Extreme Hydroclimatic Events and Multivariate Hazards in a Changing Environment Book

Extreme Hydroclimatic Events and Multivariate Hazards in a Changing Environment


  • Author : Viviana Maggioni
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-06-06
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128149003

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Extreme Hydroclimatic Events and Multivariate Hazards in a Changing Environment Excerpt :

Extreme Hydroclimatic Events and Multivariate Hazards in a Changing Environment: A Remote Sensing Approach reviews multivariate hazards in a non-stationary environment, covering both short and long-term predictions from earth observations, along with long-term climate dynamics and models. The book provides a detailed overview of remotely sensed observations, current and future satellite missions useful for hydrologic studies and water resources engineering, and a review of hydroclimatic hazards. Given these tools, readers can improve their abilities to monitor, model and predict these extremes with remote sensing. In addition, the book covers multivariate hazards, like landslides, in case studies that analyze the combination of natural hazards and their impact on the natural and built environment. Finally, it ties hydroclimatic hazards into the Sendai Framework, providing another set of tools for reducing disaster impacts. Emphasizes recent and future satellite missions to study, monitor and forecast hydroclimatic hazards Provides a complete overview and differentiation of remotely sensed products that are useful for monitoring extreme hydroclimatic and related events Covers real-life examples and applications of integrating remote sensing products to study complex multi-hydroclimatic hazards

Extreme Hydroclimatic Events and Multivariate Hazards in a Changing Environment Book

Extreme Hydroclimatic Events and Multivariate Hazards in a Changing Environment


  • Author : Viviana Maggioni
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-06-15
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN 10 : 0128148993

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Extreme Hydroclimatic Events and Multivariate Hazards in a Changing Environment Excerpt :

Extreme Hydroclimatic Events and Multivariate Hazards in a Changing Environment: A Remote Sensing Approach reviews multivariate hazards in a non-stationary environment, covering both short and long-term predictions from earth observations, along with long-term climate dynamics and models. The book provides a detailed overview of remotely sensed observations, current and future satellite missions useful for hydrologic studies and water resources engineering, and a review of hydroclimatic hazards. Given these tools, readers can improve their abilities to monitor, model and predict these extremes with remote sensing. In addition, the book covers multivariate hazards, like landslides, in case studies that analyze the combination of natural hazards and their impact on the natural and built environment. Finally, it ties hydroclimatic hazards into the Sendai Framework, providing another set of tools for reducing disaster impacts. Emphasizes recent and future satellite missions to study, monitor and forecast hydroclimatic hazards Includes key concepts presented in the form of Q&A's, with answers provided at the end of the book Provides a complete overview and differentiation of remotely sensed products that are useful for monitoring extreme hydroclimatic and related events Covers real-life examples and applications of integrating remote sensing products to study complex multi-hydroclimatic hazards

Addressing Environmental Challenges Through Spatial Planning Book

Addressing Environmental Challenges Through Spatial Planning


  • Author : Hussain, Athar
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release Date : 2021-12-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN 10 : 9781799883333

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Addressing Environmental Challenges Through Spatial Planning Excerpt :

Urbanization is giving rise to environmental concerns including urban flooding, which generally occurs due to the construction of houses in the low-lying areas; loss of green cover leading to a disturbance in the ecological cycle; water scarcity due to growing needs; and deforestation leading to habitat fragmentation, wildlife corridors disturbance, forest fires, and climate change. In order to correct these issues, a consolidated balance between human, nature, and spatial aspects must be resolved and spatial solutions integrated on a common platform. Addressing Environmental Challenges Through Spatial Planning is devoted to addressing environmental concerns and technology innovations in domains such as pollution, water insecurity, and resources management. This text works to bridge the gap between engineering considerations and spatial aspects of planning. Covering topics such as sustainable housing, environmental restoration, and air emissions, this text is essential for environmental engineers, planning researchers, faculty, environmental and civil administrators, architects, consultants, environmental activists, town and country planning organizations, and professionals in all industries who aspire to have an environmentally friendly atmosphere and to provide a sustainable way of dealing with the environment in their respective domains for process efficiency and cost optimization.

