Epigenetics in Human Disease Book

Epigenetics in Human Disease


  • Author : Trygve O. Tollefsbol
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2012-07-26
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 618
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123884152

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Epigenetics in Human Disease Excerpt :

Epigenetics is one of the fastest growing fields of sciences, illuminating studies of human diseases by looking beyond genetic make-up and acknowledging that outside factors play a role in gene expression. The goal of this volume is to highlight those diseases or conditions for which we have advanced knowledge of epigenetic factors such as cancer, autoimmune disorders and aging as well as those that are yielding exciting breakthroughs in epigenetics such as diabetes, neurobiological disorders and cardiovascular disease. Where applicable, attempts are made to not only detail the role of epigenetics in the etiology, progression, diagnosis and prognosis of these diseases, but also novel epigenetic approaches to the treatment of these diseases. Chapters are also presented on human imprinting disorders, respiratory diseases, infectious diseases and gynecological and reproductive diseases. Since epigenetics plays a major role in the aging process, advances in the epigenetics of aging are highly relevant to many age-related human diseases. Therefore, this volume closes with chapters on aging epigenetics and breakthroughs that have been made to delay the aging process through epigenetic approaches. With its translational focus, this book will serve as valuable reference for both basic scientists and clinicians alike. Comprehensive coverage of fundamental and emergent science and clinical usage Side-by-side coverage of the basis of epigenetic diseases and their treatments Evaluation of recent epigenetic clinical breakthroughs

DNA Methylation and Complex Human Disease Book

DNA Methylation and Complex Human Disease


  • Author : Michel Neidhart
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-08-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 552
  • ISBN 10 : 9780127999203

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DNA Methylation and Complex Human Disease Excerpt :

DNA Methylation and Complex Human Disease reviews the possibilities of methyl-group-based epigenetic biomarkers of major diseases, tailored epigenetic therapies, and the future uses of high-throughput methylome technologies. This volume includes many pertinent advances in disease-bearing research, including obesity, type II diabetes, schizophrenia, and autoimmunity. DNA methylation is also discussed as a plasma and serum test for non-invasive screening, diagnostic and prognostic tests, as compared to biopsy-driven gene expression analysis, factors which have led to the use of DNA methylation as a potential tool for determining cancer risk, and diagnosis between benign and malignant disease. Therapies are at the heart of this volume and the possibilities of DNA demethylation. In cancer, unlike genetic mutations, DNA methylation and histone modifications are reversible and thus have shown great potential in the race for effective treatments. In addition, the authors present the importance of high-throughput methylome analysis, not only in cancer, but also in non-neoplastic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. Discusses breaking biomarker research in major disease families of current health concern and research interest, including obesity, type II diabetes, schizophrenia, and autoimmunity Summarizes advances not only relevant to cancer, but also in non-neoplastic disease, currently an emerging field Describes wholly new concepts, including the linking of metabolic pathways with epigenetics Provides translational researchers with the knowledge of both basic research and clinic applications of DNA methylation in human diseases

Computational Epigenetics and Diseases Book

Computational Epigenetics and Diseases


  • Author : Loo Keat Wei
  • Publisher : Translational Epigenetics
  • Release Date : 2019-03-15
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN 10 : 0128145137

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Computational Epigenetics and Diseases Excerpt :

Computational Epigenetics and Diseases provides a comprehensive and cutting edge knowledge of computational epigenetics in human diseases, written by leading scientists in this evolving field. In particular, the major computational tools, databases and strategies for computational epigenetics analysis, for example DNA methylation, histone modifications ad microRNA, are summarized, in the context of human diseases. The book discusses bioinformatics methods for epigenetic analysis specifically applied to human conditions such as ageing, atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, Alzheimer, Parkinson, liver and autoimmune disorders, and reproductive and respiratory diseases. Additionally, different organ cancers are discussed, as breast, lung and colon. This book is a valuable source for graduate students and researchers on genetics and bioinformatics, and several biomedical field members interested in applying computational epigenetics in their research. Provides a comprehensive and cutting edge knowledge of computational epigenetics in human diseases Summarizes the major computational tools, databases and strategies for computational epigenetics analysis, such as DNA methylation, histone modifications ad microRNA Covers the major milestones and future directions of computational epigenetics in various kinds of human diseases such as aging, atherosclerosis, diabetes, heart disease, neurological disorders, cancers, blood disorders, liver diseases, reproductive diseases, respiratory diseases, autoimmune diseases, human imprinting disorders and infectious diseases

