Electrochemistry in Light Water Reactors Book

Electrochemistry in Light Water Reactors


  • Author : R-W Bosch
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2007-04-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845693022

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Electrochemistry in Light Water Reactors Excerpt :

There has long been a need for effective methods of measuring corrosion within light water nuclear reactors. This important volume discusses key issues surrounding the development of high temperature reference electrodes and other electrochemical techniques. The book is divided into three parts with part one reviewing the latest developments in the use of reference electrode technology in both pressurised water and boiling water reactors. Parts two and three cover different types of corrosion and tribocorrosion and ways they can be measured using such techniques as electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Topics covered across the book include in-pile testing, modelling techniques and the tribocorrosion behaviour of stainless steel under reactor conditions. Electrochemistry in light water reactors is a valuable reference for all those concerned with corrosion problems in this key technology for the power industry. Discusses key issues surrounding the development of high temperature reference eletrodes A valuable reference for all concerned with corrosion problems in this key technology

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy and its Applications Book

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy and its Applications


  • Author : Andrzej Lasia
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-06-17
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 367
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461489337

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Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy and its Applications Excerpt :

This book presents a complete overview of the powerful but often misused technique of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). The book presents a systematic and complete overview of EIS. The book carefully describes EIS and its application in studies of electrocatalytic reactions and other electrochemical processes of practical interest. This book is directed towards graduate students and researchers in Electrochemistry. Concepts are illustrated through detailed graphics and numerous examples. The book also includes practice problems. Additional materials and solutions are available online.

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Nickel Based Alloys in Water cooled Nuclear Reactors Book

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Nickel Based Alloys in Water cooled Nuclear Reactors


  • Author : Damien Feron
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-01-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081000625

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Stress Corrosion Cracking of Nickel Based Alloys in Water cooled Nuclear Reactors Excerpt :

Stress Corrosion Cracking of Nickel Based Alloys in Water-Cooled Nuclear Reactors: The Coriou Effect presents the latest information on brittle failure of metals in corrosive chemical environments under the influence of tensile stresses. Nickel alloys are more resistant to SCC as well as high temperatures and have been widely used in more challenging environments such as nuclear power plants. However, these alloys can suffer SCC under certain conditions, resulting in component failure. A key figure in understanding the mechanisms of SCC in nickel alloys in water-cooled nuclear reactors is Henri Coriou of the CEA, France’s leading center for nuclear research. This book assesses his work in the context of the latest research on SCC in nickel alloys in nuclear power plants. Up-to-date reviews of recent research findings from leading experts in the field Authoritative and comprehensively reviewed by the Working Party 4 on Nuclear Corrosion Showcases the excellent quality and technical accomplishments of Henri Coriou and CEA

Inter Laboratory Study on Electrochemical Methods for the Characterization of Cocrmo Biomedical Alloys in Simulated Body Fluids Book

Inter Laboratory Study on Electrochemical Methods for the Characterization of Cocrmo Biomedical Alloys in Simulated Body Fluids


  • Author : Igual A. Munoz
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-11-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 127
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000150315

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Inter Laboratory Study on Electrochemical Methods for the Characterization of Cocrmo Biomedical Alloys in Simulated Body Fluids Excerpt :

This special issue of Corrosion Engineering Science and Technology is dedicated to the study of corrosion of objects from historical sites. The issue contains contributions from the 2009 EUROCORR session on Corrosion of Archaeological and Heritage Artefacts organised by the European Federation of Corrosion's working party and commissioned articles on other key issues. The objective is to give the reader a broad understanding of corrosion of ancient materials, for the most part metal but also glass. Articles shed light on a range of analytical approaches related to the study of the complex systems that make up historical artifacts. In order to arrive at an understanding of the nanometric organisation of rust layers and interphases, such studies must be approached on a macroscopic scale. Techniques used include; macrophotography, synchrotron radiation and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) that ensure results that are both exhaustive and representative of particular observations. This issue demonstrates the wealth of approaches possible in the study of the corrosion of ancient materials.

