Evolution of Vulnerability Book

Evolution of Vulnerability


  • Author : David C. Geary
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-07-28
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 444
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128017470

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Evolution of Vulnerability Excerpt :

Biologists have known for decades that many traits involved in competition for mates or other resources and that influence mate choice are exaggerated, and their expression is influenced by the individuals’ ability to tolerate a variety of environmental and social stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability applies this concept of heightened sensitivity to humans for a host of physical, social, psychological, cognitive, and brain traits. By reframing the issue entirely, renowned evolutionary psychologist David C. Geary demonstrates this principle can be used to identify children, adolescents, or populations at risk for poor long-term outcomes and identify specific traits in each sex and at different points in development that are most easily disrupted by exposure to stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability begins by reviewing the expansive literature on traits predicted to show sex-specific sensitivity to environmental and social stressors, and details the implications for better assessing and understanding the consequences of exposure to these stressors. Next, the book reviews sexual selection—mate competition and choice—and the mechanisms involved in the evolution of condition dependent traits and the stressors that can undermine their development and expression, such as poor early nutrition and health, parasites, social stress, and exposure to man-made toxins. Then it reviews condition dependent traits (physical, behavioral, cognitive, and brain) in birds, fish, insects, and mammals to demonstrate the ubiquity of these traits in nature. The focus then turns to humans and covers sex-specific vulnerabilities in children and adults for physical traits, social behavior, psychological wellbeing, and brain and cognitive traits. The sensitivity of these traits is related to exposure to parasites, poor nutrition, social maltreatment, environmental toxins, chemotherapy, and Alzheimer’s disease, among others. The book concludes with an implications chapter that outlines how

Disasters and History Book

Disasters and History


  • Author : Bas van Bavel
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-10-22
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 243
  • ISBN 10 : 9781108477178

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Disasters and History Excerpt :

Offers the first comprehensive overview of research into hazards and disasters from a historical perspective. This title is also available as Open Access on Cambridge Core.

Vulnerability Book

Vulnerability


  • Author : Catriona Mackenzie
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2014
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 331
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199316656

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Vulnerability Excerpt :

This volume breaks new ground by investigating the ethics of vulnerability. Drawing on various ethical traditions, the contributors explore the nature of vulnerability, the responsibilities owed to the vulnerable, and by whom.

Human Being   Risk Book

Human Being Risk


  • Author : Mark Coeckelbergh
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-02-15
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400760257

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Human Being Risk Excerpt :

Whereas standard approaches to risk and vulnerability presuppose a strict separation between humans and their world, this book develops an existential-phenomenological approach according to which we are always already beings-at-risk. Moreover, it is argued that in our struggle against vulnerability, we create new vulnerabilities and thereby transform ourselves as much as we transform the world. Responding to the discussion about human enhancement and information technologies, the book then shows that this dynamic-relational approach has important implications for the evaluation of new technologies and their risks. It calls for a normative anthropology of vulnerability that does not ask which objective risks are acceptable, how we can become invulnerable, or which technologies threaten human nature, but which vulnerability transformations we want. To the extent that we can steer the growth of new technologies at all, this tragic and sometimes comic project should therefore be guided by what we want to become.​

Evolution of Vulnerability Book

Evolution of Vulnerability


  • Author : David C. Geary
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-09-01
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 444
  • ISBN 10 : 0128015624

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Evolution of Vulnerability Excerpt :

Biologists have known for decades that many traits involved in competition for mates or other resources and that influence mate choice are exaggerated, and their expression is influenced by the individuals' ability to tolerate a variety of environmental and social stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability applies this concept of heightened sensitivity to humans for a host of physical, social, psychological, cognitive, and brain traits. By reframing the issue entirely, renowned evolutionary psychologist David C. Geary demonstrates this principle can be used to identify children, adolescents, or populations at risk for poor long-term outcomes and identify specific traits in each sex and at different points in development that are most easily disrupted by exposure to stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability begins by reviewing the expansive literature on traits predicted to show sex-specific sensitivity to environmental and social stressors, and details the implications for better assessing and understanding the consequences of exposure to these stressors. Next, the book reviews sexual selection-mate competition and choice-and the mechanisms involved in the evolution of condition dependent traits and the stressors that can undermine their development and expression, such as poor early nutrition and health, parasites, social stress, and exposure to man-made toxins. Then it reviews condition dependent traits (physical, behavioral, cognitive, and brain) in birds, fish, insects, and mammals to demonstrate the ubiquity of these traits in nature. The focus then turns to humans and covers sex-specific vulnerabilities in children and adults for physical traits, social behavior, psychological wellbeing, and brain and cognitive traits. The sensitivity of these traits is related to exposure to parasites, poor nutrition, social maltreatment, environmental toxins, chemotherapy, and Alzheimer's disease, among others. The book concludes with an implications chapter that outlines how to bett

People and Climate Change Book

People and Climate Change


  • Author : Lisa Reyes Mason
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-04-02
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190886462

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People and Climate Change Excerpt :

Climate change is a profoundly social and political challenge that threatens the well-being, livelihood, and survival of people in communities worldwide. Too often, those who have contributed least to climate change are the most likely to suffer from its negative consequences and are often excluded from the policy discussions and decisions that affect their lives. People and Climate Change pays particular attention to the social dimensions of climate change. It closely examines people's lived experience, climate-related injustice and inequity, why some groups are more vulnerable than others, and what can be done about it--especially through greater community inclusion in policy change. The book offers a diverse range of rich, community-based examples from across the "Global North" and "Global South" (e.g., sacrificial flood zones in urban Argentina, forced relocation of United Houma tribal members in the United States, gendered water insecurities in Bangladesh and Australia) while posing social and political questions about climate change (e.g., what can be done about the unequal consequences of climate change by questioning and transforming social institutions and arrangements?). It serves as an essential resource for practitioners, policymakers, and undergraduate-/graduate-level educators of courses in environmental studies, social work, urban studies, planning, geography, sociology, and other disciplines that address matters of climate and environmental change.