Handbook of Epigenetics Book

Handbook of Epigenetics


  • Author : Trygve Tollefsbol
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-07-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 682
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128054772

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Handbook of Epigenetics Excerpt :

Handbook of Epigenetics: The New Molecular and Medical Genetics, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive analysis of epigenetics, from basic biology, to clinical application. Epigenetics is considered by many to be the new genetics in that many biological phenomena are controlled, not through gene mutations, but rather through reversible and heritable epigenetic processes. These epigenetic processes range from DNA methylation to prions. The biological processes impacted by epigenetics are vast and encompass effects in lower organisms and humans that include tissue and organ regeneration, X-chromosome inactivation, stem cell differentiation, genomic imprinting, and aging. The first edition of this important work received excellent reviews; the second edition continues its comprehensive coverage adding more current research and new topics based on customer and reader reviews, including new discoveries, approved therapeutics, and clinical trials. From molecular mechanisms and epigenetic technology, to discoveries in human disease and clinical epigenetics, the nature and applications of the science is presented for those with interests ranging from the fundamental basis of epigenetics, to therapeutic interventions for epigenetic-based disorders. Timely and comprehensive collection of fully up-to-date reviews on epigenetics that are organized into one volume and written by leading figures in the field Covers the latest advances in many different areas of epigenetics, ranging from basic aspects, to technologies, to clinical medicine Written at a verbal and technical level that can be understood by scientists and college students Updated to include new epigenetic discoveries, newly approved therapeutics, and clinical trials

Epigenetics  Development and Disease Book

Epigenetics Development and Disease


  • Author : Tapas Kumar Kundu
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-11-13
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 689
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400745254

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Epigenetics Development and Disease Excerpt :

Epigenetics fine-tunes the life processes dictated by DNA sequences, but also kick-starts pathophysiological processes including diabetes, AIDS and cancer. This volume tracks the latest research on epigenetics, including work on new-generation therapeutics.

Transgenerational Epigenetics Book

Transgenerational Epigenetics


  • Author : Trygve Tollefsbol
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-05-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 413
  • ISBN 10 : 9780124059221

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Transgenerational Epigenetics Excerpt :

Transgenerational Epigenetics provides a comprehensive analysis of the inheritance of epigenetic phenomena between generations. Recent research points to the existence of biological phenomena that are controlled not through gene mutations, but rather through reversible and heritable epigenetic processes. Epidemiological studies have suggested that environmental factors may be heritable. In fact, environmental factors often play a role in transgenerational epigenetics, which may have selective or adverse effects on the offspring. This epigenetic information can be transferred through a number of mechanisms including DNA methylation, histone modifications or RNA and the effects can persist for multiple generations. This book examines the evolution of epigenetic inheritance, its expression in animal and plant models, and how human diseases, such as metabolic disorders and cardiovascular diseases, appear to be affected by transgenerational epigenetic inheritance. It discusses clinical interventions in transgenerational epigenetic inheritance that may be on the horizon to help prevent diseases before the offspring are born, or to reduce the severity of diseases at the very earliest stages of development in utero, and current controversies in this area of study, as well as future directions for research. Focused discussion of metabolic disorders, cardiovascular diseases and longevity, which appear most affected by reversible and heritable epigenetic processes Encompasses both foundational and clinical aspects including discussions of preventative in utero therapies Covers history, future outlook, disease management and current controversies

Epigenetics of Infectious Diseases Book

Epigenetics of Infectious Diseases


  • Author : Walter Doerfler
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-05-26
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 277
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319550213

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Epigenetics of Infectious Diseases Excerpt :

The present volume of Epigenetics and Human Health is devoted to the patho-epigenetics of viral and microbial infections, an exiting new field of disease-related epigenetic research. As recognized during the past years, epigenetic reprogramming of pathogen and host genome functions – the latter frequently induced by pathogens – plays an important role in many infectious processes. Beyond their immediate relevance for pathogen proliferation and obligatorily associated symptoms, such alterations frequently contribute to severe additional complications, such as the development of immunodeficiency, cancer and various chronic disorders. This holds in particular for epigenetic dysregulation of host gene expression induced by latent infections. The present book summarizes current knowledge of the mechanisms underlying epigenetic changes caused by viral, bacterial, fungal and protozoan infections and their impact on human health.

