Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis and Carbon Dioxide Emissions Book

Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis and Carbon Dioxide Emissions


  • Author : Katsuhisa Uchiyama
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-05-13
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 63
  • ISBN 10 : 9784431559214

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Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis and Carbon Dioxide Emissions Excerpt :

This book investigates the relationship between environmental degradation and income, focusing on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from around the world, to explore the possibility of sustainable development under global warming. Although many researchers have tackled this problem by estimating the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC), unlike the approach to sulfur dioxide emissions, there seems to be little consensus about whether EKC is formed with regard to CO2 emissions. Thus, EKC is one of the most controversial issues in the field of environmental economics. This book contributes three points with academic rigor. First, an unbalanced panel dataset containing over 150 countries with the latest CO2 emission data between 1960 and 2010 is constructed. Second, based on this dataset, the CO2 emission–income relationship is analyzed using strict econometric methods such as the dynamic panel model. Third, as it is often pointed out that some factors other than income affect CO2 emission, several variables were added to the estimation model to examine the effects of changes of industrial structure, energy composition, and overseas trade on CO2 emission.

Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis and Carbon Dioxide Emissions Book

Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis and Carbon Dioxide Emissions


  • Author : Katsuhisa Uchiyama
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-05-23
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 63
  • ISBN 10 : 4431559191

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Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis and Carbon Dioxide Emissions Excerpt :

This book investigates the relationship between environmental degradation and income, focusing on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from around the world, to explore the possibility of sustainable development under global warming. Although many researchers have tackled this problem by estimating the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC), unlike the approach to sulfur dioxide emissions, there seems to be little consensus about whether EKC is formed with regard to CO2 emissions. Thus, EKC is one of the most controversial issues in the field of environmental economics. This book contributes three points with academic rigor. First, an unbalanced panel dataset containing over 150 countries with the latest CO2 emission data between 1960 and 2010 is constructed. Second, based on this dataset, the CO2 emission–income relationship is analyzed using strict econometric methods such as the dynamic panel model. Third, as it is often pointed out that some factors other than income affect CO2 emission, several variables were added to the estimation model to examine the effects of changes of industrial structure, energy composition, and overseas trade on CO2 emission.

Environmental Kuznets Curve  EKC  Book

Environmental Kuznets Curve EKC


  • Author : Burcu Özcan
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-05-13
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 162
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128167960

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Environmental Kuznets Curve EKC Excerpt :

Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC): A Manual provides a comprehensive summary of the EKC, summarizing work on this economic tool that can analyze environmental pollution problems. By enabling users to reconcile environmental and economic development policies, Environmental Kuznets Curve studies lend themselves to the investigation of the energy-growth and finance-energy nexus. The book obviates a dependence on outmoded tools, such as carrying capacity, externalities, ecosystem valuation and cost benefit analysis, while also encouraging flexible approaches to a variety of challenges. Provides a comprehensive summary of EKC studies, including advances in econometrics, literature reviews and historical perspectives Outlines solutions to common problems in applying EKC techniques by reviewing major case studies Explores frequently-utilized proxies for environmental quality

Investigating the validity of environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis in the Philippines Book

Investigating the validity of environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis in the Philippines


  • Author : Neil Patrick John M. Martin
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2016
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 112
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:989320404

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Investigating the validity of environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis in the Philippines Excerpt :

Several economists have considered the effects of economic growth to environmental degradation as a major issue in recent years. The emission of greenhouse gases, particularly the carbon dioxide (CO2) is regarded as one of the major causes of deterioration in the environment. Various literatures stating the nexus of pollution, income and economic growth have been made over the years and posits a familiar notion: in the initial stage of economic development, the environment deteriorates and improves when the country achieved a certain level of development in the economy. This systematized relationship is parallel in Environmental Kuznets Curve for it states that in the initial stage of development, there is a direct relationship between income and environmental degradation until such time, it will reach to a certain point of development then declines because as the income level of a country increases, it has now the capacity for improving the environmental quality. This income – pollution relationship is shown in an inverted U shaped curve. Using a 40 year data from 1971 – 2011, this study empirically investigated the validity of the Environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis in the Philippines and measured the hypothesized relationships of carbon dioxide emission and its predictor variables using the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) Method. The result posited that Environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis is not valid in the Philippines. It denotes that it hasn’t reached the threshold level and still in the early stage of development where there is positive relationship between income and environmental degradation. In addition, the economic model is stable for it passed the necessary statistical tests. Furthermore, using the cointegration and causality tests, it signaled that the regression is not spurious and exhibited a long - run equilibrium relationship. Lastly, unidirectional and bidirectional causality existed among the variables.