Opportunities and Strategic Use of Agribusiness Information Systems Book

Opportunities and Strategic Use of Agribusiness Information Systems


  • Author : Che, Ferdinand Ndifor
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release Date : 2020-12-18
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 333
  • ISBN 10 : 9781799848509

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Opportunities and Strategic Use of Agribusiness Information Systems Excerpt :

Due to such factors as poor economic conditions, climate change, and conflict, food security remains an issue around the world and especially in developing nations. Rapid changes in technology over the last decade has brought a renewed focus on how information and communication technologies (ICTs) and application systems are deployed to improve rural competitiveness. Unfortunately, agricultural stakeholders in developing countries, particularly in Africa, have not been able to reap comparable benefits from adopting agricultural information systems as compared to their counterparts in the developed economies. Understanding the challenges that hinder the effective adoption of agricultural information systems and identifying opportunities or innovations is imperative to improve the agricultural sectors and overcome the problems in these developing economies. Opportunities and Strategic Use of Agribusiness Information Systems is an essential reference book that examines the key challenges that hinder the effective adoption of agricultural information systems. Moreover, it identifies and evaluates opportunities for the strategic deployment of ICTs and information systems to drive agricultural development for the benefit of agricultural sector stakeholders in emerging countries. While highlighting such topics as agricultural entrepreneurship, food value chain, and innovation systems, it is intended to provide sound and relevant frameworks and tools that will aid agricultural industry practitioners, smallholder farmers, and managers of agricultural extension systems looking to make more effective and responsible decisions when selecting, planning, deploying, and managing agribusiness information systems. It is additionally targeted for agricultural funding organizations, government policymakers, academicians, researchers, and students concerned with exploiting the potential of a variety of ICTs and information systems in the quest to achieve food security and poverty reduc

Remote Sensing of Turbulence Book

Remote Sensing of Turbulence


  • Author : Victor Raizer
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2021-10-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 273
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000458756

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Remote Sensing of Turbulence Excerpt :

This book offers a unique multidisciplinary integration of the physics of turbulence and remote sensing technology. Remote Sensing of Turbulence provides a new vision on the research of turbulence and summarizes the current and future challenges of monitoring turbulence remotely. The book emphasizes sophisticated geophysical applications, detection, and recognition of complex turbulent flows in oceans and the atmosphere. Through several techniques based on microwave and optical/IR observations, the text explores the technological capabilities and tools for the detection of turbulence, their signatures, and variability. FEATURES Covers the fundamental aspects of turbulence problems with a broad geophysical scope for a wide audience of readers Provides a complete description of remote-sensing capabilities for observing turbulence in the earth’s environment Establishes the state-of-the-art remote-sensing techniques and methods of data analysis for turbulence detection Investigates and evaluates turbulence detection signatures, their properties, and variability Provides cutting-edge remote-sensing applications for space-based monitoring and forecasts of turbulence in oceans and the atmosphere This book is a great resource for applied physicists, the professional remote sensing community, ecologists, geophysicists, and earth scientists.

Geospatial Technologies for Land and Water Resources Management Book

Geospatial Technologies for Land and Water Resources Management


  • Author : Ashish Pandey
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022
  • Genre: Geographic information systems
  • Pages : 617
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030904791

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Geospatial Technologies for Land and Water Resources Management Excerpt :

This book focuses on the application of geospatial technologies to study the land use land cover (LULC) dynamics, agricultural water management, water resources assessment and modeling, and studies on natural disasters. LULC dynamics is one of the major research themes for studying global environmental change using remote sensing data. The section on LULC dynamics covers the multi-variate criteria for land use and land cover classification and change assessment in the mountainous regions. Further, LULC change detection of the Tons river basin and LULC dynamics at decadal frequency are studied to derive adaptation and mitigation strategies. Landscape-level forest disturbance modeling, together with conservation implications, is also included. The watershed management approach is necessary for comprehensive management of land and water resources of any region, where studies on multi-criteria analysis for rainwater harvesting planning and its impact on land use land cover transformations in rain-fed areas using geospatial technologies are presented in this book. The book will be useful for academics, water practitioners, scientists, water managers, environmentalists, and administrators, NGOs, researchers, and students who are actively involved in the application of geospatial technologies in LULC studies, agricultural water management and hydrological modelling and natural disasters for addressing the challenges being posed by climate change while addressing issues of food and water securities.

