Fallen Eagles  The Italian 10th Army In The Opening Campaign In The Western Desert  June 1940 Book

Fallen Eagles The Italian 10th Army In The Opening Campaign In The Western Desert June 1940


  • Author : Major Howard R. Christie
  • Publisher : Pickle Partners Publishing
  • Release Date : 2015-11-06
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 113
  • ISBN 10 : 9781786250346

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Fallen Eagles The Italian 10th Army In The Opening Campaign In The Western Desert June 1940 Excerpt :

The Italian Army developed a sound and unique combined arms doctrine for mechanized warfare in 1938. This new doctrine was called the “War of Rapid Decision.” It involved the use of mechanized warfare in the Italian version of the blitzkrieg. This doctrine evolved from the lessons learned in the Italian-Ethiopian War of 1935 to 1936 and the Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939. With Italy’s entry into World War II, military operations ensued along the Libyan-Egyptian border between the Italian 10th Army and a much smaller British Western Desert Force. The Italian Army in Libya outnumbered the British Army in Egypt by a ratio of four to one. The setting seemed to be ideal for the employment of the War of Rapid Decisions. Moreover, Marshal Rodolfo Graziani, who was the commander of the Italian 10th Army in North Africa during its first campaign in the western desert, had pioneered this new form of mechanized warfare during the Ethiopian War. Surprisingly, the Italian forces in Libya did not employ their new doctrine, reverting instead to more conventional techniques of “mass.” It was Graziani’s failure to utilize the doctrine which he had helped to develop that led to Italy’s embarrassing defeat in 1941.

Fallen Eagles  The Italian 10th Army in the Opening Campaign in the Western Desert  June 1940 December 1940 Book

Fallen Eagles The Italian 10th Army in the Opening Campaign in the Western Desert June 1940 December 1940


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1999
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 163
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:946681409

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Fallen Eagles The Italian 10th Army in the Opening Campaign in the Western Desert June 1940 December 1940 Excerpt :

The Italian Army developed a sound and unique combined arms doctrine for mechanized warfare in 1938. This new doctrine was called the "War of Rapid Decision." It involved the use of mechanized warfare in the Italian version of the blitzkrieg. This doctrine evolved from the lessons learned in the Italian-Ethiopian War of 1935 to 1936 and the Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939. With Italy's entry into World War II, military operations ensued along the Libyan-Egyptian border between the Italian 10th Army and a much smaller British Western Desert Force. The Italian Army in Libya outnumbered the British Army in Egypt by a ratio of four to one. The setting seemed to be ideal for the employment of the War of Rapid Decisions. Moreover, Marshal Rodolfo Graziani, who was the commander of the Italian 10th Army in North Africa during its first campaign in the western desert had pioneered this new from of mechanized warfare during the Ethiopian War. Surprisingly, the Italian forces in Libya did not employ their new doctrine, reverting instead to more conventional techniques of "mass." It was Graziani's failure to utilize the doctrine which he had helped to develop that led to Italy's embarrassing defeat in 1941.

The Italian Army In North Africa Book

The Italian Army In North Africa


  • Author : Walter S. Zapotoczny Jr.
  • Publisher : Fonthill Media
  • Release Date : 2018-08-17
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN 10 : 978186723xxxx

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The Italian Army In North Africa Excerpt :

Previously unpublished analysis of why and how the Italians foughtA look at the role the Italian Army played in North Africa as part of the Deutsches Afrika Korps (German Afrika Korps)In spite of poor leadership, the Italian soldier performed well against all odds in North AfricaProfusely illustrated with many rare and unpublished images ‘The German soldier has impressed the world, however, the Italian Bersagliere soldier has impressed the German soldier.’ Erin Rommel aka ‘The Desert Fox’ When most people think of the Italian Army in North Africa during the Second World War, they tend to believe that the average Italian soldier offered little resistance to the Allies before surrendering. Many suggest that the Italian Army performed in a cowardly manner during the war: the reality is not so simple. The question remains as to whether the Italians were cowards or victims of circumstance. While the Italian soldier’s commitment to the war was not as great as that of his German counterpart, many Italians fought bravely. The Italian Littorio and Ariete Divisions earned Allied admiration at Tobruk, Gazala and EI Alamein. The Italian Army played a significant role as part of the German Afrika Korps and made up a large portion of the Axis combat power in North Africa during 1941 and 1942. In the interest of determining how the Italian Army earned the reputation that it did, it is necessary to analyse why and how the Italians fought.

