Polymer Green Flame Retardants Book

Polymer Green Flame Retardants


  • Author : Constantine D. Papaspyrides
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2014-08-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 942
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444538093

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Polymer Green Flame Retardants Excerpt :

Polymer Green Flame Retardants covers key issues regarding the response of polymers during fire, the mechanisms of their flame retardation, the regulations imposed on their use, and the health hazards arising from their combustion. Presenting the latest research developments, the book focuses in particular on nanocomposites, believed to be the most promising approach for producing physically superior materials with low flammability and ecological impact. The fire properties of nanocomposites of various matrixes and fillers are discussed, the toxicological characteristics of these materials are analyzed, addressing also their environmental sustainability. Edited by distinguished scientists, including an array of international industry and academia experts, this book will appeal to chemical, mechanical, environmental, material and process engineers, upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines, and generally to researchers developing commercially attractive and environmentally friendly fire-proof products. Provides recent findings on the manufacture of environmentally sustainable flame retardant polymeric materials Covers legislation and regulations concerning flame retarded polymeric material use Includes tables containing the fire properties of the most common polymeric materials

Plastic Flame Retardants Book

Plastic Flame Retardants


  • Author : J. Innes
  • Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN 10 : 1859574351

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Plastic Flame Retardants Excerpt :

This review sets out to describe the types of flame retardants available for compounding into plastics materials, mechanisms of action and uses. This review provides a clear overview of the state-of-the-art of flame retardancy for plastics. It highlights the new developments and the potential problems with legislation, together with the benefits to end users of protection from fire hazards. This review is accompanied by around 400 abstracts from papers and books in the Rapra Polymer Library.

Flame Retardants 101 Book

Flame Retardants 101


  • Author : Frca
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 1998-01-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 228
  • ISBN 10 : 1566764459

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Flame Retardants 101 Excerpt :

Flame Retardants Book

Flame Retardants


  • Author : P. M. Visakh
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-02-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319034676

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Flame Retardants Excerpt :

This book summarizes comprehensively many recent technical research accomplishments in the area of flame retardant research. It presents mainly flame retardant studies of polymer blends, composites and nano composites such as rubber, thermosets and thermoplastics. This book discusses different types of flame retardant using in polymers especially nano composites, as well as the role and chemistry. Leading researchers from industry, academy, government and private research institutions across the globe contribute to this book. Academics, researchers, scientists, engineers and students in research and development will benefit from an application-oriented book that helps them to find solutions to both fundamental and applied problems.

Flame Retardants Book

Flame Retardants


  • Author : Johannes Karl Fink
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2020-08-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119750611

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Flame Retardants Excerpt :

This book focuses on the chemistry and applications of flame retardants for polymers and other materials. It starts with a description and types of flame retardants, as well as their properties and chemical structures, to include chlorine- and bromine-containing flame retardants, phosphorus-based flame retardants, nitrogen-based flame retardants, and silicones. Inorganic materials that serve as flame retardants, such as boron-based additives, graphenes, and others are discussed in detail. In addition, the following subjects are discussed in detail: Flame retardant polymers The mechanisms of flame retardants, such as flame cooling, synergetic effects, degradation of flame retardants, and others Other flame retardant compositions, such as dripping inhibitors and smoke suppressants Testing methods for flame retardants, international standards, human health hazards, such as smoke toxicity and problems with wastes Synthesis and fabrication methods, as well as recycling methods The application of flame retardants to the coating material using 3D printing, reactive coating, and bulk addition methods Non-burning comonomers, foams, nanocomposites and bio-based materials Flame retardants with other textiles, such as wool and electrical applications such as batteries

Brominated Flame Retardants Book

Brominated Flame Retardants


  • Author : Ethel Eljarrat
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2011-04-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 290
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642192692

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Brominated Flame Retardants Excerpt :

Brominated flame retardants are one of the last classes of halogenated compounds that are still being produced worldwide and used in large quantities in many applications. They are used in plastics, textiles, electronic circuitry, and other materials to prevent fires. This volume covers the state-of-the-art of the analysis, fate and behaviour of brominated flame retardants. Experts in the field provide an overview of the compounds’ physico-chemical properties and uses, their occurrence in the environment and biota, advanced chemical analytical methods, degradation studies, toxicological effects and human exposure. This book is a valuable and comprehensive source of information for environmental scientists interested in brominated flame retardant issues, and for authorities and producers.

