Effects of Climate Change on Forests Book

Effects of Climate Change on Forests

  • Author : Fabrizio D'Aprile
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-09-01
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128151334

Effects of Climate Change on Forests Excerpt :

Effects of Climate Change on Forests: An Evidence-Based Primer for Sustainable Management of Temperate and Mediterranean Forests presents concepts, case studies and application techniques for theories on forest management under climate change. Readers will gain an understanding on how forest planning and management ties into the ecological functioning and resilience of forests by following variability in growth (or other processes) over time, a concept weakly implemented in traditional forest planning. This shift in focus has significant benefits, not only in better incorporating the services provided by forests, but also in opening up better adaptation planning. Outlines innovative tools to evaluate and assess forest management plans Provides guidelines and criteria for forest planning, sustainability and management techniques for adapting to climate change Helps the reader develop comprehensive forest management plans— complete with sylvicultural interventions—which account for uncertainties in climate change Ties directly into A for Climate project from the EU Commission as part of Horizon 2020

The Impacts of Climate Change on Ontario s Forests Book

The Impacts of Climate Change on Ontario s Forests

  • Author : Stephen J. Colombo
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1998
  • Genre: Climatic changes
  • Pages : 50
  • ISBN 10 : MINN:31951D02067212P

The Impacts of Climate Change on Ontario s Forests Excerpt :

Reviews literature concerning the effects of global climate change on forest plants and communities, and provides opinions on the potential impacts that climate change may have on Ontario forests. Sections of the review discuss the following: the climate of Ontario in the 21st century as predicted by climate models; forest hydrology in relation to climate change; insects and climate change; impacts on fungi in the forest ecosystem; impacts on forest fires and their management; plant physiological responses; genetic implications of climate change; forest vegetation dynamics; the use of models in global climate change studies; and forest management responses to climate change.

Climate Change Impacts on Tropical Forests in Central America Book

Climate Change Impacts on Tropical Forests in Central America

  • Author : Aline Chiabai
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2015-09-25
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317961505

Climate Change Impacts on Tropical Forests in Central America Excerpt :

The loss of biodiversity is a major environmental problem in nearly every terrestrial ecosystem on Earth. This loss is accelerating driven by climate change, as well as by other causes including agricultural exploitation, fragmentation and degradation triggered by land use changes. The crucial issue under debate is the impact on the welfare of current and future population, and the role of humans in the exploitation of natural resources. This is of particular importance in Central America, which it is amongst the richest and most threatened biodiversity regions on the Earth, and where the loss of ecosystems strongly affects its socio-economic vulnerability. This book addresses the impacts of climate and land-use change on tropical forest ecosystems in this important region, and assesses the expected economic costs if no policy action is taken, under different future scenarios and for different geographical scales. This innovative collection utilises both theoretical approaches and empirical results to provide a conceptual framework for an integrated analysis of climate and land-use change impacts on forest ecosystems and related economic effects, offering insight into the complex relationship between ecosystems and benefits to humans. This important contribution to forest ecosystems and climate change provides invaluable reading for students and scholars in the fields of environmental and ecological economics, environmental science and forestry, natural resource management, agriculture and climate change.

Managing Forest Ecosystems  The Challenge of Climate Change Book

Managing Forest Ecosystems The Challenge of Climate Change

  • Author : Felipe Bravo
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-05-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402083433

Managing Forest Ecosystems The Challenge of Climate Change Excerpt :

Climate changes, particularly warming trends, have been recorded around the globe. For many countries, these changes in climate have become evident through insect epidemics (e.g., Mountain Pine Beetle epidemic in Western Canada, bark beetle in secondary spruce forests in Central Europe), water shortages and intense forest fires in the Mediterranean countries (e.g., 2005 droughts in Spain), and unusual storm activities (e.g., the 2004 South-East Asia Tsunami). Climate changes are expected to impact vegetation as manifested by changes in vegetation extent, migration of species, tree species composition, growth rates, and mortality. The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has included discussions on how forests may be impacted, and how they may be used to mitigate the impacts of changes in climate, to possibly slow the rate of change. This book provides current scientific information on the biological and economical impacts of climate changes in forest environments, as well as information on how forest management activities might mitigate these impacts, particularly through carbon sequestration. Case studies from a wide geographic range are presented. This information is beneficial to managers and researchers interested in climate change and impacts upon forest environments and economic activities. This volume, which forms part of Springer’s book series Managing Forest Ecosystems, presents state-of-the-art research results, visions and theories, as well as specific methods for sustainable forest management in changing climatic conditions.

