Fire Toxicity Book

Fire Toxicity


  • Author : A A Stec
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-03-12
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 728
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845698072

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Fire Toxicity Excerpt :

Toxic fire effluents are responsible for the majority of fire deaths, and an increasing large majority of fire injuries, driven by the widespread and increasing use of synthetic polymers. Fire safety has focused on preventing ignition and reducing flame spread through reducing the rate of heat release, while neglecting the important issue of fire toxicity. This is the first reference work on fire toxicity and the only scientific publication on the subject in the last 15 years. Assessment of toxic effects of fires is increasingly being recognised as a key factor in the assessment of fire hazards. This book raises important issues including the types of toxic effluents that different fires produce, their physiological effects, methods for generation and assessment of fire toxicity, current and proposed regulations and approaches to modelling the toxic impact of fires. The contributors to Fire toxicity represent an international team of the leading experts in each aspect of this challenging and important field. This book provides an important reference work for professionals in the fire community, including fire fighters, fire investigators, regulators, fire safety engineers, and formulators of fire-safe materials. It will also prove invaluable to researchers in academia and industry. Investigates the controversial subject of toxic effluents as the cause of the majority of fire deaths and injuries Describes the different types of toxic effluents and the specific fires that they produce, their physiological effects and methods for generation Provides an overview of national and international fire safety regulations including current and proposed regulations such as a standardized framework for prediction of fire gas toxicity

Toxicity of Plastics and Rubber in Fire Book

Toxicity of Plastics and Rubber in Fire


  • Author : P. J. Fardell
  • Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
  • Release Date : 1993
  • Genre: Composite materials
  • Pages : 101
  • ISBN 10 : 1859570011

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Toxicity of Plastics and Rubber in Fire Excerpt :

This report does not seek to single out synthetic polymers as a special case. It aims to provide an overview of the whole subject of combustion toxicity and threat to life, whilst supplying specific information on the most frequently encountered polymeric materials, and combustion products such as dioxins which have received high levels of media attention. An additional indexed section containing several hundred abstracts from the Rapra Polymer Library database provides useful references for further reading.

Fire Toxicity of Plastics Book

Fire Toxicity of Plastics


  • Author : Rapra Technology Limited
  • Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
  • Release Date : 1989
  • Genre: Combustion gases
  • Pages : 64
  • ISBN 10 : 0902348442

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Fire Toxicity of Plastics Excerpt :

Emergency Response Guidebook Book

Emergency Response Guidebook


  • Author : U.S. Department of Transportation
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Release Date : 2013-06-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9781626363762

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Emergency Response Guidebook Excerpt :

Does the identification number 60 indicate a toxic substance or a flammable solid, in the molten state at an elevated temperature? Does the identification number 1035 indicate ethane or butane? What is the difference between natural gas transmission pipelines and natural gas distribution pipelines? If you came upon an overturned truck on the highway that was leaking, would you be able to identify if it was hazardous and know what steps to take? Questions like these and more are answered in the Emergency Response Guidebook. Learn how to identify symbols for and vehicles carrying toxic, flammable, explosive, radioactive, or otherwise harmful substances and how to respond once an incident involving those substances has been identified. Always be prepared in situations that are unfamiliar and dangerous and know how to rectify them. Keeping this guide around at all times will ensure that, if you were to come upon a transportation situation involving hazardous substances or dangerous goods, you will be able to help keep others and yourself out of danger. With color-coded pages for quick and easy reference, this is the official manual used by first responders in the United States and Canada for transportation incidents involving dangerous goods or hazardous materials.

Advances in the Toxicity of Construction and Building Materials Book

Advances in the Toxicity of Construction and Building Materials


  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2022-03-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323852913

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Advances in the Toxicity of Construction and Building Materials Excerpt :

Advances in the Toxicity of Construction and Building Materials presents the potential and toxic effects of building materials on human health, along with tactics on how to minimize exposure. Chapters are divided into four sections covering the toxicity of indoor environments, fire toxicity, radioactive materials, and toxicity from plastics, metals, asbestos, nanoparticles and construction wastes. Key chapters focus on the reduction of chemical emissions in houses with eco-labelled building materials and potential risks posed by indoor pollutants that may include volatile organic compounds (VOC), formaldehyde, semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOC), radon, NOx, asbestos and nanoparticles. Known illnesses and reactions that can be triggered by these toxic building materials include asthma, itchiness, burning eyes, skin irritations or rashes, nose and throat irritation, nausea, headaches, dizziness, fatigue, reproductive impairment, disruption of the endocrine system, impaired child development and birth defects, immune system suppression, and even cancer. Provides an essential guide to the potential toxic effects of building materials on human health Comprehensively examines materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds Presents coverage on fire toxicity and an evaluation of the radioactivity of building materials Includes several cases studies throughout and addresses current international standards

Characterization and Toxicity of Smoke Book

Characterization and Toxicity of Smoke


  • Author : Harry K. Hasegawa
  • Publisher : ASTM International
  • Release Date : 1990
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 183
  • ISBN 10 : 9780803113862

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Characterization and Toxicity of Smoke Excerpt :

"Contains papers presented at a symposium held in Phoenix, Ariz. on Dec. 5, 1988 and sponsored by ASTM Committee E-5 on Fire Standards."-- Foreword. - "ASTM publication code number (PCN) 04-010820-31."--t.p. verso. - "ASTM Special Technical Publication 1081. - Includes bibliographical references and indexes. - Electronic reproduction; W. Conshohocken, Pa; ASTM International; 2011; Mode of access: World Wide Web; System requirements: Web browser; Access may be restricted to users at subscribing institutions.

