Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites Book

Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites


  • Author : Emile Greenhalgh
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2009-10-12
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN 10 : 1845692179

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Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites Excerpt :

The growing use of polymer composites is leading to increasing demand for fractographic expertise. Fractography is the study of fracture surface morphologies and it gives an insight into damage and failure mechanisms, underpinning the development of physically-based failure criteria. In composites research it provides a crucial link between predictive models and experimental observations. Finally, it is vital for post-mortem analysis of failed or crashed polymer composite components, the findings of which can be used to optimise future designs. Failure analysis and fractography of polymer composites covers the following topics: methodology and tools for failure analysis; fibre-dominated failures; delamination-dominated failures; fatigue failures; the influence of fibre architecture on failure; types of defect and damage; case studies of failures due to overload and design deficiencies; case studies of failures due to material and manufacturing defects; and case studies of failures due to in-service factors. With its distinguished author, Failure analysis and fractography of polymer composites is a standard reference text for researchers working on damage and failure mechanisms in composites, engineers characterising manufacturing and in-service defects in composite structures, and investigators undertaking post-mortem failure analysis of components. The book is aimed at both academic and industrial users, specifically final year and postgraduate engineering and materials students researching composites and industry designers and engineers in aerospace, civil, marine, power and transport applications. Examines the study of fracture surface morphologies in uderstanding composite structural behaviour Discusses composites research and post-modern analysis of failed or crashed polymer composite components Provides an overview of damage mechanisms, types of defect and failure criteria

Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites Book
Score: 5
From 2 Ratings

Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites


  • Author : Emile Greenhalgh
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2009-09-28
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845696818

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Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites Excerpt :

The growing use of polymer composites is leading to increasing demand for fractographic expertise. Fractography is the study of fracture surface morphologies and it gives an insight into damage and failure mechanisms, underpinning the development of physically-based failure criteria. In composites research it provides a crucial link between predictive models and experimental observations. Finally, it is vital for post-mortem analysis of failed or crashed polymer composite components, the findings of which can be used to optimise future designs. Failure analysis and fractography of polymer composites covers the following topics: methodology and tools for failure analysis; fibre-dominated failures; delamination-dominated failures; fatigue failures; the influence of fibre architecture on failure; types of defect and damage; case studies of failures due to overload and design deficiencies; case studies of failures due to material and manufacturing defects; and case studies of failures due to in-service factors. With its distinguished author, Failure analysis and fractography of polymer composites is a standard reference text for researchers working on damage and failure mechanisms in composites, engineers characterising manufacturing and in-service defects in composite structures, and investigators undertaking post-mortem failure analysis of components. The book is aimed at both academic and industrial users, specifically final year and postgraduate engineering and materials students researching composites and industry designers and engineers in aerospace, civil, marine, power and transport applications. Examines the study of fracture surface morphologies in uderstanding composite structural behaviour Discusses composites research and post-modern analysis of failed or crashed polymer composite components Provides an overview of damage mechanisms, types of defect and failure criteria

Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites Book

Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites


  • Author : E. Greenhalgh
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2009-10-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN 10 : 1420079646

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Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites Excerpt :

The growing use of polymer composites is leading to an increasing demand for fractographic expertise. Fractography is the study of the fracture surface morphology and is an essential tool for advancing the understanding of confidence in composite structural behavior. Fractography gives an insight into damage mechanisms and underpins the development of physically based failure criteria. It provides a vital link between predictive models and experimental observations. Finally, it is vital for post-mortem analysis of failed or crashed structures, the findings of which are used to optimize future designs. This authoritative reference work provides both an overview of the field and a reference text for engineers.

Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers Book

Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers


  • Author : Michael Hayes
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release Date : 2015-05-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323297998

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Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers Excerpt :

Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers provides a practical guide to the science of fractography and its application in the failure analysis of plastic components. In addition to a brief background on the theory of fractography, the authors discuss the various fractographic tools and techniques used to identify key fracture characteristics. Case studies are included for a wide range of polymer types, applications, and failure modes, as well as best practice guidelines enabling engineers to apply these lessons to their own work. Detailed images and their appropriate context are presented for reference in failure investigations. This text is vital for engineers who must determine the root causes of failure when it occurs, helping them further study the ramifications of product liability claims, environmental concerns, and brand image. Presents a comprehensive guide to applied fractography, enabling improved reliability and longevity of plastic parts and products Includes case studies that demonstrate material selection decisions and how to reduce failure rates Provides best practices on how to analyze the cause of material failures, along with guidelines on improving design and manufacturing decisions

Fracture Failure Analysis of Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites Book

Fracture Failure Analysis of Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites


  • Author : Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-04-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811606427

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Fracture Failure Analysis of Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites Excerpt :

This book presents a unified approach to fracture behavior of natural and synthetic fiber-reinforced polymer composites on the basis of fiber orientation, the addition of fillers, characterization, properties and applications. In addition, the book contains an extensive survey of recent improvements in the research and development of fracture analysis of FRP composites that are used to make higher fracture toughness composites in various applications.The FRP composites are an emerging area in polymer science with many structural applications. The rise in materials failure by fracture has forced scientists and researchers to develop new higher strength materials for obtaining higher fracture toughness. Therefore, further knowledge and insight into the different modes of fracture behavior of FRP composites are critical to expanding the range of their application.

