Evidence on Mechanisms and Tools for Use of Health Information for Decision Making Book

Evidence on Mechanisms and Tools for Use of Health Information for Decision Making


  • Author : Victoria Blessing
  • Publisher : World Health Organization
  • Release Date : 2017-12-06
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 63
  • ISBN 10 : 9789289052757

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Evidence on Mechanisms and Tools for Use of Health Information for Decision Making Excerpt :

The World Health Assembly in 2005 urged Member States to establish or strengthen knowledge transfer mechanisms to support evidence-informed health policies and health care delivery. The European Health Information Initiative was set up to strengthen the use of evidence, information and research for policy-making in the WHO European Region. While good-quality health information is a key component for decision-making, it needs to be packaged and communicated in an effective way to policy-makers, the end-users. This report describes tools and mechanisms that can help to increase the use of health information in policy development. Packaging tools include synthesis methods, such as policy briefs, and visualization methods. Application tools include surveillance data and modelling/simulation to explore the behaviour and performance of processes and interventions. Dissemination and communication tools include health information-sharing platforms, newsletters and person-to-person communications. Finally, linkage and exchange tools such as knowledge networks facilitate the dissemination and refining of health information, thus increasing the chance of its translation into policy.

Evidence on Mechanisms and Tools for Use of Health Information for Decision making Book

Evidence on Mechanisms and Tools for Use of Health Information for Decision making


  • Author : Victoria Blessing
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2017
  • Genre: Medical informatics
  • Pages : 51
  • ISBN 10 : 9240698795

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Evidence on Mechanisms and Tools for Use of Health Information for Decision making Excerpt :

The World Health Assembly in 2005 urged Member States to establish or strengthen knowledge transfer mechanisms to support evidence-informed health policies and health care delivery. The European Health Information Initiative was set up to strengthen the use of evidence, information and research for policy-making in the WHO European Region. While good-quality health information is a key component for decision-making, it needs to be packaged and communicated in an effective way to policy-makers, the end-users. This report describes tools and mechanisms that can help to increase the use of health information in policy development. Packaging tools include synthesis methods, such as policy briefs, and visualization methods. Application tools include surveillance data and modelling/simulation to explore the behaviour and performance of processes and interventions. Dissemination and communication tools include health information-sharing platforms, newsletters and person-to-person communications. Finally, linkage and exchange tools such as knowledge networks facilitate the dissemination and refining of health information, thus increasing the chance of its translation into policy.

European Health Report 2018 Book

European Health Report 2018


  • Author : Who Regional Office for Europe
  • Publisher : World Health Organization
  • Release Date : 2019-01-25
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 157
  • ISBN 10 : 9789289053433

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European Health Report 2018 Excerpt :

With the half-way point in the implementation period of Health 2020 having been crossed, this report reflects on the effect that the policy has had on the Region. Like its predecessors in 2012 and 2015, the 2018 report is an essential resource for the 53 Member States of the WHO European Region to report on progress towards the Health 2020 targets, outlining areas that may be unfinished by 2020 and beyond. Lessons learned from across the Region on action taken by the WHO Regional Office for Europe and Member States to improve the health and well-being of their populations are presented. The report also addresses the new public health challenges that have emerged in recent years. To respond effectively to these challenges, new forms of evidence are essential to measure health and well-being in different cultural and subjective contexts. This is particularly important in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals, whose health indicators overlap significantly with those for Health 2020. The report will be a useful source of information for policy-makers throughout the Region, helping them identify areas that need further assessment and policy action at the national level. It should inspire Member States and other stakeholders to contribute to the work under the umbrella of the WHO European Health Information Initiative: a collaboration between the Regional Office, European institutions and Member States aimed at improving the information that underpins policy. Only through broad international cooperation and bold strides in the way evidence is used in the 21st century will evidence fully inform health policy-making for the benefit of all.