Landscapes and Landforms of Austria Book

Landscapes and Landforms of Austria


  • Author : Christine Embleton-Hamann
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022
  • Genre: Electronic books
  • Pages : 495
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030928155

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Landscapes and Landforms of Austria Excerpt :

This book intends to identify and publicize the unique features of Austrian geomorphology. In a country which stretches from the core of the European Alps to the Hungarian plain there is huge variety of landforms and landscapes. This book reveals that variety. Part 1 sets the context of the Austrian landscape as a whole. Part 2 is the core of the volume and comprises a careful selection of the most outstanding landscapes in Austria. Each of the chapters results from detailed research conducted by an author over many years. Austrias landscapes are especially attractive because of the great variety of topographic slopes, geologic foundations and the special landscape legacy from the Quaternary period. Glacial and Karst landscapes dominate, but there are superb examples of granite weathering landscapes and geologically recent volcanism. Part 3 is the editors original and creative contribution. It emphasizes the importance of geomorphology as a natural resource. Tourism relies upon geomorphology and many national, aesthetic and cultural values are influenced by that geomorphology. The book is lavishly illustrated with about 300 color images and is securely based on scientific scholarship.

Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity Book

Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity


  • Author : Saeid Eslamian
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-08-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 800
  • ISBN 10 : 9781315404202

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Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity Excerpt :

This volume include over 30 chapters, written by experts from around the world. It examines drought and all of the fundamental principles relating to drought and water scarcity. It includes coverage of the causes of drought, occurences, preparations, drought vulnerability assessments, societal implications, and more.

Re envisioning Advances in Remote Sensing Book

Re envisioning Advances in Remote Sensing


  • Author : Ripudaman Singh
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2022-03-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000531459

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Re envisioning Advances in Remote Sensing Excerpt :

Re-envisioning Advances in Remote Sensing: Urbanization, Disasters and Planning aims at portraying varied advancements in remote sensing applications, particularly in the fields of urbanization, disaster management and regional planning perspectives. The book is organized into three sections of overlapping areas of research covering chief remote sensing applications. Apart from introducing the advances in remote sensing through Indian remote sensing developments, it depicts the broader themes of: urbanization and its impacts; geospatial technology for disaster management; and, remote sensing applications in models and planning. It also provides outlook to future research agenda for remote sensing. Features: • Depicts advances in remote sensing in major fields through applications of geospatial technologies. • Covers remote sensing applications in varied aspects of urbanization, urban problems and disasters. • Includes advancements in remote sensing in model building and planning perspectives. • Analyses the usage of smartphones and other digital devices in mapping urban problems and monitoring disaster risks. • Explores future agenda for remote sensing advances and its ever-widening horizon. This book would be of interest to all the researchers and graduate students pursuing studies in the fields of remote sensing, GIS, geospatial technologies, urbanizations, disaster management, regional planning, environmental sciences, natural resource management and related fields.

Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability Book

Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability


  • Author : Assefa M. Melesse
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-07-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 580
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128159996

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Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability Excerpt :

Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability: Monitoring, Modelling, Adaptation and Mitigation is a compilation of contributions by experts from around the world who discuss extreme hydrology topics, from monitoring, to modeling and management. With extreme climatic and hydrologic events becoming so frequent, this book is a critical source, adding knowledge to the science of extreme hydrology. Topics covered include hydrometeorology monitoring, climate variability and trends, hydrological variability and trends, landscape dynamics, droughts, flood processes, and extreme events management, adaptation and mitigation. Each of the book's chapters provide background and theoretical foundations followed by approaches used and results of the applied studies. This book will be highly used by water resource managers and extreme event researchers who are interested in understanding the processes and teleconnectivity of large-scale climate dynamics and extreme events, predictability, simulation and intervention measures. Presents datasets used and methods followed to support the findings included, allowing readers to follow these steps in their own research Provides variable methodological approaches, thus giving the reader multiple hydrological modeling information to use in their work Includes a variety of case studies, thus making the context of the book relatable to everyday working situations for those studying extreme hydrology Discusses extreme event management, including adaption and mitigation

Climate Extremes and Their Implications for Impact and Risk Assessment Book

Climate Extremes and Their Implications for Impact and Risk Assessment


  • Author : Jana Sillmann
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2019-11
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128148952

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Climate Extremes and Their Implications for Impact and Risk Assessment Excerpt :

