Experimental and Quasi Experimental Designs for Research Book

Experimental and Quasi Experimental Designs for Research


  • Author : Donald T. Campbell
  • Publisher : Ravenio Books
  • Release Date : 2015-09-03
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 84
  • ISBN 10 : 978186723xxxx

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Experimental and Quasi Experimental Designs for Research Excerpt :

We shall examine the validity of 16 experimental designs against 12 common threats to valid inference. By experiment we refer to that portion of research in which variables are manipulated and their effects upon other variables observed. It is well to distinguish the particular role of this chapter. It is not a chapter on experimental design in the Fisher (1925, 1935) tradition, in which an experimenter having complete mastery can schedule treatments and measurements for optimal statistical efficiency, with complexity of design emerging only from that goal of efficiency. Insofar as the designs discussed in the present chapter become complex, it is because of the intransigency of the environment: because, that is, of the experimenter’s lack of complete control.

Quasi Experimentation Book

Quasi Experimentation


  • Author : Charles S. Reichardt
  • Publisher : Guilford Publications
  • Release Date : 2019-09-02
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 361
  • ISBN 10 : 9781462540204

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Quasi Experimentation Excerpt :

Featuring engaging examples from diverse disciplines, this book explains how to use modern approaches to quasi-experimentation to derive credible estimates of treatment effects under the demanding constraints of field settings. Foremost expert Charles S. Reichardt provides an in-depth examination of the design and statistical analysis of pretest–posttest, nonequivalent groups, regression discontinuity, and interrupted time-series designs. He details their relative strengths and weaknesses and offers practical advice about their use. Comparing quasi-experiments to randomized experiments, Reichardt discusses when and why the former might be a better choice than the latter in the face of the contingencies that are likely to arise in practice. Modern methods for elaborating a research design to remove bias from estimates of treatment effects are described, as are tactics for dealing with missing data and noncompliance with treatment assignment. Throughout, mathematical equations are translated into words to enhance accessibility. Adding to its discussion of prototypical quasi-experiments, the book also provides a complete typology of quasi-experimental design options to help the reader craft the best research design to fit the circumstances of a given study.

Quasi Experimental Research Designs Book

Quasi Experimental Research Designs


  • Author : Bruce A. Thyer
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2012-02-16
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 203
  • ISBN 10 : 9780195387384

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Quasi Experimental Research Designs Excerpt :

This pocket guide describes the logic, design, and conduct of the range of such designs, encompassing pre-experiments, quasi-experiments making use of a control or comparison group, and time-series designs. While it can be utilized as a manual, this book is also valuable for practitioners seeking a greater conceptual understanding of quasi-experimental studies in social work literature. Human service professionals planning to undertake a program evaluation of their agency's services will find this book helpful in understanding the steps and actions needed to adopt a quasi-experimental strategy.

Experimental and Quasi experimental Designs for Generalized Causal Inference Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Experimental and Quasi experimental Designs for Generalized Causal Inference


  • Author : William R. Shadish
  • Publisher : Wadsworth Publishing Company
  • Release Date : 2002
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 664
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015061304716

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Experimental and Quasi experimental Designs for Generalized Causal Inference Excerpt :

Sections include: experiments and generalised causal inference; statistical conclusion validity and internal validity; construct validity and external validity; quasi-experimental designs that either lack a control group or lack pretest observations on the outcome; quasi-experimental designs that use both control groups and pretests; quasi-experiments: interrupted time-series designs; regresssion discontinuity designs; randomised experiments: rationale, designs, and conditions conducive to doing them; practical problems 1: ethics, participation recruitment and random assignment; practical problems 2: treatment implementation and attrition; generalised causal inference: a grounded theory; generalised causal inference: methods for single studies; generalised causal inference: methods for multiple studies; a critical assessment of our assumptions.

The Statistical Analysis of Quasi Experiments Book

The Statistical Analysis of Quasi Experiments


  • Author : Christopher H. Achen
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2021-01-08
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN 10 : 9780520332218

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The Statistical Analysis of Quasi Experiments Excerpt :

This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press's mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1986.

Quasi experimentation Book

Quasi experimentation


  • Author : Thomas D. Cook
  • Publisher : Wadsworth Publishing Company
  • Release Date : 1979
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 405
  • ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105037435018

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Quasi experimentation Excerpt :

This book presents some quasi-experimental designs and design features that can be used in many social research settings. The designs serve to probe causal hypotheses about a wide variety of substantive issues in both basic and applied research. Each design is assessed in terms of four types of validity, with special stress on internal validity. Although general conclusions are drawn about the strengths and limitations of each design, emphasis is also placed on the fact that the relevant threats to valid inference are specific to each research setting. Consequently, a threat that is usually associated with a particular design need not invariably be associated with that design.

