FDA s Drug Review Process and the Package Label Book

FDA s Drug Review Process and the Package Label


  • Author : Tom Brody
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-12-13
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 670
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128146484

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FDA s Drug Review Process and the Package Label Excerpt :

FDA's Drug Review Process and the Package Label provides guidance to pharmaceutical companies for writing FDA-submissions, such as the NDA, BLA, Clinical Study Reports, and Investigator's Brochures. The book provides guidance to medical writers for drafting FDA-submissions in a way more likely to persuade FDA reviewers to grant approval of the drug. In detail, the book reproduces data on efficacy and safety from one hundred different FDA-submissions (NDAs, BLAs). The book reproduces comments and complaints from FDA reviewers regarding data that are fragmentary, ambiguous, or that detract from the drug's approvability, and the book reveals how sponsors overcame FDA's concerns and how sponsors succeeded in persuading FDA to grant approval of the drug. The book uses the most reliable and comprehensive source of information available for writing FDA-submissions, namely text and data from NDAs and BLAs, as published on FDA's website. The source material for writing this book included about 80,000 pages from FDA's Medical Reviews, FDA's Clinical Pharmacology Reviews, and FDA's Pharmacology Reviews, from one hundred different NDAs or BLAs for one hundred different drugs. Each chapter focuses on a different section of the package label, e.g., the Dosage and Administration section or the Drug Interactions section, and demonstrates how the sponsor's data supported that section of the package label. Reveals strategies for winning FDA approval and for drafting the package label Examples are from one hundred FDA-submissions (NDAs, BLAs) for one hundred different drugs, e.g., for oncology, metabolic diseases, autoimmune diseases, and neurological diseases This book uses the most reliable and comprehensive source of information available for writing FDA-submissions, namely, the data from NDAs and BLAs as published on FDA's website at the time FDA grants approval to the drug

How FDA Approves Drugs and Regulates Their Safety and Effectiveness Book

How FDA Approves Drugs and Regulates Their Safety and Effectiveness


  • Author : Susan Thaul
  • Publisher : CreateSpace
  • Release Date : 2012-07-03
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 26
  • ISBN 10 : 1478182229

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How FDA Approves Drugs and Regulates Their Safety and Effectiveness Excerpt :

Update: On June 20, 2012, the House of Representatives passed, by voice vote and under suspension of the rules, S. 3187 (EAH), the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act, as amended. This bill would reauthorize the FDA prescription drug and medical device user fee programs (which would otherwise expire on September 30, 2012), create new user fee programs for generic and biosimilar drug approvals, and make other revisions to other FDA drug and device approval processes. It reflects bicameral compromise on earlier versions of the bill (S. 3187 [ES], which passed the Senate on May 24, 2012, and H.R. 5651 [EH], which passed the House on May 30, 2012). The following CRS reports provide overview information on FDA's processes for approval and regulation of drugs: CRS Report R41983, How FDA Approves Drugs and Regulates Their Safety and Effectiveness, by Susan Thaul. CRS Report RL33986, FDA's Authority to Ensure That Drugs Prescribed to Children Are Safe and Effective, by Susan Thaul. CRS Report R42130, FDA Regulation of Medical Devices, by Judith A. Johnson. CRS Report R42508, The FDA Medical Device User Fee Program, by Judith A. Johnson. (Note: The rest of this report has not been updated since September 1, 2011.) The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is a regulatory agency within the Department of Health and Human Services. A key responsibility is to regulate the safety and effectiveness of drugs sold in the United States. FDA divides that responsibility into two phases: preapproval (premarket) and postapproval (postmarket). FDA reviews manufacturers' applications to market drugs in the United States; a drug may not be sold unless it has FDA approval. The agency continues its oversight of drug safety and effectiveness as long as the drug is on the market. Beginning with the Food and Drugs Act of 1906, Congress has incrementally refined and expanded FDA's responsibilities regarding drug approval and regulation. The progression to drug approval begins befo

How FDA Approves Drugs and Regulates Their Safety and Effectiveness Book

How FDA Approves Drugs and Regulates Their Safety and Effectiveness


  • Author : Congressional Service
  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • Release Date : 2018-06-02
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 34
  • ISBN 10 : 1720628076

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How FDA Approves Drugs and Regulates Their Safety and Effectiveness Excerpt :

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA), a regulatory agency within the Department of Health and Human Services, regulates the safety and effectiveness of drugs sold in the United States. FDA divides that responsibility into two phases. In the preapproval (premarket) phase, FDA reviews manufacturers' applications to market drugs in the United States; a drug may not be sold unless it has FDA approval. Once a drug is on the market, FDA continues its oversight of drug safety and effectiveness. That postapproval (postmarket) phase lasts as long as the drug is on the market. Beginning with the Food and Drugs Act of 1906, Congress and the President have incrementally refined and expanded FDA's responsibilities regarding drug approval and regulation. The progression to drug approval begins before FDA involvement. First, basic scientists work in the laboratory and with animals; second, a drug or biotechnology company develops a prototype drug. That company must seek and receive FDA approval, by way of an investigational new drug (IND) application, to test the product with human subjects. It carries out those tests, called clinical trials, sequentially in Phase I, II, and III studies, which involve increasing numbers of subjects. The manufacturer then compiles the resulting data and analysis in a new drug application (NDA). At that point, FDA reviews the NDA with three major concerns: (1) safety and effectiveness in the drug's proposed use; (2) appropriateness of the proposed labeling; and (3) adequacy of manufacturing methods to assure the drug's identity, strength, quality, and purity. The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) and associated regulations detail the requirements for each step. FDA uses a few special mechanisms to expedite drug development and the review process when a drug might address an unmet need or a serious disease or condition. Those mechanisms include accelerated approval, animal efficacy approval, fast track designation, breakthrough therapy d

