Epigenetic Mechanisms in Cancer Book

Epigenetic Mechanisms in Cancer

  • Author : Sabita Saldanha
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-11-16
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128134603

Epigenetic Mechanisms in Cancer Excerpt :

Epigenetic Mechanisms in Cancer provides a comprehensive analysis of epigenetic signatures that govern disease development, progression and metastasis. Epigenetic signatures dictating tumor etiologies present an opportunity for biomarker identification which has broad potential for improving diagnosis, prognosis, prediction, and risk assessment. This volumes offers a unique evaluation of signature differences in childhood, sex-specific and race-specific cancers, and in doing so broadly illuminates the scope of epigenetic biomarkers in clinical environments. Chapters detail the major epigenetic process in humans consisting of DNA methylation, histone modifications and microRNAs (miRNAs) involved in the initiation, progression and metastasis of tumors. Also delineated are recent technologies such as next generation sequencing that are used to identify epigenetic profiles (primarily methylation analysis) in samples (normal, benign and cancerous) and which are highly important to the analysis of epigenetic outcomes. Offers broad coverage that is applicable to audiences in various area of cancer research - population studies, diagnostics, prognosis, prediction, therapy, risk, etc. Provides critical review analysis of the topics that will clarify and delineate the potential roles of epigenetic signatures in cancer management Covers basic, as well as, clinical areas of epigenetic mechanisms in tumorigenesis Features contributions by leading experts in the field Provides comprehensive coverage of current epigenetic signatures involved in the etiology of various cancers and miRNAs

Cancer Epigenetics Book

Cancer Epigenetics

  • Author : Trygve Tollefsbol
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2008-09-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN 10 : 1420045806

Cancer Epigenetics Excerpt :

During the past few decades, it has become increasingly apparent that heredity is not the sole determining factor in disease development, such as cancer. This landmark work covers a wide array of aspects in the relatively new area of epigenetics, ranging from its role in the basic mechanisms of tumorigenesis, to the newest epigenetic drugs being developed and used for cancer therapy. Cancer Epigenetics presents in-depth discussions of DNA methylation alterations, histone and RNA modifications, and nucleosome remodeling, which are all intimately involved in the formation of tumors. It also analyzes metabolic influences on cancer epigenetics and advances in epigenetic cancer gene therapy. Discusses the Latest Advances in the Role of Epigenetics in Tumor Initiation, Progression, and Metastasis With stand-alone chapters written by research pioneers in the field, this definitive resource covers— DNA methylation and cancer Histone modifications in cancer Emerging areas of cancer epigenetics Epigenetics in the diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy of cancer Future directions in epigenetic cancer research Bringing together different topics into a single compilation, this text is a prime resource for those with interests ranging from the basic mechanisms of tumor biology to cancer therapy. It also serves as a core textbook for advanced courses with a focus on genetic diseases, molecular biology, and/or cancer. This seminal work answers the call for a thorough and authoritative reference that covers the critical and contemporary aspects of this revolutionary field.

Epigenetics and Metabolomics Book

Epigenetics and Metabolomics

  • Author : Paban K. Agrawala
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-08-25
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323856539

Epigenetics and Metabolomics Excerpt :

Epigenetics and Metabolomics, a new volume in the Translational Epigenetics series, offers a synthesized discussion of epigenetic control of metabolic activity, and systems-based approaches for better understanding these mechanisms. Over a dozen chapter authors provide an overview of epigenetics in translational medicine and metabolomics techniques, followed by analyses of epigenetic and metabolomic linkage mechanisms likely to result in effective identification of disease biomarkers, as well as new therapies targeting the removal of the inappropriate epigenetic alterations. Epigenetic interventions in cancer, brain damage, and neuroendocrine disease, among other disorders, are discussed in-depth, with an emphasis on exploring next steps for clinical translation and personalized healthcare. Offers a synthesized discussion of epigenetic regulation of metabolic activity and systems-based approaches to power new research Discusses epigenetic control of metabolic pathways and possible therapeutic targets for cancer, neurodegenerative, and neuroendocrine diseases, among others Provides guidance in epigenomics and metabolomic research methodology

