Environmental Remediation and Restoration of Contaminated Nuclear and Norm Sites Book

Environmental Remediation and Restoration of Contaminated Nuclear and Norm Sites


  • Author : L. Van Velzen
  • Publisher : Woodhead Pub Limited
  • Release Date : 2015-02-05
  • Genre: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN 10 : 1782422315

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Environmental Remediation and Restoration of Contaminated Nuclear and Norm Sites Excerpt :

Nuclear sites become contaminated with radionuclides due to accidents and activities carried out without due consideration for the environment. Naturally-occurring radioactive materials (NORM) released by industrial processes such as coal power production and fertilizer manufacture may also require clean-up. Environmental remediation and restoration aim to reduce exposure to radiation from contaminated soil or groundwater. This book provides a comprehensive overview of this area. Part 1 provides an introduction to the different types of contaminated site and their characteristics. Part 2 addresses environmental restoration frameworks and processes. Part 3 then reviews different remediation techniques and methods of waste disposal. Explores types and characteristics of contaminated nuclear and NORM sites Provides an in depth guide to environmental restoration frameworks and processes including stakeholder involvement, risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis in the remediation and restoration of contaminated nuclear and NORM sites Offers coverage of remediation techniques and waste disposal from electrokinetic remediation to in situ and ex situ bioremediation of radionuclides contaminated soils

Environmental Remediation and Restoration of Contaminated Nuclear and Norm Sites Book

Environmental Remediation and Restoration of Contaminated Nuclear and Norm Sites


  • Author : L van Velzen
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-02-02
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782422389

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Environmental Remediation and Restoration of Contaminated Nuclear and Norm Sites Excerpt :

Nuclear sites become contaminated with radionuclides due to accidents and activities carried out without due consideration for the environment. Naturally-occurring radioactive materials (NORM) released by industrial processes such as coal power production and fertilizer manufacture may also require clean-up. Environmental remediation and restoration aim to reduce exposure to radiation from contaminated soil or groundwater. This book provides a comprehensive overview of this area. Part 1 provides an introduction to the different types of contaminated site and their characteristics. Part 2 addresses environmental restoration frameworks and processes. Part 3 then reviews different remediation techniques and methods of waste disposal. Explores types and characteristics of contaminated nuclear and NORM sites Provides an in depth guide to environmental restoration frameworks and processes including stakeholder involvement, risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis in the remediation and restoration of contaminated nuclear and NORM sites Offers coverage of remediation techniques and waste disposal from electrokinetic remediation to in situ and ex situ bioremediation of radionuclides contaminated soils

Assessment  Restoration and Reclamation of Mining Influenced Soils Book

Assessment Restoration and Reclamation of Mining Influenced Soils


  • Author : Jaume Bech
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-09-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128097298

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Assessment Restoration and Reclamation of Mining Influenced Soils Excerpt :

Assessment, Restoration and Reclamation of Mining Influenced Soils covers processes operating in the environment as a result of mining activity, including the whole spectra of negative effects of anthropopressure and the environment, from changes in soil chemistry, changes in soil physical properties, geomechanical disturbances, and mine water discharges. Mining activity and its waste are an environmental concern. Knowledge of the fate of potentially harmful elements and their effect on plants and the food chain, and ultimately on human health, is still being understood. Therefore, there is a need for better knowledge on the origin, distribution, and management of mine waste on a global level. This book provides information on hazard assessment and remediation of the disturbed environment, including stabilization of contaminated soils and phytoremediation, and will help scientists and public authorities formulate answers to the daily challenges related to the restoration of contaminated land. Provides a thorough overview of the processes operating on mining-devastated areas, as well as origin, distribution, and deactivation of harmful elements Includes outcomes and recommendations of the Global Mining Initiative that are widely regarded as the code of conduct in the minerals industry Contains global case studies that elucidate various aspects of assessment and restoration of mine-contaminated land

Remediation Measures for Radioactively Contaminated Areas Book

Remediation Measures for Radioactively Contaminated Areas


  • Author : Dharmendra K. Gupta
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-06-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319733982

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Remediation Measures for Radioactively Contaminated Areas Excerpt :

This book offers extensive and comprehensive knowledge to the researchers and academicians who are working on decontamination of radioactively contaminated areas. Remediation strategies for contaminated sites are provided. Readers who will find this book useful include professionals specializing in radioecology, safe disposal of radioactive waste, as well as decontamination, remediation legacies and impact of radioactive waste material on the environment. The chapters give a broad overview and reviews of a number of original publications on remediation strategies that were explored after the Chernobyl and Fukushima Nuclear Power plant accidents. Useful case studies are provided that explore the latest technological developments and future trends for affected area decontamination.