Health Technology Assessment and Health Policy making in Europe Book

Health Technology Assessment and Health Policy making in Europe


  • Author : Marcial Velasco Garrido
  • Publisher : WHO Regional Office Europe
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 181
  • ISBN 10 : 9789289042932

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Health Technology Assessment and Health Policy making in Europe Excerpt :

New technologies with the potential to improve the health of populations are continuously being introduced. But not every technological development results in clear health gains. Health technology assessment provides evidence-based information on the coverage and usage of health technologies, enabling them to be evaluated properly and applied to health care efficaciously, promoting the most effective ones while also taking into account organizational, societal and ethical issues. This book reviews the relationship between health technology assessment and policy-making, and examines how to increase the contribution such research makes to policy- and decision-making processes. By communicating the value and potential of health technology assessment to a wider audience, both within and beyond decision-making and health care management, it aims ultimately to contribute to improve the health status of the population through the delivery of optimum health services.

Delivering High Quality Cancer Care Book

Delivering High Quality Cancer Care


  • Author : Committee on Improving the Quality of Cancer Care: Addressing the Challenges of an Aging Population
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2014-01-10
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 367
  • ISBN 10 : 0309286603

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Delivering High Quality Cancer Care Excerpt :

In the United States, approximately 14 million people have had cancer and more than 1.6 million new cases are diagnosed each year. However, more than a decade after the Institute of Medicine (IOM) first studied the quality of cancer care, the barriers to achieving excellent care for all cancer patients remain daunting. Care often is not patient-centered, many patients do not receive palliative care to manage their symptoms and side effects from treatment, and decisions about care often are not based on the latest scientific evidence. The cost of cancer care also is rising faster than many sectors of medicine--having increased to $125 billion in 2010 from $72 billion in 2004--and is projected to reach $173 billion by 2020. Rising costs are making cancer care less affordable for patients and their families and are creating disparities in patients' access to high-quality cancer care. There also are growing shortages of health professionals skilled in providing cancer care, and the number of adults age 65 and older--the group most susceptible to cancer--is expected to double by 2030, contributing to a 45 percent increase in the number of people developing cancer. The current care delivery system is poorly prepared to address the care needs of this population, which are complex due to altered physiology, functional and cognitive impairment, multiple coexisting diseases, increased side effects from treatment, and greater need for social support. Delivering High-Quality Cancer Care: Charting a New Course for a System in Crisis presents a conceptual framework for improving the quality of cancer care. This study proposes improvements to six interconnected components of care: (1) engaged patients; (2) an adequately staffed, trained, and coordinated workforce; (3) evidence-based care; (4) learning health care information technology (IT); (5) translation of evidence into clinical practice, quality measurement and performance improvement; and (6) accessible and affordable care.

Evidence based Patient Choice Book

Evidence based Patient Choice


  • Author : Adrian Edwards
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2001
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 331
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015043706442

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Evidence based Patient Choice Excerpt :

This book's focus is on the decisions taken in consultations between health care patients and professionals. Clinician- patient partnerships in health care decisions are increasingly advocated. Evidence- based patient choice describes a model of health care in which the evidence-based approach can integrate with the promotion of consumer choice. The book examines the traditional approach and the changing experience and expectations of consumers. It describes with many clinical examples and patient narratives how to practice evidence-based patient choice, and explores the ethical, sociological and economic issues raised. It also addresses the future modifications to professional training and organisational change which are required if evidence-based patient choice is to become the norm and speculates about what is likely to be achieved in the next few years. The book provides a summary of current perspectives in this area, which will be of interest to consumers, their representative groups, and to professionals in practice and training alike. From the foreword by Richard Grol: 'An enormous challenge lies before us. In this new and challenging field Evidence-based patient choice is manna from heaven. It summarises the current state of knowledge about these new patient involvement approaches. It is by far the most comprehensive account of scientific and ethical thinking about patient choice at this moment. And, it manages to show us the way to a potential future: health care provision where patients and professionals operate as real partners with shared goals...'

