Expanding Biofuel Production and the Transition to Advanced Biofuels Book

Expanding Biofuel Production and the Transition to Advanced Biofuels


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2010-03-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 178
  • ISBN 10 : 0309152917

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Expanding Biofuel Production and the Transition to Advanced Biofuels Excerpt :

While energy prices, energy security, and climate change are front and center in the national media, these issues are often framed to the exclusion of the broader issue of sustainability--ensuring that the production and use of biofuels do not compromise the needs of future generations by recognizing the need to protect life-support systems, promote economic growth, and improve societal welfare. Thus, it is important to understand the effects of biofuel production and use on water quality and quantity, soils, wildlife habitat and biodiversity, greenhouse gas emissions, air quality, public health, and the economic viability of rural communities.

Expanding Biofuel Production and the Transition to Advanced Biofuels Book

Expanding Biofuel Production and the Transition to Advanced Biofuels


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2010-04-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 178
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309147149

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Expanding Biofuel Production and the Transition to Advanced Biofuels Excerpt :

While energy prices, energy security, and climate change are front and center in the national media, these issues are often framed to the exclusion of the broader issue of sustainability--ensuring that the production and use of biofuels do not compromise the needs of future generations by recognizing the need to protect life-support systems, promote economic growth, and improve societal welfare. Thus, it is important to understand the effects of biofuel production and use on water quality and quantity, soils, wildlife habitat and biodiversity, greenhouse gas emissions, air quality, public health, and the economic viability of rural communities.

Advanced Biofuels Book

Advanced Biofuels


  • Author : Kalam Abul Azad
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2019-06-09
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 502
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081027929

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Advanced Biofuels Excerpt :

Advanced Biofuels: Applications, Technologies, and Environmental Sustainability presents recent developments and applications of biofuels in the field of internal combustion engines, with a primary focus on the recent approaches of biodiesel applications, low emission alternative fuels, and environmental sustainability. Editors Dr. Azad and Dr. Rasul, along with their team of expert contributors, combine a collection of extensive experimental investigations on engine performance and emissions and combustion phenomena using different types of oxygenated fuel with in-depth research on fuel applications, an analysis of available technologies and resources, energy efficiency improvement methods, and applications of oxygenated fuel for the sustainable environment. Academics, researchers, engineers and technologists will develop a greater understanding of the relevant concepts and solutions to the global issues related to achieving alternative energy application for future energy security, as well as environmental sustainability in medium and large-scale industries. Fills a gap in the literature on alternative fuel applications with in-depth research and experimental investigations of different approaches, technologies and applications Considers the important issue of sustainability using case studies to deepen understanding Includes energy security within various industries, including aviation and transport

Advanced Biofuel Technologies Book

Advanced Biofuel Technologies


  • Author : Deepak K. Tuli
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-12-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 594
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323884280

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Advanced Biofuel Technologies Excerpt :

Advanced Biofuel Technologies: Present Status, Challenges and Future Prospects deals with important issues such as feed stock availability, technology options, greenhouse gas reduction as seen by life cycle assessment studies, regulations and policies. This book provides readers complete information on the current state of developments in both thermochemical and biochemical processes for advanced biofuels production for the purpose of transportation, domestic and industrial applications. Chapters explore technological innovations in advanced biofuels produced from agricultural residues, algae, lipids and waste industrial gases to produce road transport fuels, biojet fuel and biogas. Covers technologies and processes of different types of biofuel production Outlines a selection of different types of renewable feedstocks for biofuel production Summarizes adequate and balanced coverage of thermochemical and biochemical methods of biomass conversion into biofuel Includes regulations, policies and lifecycle and techno-economic assessments

Renewable Fuel Standard Book

Renewable Fuel Standard


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2012-01-29
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309187510

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Renewable Fuel Standard Excerpt :

In the United States, we have come to depend on plentiful and inexpensive energy to support our economy and lifestyles. In recent years, many questions have been raised regarding the sustainability of our current pattern of high consumption of nonrenewable energy and its environmental consequences. Further, because the United States imports about 55 percent of the nation's consumption of crude oil, there are additional concerns about the security of supply. Hence, efforts are being made to find alternatives to our current pathway, including greater energy efficiency and use of energy sources that could lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions such as nuclear and renewable sources, including solar, wind, geothermal, and biofuels. The United States has a long history with biofuels and the nation is on a course charted to achieve a substantial increase in biofuels. Renewable Fuel Standard evaluates the economic and environmental consequences of increasing biofuels production as a result of Renewable Fuels Standard, as amended by EISA (RFS2). The report describes biofuels produced in 2010 and those projected to be produced and consumed by 2022, reviews model projections and other estimates of the relative impact on the prices of land, and discusses the potential environmental harm and benefits of biofuels production and the barriers to achieving the RFS2 consumption mandate. Policy makers, investors, leaders in the transportation sector, and others with concerns for the environment, economy, and energy security can rely on the recommendations provided in this report.

Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability


  • Author : David S. Ginley
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2011-11-30
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781139502689

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Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability Excerpt :

How will we meet rising energy demands? What are our options? Are there viable long-term solutions for the future? Learn the fundamental physical, chemical and materials science at the heart of: • Renewable/non-renewable energy sources • Future transportation systems • Energy efficiency • Energy storage Whether you are a student taking an energy course or a newcomer to the field, this textbook will help you understand critical relationships between the environment, energy and sustainability. Leading experts provide comprehensive coverage of each topic, bringing together diverse subject matter by integrating theory with engaging insights. Each chapter includes helpful features to aid understanding, including a historical overview to provide context, suggested further reading and questions for discussion. Every subject is beautifully illustrated and brought to life with full color images and color-coded sections for easy browsing, making this a complete educational package. Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability will enable today's scientists and educate future generations.

Biofuels Book

Biofuels


  • Author : Zhen Fang
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2013-01-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535109501

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Biofuels Excerpt :

This book overviews social, economic, environmental and sustainable issues by the use of biofuels written by professionals. It should be of interest for students, researchers, scientists and technologists in biofuels.

Sustainability and the U S  EPA Book

Sustainability and the U S EPA


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2011-09-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 162
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309212557

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Sustainability and the U S EPA Excerpt :

Sustainability is based on a simple and long-recognized factual premise: Everything that humans require for their survival and well-being depends, directly or indirectly, on the natural environment. The environment provides the air we breathe, the water we drink, and the food we eat. Recognizing the importance of sustainability to its work, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has been working to create programs and applications in a variety of areas to better incorporate sustainability into decision-making at the agency. To further strengthen the scientific basis for sustainability as it applies to human health and environmental protection, the EPA asked the National Research Council (NRC) to provide a framework for incorporating sustainability into the EPA's principles and decision-making. This framework, Sustainability and the U.S. EPA, provides recommendations for a sustainability approach that both incorporates and goes beyond an approach based on assessing and managing the risks posed by pollutants that has largely shaped environmental policy since the 1980s. Although risk-based methods have led to many successes and remain important tools, the report concludes that they are not adequate to address many of the complex problems that put current and future generations at risk, such as depletion of natural resources, climate change, and loss of biodiversity. Moreover, sophisticated tools are increasingly available to address cross-cutting, complex, and challenging issues that go beyond risk management. The report recommends that EPA formally adopt as its sustainability paradigm the widely used "three pillars" approach, which means considering the environmental, social, and economic impacts of an action or decision. Health should be expressly included in the "social" pillar. EPA should also articulate its vision for sustainability and develop a set of sustainability principles that would underlie all agency policies and programs.

Increasing Feedstock Production for Biofuels Book

Increasing Feedstock Production for Biofuels


  • Author : Gale Buchanan
  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release Date : 2010-10
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 148
  • ISBN 10 : 9781437921076

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Increasing Feedstock Production for Biofuels Excerpt :

A large expansion in ethanol production, along with research and innovation to develop second-generation biofuels, is underway in the U.S., spurred by volatile oil prices and energy policies. This increased focus on ethanol and other biofuels is an important element of U.S. economic, energy, environmental, and national security policies. This report will inform research recommendations to address the constraints surrounding availability of biomass feedstocks. To meet this goal, an economic assessment, which links to an analysis of the consequences for greenhouse gas emissions and sustainability, has been developed that encompasses feedstock production from agriculture and forestry sources. Illustrations.