Environmental Geotechnology Book

Environmental Geotechnology


  • Author : Arvind Kumar Agnihotri
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-05-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811370106

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Environmental Geotechnology Excerpt :

This volume contains selected papers presented during the International Conference on Environmental Geotechnology, Recycled Waste Material and Sustainable Engineering (EGRWSE-2018). The multidisciplinary articles included in this volume cover the fields of environmental management, site characterization, environmental risk assessment, waste disposal, soil and groundwater remediation, habitat protection, and environmental rehabilitation. This volume will be of interest to professionals and researchers working in diverse fields ranging from geotechnical engineering, environmental engineering, hydrogeology, earth science, geochemistry, water engineering, and ecology, among others.

Bioremediation Science Book

Bioremediation Science


  • Author : Amitava Rakshit
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2021-05-21
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000280463

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Bioremediation Science Excerpt :

This book provides state of the art description of various approaches, techniques and some basic fundamentals of bioremediation to manage a variety of organic and inorganic wastes and pollutants present in our environment. A comprehensive overview of recent advances and new development in the field of bioremediation research are provided within relevant theoretical framework to improve our understanding for the cleaning up of polluted water and contaminated land. The book is easy to read and language can be readily comprehended by aspiring newcomer, students, researchers and anyone else interested in this field. Renowned scientists around the world working on the above topics have contributed chapters. In this edited book, we have addressed the scope of the inexpensive and energy neutral bioremediation technologies. The scope of the book extends to environmental/agricultural scientists, students, consultants, site owners, industrial stakeholders, regulators and policy makers.

Biotechnology for Environmental Protection Book

Biotechnology for Environmental Protection


  • Author : Rangabhashiyam Selvasembian
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-10-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 313
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811949371

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Biotechnology for Environmental Protection Excerpt :

This book covers broader application of biotechnology for the protection of environment through different bioremediation and biodegradation techniques developed for removal of environmental contaminants including the recently discovered contaminants. The book offers a comprehensive overview of environmental pollutants including their fate, behavior, environmental and associated health risks. It is useful reading material for postgraduate and graduate students of environmental biotechnology, environmental microbiology and ecology. Young researchers also find the chapters useful understanding the latest developments.

Filtration Materials for Groundwater Book

Filtration Materials for Groundwater


  • Author : Ivan Kozyatnyk
  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-06-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 140
  • ISBN 10 : 9781780406992

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Filtration Materials for Groundwater Excerpt :

Ground water is a source for drinking and industrial water supply and pollution created by active industrial sites which often cause social, health, and environmental problems. This groundwater eventually drains into adjacent water sources. Filtration Materials for Groundwater: A Guide to Good Practice presents the up-to-date technology of purification of polluted ground water, its treatment for industrial and human needs and the remediation of polluted sites. The book examines: Types of pollutants in ground water including the main inorganic and organic pollutants and their behaviour. Filtration materials for water treatment and principles of their choice. How to choose suitable filtration materials according to targeted compounds and estimate its efficiency. Technologies for ground water treatment. Cost and risks estimation of treatment facilities. Lifetime, risks and cost estimation of technology. Examples of modern ongoing facilities for ground water treatment and polluted sites remediation. This book is of interest to scientists and engineer who deal with the problem of purification of ground water for different purposes and the remediation of polluted sites.

