Environmental Epigenetics in Toxicology and Public Health Book

Environmental Epigenetics in Toxicology and Public Health


  • Author : Rebecca Fry
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-11-04
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128199688

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Environmental Epigenetics in Toxicology and Public Health Excerpt :

Environmental Epigenetics in Toxicology and Public Health provides in-depth discussions of the suite of complex environmental factors shown to impact epigenetic components within the cell, as well as evidence that these epigenetic modifications are tied to early and later life health effects. This book offers a translational research perspective, highlighting both in vivo and human population-based evidence for ties between the environment, the epigenome, and health outcomes, with an emphasis on evidence for transgenerational effects of exposures, as well as developmental windows of susceptibility to environmentally-linked epigenetic effects. This volume in the Translational Epigenetics series aides in the development of new therapeutic options meant to reverse inappropriate epigenetic alterations, helping researchers in their efforts prevent and treat a variety of chronic diseases tied to environmental exposures. Offers a thorough discussion of the environmental factors influencing epigenetic mechanisms in early and late life, and in transgenerational inheritance Examines both animal model and human population-based research in environmental epigenetics, highlighting developmental windows of vulnerability to epigenetic modification Features contributions from international experts in the field

Environmental Epigenetics Book

Environmental Epigenetics


  • Author : L. Joseph Su
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-05-18
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 321
  • ISBN 10 : 9781447166788

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Environmental Epigenetics Excerpt :

This book examines the toxicological and health implications of environmental epigenetics and provides knowledge through an interdisciplinary approach. Included in this volume are chapters outlining various environmental risk factors such as phthalates and dietary components, life states such as pregnancy and ageing, hormonal and metabolic considerations and specific disease risks such as cancer cardiovascular diseases and other non-communicable diseases. Environmental Epigenetics imparts integrative knowledge of the science of epigenetics and the issues raised in environmental epidemiology. This book is intended to serve both as a reference compendium on environmental epigenetics for scientists in academia, industry and laboratories and as a textbook for graduate level environmental health courses. Environmental Epigenetics imparts integrative knowledge of the science of epigenetics and the issues raised in environmental epidemiology. This book is intended to serve both as a reference compendium on environmental epigenetics for scientists in academia, industry and laboratories and as a textbook for graduate level environmental health courses.

Environmental Epigenetics in Toxicology and Public Health Book

Environmental Epigenetics in Toxicology and Public Health


  • Author : Rebecca Fry
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-10-18
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 364
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128199695

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Environmental Epigenetics in Toxicology and Public Health Excerpt :

Environmental Epigenetics in Toxicology and Public Health provides in-depth discussions of the suite of complex environmental factors shown to impact epigenetic components within the cell, as well as evidence that these epigenetic modifications are tied to early and later life health effects. This book offers a translational research perspective, highlighting both in vivo and human population-based evidence for ties between the environment, the epigenome, and health outcomes, with an emphasis on evidence for transgenerational effects of exposures, as well as developmental windows of susceptibility to environmentally-linked epigenetic effects. This volume in the Translational Epigenetics series aides in the development of new therapeutic options meant to reverse inappropriate epigenetic alterations, helping researchers in their efforts prevent and treat a variety of chronic diseases tied to environmental exposures. Offers a thorough discussion of the environmental factors influencing epigenetic mechanisms in early and late life, and in transgenerational inheritance Examines both animal model and human population-based research in environmental epigenetics, highlighting developmental windows of vulnerability to epigenetic modification Features contributions from international experts in the field

Toxicoepigenetics Book

Toxicoepigenetics


  • Author : Shaun D. McCullough
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-11-02
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128124345

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Toxicoepigenetics Excerpt :

Toxicoepigenetics: Core Principles and Applications examines the core aspects of epigenetics, including chromatin biology, DNA methylation, and non-coding RNA, as well as fundamental techniques and considerations for studying each of these mechanisms of epigenetic regulation. Although its integration into the field of toxicology is in its infancy, epigenetics have taken center stage in the study of diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and neurodegeneration. Increasing the presence of epigenetics in toxicological research allows for a more in-depth understanding of important aspects of toxicology such as the role of the environment and lifestyle influencing the individual susceptibility to these effects and the trans-generational transmission of these health effects and susceptibilities. Methods chapters are included to help improve efficacy and efficiency of protocols in both the laboratory and the classroom. Toxicoepigenetics: Core Principles and Applications is an essential book for researchers and academics using epigenetics in toxicology research and study. Introduces the fundamental principles and practices for understanding the role of the epigenome in toxicology Presents the foundation of epigenetics for toxicologists with a broad range of backgrounds Discusses the incorporation of epigenetics and epigenomics into current toxicological studies and interpretation of epigenetic data in toxicological applications