Managing Landscapes for Change Book

Managing Landscapes for Change

  • Author : Robert M. Scheller
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-11-27
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 111
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030620417

Managing Landscapes for Change Excerpt :

This book discusses how future landscapes will be shaped by pervasive change and where, when, and how society should manage landscapes for change. Readers will learn about the major anthropogenic drivers of landscape change, including climate change and human induced disturbance regimes, and the unique consequences that multiple and simultaneously occurring change agents can have on landscapes. The author uses landscape trajectories as a guide to selecting the appropriate course of action, and considers how landscape position, inertia, and direction will determine landscape futures. The author introduces the concept of landscapes as socio-technical-ecological systems (STES), which combines ecological and technological influences on future landscape change and the need for society to acknowledge both when considering landscape management. Thinking beyond solutions, the author identifies barriers to managing landscapes for change including the cost, cultural identity of local populations, and the fear of taking action under uncertain conditions. Nevertheless, processes, tools, and technologies exist for overcoming social and ecological barriers to managing landscapes for change, and continued investment in social and scientific infrastructure holds out hope for maintaining our landscape values even as we enter an era of unprecedented change and disruption.

Impacts of Climate Change on Tree Physiology and Responses of Forest Ecosystems Book

Impacts of Climate Change on Tree Physiology and Responses of Forest Ecosystems

  • Author : Mariangela Fotelli
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2021-12-27
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN 10 : 3036527508

Impacts of Climate Change on Tree Physiology and Responses of Forest Ecosystems Excerpt :

Extreme climatic events, such as intense and prolonged droughts and heat waves, are occurring with increasing frequency and with pronounced impacts on forests. Forest trees, as long-lived organisms, need to develop adaptation mechanisms to successfully respond to such climatic extremes. Whether physiological adaptations on the tree level result in ecophysiological responses that ensure plasticity of forest ecosystems to climate change is currently in the core forest research. Within this Special Issue, forest species' responses to climatic variability were reported from diverse climatic zones and ecosystem types: from near-desert mountains in western USA to tropical forests in central America and Asia, and from Mediterranean ecosystems to temperate European forests. The clear effects of constraints related to climate change were evidenced on the tree level, such as in differentiated gene expression, metabolite abundance, sap flow rates, photosynthetic performance, seed germination, survival and growth, while on the ecosystem level, tree line shifts, temporal shifts in allocation of resources and species shifts were identified. Experimental schemes such as common gardens and provenance trails also provided long-term indications on the tolerance of forest species against drought and warming and serve to evaluate their performance under the predicted climate in near future. These findings enhance our knowledge on the potential resilience of forest species and ecosystems to climate change and provide an updated basis for continuing research on this topic.

Climate change vulnerability assessment of forests and forest dependent people Book

Climate change vulnerability assessment of forests and forest dependent people

  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release Date : 2019-11-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 101
  • ISBN 10 : 9789251319819

Climate change vulnerability assessment of forests and forest dependent people Excerpt :

Negative impacts of climate change on forests threaten the delivery of crucial wood and non-wood goods and environmental services on which an estimated 1.6 billion people fully or partly depend. Assessment of the vulnerability of forests and forest-dependent people to climate change is a necessary first step for identifying the risks and the most vulnerable areas and people, and for developing measures for adaptation and targeting them for specific contexts. This publication provides practical technical guidance for forest vulnerability assessment in the context of climate change. It describes the elements that should be considered for different time horizons and outlines a structured approach for conducting these assessments. The framework will guide practitioners in conducting a step-by-step analysis and will facilitate the choice and use of appropriate tools and methods. Background information is provided separately in text boxes, to assist readers with differing amounts of experience in forestry, climate change and assessment practices. The publication will provide useful support to any vulnerability assessment with a forest- and tree-related component.