Epigenetics of Cancer Prevention Book

Epigenetics of Cancer Prevention

  • Author : Anupam Bishayee
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-11-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 442
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128125663

Epigenetics of Cancer Prevention Excerpt :

Epigenetics of Cancer Prevention, Volume Ten is the first to look at epigenetics and chemoprevention together. Although there is numerous scientific data available on how epigenetics can lead to cancer and how chemoprevention can be beneficial in the treatment of, or improvement of quality of life, together they will set an advanced understanding for the reader in this upcoming field of chemoprevention influencing epigenetics. This book discusses molecular epigenetic targets of natural products, such as green tea polyphenols, curcumin and resveratrol, and organ specific epigenetic targets related to diverse types of cancer, for example prostate, colorectal, breast, lung and skin cancers. Additionally, it encompasses a discussion on research methods and limitations to study epigenetics and epigenomics of chemopreventive drugs and personalized cancer treatment with phytochemicals. The book is ideal for cancer researchers, health care professionals and all individuals who are interested in cancer prevention research and its clinical applications, especially in natural remedies. Lists natural agents, including nutraceuticals, and their effects on normal or tumor genome Addresses various epigenetic systems and mechanisms in the regulation and support of the mammalian genome Discusses how various parts of dietary phytochemicals can influence or modify epigenetic mechanisms in several types of cancer

Human Papillomavirus Book

Human Papillomavirus

  • Author : Rajamanickam Rajkumar
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2016-07-13
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535124399

Human Papillomavirus Excerpt :

This book is a feast of knowledge, yet a balanced diet of healthy foods. There are high values of rich essential nutrients from top-quality medical research. But they are made easily digestible and absorbable, even by health care providers and planners, working in resource-limited settings, in all parts of the world, through social implications and community applications. All the chapters are value-added master pieces. The book would serve both as a scientific reference guide and a practical work manual. The authors, editor, and Intech publishers, together, are pleased to provide the readers a precious blend of scientific excellence and social relevance, for health empowerment, globally. We wish the readers great success, savoring science and sociology together.

Introduction to Epigenetics Book

Introduction to Epigenetics

  • Author : Renato Paro
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-03-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 215
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030686703

Introduction to Epigenetics Excerpt :

This open access textbook leads the reader from basic concepts of chromatin structure and function and RNA mechanisms to the understanding of epigenetics, imprinting, regeneration and reprogramming. The textbook treats epigenetic phenomena in animals, as well as plants. Written by four internationally known experts and senior lecturers in this field, it provides a valuable tool for Master- and PhD- students who need to comprehend the principles of epigenetics, or wish to gain a deeper knowledge in this field. After reading this book, the student will: Have an understanding of the basic toolbox of epigenetic regulation Know how genetic and epigenetic information layers are interconnected Be able to explain complex epigenetic phenomena by understanding the structures and principles of the underlying molecular mechanisms Understand how misregulated epigenetic mechanisms can lead to disease

Epigenetic Mechanisms of Gene Regulation Book

Epigenetic Mechanisms of Gene Regulation

  • Author : Vincenzo E. A. Russo
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1996
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 692
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015047449171

Epigenetic Mechanisms of Gene Regulation Excerpt :

Many inheritable changes in gene function are not explained by changes in the DNA sequence. Such epigenetic mechanisms are known to influence gene function in most complex organisms and include effects such as transposon function, chromosome imprinting, yeast mating type switching and telomeric silencing. In recent years, epigenetic effects have become a major focus of research activity. This monograph, edited by three well-known biologists from different specialties, is the first to review and synthesize what is known about these effects across all species, particularly from a molecular perspective, and will be of interest to everyone in the fields of molecular biology and genetics.