Corrosion Monitoring in Nuclear Systems EFC 56 Book

Corrosion Monitoring in Nuclear Systems EFC 56


  • Author : Stefan Ritter
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-09-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351457736

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Corrosion Monitoring in Nuclear Systems EFC 56 Excerpt :

Corrosion remains one of the key issues affecting the performance and availability of nuclear power plants. Therefore, reliable in-plant corrosion monitoring methods are essential both for the future operation of existing plants and to ensure the safety of future nuclear waste disposal systems. In two parts, this book was stimulated by a workshop organised by EFC Working Party 4 on Nuclear Corrosion and the European Cooperative Group on Corrosion Monitoring of Nuclear Materials (EGC-COMON). The first part deals mainly with research into the detection of stress corrosion crack initiation in nuclear power plant environments (essentially high temperature water at around 300 °C) by various methods, particularly the electrochemical noise technique but also including the electrochemical impedance, acoustic emission and direct current potential drop methods. The second part addresses the goal to develop in-situ techniques and includes examples of the application of electrochemical corrosion potential monitoring. This book will be of particular interest to scientists and engineers concerned with the mitigation of corrosion in nuclear systems.

Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering Book

Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering


  • Author : Damien FERON
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-02-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1072
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857095343

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Nuclear Corrosion Science and Engineering Excerpt :

Corrosion of nuclear materials, i.e. the interaction between these materials and their environments, is a major issue for plant safety as well as for operation and economic competitiveness. Understanding these corrosion mechanisms, the systems and materials they affect, and the methods to accurately measure their incidence is of critical importance to the nuclear industry. Combining assessment techniques and analytical models into this understanding allows operators to predict the service life of corrosion-affected nuclear plant materials, and to apply the most appropriate maintenance and mitigation options to ensure safe long term operation. This book critically reviews the fundamental corrosion mechanisms that affect nuclear power plants and facilities. Initial sections introduce the complex field of nuclear corrosion science, with detailed chapters on the different types of both aqueous and non aqueous corrosion mechanisms and the nuclear materials susceptible to attack from them. This is complemented by reviews of monitoring and control methodologies, as well as modelling and lifetime prediction approaches. Given that corrosion is an applied science, the final sections review corrosion issues across the range of current and next-generation nuclear reactors, and across such nuclear applications as fuel reprocessing facilities, radioactive waste storage and geological disposal systems. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Nuclear corrosion science and engineering is an invaluable reference for nuclear metallurgists, materials scientists and engineers, as well as nuclear facility operators, regulators and consultants, and researchers and academics in this field. Comprehensively reviews the fundamental corrosion mechanisms that affect nuclear power plants and facilities Chapters assess different types of both aqueous and non aqueous corrosion mechanisms and the nuclear materials susceptible to attack from them Considers monito

Interfacial Electrochemistry and Chemistry in High Temperature Media Book

Interfacial Electrochemistry and Chemistry in High Temperature Media


  • Author : S. N. Lvov
  • Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
  • Release Date : 2008-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 209
  • ISBN 10 : 9781566776400

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Interfacial Electrochemistry and Chemistry in High Temperature Media Excerpt :

The papers included in this issue of ECS Transactions were originally presented in the symposium ¿Interfacial Electrochemistry and Chemistry in High Temperature Media¿, held during the 212th meeting of The Electrochemical Society, in Washington, DC, from October 7 to 12, 2007.

Nuclear Corrosion Book

Nuclear Corrosion


  • Author : Stefan Ritter
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-08-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128237205

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Nuclear Corrosion Excerpt :

Nuclear Corrosion: Research, Progress and Challenges, part of the “Green Book series of the EFC, builds upon the foundations of the very first book published in this series in 1989 (“Number 1 - Corrosion in the Nuclear Industry ). This newest volume provides an overview on state-of-the-art research in some of the most important areas of nuclear corrosion. Chapters covered include aging phenomena in light water reactors, reprocessing plants, nuclear waste disposal, and supercritical water and liquid metal systems. This book will be a vital resource for both researchers and engineers working within the nuclear field in both academic and industrial environments. Discusses industry related aspects of materials in nuclear power generation and how these materials react with the environment Provides comprehensive coverage of the topic as written by noted experts in the field Includes coverage of nuclear waste corrosion

Corrosion Under Insulation  CUI  Guidelines Book

Corrosion Under Insulation CUI Guidelines


  • Author : S Winnik
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2015-11-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 162
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081007396

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Corrosion Under Insulation CUI Guidelines Excerpt :