Italian soldier in North Africa 1941   43 Book

Italian soldier in North Africa 1941 43


  • Author : Piero Crociani
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release Date : 2013-11-20
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 64
  • ISBN 10 : 9781780968568

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Italian soldier in North Africa 1941 43 Excerpt :

Despite the attention paid to the Afrikakorps over the years, it was the numerically far superior forces of the Italian Army that held the line and formed the bulk of the fighting power available to the Axis powers during the War in the Desert from 1941 through to 1943. Their performance has been unfairly criticised over the years – the best units of the Italian Army were equal to those of the British and Germans – but they suffered from a lack of mobility and poor equipment that made it impossible for them to meet mobile British forces on anywhere near equal terms. Despite this, the Italian Army went through many changes through the period, with the introduction of a variety of elite units – armoured, mechanised and parachute divisions that did much to restore the fighting reputation of the Italian soldier in the desert war. Their German allies belatedly acknowledged this with the redesignation of Panzerarmee Afrika as 1st Italian Army in February 1943. This title details recruitment, organisation and experience of the Italian forces in this theatre, casting new light on a force whose fighting power and capabilities have been unfairly ignored and maligned for too long.

From Sidi el Barrani to Beda Fomm 1940 1941     Mussolini   s Caporetto  an Italian perspective Book

From Sidi el Barrani to Beda Fomm 1940 1941 Mussolini s Caporetto an Italian perspective


  • Author : Pierluigi Romeo di Colloredo Mels
  • Publisher : Soldiershop Publishing
  • Release Date : 2020-10-20
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 142
  • ISBN 10 : 9788893276689

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From Sidi el Barrani to Beda Fomm 1940 1941 Mussolini s Caporetto an Italian perspective Excerpt :

But what is wrong with this army if five divisions manage to be pulverized in two days? (Galeazzo Ciano, Diary, 11 December 1940). Fox killed in the open. (Telegram from Gen. Richard O’Connor, commander of the XIII Army Corps, to Gen. Archibal Wavell commander of the British FFAA in the Middle East, February 8, 1941) The defeat suffered in Egypt and Cyrenaica by the army of Marshal Rodolfo Graziani by the Western Desert Force, which culminated in the annihilation of the 10th Army in Beda Fomm in February 1941, constitutes the most serious defeat of the Italian army in the course of its history even worse than that which occurred on October 24, 1917 in the battle of Caporetto: an army of 150,000 men left in the hands of an enemy only 36,000 strong 133,298 prisoners, 420 tanks, 845 guns and 564 airplanes in the space of exactly two months , from 9 December 1940 to 9 February 1941, undergoing its strategic initiative and moral superiority. For Italy, the defeat in Cyrenaica was a severe downsizing and the end of the guerra parallela, with strategic subordination to the German Reich. But as for Caporetto, the Royal Army, far from being defeated, recovered immediately also and above all thanks to the help of the Third Reich and to the example provided by the Deutsches Afrika Korps units. The volume analyzes the forces on the field, the political pressures made by Rome on Graziani to push him to attack, and the military operations, from the Italian invasion of Egypt until the decisive battles of Bardia, Tobruk, el Mechili and Beda Fomm. From Sidi el Barrani to Beda Fomm has the objective to present a wiew of Wawell’s whirlwind victory from the other side of the hill. The Italian perspective.

Bardia Book

Bardia


  • Author : Craig Stockings
  • Publisher : UNSW Press
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 481
  • ISBN 10 : 9781921410253

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Bardia Excerpt :

Challenging in its perspective and controversial in its conclusions, Bardia is a riveting account of the first large-scale battle planned and fought by an Australian formation in World War II. --Book Jacket.