Epigenetic Advancements in Cancer Book

Epigenetic Advancements in Cancer

  • Author : Manoj K. Mishra
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-05-04
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 246
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319249513

Epigenetic Advancements in Cancer Excerpt :

This volume explores the epigenetic alterations and their association with various human cancers. Considering one of human cancer as an example, individual chapters are focused on defining the role of epigenetic regulators and underlying mechanisms in cancer growth and progression. Epigenetic alteration including DNA methylation, histone modification, nucleosome positioning and non-coding RNAs expression are involved in a complex network of regulating expression of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes and constitute an important event of the multistep process of carcinogenesis. Recent advances in the understanding of the epigenetic regulation and detailed information of these epigenetic changes in various cancers provide new avenues of advancements in diagnostics, prognostics, and therapies of this highly fatal disease.

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation Book

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation

  • Author : Suming Huang
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-10-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 482
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128004715

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation Excerpt :

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation reviews current knowledge on the heritable molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, contribute to disease susceptibility, and point to potential treatment in future therapies. The book shows how these heritable mechanisms allow individual cells to establish stable and unique patterns of gene expression that can be passed through cell divisions without DNA mutations, thereby establishing how different heritable patterns of gene regulation control cell differentiation and organogenesis, resulting in a distinct human organism with a variety of differing cellular functions and tissues. The work begins with basic biology, encompasses methods, cellular and tissue organization, topical issues in epigenetic evolution and environmental epigenesis, and lastly clinical disease discovery and treatment. Each highly illustrated chapter is organized to briefly summarize current research, provide appropriate pedagogical guidance, pertinent methods, relevant model organisms, and clinical examples. Reviews current knowledge on the heritable molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, contribute to disease susceptibility, and point to potential treatment in future therapies Helps readers understand how epigenetic marks are targeted, and to what extent transgenerational epigenetic changes are instilled and possibly passed onto offspring Chapters are replete with clinical examples to empower the basic biology with translational significance Offers more than 100 illustrations to distill key concepts and decipher complex science

Epigenetic Epidemiology Book

Epigenetic Epidemiology

  • Author : Karin B. Michels
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-01-02
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400724952

Epigenetic Epidemiology Excerpt :

The exploding field of epigenetics is challenging the dogma of traditional Mendelian inheritance. Epigenetics plays an important role in shaping who we are and contributes to our prospects of health and disease. While early epigenetic research focused on plant and animal models and in vitro experiments, population-based epidemiologic studies increasingly incorporate epigenetic components. The relevance of epigenetic marks, such as DNA methylation, genomic imprinting, and histone modification for disease causation has yet to be fully explored. This book covers the basic concepts of epigenetic epidemiology, discusses challenges in study design, analysis, and interpretation, epigenetic laboratory techniques, the influence of of age and environmental factors on shaping the epigenome, the role of epigenetics in the developmental origins hypothesis, and provides the state of the art on the epigenetic epidemiology of various health conditions including childhood syndromes, cancer, infectious diseases, inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders, psychiatric disorders, diabetes, obesity and metabolic disorders, and atherosclerosis. With contributions from: Peter Jones, Jean-Pierre Issa, Gavin Kelsey, Robert Waterland, and many other experts in epigenetics!

Epigenetics in Human Disease Book

Epigenetics in Human Disease

  • Author : Trygve O. Tollefsbol
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 577
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123884152

Epigenetics in Human Disease Excerpt :

Epigenetics is one of the fastest growing fields of sciences, illuminating studies of human diseases by looking beyond genetic make-up and acknowledging that outside factors play a role in gene expression. The goal of this volume is to highlight those diseases or conditions for which we have advanced knowledge of epigenetic factors such as cancer, autoimmune disorders and aging as well as those that are yielding exciting breakthroughs in epigenetics such as diabetes, neurobiological disorders and cardiovascular disease. Where applicable, attempts are made to not only detail the role of epigenetics in the etiology, progression, diagnosis and prognosis of these diseases, but also novel epigenetic approaches to the treatment of these diseases. Chapters are also presented on human imprinting disorders, respiratory diseases, infectious diseases and gynecological and reproductive diseases. Since epigenetics plays a major role in the aging process, advances in the epigenetics of aging are highly relevant to many age-related human diseases. Therefore, this volume closes with chapters on aging epigenetics and breakthroughs that have been made to delay the aging process through epigenetic approaches. With its translational focus, this book will serve as valuable reference for both basic scientists and clinicians alike. Comprehensive coverage of fundamental and emergent science and clinical usage Side-by-side coverage of the basis of epigenetic diseases and their treatments Evaluation of recent epigenetic clinical breakthroughs