Using Propensity Scores in Quasi Experimental Designs Book

Using Propensity Scores in Quasi Experimental Designs


  • Author : William M. Holmes
  • Publisher : SAGE Publications
  • Release Date : 2013-06-10
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483310817

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Using Propensity Scores in Quasi Experimental Designs Excerpt :

Using Propensity Scores in Quasi-Experimental Designs, by William M. Holmes, examines how propensity scores can be used to reduce bias with different kinds of quasi-experimental designs and to fix or improve broken experiments. Requiring minimal use of matrix and vector algebra, the book covers the causal assumptions of propensity score estimates and their many uses, linking these uses with analysis appropriate for different designs. Thorough coverage of bias assessment, propensity score estimation, and estimate improvement is provided, along with graphical and statistical methods for this process. Applications are included for analysis of variance and covariance, maximum likelihood and logistic regression, two-stage least squares, generalized linear regression, and general estimation equations. The examples use public data sets that have policy and programmatic relevance across a variety of disciplines.

The Routledge Handbook of Research Methods in Applied Linguistics Book

The Routledge Handbook of Research Methods in Applied Linguistics


  • Author : Jim McKinley
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2019-12-20
  • Genre: Education
  • Pages : 530
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000734171

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The Routledge Handbook of Research Methods in Applied Linguistics Excerpt :

The Routledge Handbook of Research Methods in Applied Linguistics provides a critical survey of the methodological concepts, designs, instruments and types of analysis that are used within the broad field of applied linguistics. With more than 40 chapters written by leading and emerging scholars, this book problematizes and theorizes applied linguistics research, incorporating numerous multifaceted methodological considerations and pointing to the future of good practice in research. Topics covered include: key concepts and constructs in research methodology, such as sampling strategies and mixed methods research; research designs such as experimental research, case study research, and action research; data collection methods, from questionnaires and interviews to think-aloud protocols and data elicitation tasks; data analysis methods, such as use of R, inferential statistical analysis, and qualitative content analysis; current considerations in applied linguistics research, such as a need for transparency and greater incorporation of multilingualism in research; and recent innovations in research methods related to multimodality, eye-tracking, and advances in quantitative methods. The Routledge Handbook of Research Methods in Applied Linguistics is key reading for both experienced and novice researchers in Applied Linguistics as well as anyone undertaking study in this area.

Doing Quantitative Research in Education with SPSS Book
Score: 4
From 3 Ratings

Doing Quantitative Research in Education with SPSS


  • Author : Daniel Muijs
  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release Date : 2010-12-10
  • Genre: Education
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN 10 : 144624234X

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Doing Quantitative Research in Education with SPSS Excerpt :

This accessible and authoritative introduction is essential for education students and researchers needing to use quantitative methods for the first time. Using datasets from real-life educational research and avoiding the use of mathematical formulae, the author guides students through the essential techniques that they will need to know, explaining each procedure using the latest version of SPSS. The datasets can also be downloaded from the book's website, enabling students to practice the techniques for themselves. This revised and updated second edition now also includes more advanced methods such as log linear analysis, logistic regression, and canonical correlation. Written specifically for those with no prior experience of quantitative research, this book is ideal for education students and researchers in this field.

The SAGE Handbook of Applied Social Research Methods Book
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The SAGE Handbook of Applied Social Research Methods


  • Author : Leonard Bickman
  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 661
  • ISBN 10 : 9781412950312

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The SAGE Handbook of Applied Social Research Methods Excerpt :

The SAGE Handbook of Applied Social Research Methods, Second Edition provides students and researchers with the most comprehensive resource covering core methods, research designs, and data collection, management, and analysis issues. This thoroughly revised edition continues to place critical emphasis on finding the tools that best fit the research question given the constraints of deadlines, budget, and available staff. Each chapter offers key guidance on how to make intelligent and conscious tradeoffs so that one can refine and hone the research question as new knowledge is gained, unanticipated obstacles are encountered, or contextual shifts take place - all key elements in the iterative nature of applied research. Each chapter has been enhanced pedagogically to include more step-by-step procedures, specific, rich yet practical examples from various settings to illustrate the method, parameters to define when the method is most appropriate and when it is not appropriate, and greater use of visual aids (graphs, models, tip boxes) to provide teaching and learning tools. - twenty core chapters written by research experts that cover major methods and data analysis issues across the social and behavioral sciences, education, and management; - emphasis on applying research techniques, particularly in "real-world" settings in which there are various data, money, time, and political constraints; - new chapters on mixed methods, qualitative comparative analysis, concept mapping, and internet data collection; - a newly developed section that serves as a guide for students who are navigating through the book and attempting to translate the chapters into action; - a new Instructor's Resources CD, with relevant journal articles, test questions, and exercises to aid the instructor in developing appropriate course materials.

Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning Book

Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning


  • Author : Norbert M. Seel
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-10-05
  • Genre: Education
  • Pages : 3536
  • ISBN 10 : 9781441914279

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Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning Excerpt :

Over the past century, educational psychologists and researchers have posited many theories to explain how individuals learn, i.e. how they acquire, organize and deploy knowledge and skills. The 20th century can be considered the century of psychology on learning and related fields of interest (such as motivation, cognition, metacognition etc.) and it is fascinating to see the various mainstreams of learning, remembered and forgotten over the 20th century and note that basic assumptions of early theories survived several paradigm shifts of psychology and epistemology. Beyond folk psychology and its naïve theories of learning, psychological learning theories can be grouped into some basic categories, such as behaviorist learning theories, connectionist learning theories, cognitive learning theories, constructivist learning theories, and social learning theories. Learning theories are not limited to psychology and related fields of interest but rather we can find the topic of learning in various disciplines, such as philosophy and epistemology, education, information science, biology, and – as a result of the emergence of computer technologies – especially also in the field of computer sciences and artificial intelligence. As a consequence, machine learning struck a chord in the 1980s and became an important field of the learning sciences in general. As the learning sciences became more specialized and complex, the various fields of interest were widely spread and separated from each other; as a consequence, even presently, there is no comprehensive overview of the sciences of learning or the central theoretical concepts and vocabulary on which researchers rely. The Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning provides an up-to-date, broad and authoritative coverage of the specific terms mostly used in the sciences of learning and its related fields, including relevant areas of instruction, pedagogy, cognitive sciences, and especially machine learning and knowledge e

The Wiley Handbook of Developmental Psychopathology Book

The Wiley Handbook of Developmental Psychopathology


  • Author : Luna C. Centifanti
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2017-11-06
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118554555

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The Wiley Handbook of Developmental Psychopathology Excerpt :

The Wiley Handbook of Developmental Psychopathology offers a concise, up-to-date, and international overview of the study of developmental psychopathology. Examines the cognitive, neurobiological, genetic, and environmental influences on normal and abnormal development across the lifespan Incorporates methodology, theory, and the latest empirical research in a discussion of modern techniques for studying developmental psychopathology Considers the legal, societal, and policy impacts of changes to diagnostic categories in the light of the transition to DSM-5 Moves beyond a disorder-based discussion to address issues that cut across diagnostic categories

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Communication Research Methods Book

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Communication Research Methods


  • Author : Mike Allen
  • Publisher : SAGE Publications
  • Release Date : 2017-04-11
  • Genre: Social Science
  • Pages : 2064
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483381428

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The SAGE Encyclopedia of Communication Research Methods Excerpt :

Communication research is evolving and changing in a world of online journals, open-access, and new ways of obtaining data and conducting experiments via the Internet. Although there are generic encyclopedias describing basic social science research methodologies in general, until now there has been no comprehensive A-to-Z reference work exploring methods specific to communication and media studies. Our entries, authored by key figures in the field, focus on special considerations when applied specifically to communication research, accompanied by engaging examples from the literature of communication, journalism, and media studies. Entries cover every step of the research process, from the creative development of research topics and questions to literature reviews, selection of best methods (whether quantitative, qualitative, or mixed) for analyzing research results and publishing research findings, whether in traditional media or via new media outlets. In addition to expected entries covering the basics of theories and methods traditionally used in communication research, other entries discuss important trends influencing the future of that research, including contemporary practical issues students will face in communication professions, the influences of globalization on research, use of new recording technologies in fieldwork, and the challenges and opportunities related to studying online multi-media environments. Email, texting, cellphone video, and blogging are shown not only as topics of research but also as means of collecting and analyzing data. Still other entries delve into considerations of accountability, copyright, confidentiality, data ownership and security, privacy, and other aspects of conducting an ethical research program. Features: 652 signed entries are contained in an authoritative work spanning four volumes available in choice of electronic or print formats. Although organized A-to-Z, front matter includes a Reader’s Guide grouping entries