Tobruk 1942 Book

Tobruk 1942


  • Author : David Mitchelhill-Green
  • Publisher : The History Press
  • Release Date : 2016-10-06
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9780750969604

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Tobruk 1942 Excerpt :

Tobruk was one of the greatest Allied victories – and one of the worst Allied defeats – of the Second World War. The 1942 fiasco rocked the very foundation of Winston Churchill’s premiership. It revived the flagging hopes of the German people and fanned the flames of Arab unrest. Furthering Rommel’s ascendency and souring relations within the British Commonwealth, it marked a turning point in Anglo-American relations in the fight against Adolf Hitler’s Third Reich. Utilising a wealth of primary and secondary sources, Tobruk 1942 examines why the fortress fell to Rommel’s Axis forces in just 24 hours when it held out against repeated attacks the previous year. Comparing the 1941 and 1942 battles, this book presents a new perspective on Tobruk – the isolated Libyan fortress, and symbol of Allied freedom, which for a period in the war captured the world’s attention.

Hitler s War in Africa 1941 1942 Book

Hitler s War in Africa 1941 1942


  • Author : David Mitchelhill-Green
  • Publisher : Pen and Sword Military
  • Release Date : 2021-08-30
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN 10 : 9781526744371

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Hitler s War in Africa 1941 1942 Excerpt :

Adolf Hitler’s war in Africa arose from the urgent need to reinforce the Italian dictator, Benito Mussolini, whose 1940 invasion of Egypt had been soundly beaten. Of secondary importance to his ideological dream of conquering the Soviet Union, Germany’s Führer rushed a small mechanised force into the unfamiliar North African theatre to stave off defeat and avert any political fallout. This fresh account begins with the arrival of the largely unprepared German formations, soon to be stricken by disease and heavily reliant upon captured materiel, as they fought a bloody series of see-sawing battles across the Western Desert. David Mitchelhill-Green has gathered a wealth of personal narratives from both sides as he follows the brash exploits of General Erwin Rommel, intent on retaking Libya; the Nile firmly in his sights. Against this backdrop is the brutal human experience of war itself.

Iron Hulls  Iron Hearts Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Iron Hulls Iron Hearts


  • Author : Ian W Walker
  • Publisher : Crowood
  • Release Date : 2012-10-01
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN 10 : 9781847974730

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Iron Hulls Iron Hearts Excerpt :

The campaign in North Africa during World War Two was one of the most important of the conflict. The allies fought for control of North Africa against the German Afrika Korps led by Rommel. But the part played by Mussolini's Italian troops, and in particular the armoured divisions, in support of the Germans is not so well known. This painstakingly researched book looks in detail at the role of Mussolini's three armoured divisions - Ariete, Littorio and Centauro - and the invaluable part they played in Rommel's offensive between 1941 and 1943. Indeed, the author is able to show that on many occasions the presence and performance of the Italian armoured divisions was crucial to the success of the axis campaign.

Key to the Sinai Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

Key to the Sinai


  • Author : George Walter Gawrych
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1990
  • Genre: Abu Ageila, Battle of, Abu 'Ujaylah, Egypt, 1956
  • Pages : 147
  • ISBN 10 : STANFORD:36105080905495

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Key to the Sinai Excerpt :

In both the 1956 and 1967 wars, Abu Ageila was the main gateway to the Sinai for the Israel Defense Forces. Yet there were marked differences between Egyptian and Israeli war plans, preparations, operations, and results in the two battles for the area. In 1956, Israel carried the burden of a constricting alliance with Britain and France and faced other extensive military problems. The result was that Israel fought a difficult and costly battle for Abu Ageila. In contrast, in 1967, the Israel Defense Forces developed a brilliant operational plan and achieved effective unit command and control and attained a decisive victory.

Northwest Africa Book

Northwest Africa


  • Author : George Frederick Howe
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1957
  • Genre: World War, 1939-1945
  • Pages : 748
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015031821732

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Northwest Africa Excerpt :

Maneuver and Firepower Book

Maneuver and Firepower


  • Author : John B. Wilson
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1998
  • Genre: Government publications
  • Pages : 469
  • ISBN 10 : UIUC:30112040285550

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Maneuver and Firepower Excerpt :

Das Afrika Korps Book

Das Afrika Korps


  • Author : Franz Kurowski
  • Publisher : Stackpole Books
  • Release Date : 2010-03-23
  • Genre: History
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN 10 : 9780811740333

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Das Afrika Korps Excerpt :

Action-packed history of the Germans in Africa in World War II. One of the most famous military units of all time under one of the best commanders. The early campaigns in the Western Desert, Tobruk, El Alamein, and more.