Fire Retardant Materials Book

Fire Retardant Materials


  • Author : A. Richard Horrocks
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2001-02-16
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 9781855737464

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Fire Retardant Materials Excerpt :

This is a comprehensive source of information on all aspects of fire retardancy. Particluar emphasis is placed on the burning behaviour and flame retarding properties of polymeric materials and textiles. It covers combustion, flame retardants, smoke and toxic products generally and then goes on to concentrate on some more material-specific aspects of combustion in relation to textiles, composites and bulk polymers. Developments in all areas of fire retardant materials are covered including research in new areas such as nanocomposition. Fire retardant materials is an essential reference source for all those working with, researching into, or designing new fire retardant materials. Detailed analysis of the burning behaviour and flame retarding properties of ploymers, composites and textiles Covers smoke and toxic gas generation Analysis of material performance in fire

Flame Retardants for Textile Materials Book

Flame Retardants for Textile Materials


  • Author : Asim Kumar Roy Choudhury
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-08-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429629679

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Flame Retardants for Textile Materials Excerpt :

This book focuses on flame retardants (FR) for textile materials. It discusses basics of flame retardancy and flammability and covers various types of flame retardants and materials, including natural FRs, halogen, phosphorous, and nanomaterial-based FRs. This book also discusses methods of applications of FRs and discusses FRs and the environment. Covers a variety of interdisciplinary applications in the textile industry Emphasizes environmental aspects Reports on a large number of FR compounds studied globally Discusses in detail recent developments in halogen-free eco-friendly flame retardants Extensively describes basic aspects of flame retardancy and their measurements Aimed at the practitioner and textile engineering professional this work aims to ensure development of safe textile materials for various uses, including apparel, protective wear, floor coverings, upholstery, drapery, and others.

Handbook of Flame Retardants Book

Handbook of Flame Retardants


  • Author : George Wypych
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-01-25
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN 10 : 9781927885703

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Handbook of Flame Retardants Excerpt :

Handbook of Flame Retardants contains an extensive evaluation of the existing literature, products and patents related to flame retardance. As a perfect complement to The Databook of Flame Retardants, this book explains the roles, selection, mechanisms of action, use in different polymers and products, and health and environmental issues of over 350 different products. Chapters highlight the fundamentals of material burning and the associated stages of heat, flame and smoke, properties and mechanisms, and preventive, delaying and extinguishing attributes of 27 chemical groups of flame retardants. Examples of synergistic and antagonistic actions of various additives are discussed next, along with testing methods. The book concludes with chapters providing guidance on optimal selection of flame retardants for various polymers and information on the toxicity of flame retardants and their effects on the environment. Evaluates the existing literature, products and patents related to flame retardance Covers the fundamentals of material burning and associated stages of heat, flame and smoke Outlines and evaluates the properties of 27 chemical groups of flame retardants Provides examples of synergistic and antagonistic actions of various additives Looks at methods of testing flame retardants and quantifies their effect on products

Emerging Halogenated Flame Retardants in the Environment Book

Emerging Halogenated Flame Retardants in the Environment


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-02-14
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 387
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444643407

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Emerging Halogenated Flame Retardants in the Environment Excerpt :

Analysis and Fate of Emerging Brominated and Fluorinated Organic Pollutants, Volume 87 in the Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry series, contains a wide range of topics on flame retardants in the environment, specifically focusing on halogenated flame retardants. New chapters in this release include an Introduction of emerging halogenated flame retardants in the environment, Analysis of emerging halogenated flame Retardants in environment, Toxicity of emerging halogenated organic chemicals, Occurrence and fate of emerging halogenated flame retardants in environment, Emerging halogenated flame retardants in indoor environment, Food contamination on emerging halogenated flame retardants, Human exposure to emerging halogenated flame retardants, and much more. Provides the current research results on emerging halogenated flame retardants Contains all research subjects about emerging halogenated flame retardants, from analysis to human exposure Presents critical information on halogenated flame retardants

The Non halogenated Flame Retardant Handbook Book

The Non halogenated Flame Retardant Handbook


  • Author : Alexander B. Morgan
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2014-04-07
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118939208

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The Non halogenated Flame Retardant Handbook Excerpt :