Environmental Epigenetics Book

Environmental Epigenetics


  • Author : L. Joseph Su
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-05-18
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 321
  • ISBN 10 : 9781447166788

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Environmental Epigenetics Excerpt :

This book examines the toxicological and health implications of environmental epigenetics and provides knowledge through an interdisciplinary approach. Included in this volume are chapters outlining various environmental risk factors such as phthalates and dietary components, life states such as pregnancy and ageing, hormonal and metabolic considerations and specific disease risks such as cancer cardiovascular diseases and other non-communicable diseases. Environmental Epigenetics imparts integrative knowledge of the science of epigenetics and the issues raised in environmental epidemiology. This book is intended to serve both as a reference compendium on environmental epigenetics for scientists in academia, industry and laboratories and as a textbook for graduate level environmental health courses. Environmental Epigenetics imparts integrative knowledge of the science of epigenetics and the issues raised in environmental epidemiology. This book is intended to serve both as a reference compendium on environmental epigenetics for scientists in academia, industry and laboratories and as a textbook for graduate level environmental health courses.

Stem Cell Epigenetics Book

Stem Cell Epigenetics


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-08-14
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128140864

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Stem Cell Epigenetics Excerpt :

Stem Cell Epigenetics, Volume 16, examines how epigenetics are involved in stem cell differentiation, how a stem cell rapidly transitions into a molecularly distinct cell type, and how this process may be reversed or managed via epigenetic reprogramming. Topics discussed include chromatin in pluripotency, epigenetic regulation of reprogramming, stem cells and DNA methylation, histone modifications in stem cells and differentiation, higher-order chromatin conformation in pluripotent cells, epigenetics and disease modeling, organoids from pluripotent cells, transcriptional regulation in stem cells and differentiation, non-coding RNAs in pluripotency and early differentiation, and diseases caused by epigenetic alterations in stem cells. Additionally, the potential implementation of stem cell epigenetics in drug discovery, regenerative medicine, and disease treatment is discussed in detail, helping researchers and physicians bring this exciting and fast evolving field to the clinic. Provides genetic researchers, students and physicians with evidence indicating the epigenetic mechanisms involved in stem cell differentiation Highlights the specific characteristics of the epigenetic modifications and misregulations that may result in disease pathogenesis Examines the potential application of stem cell epigenetics towards developing therapeutic interventions for disease and advancing regenerative medicine Features chapter contributions by leading international experts

Epigenetics of Aging Book

Epigenetics of Aging


  • Author : Trygve O. Tollefsbol
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2009-11-11
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 469
  • ISBN 10 : 9781441906397

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Epigenetics of Aging Excerpt :

Recent studies have indicated that epigenetic processes may play a major role in both cellular and organismal aging. These epigenetic processes include not only DNA methylation and histone modifications, but also extend to many other epigenetic mediators such as the polycomb group proteins, chromosomal position effects, and noncoding RNA. The topics of this book range from fundamental changes in DNA methylation in aging to the most recent research on intervention into epigenetic modifications to modulate the aging process. The major topics of epigenetics and aging covered in this book are: 1) DNA methylation and histone modifications in aging; 2) Other epigenetic processes and aging; 3) Impact of epigenetics on aging; 4) Epigenetics of age-related diseases; 5) Epigenetic interventions and aging: and 6) Future directions in epigenetic aging research. The most studied of epigenetic processes, DNA methylation, has been associated with cellular aging and aging of organisms for many years. It is now apparent that both global and gene-specific alterations occur not only in DNA methylation during aging, but also in several histone alterations. Many epigenetic alterations can have an impact on aging processes such as stem cell aging, control of telomerase, modifications of telomeres, and epigenetic drift can impact the aging process as evident in the recent studies of aging monozygotic twins. Numerous age-related diseases are affected by epigenetic mechanisms. For example, recent studies have shown that DNA methylation is altered in Alzheimer’s disease and autoimmunity. Other prevalent diseases that have been associated with age-related epigenetic changes include cancer and diabetes. Paternal age and epigenetic changes appear to have an effect on schizophrenia and epigenetic silencing has been associated with several of the progeroid syndromes of premature aging. Moreover, the impact of dietary or drug intervention into epigenetic processes as they affect normal aging or