Economic Growth and Environmental Quality Book
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Economic Growth and Environmental Quality


  • Author : Nemat Shafik
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release Date : 1992
  • Genre: Crecimiento economico
  • Pages : 50
  • ISBN 10 : 978186723xxxx

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Economic Growth and Environmental Quality Excerpt :

The Future of Transport Book

The Future of Transport


  • Author : Great Britain. Department for Transport
  • Publisher : The Stationery Office
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 139
  • ISBN 10 : 0101623429

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The Future of Transport Excerpt :

Building on the policy measures in the 10 Year Plan for Transport (ISBN 1851124136) published in July 2000, this White Paper considers factors which are likely to shape the transport system over the next 30 years, and sets out the Government's strategy to address these issues, including an outline of expenditure plans to 2015. The Government's three stated themes, upon which the strategy is built, are: sustained investment over the long term, improvements in transport management, and planning ahead. Issues discussed include: managing the increasing demand for travel and the legacy of under-investment in transport infrastructure; measures to improve the road network, including promoting a public debate on road pricing options and working alongside local authorities to tackle local congestion problems; measures to improve the rail network, including support for Crossrail, the project to create a new east-west railway across London; improving public transport, specifically bus services; promoting walking and cycling as alternatives for local trips; aviation and shipping industries; freight transport; devolved decision-making at local and regional levels; strategic options relating to spatial planning and housing growth; environmental concerns; safety and security issues. The scope of the White Paper extends to England, and to Wales and Scotland in so far as it covers UK policy responsibility. Two accompanying documents, i) a review of the Crossrail business case (ISBN 1904763456) and ii) a feasibility study of road pricing in the UK (ISBN 1904763499) are also available.

OECD Economic Surveys  Indonesia 2021 Book

OECD Economic Surveys Indonesia 2021


  • Author : OECD
  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release Date : 2021-03-18
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 108
  • ISBN 10 : 9789264635036

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OECD Economic Surveys Indonesia 2021 Excerpt :

Indonesia experienced its first recession in over two decades in 2020, although large-scale fiscal stimulus and monetary support limited its depth and impact. The approval of an ambitious package of structural reforms, covering labour laws, taxes and ease of doing business, testifies of the authorities’ commitment to attract high-quality investment that will enhance wealth and well-being.

The Dynamics of Growth in Emerging Economies Book

The Dynamics of Growth in Emerging Economies


  • Author : Arzu Akkoyunlu Wigley
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2018-12-19
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429790737

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The Dynamics of Growth in Emerging Economies Excerpt :

How can Turkey increase its medium- and long-term growth potential? Despite episodes of fast growth, this has become a vital question for the Turkish economy, in order to avoid being stuck in a middle-income trap. There has been an increase in the number of studies presenting growth in Turkey and quantifying the sources of economic growth, however, due to the difference in the main underlying assumptions and the time period covered in these studies, the results differ. The second strand of literature on growth in Turkey identifies the relative underperformance of the Turkish economy by developing models with microeconomic foundations. Given the fact that there are a large number of studies investigating the macro dynamics of growth in Turkey, the book’s unique focus on the "neglected" issues in growth discussions closes the gap in the existing literature. It addresses the micro, macro, regional, and gender aspects, the environment–energy–growth nexus, as well as the microeconomic dynamics of growth. It also analyses the other significant determinants of long run growth in Turkey such as import dependency and saving-investment decision. The authors provide a macro overview of all of the precluded subjects in order to evaluate them in relation to one other, as well as to derive policy conclusions from them. This book primarily targets academics as well as graduate and undergraduate social sciences and humanities students both in Turkey and other countries. It is also a must read for researchers and policy makers not only in Turkey but also in other developing economies and is of interest to specialists of non-governmental and non-profit organizations.

Escaping Carbon Lock in Book

Escaping Carbon Lock in


  • Author : Gregory Charles Unruh
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1999
  • Genre: Climatic changes
  • Pages : 444
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:44035421

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Escaping Carbon Lock in Excerpt :

The issue of climate change, induced by anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions, is major policy concern for nations, international organizations and global society in general. The environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis, when applied to carbon dioxide emissions, implies that increasing economic growth may lead to lower national emissions after a characteristic income level is passed. The research here indicates that this hypothesis does not hold for carbon dioxide emissions. While a transition to decreasing emissions was identified in a subset of technologically advanced countries, it correlated with the, political and economic changes that followed the oil crises of the 1970s. When evaluated from a technological and institutional perspective, the climate problem can be viewed as a result of carbon lock-in. Reframing the issue in this way allows the development of policies that address the process of technological and institutional change in a coherent manner. Climate change mitigation would be beneficially attacked with "policy packages" that develop "nurse" markets for development of carbon-free technologies.

Biofuels and Sustainability Book

Biofuels and Sustainability


  • Author : Kazuhiko Takeuchi
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-07-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 265
  • ISBN 10 : 9784431548959

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Biofuels and Sustainability Excerpt :

This open access book presents a comprehensive analysis of biofuel use strategies from an interdisciplinary perspective using sustainability science. This interdisciplinary perspective (social science-natural science) means that the strategies and policy options proposed will have significant impacts on the economy and society alike. Biofuels are expected to contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, revitalizing economies in agricultural communities and alleviating poverty. However, despite these anticipated benefits, international organizations such as the FAO, OECD and UN have published reports expressing concerns that biofuel promotion may lead to deforestation, water pollution and water shortages. The impacts of biofuel use are extensive, cross-sectoral and complex, and as such, comprehensive analyses are required in order to assess the extent to which biofuels can contribute to sustainable societies. Applying interdisciplinary sustainability science concepts and methodologies, the book helps to enhance the establishment of a sustainable society as well as the development of appropriate responses to a global need for urgent action on current issues related to biofuels.