Environmental Epigenetics Book

Environmental Epigenetics


  • Author : L. Joseph Su
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-10-09
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 321
  • ISBN 10 : 1447172582

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Environmental Epigenetics Excerpt :

This book examines the toxicological and health implications of environmental epigenetics and provides knowledge through an interdisciplinary approach. Included in this volume are chapters outlining various environmental risk factors such as phthalates and dietary components, life states such as pregnancy and ageing, hormonal and metabolic considerations and specific disease risks such as cancer cardiovascular diseases and other non-communicable diseases. Environmental Epigenetics imparts integrative knowledge of the science of epigenetics and the issues raised in environmental epidemiology. This book is intended to serve both as a reference compendium on environmental epigenetics for scientists in academia, industry and laboratories and as a textbook for graduate level environmental health courses. Environmental Epigenetics imparts integrative knowledge of the science of epigenetics and the issues raised in environmental epidemiology. This book is intended to serve both as a reference compendium on environmental epigenetics for scientists in academia, industry and laboratories and as a textbook for graduate level environmental health courses.

The Epigenome and Developmental Origins of Health and Disease Book

The Epigenome and Developmental Origins of Health and Disease


  • Author : Cheryl S Rosenfeld
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-10-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128016725

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The Epigenome and Developmental Origins of Health and Disease Excerpt :

The Epigenome and Developmental Origins of Health and Disease synthesizes the existing knowledge on how the in utero environment could be the most important environment in shaping later risk for various diseases or to conversely promote the health of the offspring. The book mines the existing literature from a variety of disciplines from toxicology to nutrition to epigenetics to reveal how contrasting maternal in utero environmental changes might be leading to epigenetic convergence and the resulting deleterious phenotypic and physiological effects in our offspring. It is increasingly becoming apparent that even subtle changes in the mother’s diet, stress, and exposure to low concentrations of toxic chemicals at levels deemed safe by the EPA and FDA, such as endocrine disrupting compounds (EDC), can dramatically impact the health of our children, possibly leading to metabolic, cardiovascular, immunological, neurobehavioral disorders, and increased risk for cancer to list but a few examples. Informs how everyday choices pregnant women make can impact child development Ties together how in utero environmental changes may be inducing epigenetic changes in the offspring leading to overlapping phenotypes regardless of the initial insult (toxic, nutrition, or stress) Includes a boxed-in area in each chapter for further references and resources to keep up with the field Features video interviews with the authors and other key leaders in the field

Systems Biology in Toxicology and Environmental Health Book

Systems Biology in Toxicology and Environmental Health


  • Author : Rebecca Fry
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-06-11
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 284
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128015681

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Systems Biology in Toxicology and Environmental Health Excerpt :

Systems Biology in Toxicology and Environmental Health uses a systems biological perspective to detail the most recent findings that link environmental exposures to human disease, providing an overview of molecular pathways that are essential for cellular survival after exposure to environmental toxicants, recent findings on gene-environment interactions influencing environmental agent-induced diseases, and the development of computational methods to predict susceptibility to environmental agents. Introductory chapters on molecular and cellular biology, toxicology and computational biology are included as well as an assessment of systems-based tools used to evaluate environmental health risks. Further topics include research on environmental toxicants relevant to human health and disease, various high-throughput technologies and computational methods, along with descriptions of the biological pathways associated with disease and the developmental origins of disease as they relate to environmental contaminants. Systems Biology in Toxicology and Environmental Health is an essential reference for undergraduate students, graduate students, and researchers looking for an introduction in the use of systems biology approaches to assess environmental exposures and their impacts on human health. Provides the first reference of its kind, demonstrating the application of systems biology in environmental health and toxicology Includes introductions to the diverse fields of molecular and cellular biology, toxicology, and computational biology Presents a foundation that helps users understand the connections between the environment and health effects, and the biological mechanisms that link them

The Exposome Book

The Exposome


  • Author : Gary W Miller
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-11-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 118
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124172180

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The Exposome Excerpt :

The Exposome: A Primer is the first book dedicated to exposomics, detailing the purpose and scope of this emerging field of study, its practical applications and how it complements a broad range of disciplines. Genetic causes account for up to a third of all complex diseases. (As genomic approaches improve, this is likely to rise.) Environmental factors also influence human disease but, unlike with genetics, there is no standard or systematic way to measure the influence of environmental exposures. The exposome is an emerging concept that hopes to address this, measuring the effects of life-long environmental exposures on health and how these exposures can influence disease. This systematic introduction considers topics of managing and integrating exposome data (including maps, models, computation, and systems biology), "-omics"-based technologies, and more. Both students and scientists in disciplines including toxicology, environmental health, epidemiology, and public health will benefit from this rigorous yet readable overview.