Climate extremes often imply significant impacts on human and natural systems, and these extreme events are anticipated to be among the potentially most harmful consequences of a changing climate. However, while extreme event impacts are increasingly recognized, methodologies to address such impacts and the degree of our understanding and prediction capabilities vary widely among different sectors and disciplines. Moreover, traditional climate extreme indices and large-scale multi-model intercomparisons that are used for future projections of extreme events and associated impacts often fall short in capturing the full complexity of impact systems. Climate Extremes and Their Implications for Impact and Risk Assessment describes challenges, opportunities and methodologies for the analysis of the impacts of climate extremes across various sectors to support their impact and risk assessment. It thereby also facilitates cross-sectoral and cross-disciplinary discussions and exchange among climate and impact scientists. The sectors covered include agriculture, terrestrial ecosystems, human health, transport, conflict, and more broadly covering the human-environment nexus. The book concludes with an outlook on the need for more transdisciplinary work and international collaboration between scientists and practitioners to address emergent risks and extreme events towards risk reduction and strengthened societal resilience. Provides an overview about past, present and future changes in climate and weather extremes and how to connect that knowledge to impact and risk assessment under global warming Presents different approaches to assess societal-relevant impacts and risk of climate and weather extremes, including compound events, and the complexity of risk cascades and the interconnectedness of societal risk Features applications across a diversity of sectors, including agriculture, health, ecosystem services and urban transport

Assessment of Climate Change over the Indian Region Book

Assessment of Climate Change over the Indian Region


  • Author : R. Krishnan
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-06-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811543272

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Assessment of Climate Change over the Indian Region Excerpt :

This open access book discusses the impact of human-induced global climate change on the regional climate and monsoons of the Indian subcontinent, adjoining Indian Ocean and the Himalayas. It documents the regional climate change projections based on the climate models used in the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) and climate change modeling studies using the IITM Earth System Model (ESM) and CORDEX South Asia datasets. The IPCC assessment reports, published every 6–7 years, constitute important reference materials for major policy decisions on climate change, adaptation, and mitigation. While the IPCC assessment reports largely provide a global perspective on climate change, the focus on regional climate change aspects is considerably limited. The effects of climate change over the Indian subcontinent involve complex physical processes on different space and time scales, especially given that the mean climate of this region is generally shaped by the Indian monsoon and the unique high-elevation geographical features such as the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Tibetan Plateau and the adjoining Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea, and Bay of Bengal. This book also presents policy relevant information based on robust scientific analysis and assessments of the observed and projected future climate change over the Indian region.

Intelligent Data Analytics for Decision Support Systems in Hazard Mitigation Book

Intelligent Data Analytics for Decision Support Systems in Hazard Mitigation


  • Author : Ravinesh C. Deo
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-07-29
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 469
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811557729

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Intelligent Data Analytics for Decision Support Systems in Hazard Mitigation Excerpt :

This book highlights cutting-edge applications of machine learning techniques for disaster management by monitoring, analyzing, and forecasting hydro-meteorological variables. Predictive modelling is a consolidated discipline used to forewarn the possibility of natural hazards. In this book, experts from numerical weather forecast, meteorology, hydrology, engineering, agriculture, economics, and disaster policy-making contribute towards an interdisciplinary framework to construct potent models for hazard risk mitigation. The book will help advance the state of knowledge of artificial intelligence in decision systems to aid disaster management and policy-making. This book can be a useful reference for graduate student, academics, practicing scientists and professionals of disaster management, artificial intelligence, and environmental sciences.

Drought Book

Drought


  • Author : Justin Sheffield
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2012-11-12
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 249
  • ISBN 10 : 9781136540417

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Drought Excerpt :

Drought is one of the likely consequences of climate change in many regions of the world. Together with an increased demand for water resources to supply the world's growing population, it represents a potentially disastrous threat to water supplies, agriculture and food production, leading to famine and environmental degradation. Yet predicting drought is fraught with difficulty. The aim of this book is to provide a review of the historical occurrence of global drought, particularly during the 20th century and assess the likely potential changes over the 21st century under climate change. This includes documentation of the occurrence and impacts of major 20th century drought events and analysis of the contributing climatic and environmental factors that act to force, prolong and dissipate drought. Contemporary drought is placed in the context of climate variability since the last ice age, including the many severe and lengthy drought events that contributed to the demise of great civilizations, the disappearance of lakes and rivers, and the conversion of forests to deserts. The authors discuss the developing field of drought monitoring and seasonal forecasting and describe how this is vital for identifying emerging droughts and for providing timely warning to help reduce the impacts. The book provides a broad overview of large scale drought, from historic events such as the US Dust Bowl and African Sahel, and places this in the context of climate variability and change. The work is soundly based on detailed research that has looked at drought occurrence over the 20th century, global drought monitoring, modelling and seasonal prediction, and future projections from climate models.