Forests  Carbon Cycle and Climate Change Book

Forests Carbon Cycle and Climate Change

  • Author : Denis Loustau
  • Publisher : Editions Quae
  • Release Date : 2010-03-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN 10 : 9782759203840

Forests Carbon Cycle and Climate Change Excerpt :

The results presented in this book summarize the main findings of the CARBOFOR project, which brought together 52 scientists from 14 research units to investigate the effects of future climate on the carbon cycle, the productivity and vulnerability of French forests. This book explains the current forest carbon cycle in temperate and Mediterranean climates, including the dynamics of soil carbon and the total carbon stock of French forests, based on forest inventories. It reviews and illustrates the main ground-based methods for estimating carbon stocks in tree biomass. Spatial variations in projected climate change over metropolitan France throughout the 21st century are described. The book then goes on to consider the impacts of climate change on tree phenology and forest carbon balance, evapotranspiration and production as well as their first order interaction with forest management alternatives. The impact of climate change on forest vulnerability is analysed. A similar simulation study was carried out for a range of pathogenic fungi, emphasizing the importance of both warming and precipitation changes. The consequences of climate change on the occurrence of forest fires and the forest carbon cycle in the Mediterranean zone are also considered.A valuable reference for researchers and academics, forest engineers and managers, and graduate level students in forest ecology, ecological modelling and forestry.

Climate Smart Forestry in Mountain Regions Book

Climate Smart Forestry in Mountain Regions

  • Author : Roberto Tognetti
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-12-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 574
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030807672

Climate Smart Forestry in Mountain Regions Excerpt :

This open access book offers a cross-sectoral reference for both managers and scientists interested in climate-smart forestry, focusing on mountain regions. It provides a comprehensive analysis on forest issues, facilitating the implementation of climate objectives. This book includes structured summaries of each chapter. Funded by the EU’s Horizon 2020 programme, CLIMO has brought together scientists and experts in continental and regional focus assessments through a cross-sectoral approach, facilitating the implementation of climate objectives. CLIMO has provided scientific analysis on issues including criteria and indicators, growth dynamics, management prescriptions, long-term perspectives, monitoring technologies, economic impacts, and governance tools.

Climate Change and Forests Book

Climate Change and Forests

  • Author : Charlotte Streck
  • Publisher : Brookings Institution Press
  • Release Date : 2009-10-30
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN 10 : 9780815701484

Climate Change and Forests Excerpt :

The global climate change problem has finally entered the world's consciousness. While efforts to find a solution have increased momentum, international attention has focused primarily on the industrial and energy sectors. The forest, and land-use sector, however, remains one of the most significant untapped opportunities for carbon mitigation. The expiration of the Kyoto Protocol's first commitment period in 2012 presents an opportunity for the international community to put this sector back on the agenda. In this timely, wide-ranging volume, an international team of experts explain the links between climate change and forests, highlighting the potential utility of this sector within emerging climate policy frameworks and carbon markets. After framing forestry activities within the larger context of climate-change policy, the contributors analyze the operation and efficacy of market-based mechanisms for forest conservation and climate change. Drawing on experiences from around the world, the authors present concrete recommendations for policymakers, project developers, and market participants. They discuss sequestration rights in Chile, carbon offset programs in Australia and New Zealand, and emerging policy incentives at all levels of the U.S. government. The book also explores the different voluntary schemes for carbon crediting, provides an overview of best practices in carbon accounting, and presents tools for use in future sequestration and offset programs. It concludes with consideration of various incentive options for slowing deforestation and protecting the world's remaining forests. Climate Change and Forests provides a realistic view of the role that the forest and land-use sector can play in a post-Kyoto regime. It will serve as a practical reference manual for anyone concerned about climate policy, including the negotiators working to define a robust and enduring international framework for addressing climate change.