Epigenetic Toxicology Book

Epigenetic Toxicology


  • Author : Shaun D. McCullough
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-11-15
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN 10 : 0128124334

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Epigenetic Toxicology Excerpt :

Epigenetic Toxicology: Core Principles and Applications examines epigenetics, including chromatin biology, DNA methylation and non-coding RNA, along with fundamental techniques and considerations for studying each of these mechanisms of epigenetic regulation. Epigenetics have taken center stage in the study of diseases, such as cancer, diabetes and neurodegeneration. However, the integration of epigenetics in the field of toxicology is still in its infancy. This book presents unified, practical and easy to follow protocols to help improve their effectiveness and efficiency. In addition, it includes online protocols (as PDFs) to help increase practical applicability and facilitate incorporation of epigenetics into toxicology research programs. It is an essential book for advanced students and researchers using epigenetics in toxicology research and study. Presents toxicologists with a broad range of backgrounds with the fundamental principles of epigenetics Discusses the incorporation of epigenetics and epigenomics into current toxicological studies Includes basic protocols covering most epigenetic endpoints

Epigenetics of Aging Book

Epigenetics of Aging


  • Author : Trygve O. Tollefsbol
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2009-11-11
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 469
  • ISBN 10 : 9781441906397

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Epigenetics of Aging Excerpt :

Recent studies have indicated that epigenetic processes may play a major role in both cellular and organismal aging. These epigenetic processes include not only DNA methylation and histone modifications, but also extend to many other epigenetic mediators such as the polycomb group proteins, chromosomal position effects, and noncoding RNA. The topics of this book range from fundamental changes in DNA methylation in aging to the most recent research on intervention into epigenetic modifications to modulate the aging process. The major topics of epigenetics and aging covered in this book are: 1) DNA methylation and histone modifications in aging; 2) Other epigenetic processes and aging; 3) Impact of epigenetics on aging; 4) Epigenetics of age-related diseases; 5) Epigenetic interventions and aging: and 6) Future directions in epigenetic aging research. The most studied of epigenetic processes, DNA methylation, has been associated with cellular aging and aging of organisms for many years. It is now apparent that both global and gene-specific alterations occur not only in DNA methylation during aging, but also in several histone alterations. Many epigenetic alterations can have an impact on aging processes such as stem cell aging, control of telomerase, modifications of telomeres, and epigenetic drift can impact the aging process as evident in the recent studies of aging monozygotic twins. Numerous age-related diseases are affected by epigenetic mechanisms. For example, recent studies have shown that DNA methylation is altered in Alzheimer’s disease and autoimmunity. Other prevalent diseases that have been associated with age-related epigenetic changes include cancer and diabetes. Paternal age and epigenetic changes appear to have an effect on schizophrenia and epigenetic silencing has been associated with several of the progeroid syndromes of premature aging. Moreover, the impact of dietary or drug intervention into epigenetic processes as they affect normal aging or

Toxicology and Epigenetics Book

Toxicology and Epigenetics


  • Author : Saura C. Sahu
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2012-08-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 688
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118349069

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Toxicology and Epigenetics Excerpt :

Epigenetics is the study of both heritable and non-heritablechanges in the regulation of gene activity and expression thatoccur without an alteration in the DNA sequence. Thisdynamic and rapidly developing discipline is making its impactacross the biomedical sciences, in particular in toxicology whereepigenetic differences can mean that different individuals responddifferently to the same drug or chemical. Toxicology and Epigenetics reflects the multidimensionalcharacter of this emerging area of toxicology, describingcutting-edge molecular technologies to unravel epigenetic changes,the use of in vivo and in vitro models, as well asthe potential use of toxicological epigenetics in regulatoryenvironments. An international team of experts consider theinterplay between epigenetics and toxicology in a number of areas,including environmental, nutritional, pharmacological, andcomputational toxicology, nanomaterials, proteomics andmetabolomics, and cancer research. Topics covered include: environment, epigenetics and diseases DNA methylation and toxicogenomics chromatin at the intersection of disease and therapy epigenomic actions of environmental arsenicals environment, epigenetics and cardiovascular health toxicology, epigenetics and autoimmunity ocular epigenomics: potential sites of environmental impact indevelopment and disease nuclear RNA silencing and related phenomena in animals epigenomics – impact for drug safety sciences methods of global epigenomic profiling transcriptomics: applications in epigenetic toxicology Toxicology and Epigenetics is an essential insight intothe current trends and future directions of research in thisrapidly expanding field for investigators, toxicologists, riskassessors and regulators in academia, industry and government.