The Molecular Basis of Human Cancer Book

The Molecular Basis of Human Cancer

  • Author : William B. Coleman
  • Publisher : Humana Press
  • Release Date : 2016-11-11
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 873
  • ISBN 10 : 9781597454582

The Molecular Basis of Human Cancer Excerpt :

This book covers the concepts of molecular medicine and personalized medicine. Subsequent chapters cover the topics of genomics, transcriptomics, epigenomics, and proteomics, as the tools of molecular pathology and foundations of molecular medicine. These chapters are followed by a series of chapters that provide overviews of molecular medicine as applied broadly to neoplastic, genetic, and infectious diseases, as well as a chapter on molecular diagnostics. The volume concludes with a chapter that delves into the promise of molecular medicine in the personalized treatment of patients with complex diseases, along with a discussion of the challenges and obstacles to personalized patient care. The Molecular Basis of Human Cancer, Second Edition, is a valuable resource for oncologists, researchers, and all medical professionals who work with cancer.

Epigenetic Cancer Therapy Book

Epigenetic Cancer Therapy

  • Author : Steven Gray
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-07-01
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 748
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128002247

Epigenetic Cancer Therapy Excerpt :

Epigenetic Cancer Therapy unites issues central to a translational audience actively seeking to understand the topic. It is ideal for cancer specialists, including oncologists and clinicians, but also provides valuable information for researchers, academics, students, governments, and decision-makers in the healthcare sector. The text covers the basic background of the epigenome, aberrant epigenetics, and its potential as a target for cancer therapy, and includes individual chapters on the state of epigenome knowledge in specific cancers (including lung, breast, prostate, liver). The book encompasses both large-scale intergovernmental initiatives as well as recent findings across cancer stem cells, rational drug design, clinical trials, and chemopreventative strategies. As a whole, the work articulates and raises the profile of epigenetics as a therapeutic option in the future management of cancer. Concisely summarizes the therapeutic implications of recent, large-scale epigenome studies, including the cancer epigenome atlas Discusses targeted isoform specific versus pan-specific inhibitors, a rational drug design approach to epigenetics relevant to pharmacoepigenetic clinical applications Covers new findings in the interplay between cancer stem cells (CSCs) and drug resistance, demonstrating that epigenetic machinery is a candidate target for the eradication of these CSCs

DNA Methylation  Epigenetics and Metastasis Book

DNA Methylation Epigenetics and Metastasis

  • Author : Manel Esteller
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2006-03-30
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 310
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402036422

DNA Methylation Epigenetics and Metastasis Excerpt :

This book provides a broad and rich outline of the epigenetic mechanisms involved in cancer progression and the generation of metastasis. It describes the tumor suppressor genes undergoing transcriptional silencing by CpG island promoter hypermethylation in the different tumor types of the human anatomy and their association with tumoral behaviour. It also provides a comprehensive insightful look at the molecular players involved in DNA methylation, histone modification and chromatin remodelling complexes causing epigenetic lesions linked to the metastasic phenotypes. Finally, it explains how epigenetic lesions associated with cancer spreading can be targeted using new and potent chemotherapy drugs. The book is a state-of-the-art reference to all scientific researchers and clinicians interested in the understanding of the biological processes leading to tumor dissemination and to those that are keen to translate this knowledge to a better management of cancer patients. Each contributor is a specialist in their epigenetic area and their joint effort has created a unique view of the DNA methylation, histone and chromatin changes that define cancer metastasis.