Fire  Climate Change  and Carbon Cycling in the Boreal Forest Book

Fire Climate Change and Carbon Cycling in the Boreal Forest

  • Author : Eric S. Kasischke
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-08-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 10 : 9780387216294

Fire Climate Change and Carbon Cycling in the Boreal Forest Excerpt :

A discussion of the direct and indirect mechanisms by which fire and climate interact to influence carbon cycling in North American boreal forests. The first section summarizes the information needed to understand and manage fires' effects on the ecology of boreal forests and its influence on global climate change issues. Following chapters discuss in detail the role of fire in the ecology of boreal forests, present data sets on fire and the distribution of carbon, and treat the use of satellite imagery in monitoring these regions as well as approaches to modeling the relevant processes.

Why Forests  Why Now  Book

Why Forests Why Now

  • Author : Frances Seymour
  • Publisher : Brookings Institution Press
  • Release Date : 2016-12-27
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN 10 : 9781933286860

Why Forests Why Now Excerpt :

Tropical forests are an undervalued asset in meeting the greatest global challenges of our time—averting climate change and promoting development. Despite their importance, tropical forests and their ecosystems are being destroyed at a high and even increasing rate in most forest-rich countries. The good news is that the science, economics, and politics are aligned to support a major international effort over the next five years to reverse tropical deforestation. Why Forests? Why Now? synthesizes the latest evidence on the importance of tropical forests in a way that is accessible to anyone interested in climate change and development and to readers already familiar with the problem of deforestation. It makes the case to decisionmakers in rich countries that rewarding developing countries for protecting their forests is urgent, affordable, and achievable.

Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Tropical Forest Ecosystems Book

Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Tropical Forest Ecosystems

  • Author : Adam Markham
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 1998-07-31
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 463
  • ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105023071561

Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Tropical Forest Ecosystems Excerpt :

A collection of papers by experts in climatology, forestry, ecology, and conservation biology, providing an overview of the impact of climate change on tropical forests. Authors identify certain types of forest that may be particularly vulnerable, and show how global warming can aggravate problems in already fragmented forest areas. Subjects include relating tree physiology to past and future changes, responses of tropical trees to rainfall seasonality, and ecological implications of changes in drought patterns. Most papers were first presented at an April 1995 workshop. Reprinted from Climatic Change, vol. 39, nos. 2-3, 1998. No index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

India in a Warming World Book

India in a Warming World

  • Author : Navroz K. Dubash
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-09-17
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 612
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199098392

India in a Warming World Excerpt :

Riven with scientific uncertainty, contending interests, and competing interpretations, the problem of climate change poses an existential challenge. For India, such a challenge is compounded by the immediate concerns of eradicating poverty and accelerating development. Moreover, India has played a relatively limited role thus far in causing the problem. Despite these complicating factors, India has to engage this challenge because a pathway to development innocent of climate change is no longer possible. The volume seeks to encourage public debate on climate change as part of India’s larger development discourse. This volume brings together leading researchers and practitioners—negotiators, activists, and policymakers—to lay out the emergent debate on climate change in India. Through these chapters, the contributors hope to deepen clarity both on why India should engage with climate change and how it can best do so, even while appreciating and representing the challenges inherent in doing so.

Canada   s Top Climate Change Risks Book

Canada s Top Climate Change Risks

  • Author : The Expert Panel on Climate Change Risks and Adaptation Potential
  • Publisher : Council of Canadian Academies
  • Release Date : 2019-07-04
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 88
  • ISBN 10 : 9781926522678

Canada s Top Climate Change Risks Excerpt :

Canada’s Top Climate Change Risks identifies the top risk areas based on the extent and likelihood of the potential damage, and rates the risk areas according to society’s ability to adapt and reduce negative outcomes. These 12 major areas of risk are: agriculture and food, coastal communities, ecosystems, fisheries, forestry, geopolitical dynamics, governance and capacity, human health and wellness, Indigenous ways of life, northern communities, physical infrastructure, and water. The report describes an approach to inform federal risk prioritization and adaptation responses. The Panel outlines a multi-layered method of prioritizing adaptation measures based on an understanding of the risk, adaptation potential, and federal roles and responsibilities.