Climate Science for Serving Society Book

Climate Science for Serving Society


  • Author : Ghassem R. Asrar
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-06-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400766921

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Climate Science for Serving Society Excerpt :

This volume offers a comprehensive survey and a close analysis of efforts to develop actionable climate information in support of vital decisions for climate adaptation, risk management and policy. Arising from submissions and discussion at the 2011 Open Science Conference (OSC) of the World Climate Research Program (WCRP), the book addresses research and intellectual challenges which span the full range of Program activities.

Sustainable Development of Algal Biofuels in the United States Book

Sustainable Development of Algal Biofuels in the United States


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2013-01-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 246
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309260329

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Sustainable Development of Algal Biofuels in the United States Excerpt :

Biofuels made from algae are gaining attention as a domestic source of renewable fuel. However, with current technologies, scaling up production of algal biofuels to meet even 5 percent of U.S. transportation fuel needs could create unsustainable demands for energy, water, and nutrient resources. Continued research and development could yield innovations to address these challenges, but determining if algal biofuel is a viable fuel alternative will involve comparing the environmental, economic and social impacts of algal biofuel production and use to those associated with petroleum-based fuels and other fuel sources. Sustainable Development of Algal Biofuels was produced at the request of the U.S. Department of Energy.

Leadership in Science and Technology  A Reference Handbook Book

Leadership in Science and Technology A Reference Handbook


  • Author : William Sims Bainbridge
  • Publisher : SAGE Publications
  • Release Date : 2011-10-20
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 984
  • ISBN 10 : 9781452266527

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Leadership in Science and Technology A Reference Handbook Excerpt :

This 2-volume set within the SAGE Reference Series on Leadership tackles issues relevant to leadership in the realm of science and technology. To encompass the key topics in this arena, this handbook features 100 topics arranged under eight headings. Volume 1 concentrates on general principles of science and technology leadership and includes sections on social-scientific perspectives on S&T leadership; key scientific concepts about leading and innovating in S&T; characteristics of S&T leaders and their environments; and strategies, tactics, and tools of S&T leadership. Volume 2 provides case studies of leadership in S&T, with sections considering leadership in informal communities of scientists and engineers; leadership in government projects and research initiatives; leadership in industry research, development, and innovation; and finally, leadership in education and university-based research. By focusing on key topics within 100 brief chapters, this unprecedented reference resource offers students more detailed information and depth of discussion than typically found in an encyclopedia entry but not as much jargon, detail or density as in a journal article or a research handbook chapter. Entries are written in language and style that is broadly accessible, and each is followed by cross-references and a brief bibliography and further readings. A detailed index and an online version of the work enhances accessibility for today's student audience.

Innovation Outlook Book

Innovation Outlook


  • Author : International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2016-10-17
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9295111370

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Innovation Outlook Excerpt :

Biofuels and the Sustainability Challenge Book

Biofuels and the Sustainability Challenge


  • Author : Aziz Elbehri
  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org
  • Release Date : 2013
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 174
  • ISBN 10 : MSU:31293036399461

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Biofuels and the Sustainability Challenge Excerpt :

Biofuels global emergence in the last two decades is met with increased concerns over climate change and sustainable development. This report addresses the core issue of biofuel sustainability of biofuels and related feedstocks, drawing from a wide range of sustainability related studies, reports, policy initiatives. The report critically examines the economic, environmental and social sustainability dimensions of biofuels and review the major certification initiatives, schemes and regulations. In doing so, the report relies on extensive review of a number of country case studies covering a broad range of current biofuel-feedstocks systems. The report analysis clearly distinguish feedstock efficiency (in terms of biofuel yields per unit of land) from sustainability, especially under limiting resource (irrigated water) or sensitive areas (carbon stocks). Also, long run economic viability depend on the future policy support, technical innovations in biofuel systems, economics of biofuel supply and demand and trade-offs between food and energy uses as well as feedstock productivity gains. Biofuels can present both advantages and risks for environmental sustainability; the latter being often difficult to measure or monitor and may conflict with economic sustainability unless great strides in productivity gains are achieved. Social sustainability is the weakest link in current biofuel certification schemes owing to intrinsic local factors and as efforts target more few negative social impacts; much less focus is placed on inclusive processes that strengthen marginal stockholders participation and benefits. Biofuel certification schemes need to be more smallholder inclusive, perhaps through policy initiatives. Finally, poor developing countries, especially with abundant land and biomass production potential, need to prioritise food security and poverty reduction. In many cases, biofuel models that encourage small scale integrated bioenergy systems may offer higher rural d