Plastics Failure Analysis and Prevention Book

Plastics Failure Analysis and Prevention


  • Author : John Moalli
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release Date : 2001-12-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 345
  • ISBN 10 : 9780815518655

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Plastics Failure Analysis and Prevention Excerpt :

This book contains analysis of reasons that cause products to fail. General methods of product failure evaluation give powerful tools in product improvement. Such methods, discussed in the book, include practical risk analysis, failure mode and effect analysis, preliminary hazard analysis, progressive failure analysis, fault tree analysis, mean time between failures, Wohler curves, finite element analysis, cohesive zone model, crack propagation kinetics, time-temperature collectives, quantitative characterization of fatigue damage, and fracture maps. Methods of failure analysis are critical to for material improvement and they are broadly discussed in this book. Fractography of plastics is relatively a new field which has many commonalities with fractography of metals. Here various aspects of fractography of plastics and metals are compared and contrasted. Fractography application in studies of static and cycling loading of ABS is also discussed. Other methods include SEM, SAXS, FTIR, DSC, DMA, GC/MS, optical microscopy, fatigue behavior, multiaxial stress, residual stress analysis, punch resistance, creep-rupture, impact, oxidative induction time, craze testing, defect analysis, fracture toughness, activation energy of degradation. Many references are given in this book to real products and real cases of their failure. The products discussed include office equipment, automotive compressed fuel gas system, pipes, polymer blends, blow molded parts, layered, cross-ply and continuous fiber composites, printed circuits, electronic packages, hip implants, blown and multilayered films, construction materials, component housings, brake cups, composite pressure vessels, swamp coolers, electrical cables, plumbing fittings, medical devices, medical packaging, strapping tapes, balloons, marine coatings, thermal switches, pressure relief membranes, pharmaceutical products, window profiles, and bone cements.

Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics Book
Score: 4.5
From 3 Ratings

Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics


  • Author : ASM International
  • Publisher : ASM International
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Genre: Plastics
  • Pages : 489
  • ISBN 10 : 9781615030736

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Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics Excerpt :

The selection and application of engineered materials is an integrated process that requires an understanding of the interaction between materials properties, manufacturing characteristics, design considerations, and the total life cycle of the product. This reference book on engineering plastics provides practical and comprehensive coverage on how the performance of plastics is characterized during design, property testing, and failure analysis. The fundamental structure and properties of plastics are reviewed for general reference, and detailed articles describe the important design factors, properties, and failure mechanisms of plastics. The effects of composition, processing, and structure are detailed in articles on the physical, chemical, thermal, and mechanical properties. Other articles cover failure mechanisms such as: crazing and fracture; impact loading; fatigue failure; wear failures, moisture related failure; organic chemical related failure; photolytic degradation; and microbial degradation. Characterization of plastics in failure analysis is described with additional articles on analysis of structure, surface analysis, and fractography.

Failure Analysis of Industrial Composite Materials Book

Failure Analysis of Industrial Composite Materials


  • Author : E. E. Gdoutos
  • Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 555
  • ISBN 10 : 0071345175

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Failure Analysis of Industrial Composite Materials Excerpt :

All the answers you need to understand, diagnose, and avoid composite material failures in a single guide. This book spotlights every aspect of fracture and failure in polymer, ceramic, and metal matrix materials, putting the latest data at your fingertips. From crack initiation to crack growth, from notch-size effect to damage-tolerant design, here is quality and safety assurance and support you can count on from international leaders in the field. You get: The latest testing and analysis procedures Detailed data on the complete range of causes of fractures and failures in a broad range of materials Engineering confidence levels and their determination Design criteria for materials and applications Specific case studies in aerospace, construction, and medical engineering More

Polymer Based Composites Book

Polymer Based Composites


  • Author : V. Arumugaprabu
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2021-08-23
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 166
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000433098

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Polymer Based Composites Excerpt :

The increasing use of composite materials over conventional materials has been a continual trend for over a decade. While the fundamental understanding of fiber reinforcement has not changed, many new material advancements have occurred, especially in manufacturing methods, and there is an ever-growing number of composite material applications across various industries. Polymer-Based Composites: Design, Manufacturing, and Applications presents the concepts and methods involved in the development of various fiber-reinforced composite materials. Features: Offers a comprehensive view of materials, mechanics, processing, design, and applications Bridges the gap between research, manufacturing science, and analysis and design Discusses composite materials composed of continuous synthetic fibers and matrices for use in engineering structures Presents codes and standards related to fiber-reinforced polymer composites Includes case studies and examples based on industrial, automotive, aerospace, and household applications This book is a valuable resource for advanced students, researchers, and industry personnel to understand recent advances in the field and achieve practical results in the development, manufacture, and application of advanced composite materials.

Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites Book

Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites


  • Author : Paul Robinson
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-01-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857095329

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Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites Excerpt :

Polymer matrix composites are increasingly replacing traditional materials, such as metals, for applications in the aerospace, automotive and marine industries. Because of the relatively recent development of these composites there is extensive on-going research to improve the understanding and modelling of their behaviour – particularly their failure processes. As a consequence there is a strong demand among design engineers for the latest information on this behaviour in order to fully exploit the potential of these materials for a wide range of weight-sensitive applications. Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites explores the main types of composite failure and examines their implications in specific applications. Part one discusses various failure mechanisms, including a consideration of manufacturing defects and addressing a variety of loading forms such as impact and the implications for structural integrity. This part also reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure in composites. Part two investigates the effects of polymer-matrix composite failure in a range of industries including aerospace, automotive and other transport, defence, marine and off-shore applications. Recycling issues and environmental factors affecting the use of composite materials are also considered. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites is a valuable reference for designers, scientists and research and development managers working in the increasing range of industries in which composite materials are extensively used. The book will also be a useful guide for academics studying in the composites field. Discusses various failure mechanisms, including manufacturing defects Reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure Investigates failure in aerospace, automotive, defence, marine and off-shore applications

Polymer Silica Based Composites in Sustainable Construction Book

Polymer Silica Based Composites in Sustainable Construction


  • Author : Harrison Shagwira
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2021-12-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 124
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000527957

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Polymer Silica Based Composites in Sustainable Construction Excerpt :

This book presents the application of Polymer-Silica Based Composites in the Construction Industry providing the fundamental framework and knowledge needed for the sustainable and efficient use of these composites as building and structural materials. It also includes characterization of prepared materials to ascertain mechanical, chemical, and physical properties and analyses results obtained using similar methods. Topics such as life cycle analysis of plastics, application of plastics in construction and elimination of plastic wastes are also discussed. The book also provides information on the outlook and competitiveness of emerging composites materials. Covers theory, preparation and characterizations of polymer-silica based composites for green construction. Discusses technology, reliability, manufacturing cost and environmental impact. Reviews the classification, application, and processing of polymer-silica composites. Gives a deeper analysis on the various tests carried out on polymer-silica composite. Highlights role of such composites in the Industry 4.0 and emerging technologies. This book is aimed at graduate students and researchers in civil engineering, built environment, construction materials, and materials science.

Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites


  • Author : R M Guedes
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-11-29
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857090430

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Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites Excerpt :

Creep is the tendency of materials to deform when subjected to long-term stress, particularly when exposed to heat. Fatigue phenomena occur when a material is subjected to cyclic loading, causing damage which may progress to failure. Both are critical factors in the long-term performance and reliability of materials such as polymer matrix composites which are often exposed to these types of stress in civil engineering and other applications. This important book reviews the latest research in modelling and predicting creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites. The first part of the book reviews the modelling of viscoelastic and viscoplastic behaviour as a way of predicting performance and service life. Part two discusses techniques for modelling creep rupture and failure. The final part of the book discusses ways of testing and predicting long-term creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites is a standard reference for all those researching and using polymer matrix composites in such areas as civil engineering. Reviews the latest research in modelling and predicting creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites A specific focus on viscoelestic and viscoplastic modelling features the time-temperature-age superposition principle for predicting long-term response Creep rupture and damage interaction is examined with particular focus on time-dependent failure criteria for lifetime prediction of polymer matrix composite structures illustrated using experimental cases

Advances in Polymer Nanocomposites Book

Advances in Polymer Nanocomposites


  • Author : Fengge Gao
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-10-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 680
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857096241

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Advances in Polymer Nanocomposites Excerpt :

The addition of nanoparticles to polymer composites has led to a new generation of composite materials with enhanced and novel properties. Advances in polymer nanocomposites reviews the main types of polymer nanocomposites and their applications. Part one reviews types of polymer nanocomposites according to fillers. Processing of carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and cellulose nanoparticles as functional fillers and reinforcement are discussed, alongside calcium carbonate and metal-polymer nanocomposites. Part two focuses on types of polymer nanocomposites according to matrix polymer, with polyolefin-based, (PVC)-based, nylon-based, (PET)-based and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)-based polymer nanocomposites discussed. Soft, gel and biodegradable polymer nanocomposites are also considered. Part three goes on to investigate key applications, including fuel cells, aerospace applications, optical applications, coatings and flame-retardant polymer nanocomposites. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advances in polymer nanocomposites is an essential guide for professionals and academics involved in all aspects of the design, development and application of polymer nanocomposites. Reviews the main types of polymer nanocomposites and their applications Discusses processing of carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and cellulose nanoparticles as functional fillers and reinforcement Discusses polyolefin-based, (PVC)-based, nylon-based, (PET)-based and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)-based polymer nanocomposites

Fractography Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Fractography


  • Author : Derek Hull
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 1999-09-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN 10 : 0521646847

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Fractography Excerpt :

An advanced 1999 text for those working in materials science and related inter-disciplinary subjects.