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials Book
Score: 4.5
From 2 Ratings

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials


  • Author : Arthur F. Grand
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2000-04-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN 10 : 1420027093

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Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials Excerpt :

This volume addresses the state of the art in fire retardancy studies and the need for fire retardant chemicals and fire-retarded polymers, while considering the interrelationship among polymer degradation, fire retardant efficacy, fire testing and environmental concerns. The work examines the principles of polymer science with respect to fire retardancy.

Toxicology  Survival and Health Hazards of Combustion Products Book

Toxicology Survival and Health Hazards of Combustion Products


  • Author : David Purser
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2015-10-27
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 643
  • ISBN 10 : 9781849735698

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Toxicology Survival and Health Hazards of Combustion Products Excerpt :

Fires are a common source of exposure to smoke and a range of toxicologically active chemicals. Providing a complete overview of the subject, this book provides comprehensive and detailed information on combustion processes, estimation of rate of production of combustion products, dispersion of these products and their effects on health. Beginning with a chapter discussing the chemistry of combustion and detailing the mechanisms of burning, how different materials ignite and the nature of combustion products, the book goes on to examine specific combustion products in detail, the toxicity and carcinogenicity of the products, their dispersion and methods of monitoring. With diverse coverage edited and authored by recognised experts in the field, this book will provide an essential text for those working in toxicology, combustion science, public health and environmental research.

Fires  Explosions  and Toxic Gas Dispersions Book

Fires Explosions and Toxic Gas Dispersions


  • Author : Marc J. Assael
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2010-02-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 349
  • ISBN 10 : 1439826765

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Fires Explosions and Toxic Gas Dispersions Excerpt :

Today’s risk analysis is a very challenging field, and a solid understanding of the calculations procedure associated with it is essential for anyone involved. Fires, Explosions, and Toxic Gas Dispersions: Effects Calculation and Risk Analysis provides an overview of the methods used to assess the risk of fires, explosions, and toxic gas dispersion, and then deduce the subsequent effects and consequences of these events. The authors cover various aspects of such incidents, including the probability that an accident will occur, and how to calculate leaks, heat flux, overpressure, and the concentration of toxic clouds. The book follows by describing the consequences to people (injury or death) and material damages, and it concludes with a discussion of possible causes of destruction and common circumstances that can result in accidents. Some key features of this book include: Introduction of basic techniques of hazard identification, emphasizing "what if" and HAZOP analyses Step-by-step procedures for the calculation of fires (i.e., pool fire, jet fire, fire ball), explosions (VCE, BLEVE), and concentration of toxic clouds (light and heavy gases) Methods for determining probability of injuries or lethality Invaluable to professionals, researchers, and students whose work involves predicting the consequences of accidents, this book describes simple modern methods, which are a great aid for understanding the meaning of all the variables involved—in contrast to current complicated computer packages, which produce only results. Filling the existing gap in useful literature on risk analysis, this book follows a logical structure and presents straightforward, step-by-step calculation procedures and numerous examples that will be valuable in both teaching and learning the content.

Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Selected Airborne Chemicals Book

Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Selected Airborne Chemicals


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2010-04-18
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309145152

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Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Selected Airborne Chemicals Excerpt :

This book is the eighth volume in the series Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Selected Airborne Chemicals, and reviews AEGLs for acrolein, carbon monoxide, 1,2-dichloroethene, ethylenimine, fluorine, hydrazine, peracetic acid, propylenimine, and sulfur dioxide for scientific accuracy, completeness, and consistency with the NRC guideline reports.

Toxicity of Building Materials Book

Toxicity of Building Materials


  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-08-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857096357

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Toxicity of Building Materials Excerpt :

From long-standing worries regarding the use of lead and asbestos to recent research into carcinogenic issues related to the use of plastics in construction, there is growing concern regarding the potential toxic effects of building materials on health. Toxicity of building materials provides an essential guide to this important problem and its solutions. Beginning with an overview of the material types and potential health hazards presented by building materials, the book goes on to consider key plastic materials. Materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds, are then explored in depth, before a review of wood preservatives and mineral fibre-based building materials. Issues related to the use of radioactive materials and materials that release toxic fumes during burning are the focus of subsequent chapters, followed by discussion of the range of heavy metals, materials prone to mould growth, and antimicrobials. Finally, Toxicity of building materials concludes by considering the potential hazards posed by waste based/recycled building materials, and the toxicity of nanoparticles. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Toxicity of building materials is an invaluable tool for all civil engineers, materials researchers, scientists and educators working in the field of building materials. Provides an essential guide to the potential toxic effects of building materials on health Comprehensively examines materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds Later chapters focus on issues surrounding the use of radioactive materials and materials that release toxic fumes during burning

Fire Behavior of Upholstered Furniture and Mattresses Book

Fire Behavior of Upholstered Furniture and Mattresses


  • Author : John Krasny
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2008-12-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080946870

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Fire Behavior of Upholstered Furniture and Mattresses Excerpt :

The flammability of upholstered furniture is a major concern to engineers and others across a wide swath of organizations. This book was written to provide its audience with the science and engineering needed to better understand the combustibility of the products they manufacture, purchase, and try to extinguish. It addresses the science and engineering information needs of public and private sector fire technology personnel, including fire service students and officers, fire investigators, fire protection engineers, government officials; textile, chemical, and furniture industry personnel, or institutional furniture purchasers.