Corrosion-under-insulation (CUI) refers to the external corrosion of piping and vessels that occurs underneath externally clad/jacketed insulation as a result of the penetration of water. By its very nature CUI tends to remain undetected until the insulation and cladding/jacketing is removed to allow inspection or when leaks occur. CUI is a common problem shared by the refining, petrochemical, power, industrial, onshore and offshore industries. In the first edition of this book published in 2008, the EFC Working Parties WP13 and WP15 engaged together to provide guidelines on managing CUI with contributions from a number of European refining, petrochemical and offshore companies. The guidelines are intended for use on all plants and installation that contain insulated vessels, piping and equipment. The guidelines cover a risk-based inspection methodology for CUI, inspection techniques and recommended best practice for mitigating CUI, including design of plant and equipment, coatings and the use of thermal spray techniques, types of insulation, cladding/jacketing materials and protection guards. The guidelines also include case studies. The original document first published in 2008 was very successful and provided an important resource in the continuing battle to mitigate CUI. Many members of the EFC corrosion community requested an update and this has taken between 18-24 months to do so. Hopefully this revised document will continue to serve the community providing a practical source of information on how to monitor and manage insulated systems. Revised and fully updated technical guidance on managing CUI provided by EFC Working Parties WP13 and WP 15 Contributions from a number of European refining, petrochemical and offshore companies Extensive appendices that provide additional practical guidance on the implementation of corrosion-under-insulation best practice, collected practical expertise and case studies

Mechanical and Electro chemical Interactions under Tribocorrosion Book

Mechanical and Electro chemical Interactions under Tribocorrosion


  • Author : Pierre Ponthiaux
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2021-08-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 278
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128237663

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Mechanical and Electro chemical Interactions under Tribocorrosion Excerpt :

Mechanical and Electro-chemical Interactions under Tribocorrosion: From Measurements to Modelling for Building a Relevant Monitoring Approach looks at progress in the field of tribocorrosion. The work is a result of the efforts of the European tribocorrosion community gathered under the auspices of the European Corrosion Federation (EFC) within WP18 Tribocorrosion. In addition to the handbook, Testing Tribocorrosion of Passivating Materials Supporting Research and industrial Innovation published in 2012, this release describes the latest scientific approaches recognized and validated experimentally to address tribocorrosion. Sections look at the phenomena of coupling through an understanding of the associated mechanisms and how to identify variables. Final sections cover strategies to control and/or extend the life of structures in a multi-process coupling situation and an in-depth description of the current state-of-the-art on modeling approaches of tribocorrosion. Reviews the multidisciplinary basics of tribocorrosion Includes insights into novel experimental approaches Provides insights into advanced modeling techniques of tribocorrosion Looks at the implication of results in the development of the monitoring of tribocorrosion

Corrosion in Amine Treating Units Book

Corrosion in Amine Treating Units


  • Author : Johan van Roij
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2021-11-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323915502

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Corrosion in Amine Treating Units Excerpt :

Corrosion in Amine Treating Units, Second Edition presents a fully updated resource with a broadened focus that includes corrosion in not only refining operations, but also in oil and gas production. New sections have been added on inhibition, corrosion modeling and metallic coatings. More detailed descriptions of the degradation mechanisms and Integrity Operating Windows (IOW) are now included, as is more in-depth information on guidelines for what sections and locations are most vulnerable to corrosion and how to control corrosion in amine units e.g., using corrosion Loop descriptions and providing indicative integrity operating windows for operation to achieve a suitable life expectance. Provides new insights on the degradation mechanisms occurring in amine treating units and the locations within the unit where they occur Discusses how to mitigate and control corrosion in amine units Provides guidance for setting up corrosion control documents and inspection and maintenance plans for amine treating units

Sulphur Assisted Corrosion in Nuclear Disposal Systems Book

Sulphur Assisted Corrosion in Nuclear Disposal Systems


  • Author : Damien Féron
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-11-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 174
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000107111

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Sulphur Assisted Corrosion in Nuclear Disposal Systems Excerpt :

In the different disposal concepts for high-level nuclear waste, corrosion of the metallic barriers and in particular the overpack/container is a major issue. It is imperative for performance assessment to predict the lifetime of these containers. In the lifetime prediction of metallic barriers for the disposal of high level nuclear waste (HLW) or of spent fuel, the presence of (reduced) sulphur species is an issue of growing importance, as the sulphur species are involved in localised corrosion phenomena. The international workshop on Sulphur-Assisted Corrosion in Nuclear Waste Disposal Systems (SACNUC2008) aimed to provide an exchange of information on the influence of sulphur species on the corrosion of metallic barriers. This workshop was a co-organisation of the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, SCK*CEN, and the Belgian Agency for the Management of Radioactive Waste and Enriched Fissile Materials, ONDRAF/NIRAS, under the auspices of the European Federation of Corrosion (EFC event N 311). The proceedings are divided into five chapters: Chapter 1 provides a general overview of the disposal concepts of nuclear waste and the role of corrosion. Chapter 2 explains the mechanism of sulphur-induced corrosion processes. This chapter also contains information from outside the nuclear disposal field in which sulphur is known to act as a detrimental factor (e.g. oil and gas industry). Chapter 3 addresses the role of microbial processes in sulphur-assisted corrosion. Chapter 4 covers the modelling of sulphide-assisted corrosion. Chapter 5 is devoted to a panel discussion aiming to identify open issues in the investigation of sulphur-assisted corrosion phenomena and how to incorporate these in robust lifetime prediction of metallic barriers.