Epigenetic Biomarkers and Diagnostics Book

Epigenetic Biomarkers and Diagnostics


  • Author : José Luis García-Giménez
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-12-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 696
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128019214

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Epigenetic Biomarkers and Diagnostics Excerpt :

Epigenetic Biomarkers and Diagnostics comprises 31 chapters contributed by leading active researchers in basic and clinical epigenetics. The book begins with the basis of epigenetic mechanisms and descriptions of epigenetic biomarkers that can be used in clinical diagnostics and prognostics. It goes on to discuss classical methods and next generation sequencing-based technologies to discover and analyze epigenetic biomarkers. The book concludes with an account of DNA methylation, post-translational modifications and noncoding RNAs as the most promising biomarkers for cancer (i.e. breast, lung, colon, etc.), metabolic disorders (i.e. diabetes and obesity), autoimmune diseases, infertility, allergy, infectious diseases, and neurological disorders. The book describes the challenging aspects of research in epigenetics, and current findings regarding new epigenetic elements and modifiers, providing guidance for researchers interested in the most advanced technologies and tested biomarkers to be used in the clinical diagnosis or prognosis of disease. Focuses on recent progress in several areas of epigenetics, general concepts regarding epigenetics, and the future prospects of this discipline in clinical diagnostics and prognostics Describes the importance of the quality of samples and clinical associated data, and also the ethical issues for epigenetic diagnostics Discusses the advances in epigenomics technologies, including next-generation sequencing based tools and applications Expounds on the utility of epigenetic biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of several diseases, highlighting the study of these biomarkers in cancer, cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, infertility, and infectious diseases Includes a special section that discusses the relevance of biobanks in the maintenance of high quality biosamples and clinical-associated data, and the relevance of the ethical aspects in epigenetic studies

Human Epigenetics  How Science Works Book

Human Epigenetics How Science Works


  • Author : Carsten Carlberg
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2019-09-24
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 153
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030229078

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Human Epigenetics How Science Works Excerpt :

The view “It’s all in our genes and we cannot change it” developed in the past 150 years since Gregor Mendel’s experiments with flowering pea plants. However, there is a special form of genetics, referred to as epigenetics, which does not involve any change of our genes but regulates how and when they are used. In the cell nucleus our genes are packed into chromatin, which is a complex of histone proteins and genomic DNA, representing the molecular basis of epigenetics. Our environment and lifestyle decisions influence the epigenetics of our cells and organs, i.e. epigenetics changes dynamically throughout our whole life. Thus, we have the chance to change our epigenetics in a positive as well as negative way and present the onset of diseases, such a type 2 diabetes or cancer. This textbook provides a molecular explanation how our genome is connected with environmental signals. It outlines that epigenetic programming is a learning process that results in epigenetic memory in each of the cells of our body. The central importance of epigenetics during embryogenesis and cellular differentiation as well as in the process of aging and the risk for the development of cancer are discussed. Moreover, the role of the epigenome as a molecular storage of cellular events not only in the brain but also in metabolic organs and in the immune system is described. The book represents an updated but simplified version of our textbook “Human Epigenomics” (ISBN 978-981-10-7614-8). The first five chapters explain the molecular basis of epigenetics, while the following seven chapters provide examples for the impact of epigenetics in human health and disease.