Evaluating Evidence of Mechanisms in Medicine Book

Evaluating Evidence of Mechanisms in Medicine


  • Author : Veli-Pekka Parkkinen
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-07-13
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 125
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319946108

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Evaluating Evidence of Mechanisms in Medicine Excerpt :

This book is open access under a CC BY license. This book is the first to develop explicit methods for evaluating evidence of mechanisms in the field of medicine. It explains why it can be important to make this evidence explicit, and describes how to take such evidence into account in the evidence appraisal process. In addition, it develops procedures for seeking evidence of mechanisms, for evaluating evidence of mechanisms, and for combining this evaluation with evidence of association in order to yield an overall assessment of effectiveness. Evidence-based medicine seeks to achieve improved health outcomes by making evidence explicit and by developing explicit methods for evaluating it. To date, evidence-based medicine has largely focused on evidence of association produced by clinical studies. As such, it has tended to overlook evidence of pathophysiological mechanisms and evidence of the mechanisms of action of interventions. The book offers a useful guide for all those whose work involves evaluating evidence in the health sciences, including those who need to determine the effectiveness of health interventions and those who need to ascertain the effects of environmental exposures.

For the Record Book

For the Record


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1997-07-09
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309056977

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For the Record Excerpt :

When you visit the doctor, information about you may be recorded in an office computer. Your tests may be sent to a laboratory or consulting physician. Relevant information may be transmitted to your health insurer or pharmacy. Your data may be collected by the state government or by an organization that accredits health care or studies medical costs. By making information more readily available to those who need it, greater use of computerized health information can help improve the quality of health care and reduce its costs. Yet health care organizations must find ways to ensure that electronic health information is not improperly divulged. Patient privacy has been an issue since the oath of Hippocrates first called on physicians to "keep silence" on patient matters, and with highly sensitive data--genetic information, HIV test results, psychiatric records--entering patient records, concerns over privacy and security are growing. For the Record responds to the health care industry's need for greater guidance in protecting health information that increasingly flows through the national information infrastructure--from patient to provider, payer, analyst, employer, government agency, medical product manufacturer, and beyond. This book makes practical detailed recommendations for technical and organizational solutions and national-level initiatives. For the Record describes two major types of privacy and security concerns that stem from the availability of health information in electronic form: the increased potential for inappropriate release of information held by individual organizations (whether by those with access to computerized records or those who break into them) and systemic concerns derived from open and widespread sharing of data among various parties. The committee reports on the technological and organizational aspects of security management, including basic principles of security; the effectiveness of technologies for user authentication, access cont

Quality and Safety Education for Nurses  Third Edition Book

Quality and Safety Education for Nurses Third Edition


  • Author : Patricia Kelly Vana, MSN, RN
  • Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
  • Release Date : 2022-01-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN 10 : 9780826161451

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Quality and Safety Education for Nurses Third Edition Excerpt :

"I congratulate the editors of [this book] on their commitment to continuously updating the resources needed by nursing leaders, faculty, and students who seek to develop or enhance their quality and safety competencies. The chapters and the contents of this edition align magnificently with new domains of the AACN accreditation standards (2021). Whatever your level of education or role in nursing, this textbook is rich in resources to support your growth." -Linda Cronenwett, PhD, RN (ret.), FAAN Professor & Dean Emeritus University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Nursing Former Principal Investigator, QSEN: Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (From the Foreword) This Third Edition of Quality and Safety Education for Nurses has been thoroughly updated for students in undergraduate Associate, Baccalaureate, Accelerated and BSN completion Nursing programs. There is a chapter focusing on each of the six Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) Competency areas, with content on Nursing Leadership and Patient Care Management infused throughout the chapters. The Third Edition also includes new chapters on Systems Thinking, Implementation Science, and Population Health. It includes an Instructor’s manual and Powerpoints. New to the Third Edition: New Chapters: Chapter 3: Systems Thinking Chapter 13: Implementation Science Chapter 15: Population Health and the Role of Quality and Safety Incorporates new content based on The Future of 2020-2030 Report and the 2021 AACN Essentials Contains a "Competency Crosswalk" connecting each chapter's content to QSEN/AACN Competencies Key Features: Supports nursing schools to fulfill accreditation standards for Quality and Safety curricula Includes Clinical Judgment Activities, Case Studies, Interviews, NCLEX-Style Questions, Figures, Tables, Bibliography, Suggested Readings, and more to clarify content Designed to be used in a stand-alone Quality and Safety course, Leadership and Management Nursing course, or as a

Information Systems Design and Intelligent Applications Book

Information Systems Design and Intelligent Applications


  • Author : Suresh Chandra Satapathy
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-01-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811333385

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Information Systems Design and Intelligent Applications Excerpt :

The book gathers a collection of high-quality peer-reviewed research papers presented at the International Conference on Information System Design and Intelligent Applications (INDIA 2018), which was held at the Universite des Mascareignes, Mauritius from July 19 to 21, 2018. It covers a wide range of topics in computer science and information technology, from image processing, database applications and data mining, to grid and cloud computing, bioinformatics and many more. The intelligent tools discussed, e.g. swarm intelligence, artificial intelligence, evolutionary algorithms, and bio-inspired algorithms, are currently being applied to solve challenging problems in various domains.