Corrosion Under Insulation  CUI  Guidelines Book

Corrosion Under Insulation CUI Guidelines


  • Author : Gino De Landtsheer
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-08-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 180
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128233368

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Corrosion Under Insulation CUI Guidelines Excerpt :

Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI) Guidelines: Technical Guide for Managing CUI, Third Edition, Volume 55 builds upon the success of the first two editions to provide a fully up-to-date, practical source of information on how to monitor and manage insulated systems. In the first edition of this book published in 2008, the EFC Working Parties WP13 and WP15 engaged together to provide guidelines on managing CUI with contributions from a number of European refining, petrochemical, and offshore companies. The guidelines were intended for use on all plants and installations that contain insulated vessels, piping, and equipment, and cover a risk-based inspection methodology for CUI, inspection techniques, and recommended best practices for mitigating CUI. The guidelines include design of plant and equipment, coatings and the use of thermal spray techniques, types of insulation, cladding/jacketing materials, and protection guards. Corrosion-under-insulation (CUI) refers to the external corrosion of piping and vessels that occurs underneath externally clad/jacketed insulation as a result of the penetration of water. By its very nature CUI tends to remain undetected until the insulation and cladding/jacketing is removed to allow inspection, or when leaks occur. CUI is a common problem shared by the refining, petrochemical, power, industrial, onshore and offshore industries. Provides revised and updated technical guidance on managing CUI provided by EFC Working Parties 13 and 15 Discusses the standard approach to risk based inspection methodology Presents the argument that CUI is everywhere, and looks at mitigating actions that can be started from the onset Includes a wide array of concepts of corrosion mitigation

Testing Tribocorrosion of Passivating Materials Supporting Research and Industrial Innovation Book

Testing Tribocorrosion of Passivating Materials Supporting Research and Industrial Innovation


  • Author : Jean-Pierre Celis
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-07-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351546942

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Testing Tribocorrosion of Passivating Materials Supporting Research and Industrial Innovation Excerpt :

This first edition of Testing Tribocorrosion of Passivating Materials Supporting Research and Industrial Innovation: A Handbook treats in a clear, concise, and practical manner an important material degradation and protection matter. It is designed as a handbook and provides a well structured approach of the basics needed to investigate the tribocorrosion behavior of passivating materials, and to conduct in a correct way a laboratory investigation on it. It provides answers on practical and theoretical approaches of tribocorrosion phenomena to engineers and medical persons involved with material assemblies subjected to aggressive environmental and mechanical conditions. For academic researchers it is a pertinent tool assisting them in how they can perform a tribocorrosion investigation and obtain results that are correctly interpreted and can be exchanged. Different parts of the book are illustrated with practical examples. This handbook is truly an indispensable guide for every professional who comes into contact with the complex material degradation and protection processes that take place under combined corrosion and wear conditions. Fields of interest include: transportation (aeronautics, maritime, rail, automotive), medical implants (orthopaedics, dentistry), biochemistry, food production, energy production, and machining. The coordination of this handbook writing was done by Professor Jean-Pierre Celis (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium) and Professor Pierre Ponthiaux (Ecole Centrale Paris, France) assisted by twelve European experts who contributed jointly to the nine chapters of this handbook. Main topics dealt with are tribocorrosion phenomena in medical and industrial sectors, depassivation and repassivation phenomena, impact on synergism in tribocorrosion, specific testing techniques, coupling tribology-to-corrosion, design of a testing protocol, and normalisation.

Corrosion Performance of Metals for the Marine Environment EFC 63 Book

Corrosion Performance of Metals for the Marine Environment EFC 63


  • Author : Roger Francis
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-05-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 108
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000053982

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Corrosion Performance of Metals for the Marine Environment EFC 63 Excerpt :

Engineers with an interest in the marine environment can take advantage of many years of accumulated corrosion experience in a quick and concise manner with this publication. It covers the corrosion behavior in sea water of steel, stainless steel and cast iron as well as alloys of copper, aluminum, nickel and titanium. Applications, commonly-used alloy compositions and mechanical properties are also covered for each alloy system, plus a special section is devoted to galvanic corrosion and its avoidance.