Prognostic Epigenetics Book

Prognostic Epigenetics


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-01
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 442
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128142608

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Prognostic Epigenetics Excerpt :

This volume provides comprehensive information on how mapping an individual’s epigenome can be medically relevant and holds the potential to improve preventive medicine and precision therapeutics at an early-stage (prior to disease onset). In order to advance clinical adoption of the recently developed epigenetic approaches, it is necessary for translational scientists, clinicians, and students to gain a better understanding about epigenetic mechanisms that are associated with a particular disorder; and to be able to effectively identify biomarkers that can be applied in drug development and for better diagnosis and prognosis of diseases. Prognostic Epigenetics is the most-inclusive volume to-date specifically dedicated to epigenetic markers that have been developed for prognosis of diseases, recent advances in this field, the clinical implementation of this research, and the future outlook. Compiles all known information on prognostic epigenetics and its role in preventive medicine and drug discovery Covers the basic functionality of epigenetic mechanisms involved in early disease prognosis and diagnosis, and provides tools for the identification and development of these biomarkers for a wide range of diseases Enables clinicians, researchers, and pharmacologists to improve preventive medicine and precision therapeutics throughout a person’s lifetime Features chapter contributions from leading international researchers

The Epigenetics Revolution Book
Score: 3
From 4 Ratings

The Epigenetics Revolution


  • Author : Nessa Carey
  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release Date : 2012-03-06
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN 10 : 9780231530712

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The Epigenetics Revolution Excerpt :

Epigenetics can potentially revolutionize our understanding of the structure and behavior of biological life on Earth. It explains why mapping an organism's genetic code is not enough to determine how it develops or acts and shows how nurture combines with nature to engineer biological diversity. Surveying the twenty-year history of the field while also highlighting its latest findings and innovations, this volume provides a readily understandable introduction to the foundations of epigenetics. Nessa Carey, a leading epigenetics researcher, connects the field's arguments to such diverse phenomena as how ants and queen bees control their colonies; why tortoiseshell cats are always female; why some plants need cold weather before they can flower; and how our bodies age and develop disease. Reaching beyond biology, epigenetics now informs work on drug addiction, the long-term effects of famine, and the physical and psychological consequences of childhood trauma. Carey concludes with a discussion of the future directions for this research and its ability to improve human health and well-being.

Epigenetics in Human Disease Book

Epigenetics in Human Disease


  • Author : Trygve Tollefsbol
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-06
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN 10 : 0128122153

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Epigenetics in Human Disease Excerpt :

Epigenetics is one of the fastest growing fields in biomedical research, illuminating studies of human diseases by looking beyond genetic make-up and acknowledging that outside factors play a role in gene expression. In Epigenetics in Human Disease, Second Edition, leading international researchers examine those diseases or conditions for which we have advanced knowledge of epigenetic mechanisms such as cancer, autoimmune disorders, aging, metabolic disorders, neurobiological disorders, and cardiovascular disease. In addition to detailing the role of epigenetics in the etiology, progression, diagnosis, and prognosis of these diseases, novel epigenetic approaches to treatment are also explored. Fully revised and up-to-date, this new edition discusses topics of current interest in epigenetic research, including stem cell epigenetic therapy, bioinformatic analysis of NGS data, epigenetic mechanisms of imprinting disorders, online epigenetic tools and data sets, early-life programming of epigenetics in age-related diseases, and epigenetics of addiction and suicide, as well as epigenetic approaches to regulating and preventing diabetes, cardiac disease, allergic disorders, Alzheimer's disease, respiratory diseases, and many other human maladies. With its translational focus, Epigenetics in Human Disease, Second Edition, serves as an invaluable reference for both basic scientists and clinicians alike Includes contributions by leading international investigators involved in translational epigenetic research and therapeutic applications Integrates methods and applications with fundamental chapters on epigenetics in human disease, as well as evaluation of recent epigenetic clinical breakthroughs Side-by-side coverage of the basis of epigenetic diseases and treatment pathways This new edition has been fully revised to cover current developments in disease epigenetics, including stem cell epigenetic therapy, bioinformatic analysis of NGS data, epigenetic mechanisms of imprinti