Pain Management and the Opioid Epidemic Book

Pain Management and the Opioid Epidemic


  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2017-09-28
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 482
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309459570

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Pain Management and the Opioid Epidemic Excerpt :

Drug overdose, driven largely by overdose related to the use of opioids, is now the leading cause of unintentional injury death in the United States. The ongoing opioid crisis lies at the intersection of two public health challenges: reducing the burden of suffering from pain and containing the rising toll of the harms that can arise from the use of opioid medications. Chronic pain and opioid use disorder both represent complex human conditions affecting millions of Americans and causing untold disability and loss of function. In the context of the growing opioid problem, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) launched an Opioids Action Plan in early 2016. As part of this plan, the FDA asked the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to convene a committee to update the state of the science on pain research, care, and education and to identify actions the FDA and others can take to respond to the opioid epidemic, with a particular focus on informing FDA's development of a formal method for incorporating individual and societal considerations into its risk-benefit framework for opioid approval and monitoring.

Registries for Evaluating Patient Outcomes Book

Registries for Evaluating Patient Outcomes


  • Author : Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality/AHRQ
  • Publisher : Government Printing Office
  • Release Date : 2014-04-01
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN 10 : 9781587634338

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Registries for Evaluating Patient Outcomes Excerpt :

This User’s Guide is intended to support the design, implementation, analysis, interpretation, and quality evaluation of registries created to increase understanding of patient outcomes. For the purposes of this guide, a patient registry is an organized system that uses observational study methods to collect uniform data (clinical and other) to evaluate specified outcomes for a population defined by a particular disease, condition, or exposure, and that serves one or more predetermined scientific, clinical, or policy purposes. A registry database is a file (or files) derived from the registry. Although registries can serve many purposes, this guide focuses on registries created for one or more of the following purposes: to describe the natural history of disease, to determine clinical effectiveness or cost-effectiveness of health care products and services, to measure or monitor safety and harm, and/or to measure quality of care. Registries are classified according to how their populations are defined. For example, product registries include patients who have been exposed to biopharmaceutical products or medical devices. Health services registries consist of patients who have had a common procedure, clinical encounter, or hospitalization. Disease or condition registries are defined by patients having the same diagnosis, such as cystic fibrosis or heart failure. The User’s Guide was created by researchers affiliated with AHRQ’s Effective Health Care Program, particularly those who participated in AHRQ’s DEcIDE (Developing Evidence to Inform Decisions About Effectiveness) program. Chapters were subject to multiple internal and external independent reviews.

Clinical Trials Book

Clinical Trials


  • Author : Tom Brody
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-02-19
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 896
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128042588

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Clinical Trials Excerpt :

Clinical Trials, Second Edition, offers those engaged in clinical trial design a valuable and practical guide. This book takes an integrated approach to incorporate biomedical science, laboratory data of human study, endpoint specification, legal and regulatory aspects and much more with the fundamentals of clinical trial design. It provides an overview of the design options along with the specific details of trial design and offers guidance on how to make appropriate choices. Full of numerous examples and now containing actual decisions from FDA reviewers to better inform trial design, the 2nd edition of Clinical Trials is a must-have resource for early and mid-career researchers and clinicians who design and conduct clinical trials. Contains new and fully revised material on key topics such as biostatistics, biomarkers, orphan drugs, biosimilars, drug regulations in Europe, drug safety, regulatory approval and more Extensively covers the "study schema" and related features of study design Incorporates laboratory data from studies on human patients to provide a concrete tool for understanding the concepts in the design and conduct of clinical trials Includes decisions made by FDA reviewers when granting approval of a drug as real world learning examples for readers

Safe and Effective Medicines for Children Book

Safe and Effective Medicines for Children


  • Author : Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2012-10-13
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309225496

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Safe and Effective Medicines for Children Excerpt :

The Best Pharmaceuticals for Children Act (BPCA) and the Pediatric Research Equity Act (PREA) were designed to encourage more pediatric studies of drugs used for children. The FDA asked the IOM to review aspects of pediatric studies and changes in product labeling that resulted from BPCA and PREA and their predecessor policies, as well as assess the incentives for pediatric studies of biologics and the extent to which biologics have been studied in children. The IOM committee concludes that these policies have helped provide clinicians who care for children with better information about the efficacy, safety, and appropriate prescribing of drugs. The IOM suggests that more can be done to increase knowledge about drugs used by children and thereby improve the clinical care, health, and well-being of the nation's children.