Caring for the Vulnerable  Perspectives in Nursing Theory  Practice  and Research Book

Caring for the Vulnerable Perspectives in Nursing Theory Practice and Research


  • Author : Mary De Chesnay
  • Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 607
  • ISBN 10 : 9780763751098

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Caring for the Vulnerable Perspectives in Nursing Theory Practice and Research Excerpt :

Organized into seven units - concepts, nursing theories, research, practice, programs, teaching-learning and policy - this text offers a broad focus on vulnerability and vulnerable populations in addition to extending nurses' thinking on the theoretical formulations that guide practice. It is a timely and necessary response to the culturally diverse vulnerable populations for whom nurses must provide appropriate and precise care.

Human Being and Vulnerability Book

Human Being and Vulnerability


  • Author : Joseph Sverker
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2020-11-24
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 295
  • ISBN 10 : 9783838213415

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Human Being and Vulnerability Excerpt :

Joseph Sverker explores the division between social constructivism and a biologist essentialism by means of Christian theology. For this, Sverker uses a fascinating approach: He lets critical theorist Judith Butler, psycholinguist Steven Pinker, and systematic theologian Colin Gunton interact. While theology plays a central part to make the interaction possible, the context is also that of the school and the effect of institutions on the pupil as a human being and learner. In order to understand what underlies the division between nature and nurture, or biology and the social in school, Sverker develops new central concepts such as a kenotic personalism, a weak ontology of relationality, and a relational and performative reading of evolution. He argues that most fundamental for what it is to be human is the person, vulnerability, bodiliness, openness to the other, and dependence. Sverker concludes that the division between constructivism and essentialism discloses a deeper divide, namely that between fundamentally vulnerable persons on the one hand and constructed independent individuals on the other.

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Book

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards


  • Author : Birkmann
  • Publisher : The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)
  • Release Date : 2007-01-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 524
  • ISBN 10 : 8179931226

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Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Excerpt :

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards presents a broad range of current approaches to measuring vulnerability. It provides a comprehensive overview of different concepts at the global, regional, national, and local levels, and explores various schools of thought. More than 40 distinguished academics and practitioners analyse quantitative and qualitative approaches, and examine their strengths and limitations. This book contains concrete experiences and examples from Africa, Asia, the Americas and Europe to illustrate the theoretical analyses.The authors provide answers to some of the key questions on how to measure vulnerability and they draw attention to issues with insufficient coverage, such as the environmental and institutional dimensions of vulnerability and methods to combine different methodologies.This book is a unique compilation of state-of-the-art vulnerability assessment and is essential reading for academics, students, policy makers, practitioners, and anybody else interested in understanding the fundamentals of measuring vulnerability. It is a critical review that provides important conclusions which can serve as an orientation for future research towards more disaster resilient communities.

Vulnerability in a Mobile World Book

Vulnerability in a Mobile World


  • Author : Helen Forbes-Mewett
  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Release Date : 2019-11-25
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : 9781787569119

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Vulnerability in a Mobile World Excerpt :

Populations across the world are becoming increasingly mobile for many different reasons. Some are searching for a better and safer life, others migrate for economic or environmental purposes, education, or identity formation. While mobility may bring better life-chances, this book shows that for some it means experiencing vulnerability.

A Vulnerable System Book

A Vulnerable System


  • Author : Andrew J. Stewart
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2021-09-15
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 1501758942

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A Vulnerable System Excerpt :

Vulnerability of Land Systems in Asia Book

Vulnerability of Land Systems in Asia


  • Author : Ademola K. Braimoh
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2014-09-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118854914

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Vulnerability of Land Systems in Asia Excerpt :

This book provides a comprehensive yet accessible overview of landsystems vulnerability assessment in Asia - fundamental to theunderstanding of the link between global change, environmentalsustainability and human wellbeing. The extent and intensity ofhuman interactions with the environment have increasedspectacularly since the Industrial Revolution. Thus, the globalchange research community and development practitionersincreasingly recognize the need to address the adverse consequencesof changes taking place in the structure and function of thebiosphere and the implications for society. With a focus onAsia, this book provides an overview of the vulnerability of landsystems and the subsequent multiple stressors in this region. Thebook offers a discussion surrounding the potential causal processesthat affect land systems vulnerability and our capacity to copewith different perturbations. It also identifies factors that helpto integrate vulnerability assessment into policy anddecision-making. • Addresses the complex issues arising fromhuman–environment interactions that cannot be satisfactorilydealt with by core disciplinary methods alone. • Key coverage of a variety of topics from thevulnerability of smallholder agriculture and urban systems to theimpact of socioeconomic processes at the sub-regional level. • Coverage of the causal processes that affect landsystems vulnerability and capacity to cope with differentperturbations are documented. • Focus on integrating vulnerability assessment intopolicies and decision-making • Includes contributions from leading academics in thefield.