Fundamentals of Clinical Data Science Book

Fundamentals of Clinical Data Science


  • Author : Pieter Kubben
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-12-21
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 219
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319997131

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Fundamentals of Clinical Data Science Excerpt :

This open access book comprehensively covers the fundamentals of clinical data science, focusing on data collection, modelling and clinical applications. Topics covered in the first section on data collection include: data sources, data at scale (big data), data stewardship (FAIR data) and related privacy concerns. Aspects of predictive modelling using techniques such as classification, regression or clustering, and prediction model validation will be covered in the second section. The third section covers aspects of (mobile) clinical decision support systems, operational excellence and value-based healthcare. Fundamentals of Clinical Data Science is an essential resource for healthcare professionals and IT consultants intending to develop and refine their skills in personalized medicine, using solutions based on large datasets from electronic health records or telemonitoring programmes. The book’s promise is “no math, no code”and will explain the topics in a style that is optimized for a healthcare audience.

Facets Of Public Health In Europe Book

Facets Of Public Health In Europe


  • Author : Rechel, Bernd
  • Publisher : McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
  • Release Date : 2014-08-01
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9780335264209

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Facets Of Public Health In Europe Excerpt :

This book takes a broad but detailed approach to public health in Europe and offers the most comprehensive analysis of this region currently available.

Social Work and Integrated Health Care Book

Social Work and Integrated Health Care


  • Author : Victoria Stanhope
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-09-27
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190607319

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Social Work and Integrated Health Care Excerpt :

With nearly 40% of social workers working in the health and behavioral health care sectors, Social Work and Integrated Health Care is designed to help social workers understand the policies that shape the current discussion regarding integrated primary care and behavioral health care and their application to practice. While the future of Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (PPACA) is uncertain at this time, the potential for integrated health care to simultaneously improve health outcomes while reducing costs means that despite the constantly changing health policy landscape, the movement towards an integrated health care system will continue in the future. As these changes occur, there is a great need in the social work field for resources that will give both the context for these changes and translate the policies to day-to-day social work practice. This book provides essential information about the important shifts in the health care field with a focus on health care for vulnerable populations, with a special emphasis on adults with severe mental illnesses and substance abuse disorders. As the title indicates, the book provides a comprehensive discussion not only of critical policy issues, but also their specific implications to evidence-based clinical practice. It covers such areas as background on public funding for health care, the development of behavioral health services in the community, and the passage of mental health parity legislation. The text also includes an overview of integrated health care settings and describes evidence practices that are central to integrated health care such as screening, person-centered care planning, motivational interviewing, and wellness self-management. It is a must-have text for all social work students in MSW programs.

Administrative Data Sources for Compiling Millennium Development Goals and Related Indicators Book

Administrative Data Sources for Compiling Millennium Development Goals and Related Indicators


  • Author : Asian Development Bank
  • Publisher : Asian Development Bank
  • Release Date : 2011-03-01
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN 10 : 9789290922599

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Administrative Data Sources for Compiling Millennium Development Goals and Related Indicators Excerpt :

The handbook is one of the outputs of the Asian Development Bank regional technical assistance on Improving Administrative Data Sources for the Monitoring of the Millennium Development Goals Indicators. It serves as a reference tool for data producers on improving administrative data sources for compiling the Millennium Development Goals and other indicators. Drawing from the experiences of the five case study countries included in the technical assistance, namely, Mongolia, Nepal, Palau, Sri Lanka, and Viet Nam, the handbook combines theoretical issues in using administrative data with the practical problems faced in their use and provides recommendations to help improve administrative data systems. It also provides information on alternative data sources for compiling the Millennium Development Goals and other indicators.