Sustainable Heavy Metal Remediation Book

Sustainable Heavy Metal Remediation


  • Author : Eldon R. Rene
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-07-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 283
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319586229

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Sustainable Heavy Metal Remediation Excerpt :

This book covers the principles, underlying mechanisms, thermodynamic functions, kinetics and modeling aspects of sustainable technologies, particularly from the standpoint of applying physical, chemical and biological processes for the treatment of wastewater polluted with heavy metals. Particular emphasis has been given to technologies that are based on adsorption, electro-coagulation, bio-precipitation, bio-solubilization, phytoremediation and microbial electrolysis. Metal contamination in the environment is one of the persisting global issues. The adverse health effects of heavy metals on human beings and its impact on the environment has been well-documented. Several physico-chemical and biological technologies have been successfully implemented to prevent and control the discharge of industrial heavy metal emissions. On the contrary, metal resource depletion has also accelerated dramatically during the 20th century due to rapid advances in industrial engineering and medical sciences, which requires large amount of raw materials. To meet the global metal demand, in recent years, novel research lines have started to focus on the recovery of metals from metal contaminated waste streams. In order to conflate both metal removal and recovery, new technologies have been successfully tested, both at the lab and pilot-scale. The target audience of this book primarily comprises of research experts, practicing engineers in the field of environmental/chemical technology and graduate students.

Groundwater Geochemistry Book

Groundwater Geochemistry


  • Author : Sughosh Madhav
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2021-07-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119709695

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Groundwater Geochemistry Excerpt :

This book contains both practical and theoretical aspects of groundwater resources relating to geochemistry. Focusing on recent research in groundwater resources, this book helps readers to understand the hydrogeochemistry of groundwater resources. Dealing primarily with the sources of ions in groundwater, the book describes geogenic and anthropogenic input of ions into water. Different organic, inorganic and emerging contamination and salinity problems are described, along with pollution-related issues affecting groundwater. New trends in groundwater contamination remediation measures are included, which will be particularly useful to researchers working in the field of water conservation. The book also contains diverse groundwater modelling examples, enabling a better understanding of water-related issues and their management. Groundwater Geochemistry: Pollution and Remediation offers the reader: An understanding of the quantitative and qualitative challenges of groundwater resources An introduction to the environmental geochemistry of groundwater resources A survey of groundwater pollution-related issues Recent trends in groundwater conservation and remediation Mathematical and statistical modeling related to groundwater resources Students, lecturers and researchers working in the fields of hydrogeochemistry, water pollution and groundwater will find Groundwater Geochemistry an essential companion.

Spatial Modeling and Assessment of Environmental Contaminants Book

Spatial Modeling and Assessment of Environmental Contaminants


  • Author : Pravat Kumar Shit
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-02-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 720
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030634223

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Spatial Modeling and Assessment of Environmental Contaminants Excerpt :

This book demonstrates the measurement, monitoring and mapping of environmental contaminants in soil & sediment, surface & groundwater and atmosphere. This book explores state-of-art techniques based on methodological and modeling in modern geospatial techniques specifically focusing on the recent trends in data mining techniques and robust modeling. It also presents modifications of and improvements to existing control technologies for remediation of environmental contaminants. In addition, it includes three separate sections on contaminants, risk assessment and remediation of different existing and emerging pollutants. It covers major topics such as: Radioactive Wastes, Solid and Hazardous Wastes, Heavy Metal Contaminants, Arsenic Contaminants, Microplastic Pollution, Microbiology of Soil and Sediments, Soil Salinity and Sodicity, Aquatic Ecotoxicity Assessment, Fluoride Contamination, Hydrochemistry, Geochemistry, Indoor Pollution and Human Health aspects. The content of this book will be of interest to researchers, professionals, and policymakers whose work involves environmental contaminants and related solutions.