Epigenetics of Stress and Stress Disorders Book

Epigenetics of Stress and Stress Disorders


  • Author : Nagy Youssef
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2022-02-25
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128230626

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Epigenetics of Stress and Stress Disorders Excerpt :

Epigenetics of Stress and Stress Disorders, Volume 31 in the Translational Epigenetics series, examines the epigenetic mechanisms involved in modifying DNA or gene expression following prolonged stress and/or trauma. Sections introduce both genetic and psychiatric foundations, including modes of epigenetic modification and gene expression that result from stress, as well as the medical knowledge required to understand stress related disorders and resilience. From here, chapters discuss epigenetic research techniques applied in recent studies, including epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) of PTSD and resilience, the possible effects of prolonged stress on telomere shortening, and the long-term physical effects of PSTD. The book concludes by examining the possible effects of transgenerational stress-induced epigenetic alterations on the resilience of future offspring, the potential for epigenetic therapeutics, and public health implications. Examines the epigenetics of stress, trauma and related stress disorders Includes methods (e.g. EWAS), protocols and directions for further studies Connects new research to clinical practice and highlights implications for patient care, drug discovery and public health

Molecular  Clinical and Environmental Toxicology Book

Molecular Clinical and Environmental Toxicology


  • Author : Andreas Luch
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-06-07
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 574
  • ISBN 10 : 9783764383404

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Molecular Clinical and Environmental Toxicology Excerpt :

Environmental Toxicology is the third volume of a three-volume set on molecular, clinical and environmental toxicology that offers a comprehensive and in-depth response to the increasing importance and abundance of chemicals of daily life. By providing intriguing insights far down to the molecular level, this three-volume work covers the entire range of modern toxicology with special emphasis on recent developments and achievements. It is written for students and professionals in medicine, science, public health or engineering who are demanding reliable information on toxic or potentially harmful agents and their adverse effects on the human body.

Developmental Human Behavioral Epigenetics Book

Developmental Human Behavioral Epigenetics


  • Author : Livio Provenzi
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-11-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 188
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128192634

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Developmental Human Behavioral Epigenetics Excerpt :

Developmental Human Behavioral Epigenetics: Principles, Methods, Evidence, and Future Directions, Volume 23, a new volume in the Translational Epigenetics series, offers the first systematic account of theoretical G79 frameworks, methodological approaches, findings, and future directions in the field of human behavioral epigenetics. Featuring contributions from leading scientists and international researchers, this book provides a comprehensive overview of human behavioral epigenetics, with a close examination of evidence gathered to-date from animal models, challenges of human-based research and clinical translation, pathways towards drug discovery, and next steps in research. Areas of focus include prenatal stress exposures, preterm behavioral epigenetics, intergenerational exposures, trauma and neglect, socio-economic conditions, maternal caregiving and attachment, study design, and epigenetics and psychotherapy. Enables more effective study design and methods application in behavioral epigenetics research across human and animal models Examines findings in human behavioral epigenetics to-date Features contributions from leading international researchers in behavioral epigenetics

Epigenetics of Exercise and Sports Book

Epigenetics of Exercise and Sports


  • Author : Stuart Raleigh
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-07-13
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128209370

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Epigenetics of Exercise and Sports Excerpt :

Epigenetics of Exercise and Sports: Concepts, Methods, and Current Research explains fundamental epigenetic processes and how these are altered by exercise and sports. After a brief review of fundamental epigenetic biology, this all-new volume in the Translational Epigenetics series offers step-by-step instruction in how epigenetic factors are investigated for their influence over exercise related traits of human physiology, disease, and injury. The current state of knowledge in the field and recent findings are discussed in-depth, illuminating how exercise and sports performance may epigenetically modify our physiology, disease and injury risks, and how this knowledge can be applied in personalized exercise approaches, diagnostics, and treatment. This book also explores the shortcomings of explaining exercise related phenomena using only genomics and traditional biochemical techniques, setting the scene for a paradigm shift in exercise biology. In addition, over a dozen international specialists contribute chapters on exercise and sports epigenetics, and their influence over metabolism, obesity, aging, immunity, and neurological disease, as well as the epigenetic impacts of concussions and sports doping. A concluding chapter discusses ongoing themes in the field and outlooks for future research. Thoroughly examines fundamental concepts in exercise and sports epigenetics, methods for new research, and known impacts for human physiology, disease, and clinical outcomes Discusses exercise and sports epigenetics in relation to metabolism, obesity, aging, immunity, and neurological disease, concussion, and sports doping, among other topics Includes preliminary information on exercise epigenetics and covid-19 infection Features chapter contributions from international experts in the field