Due to the emphasis on replacing halogenated flame retardantswith alternate technologies, this handbook contains in one placeall of the current commercial non-halogenated flame retardanttechnologies, as well as experimental systems nearcommercialization. This book focuses on non-halogenated flame retardants in aholistic but practical manner. It starts with an overview ofthe regulations and customer perceptions driving non-halogenatedflame retardant selection over older halogenatedtechnologies. It then moves into separate chapters coveringthe known major classes of non-halogenated flame retardants. These chapters are written by known experts in those specificchemistries who are also industrial experts in how to apply thattechnology to polymers for fire safety needs. The handbookconcludes with some of the newer technologies in place that areeither niche performers or may be commercial in the nearfuture. Future trends in flame retardancy are alsodiscussed. The Non-Halogenated Flame Retardant Handbook book takes apractical approach to addressing the narrow subject ofnon-halogenated flame retardancy. This includes more emphasison flame retardant selection for specific plastics, practicalconsiderations in flame retardant material design, and what thestrengths and limits of these various technologies are. Previous flame retardant material science books have coverednon-halogenated flame retardants, but they focus more on how theywork rather than how to use them.

Flame Retardant and Thermally Insulating Polymers Book

Flame Retardant and Thermally Insulating Polymers


  • Author : Yanfei Xu
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2021-09-08
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 132
  • ISBN 10 : 9781839687143

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Flame Retardant and Thermally Insulating Polymers Excerpt :

Polymers have infiltrated almost every aspect of modern technology, as they have wide applications ranging from building insulation and firefighter uniforms to the Boeing 787 Dreamliner aircraft and electronics packaging. However, common polymers are flammable. Inflammability and thermal insulation properties in polymers are important for specific applications. This book discusses recent advances in developing eco-friendly, flame-retardant, and thermally insulative polymer-based materials. It not only focuses on developments of high-performance flame retardants, but also examines flame retardant behaviors in polymers. Eco-friendly polymers with superior flame retardancy, extraordinary thermal insulation, and excellent mechanical strength will provide new opportunities for existing and future applications.

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials Book
Score: 4.5
From 2 Ratings

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials


  • Author : Arthur F. Grand
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2000-04-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN 10 : 1420027093

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Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials Excerpt :

This volume addresses the state of the art in fire retardancy studies and the need for fire retardant chemicals and fire-retarded polymers, while considering the interrelationship among polymer degradation, fire retardant efficacy, fire testing and environmental concerns. The work examines the principles of polymer science with respect to fire retardancy.

Toxicological Risks of Selected Flame Retardant Chemicals Book

Toxicological Risks of Selected Flame Retardant Chemicals


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2000-07-06
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 534
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309171939

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Toxicological Risks of Selected Flame Retardant Chemicals Excerpt :

Ignition of upholstered furniture by small open flames from matches, cigarette lighters, and candles is one of the leading causes of residential-fire deaths in the United States. These fires accounted for about 16% of civilian fire deaths in 1996. On average, each year since 1990, about 90 deaths (primarily of children), 440 injuries, and property losses amounting to 50 million dollars have resulted from fires caused by the ignition of upholstered furniture by small open flames. Certain commercial seating products (such as aircraft and bus seats) are subject to flammability standards and sometimes incorporate FR-treated upholstery cover materials, but there is no federal-government requirement for residential upholstered furniture, and it is generally not treated with FR chemicals. It is estimated that less than 0.2% of all U.S. residential upholstery fabric is treated with flame-retardant (FR) chemicals. The Consumer Product Safety Act of 1972 created the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) as an independent federal regulatory agency whose mission is to protect the public from unreasonable risks of injury and death associated with consumer products. CPSC also administers the Flammable Fabrics Act, under which it regulates flammability hazards and the Federal Hazardous Substances Act (FHSA), which regulates hazardous substances including chemicals. In 1993, the National Association of State Fire Marshals petitioned CPSC to issue a performance-based flammability standard for upholstered furniture to reduce the risk of residential fires. The Commission granted that portion of the petition relating to small open flame ignition risks. In response to concerns regarding the safety of FR chemicals, Congress, in the fiscal year 1999 appropriations report for CPSC, requested that the National Research Council conduct an independent study of the health risks to consumers posed by exposure to FR chemicals that are likely to be used in residential upholstered furnitu