Microbial Diversity and Ecology in Hotspots Book

Microbial Diversity and Ecology in Hotspots


  • Author : Aparna Gunjal
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-11-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323901499

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Microbial Diversity and Ecology in Hotspots Excerpt :

Microbial Diversity in Hotspots provides an introduction to microbial diversity and microbes in different hotspots and threatened areas. The book gives insights on extremophiles, phyllosphere and rhizosphere, covers fungal diversity, conservation and microbial association, focuses on biodiversity acts and policies, and includes cases studies. Microbes explored are from the coldest to the hottest areas of the world. Although hotspots are zones with extremely high microbiology activities, the knowledge of microbial diversity from these areas is very limited, hence this is a welcome addition to existing resources. Provides an introduction to microbial biotechnology Addresses novel approaches to the study of microbial diversity in hotspots Provides the basics, along with advanced information on microbial diversity Discusses the techniques used to examine microbial diversity with their applications and respective pros and cons for sustainability Explores the importance of microbial genomes studies in commercial applications

Microbe Mediated Remediation of Environmental Contaminants Book

Microbe Mediated Remediation of Environmental Contaminants


  • Author : Ajay Kumar
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-10-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 474
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128232071

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Microbe Mediated Remediation of Environmental Contaminants Excerpt :

Microbe Mediated Remediation of Environmental Contaminants presents recent scientific progress in applying microbes for environmental management. The book explores the current existing practical applications and provides information to help readers develop new practices and applications. Edited by recognized leaders in the field, this penetrating assessment of our progress to date in deploying microorganisms to the advantage of environmental management and biotechnology will be widely welcomed by those working in soil contamination management, agriculture, environment management, soil microbiology, and waste management. The polluting effects on the world around us of soil erosion, the unwanted migration of sediments, chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and the improper treatment of human and animal wastes have resulted in serious environmental and social problems around the world, problems which require us to look for solutions elsewhere than established physical and chemical technologies. Often the answer lies in hybrid applications in which microbial methods are combined with physical and chemical ones. When we remember that these highly effective microorganisms, cultured for a variety of applications, are but a tiny fraction of those to be found in the world around us, we realize the vastness of the untapped and beneficial potential of microorganisms. Explores microbial application redressing for soil and water contamination challenges Includes information on microbial synthesized nanomaterials for remediation of contaminated soils Presents a uniquely hybrid approach, combining microbial interactions with other chemical and physical methods

Integrated Microbial Fuel Cells for Wastewater Treatment Book

Integrated Microbial Fuel Cells for Wastewater Treatment


  • Author : Rouzbeh Abbassi
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2020-04-27
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128174937

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Integrated Microbial Fuel Cells for Wastewater Treatment Excerpt :

Current wastewater treatment technologies are not sustainable simply due to their high operational costs and process inefficiency. Integrated Microbial Fuel Cells for Wastewater Treatment is intended for professionals who are searching for an innovative method to improve the efficiencies of wastewater treatment processes by exploiting the potential of Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) technology. The book is broadly divided into four sections. It begins with an overview of the "state of the art" bioelectrochemical systems (BESs) as well as the fundamentals of MFC technology and its potential to enhance wastewater treatment efficiencies and reduce electricity generation cost. In section two, discusses the integration, installation, and optimization of MFC into conventional wastewater treatment processes such as activated sludge process, lagoons, constructed wetlands, and membrane bioreactors. Section three outlines integrations of MFCs into other wastewater processes. The final section provides explorative studies of MFC integrated systems for large scale wastewater treatment and the challenges which are inherent in the upscaling process. Clearly describes the latest techniques for integrating MFC into traditional wastewater treatment processes such as activated sludge process, lagoons, constructed wetlands, and membrane bioreactors Discusses the fundamentals of bioelectrochemical systems for degrading the contaminants from the municipal and industrial wastewater Covers methods for the optimization of integrated systems

Microbial Biofilms in Bioremediation and Wastewater Treatment Book

Microbial Biofilms in Bioremediation and Wastewater Treatment


  • Author : Y.V. Nancharaiah
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-10-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 290
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351857321

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Microbial Biofilms in Bioremediation and Wastewater Treatment Excerpt :

Biofilms represent the natural living style of microbial communities and play a pivotal role in biogeochemical cycles and natural attenuation. Biofilms can be engineered for biodegradation and biotransformation of organic and inorganic contaminants, for both in situ bioremediation and ex situ treatment in bioreactors. This book focuses on microbial biofilms and their potential technological applications for sustainable development. It covers recent advances in biofilm technologies for contaminant remediation coupled to recovery of resources and serves as a complete reference on the science and technology behind biofilm mediated bioremediation and wastewater treatment.