewin examines more than two hundred studies of democracy in action from seventeen countries. He looks at the behaviour and attitudes of voters, bureaucrats, and politicians in turn, and challenges the accepted wisdom. In his wide-ranging review of the literature he shows that people are in fact actuated by broader considerations than their own short-sighted interests: that they act politically `in the shadow of the future'; that they find there are overwhelming reasons to try to contribute to the long-term common good. Professor Lewin shows, in short, that the plausible and prevalent theory that egoism rules simply don't match the facts. - ;Self-interest and public interest; Does the voter vote according to his pocket-book?; Are politicians vote-maximizers?; Are bureaucrats budget-maximizers?; Individual and collective rationality -

Political Choice in Britain Book

Political Choice in Britain


  • Author : Harold D. Clarke
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 393
  • ISBN 10 : 0199266549

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Political Choice in Britain Excerpt :

Why do people vote as they do? Indeed, why do they vote at all? What do they think about elections and democracy? This book addresses these questions by focusing on the explanatory power of rival sociological and 'individual rationality' models.

Altered States Book

Altered States


  • Author : Thomas M. Holbrook
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2016
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 241
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190269128

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Altered States Excerpt :

In 'Altered States', Thomas Holbrook looks at electoral change in presidential elections since 1972, documenting the magnitude, direction and consequences of changes in party support in the states. He finds that the Democrats do not have a 'lock' on the Electoral College, but that their position has improved dramatically over the past forty years in a number of formerly competitive or Republican-leaning states in the Northeast, Southeast, and Southwest.