FDA Regulatory Affairs Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

FDA Regulatory Affairs


  • Author : David Mantus
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2014-02-28
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9781841849201

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FDA Regulatory Affairs Excerpt :

FDA Regulatory Affairs is a roadmap to prescription drug, biologics, and medical device development in the United States. Written in plain English, the concise and jargon-free text demystifies the inner workings of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and facilitates an understanding of how the agency operates with respect to compliance and product approval, including clinical trial exemptions, fast track status, advisory committee procedures, and more. The Third Edition of this highly successful publication: Examines the harmonization of the US Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act with international regulations on human drug, biologics and device development, research, manufacturing, and marketing Includes contributions from experts at organizations such as the FDA, National Institutes of Health (NIH), and PAREXEL Focuses on the new drug application (NDA) process, cGMPs, GCPs, quality system compliance, and corresponding documentation requirements Provides updates to the FDA Safety and Innovation Act (FDASIA), incorporating pediatric guidelines and follow-on biologics regulations from the 2012 Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) V Explains current FDA inspection processes, enforcement options, and how to handle FDA meetings and required submissions Co-edited by an industry leader (Mantus) and a respected academic (Pisano), FDA Regulatory Affairs, Third Edition delivers a compilation of the selected US laws and regulations as well as a straightforward commentary on the FDA product approval process that’s broadly useful to both business and academia.

Comparative Effectiveness of In Hospital Use of Recombinant Factor VIIa for Off Label Indications Vs  Usual Care Book

Comparative Effectiveness of In Hospital Use of Recombinant Factor VIIa for Off Label Indications Vs Usual Care


  • Author : U. S. Department of Health and Human Services
  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Pub
  • Release Date : 2013-05-20
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 332
  • ISBN 10 : 1489524592

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Comparative Effectiveness of In Hospital Use of Recombinant Factor VIIa for Off Label Indications Vs Usual Care Excerpt :

This report evaluates the level of evidence currently available to support the effectiveness and safety of using recombinant activated coagulation factor VII (rFVIIa) for clinical indications not approved by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). rFVIIa is approved for a variety of uses in hemophilia patients who have developed antibody inhibitors that compromise the use of standard factor replacement. Use of this costly biologic product has expanded beyond these hemophilia-related indications to encompass a range of off-label uses, most of which are in-hospital uses. These uses differ substantially from the drug's FDA approved label. The purpose of this report is two-fold: (1) To document the full range of clinical indications for which rFVIIa is being used and the types of studies available to evaluate these uses and (2) To provide a comparative effectiveness review of rFVIIa vs. usual care for several in-hospital clinical indications: intracranial hemorrhage, massive bleeding secondary to trauma, and the selected surgical procedures of cardiac surgery, liver transplantation, and prostatectomy. Off-label drug use refers to any use of a medication that deviates from the product labeling approved and required by the FDA. The FDA drug approval process mandates randomized clinical trials that demonstrate efficacy and safety for specific indications prior to marketing. Once approval is given, however, the FDA does not regulate whether drugs are prescribed for off-label indications. In most instances, the data supporting off-label drug use falls short of the rigor that accompanies FDA review. This uncertainty may be acceptable, as when a drug's use is infrequent. Nevertheless, concerns increase when off-label use is clinically distinct from approved indications, when off-label use becomes frequent, when a drug is costly, or when a drug is used in different clinical settings (e.g., shifts from outpatient to in-hospital use). rFVIIa is a form of human factor VII pr

FDA s Drug Approval Process Book

FDA s Drug Approval Process


  • Author : United States
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Genre: Drugs
  • Pages : 93
  • ISBN 10 : PURD:32754077529000

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FDA s Drug Approval Process Excerpt :

FDA Approved Animal Drug Products Book

FDA Approved Animal Drug Products


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1998
  • Genre: Veterinary drugs
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015035689275

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FDA Approved Animal Drug Products Excerpt :

FDA Drug Review Book

FDA Drug Review


  • Author : United States. General Accounting Office
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1990
  • Genre: Drugs
  • Pages : 131
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015042648793

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FDA Drug Review Excerpt :

The Use of Drugs in Food Animals Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

The Use of Drugs in Food Animals


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1999-02-12
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309054348

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The Use of Drugs in Food Animals Excerpt :

The use of drugs in food animal production has resulted in benefits throughout the food industry; however, their use has also raised public health safety concerns. The Use of Drugs in Food Animals provides an overview of why and how drugs are used in the major food-producing animal industries--poultry, dairy, beef, swine, and aquaculture. The volume discusses the prevalence of human pathogens in foods of animal origin. It also addresses the transfer of resistance in animal microbes to human pathogens and the resulting risk of human disease. The committee offers analysis and insight into these areas Monitoring of drug residues. The book provides a brief overview of how the FDA and USDA monitor drug residues in foods of animal origin and describes quality assurance programs initiated by the poultry, dairy, beef, and swine industries. Antibiotic resistance. The committee reports what is known about this controversial problem and its potential effect on human health. The volume also looks at how drug use may be minimized with new approaches in genetics, nutrition, and animal management. November