Flammability Testing of Materials Used in Construction  Transport  and Mining Book

Flammability Testing of Materials Used in Construction Transport and Mining

  • Author : Vivek Apte
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2021-11-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081028186

Flammability Testing of Materials Used in Construction Transport and Mining Excerpt :

Flammability Testing of Materials used in Construction, Transport, and Mining, Second Edition provides an authoritative guide to current best practice in ensuring fire-safe design. The book begins by discussing the fundamentals of flammability, measurement techniques, and the main types of fire tests for various applications. Building on this foundation, a group of chapters then reviews tests for key materials used in the building, transport, and mining sectors. There are chapters on wood products, external cladding, and sandwich panels as well as the flammability of walls and ceilings linings. Tests for upholstered furniture and mattresses, cables, and electrical appliances are also reviewed. A final group of chapters discusses fire tests for the transport sector, including those for railway passenger cars, aircraft, road and rail tunnels, ships, and submarines. There is also a chapter on tests for spontaneous ignition of solid materials. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Flammability Testing of Materials used in Construction, Transport, and Mining is an invaluable reference for fire safety, civil, chemical, mechanical, mining and transport engineers. In this revised edition, the latest information is provided on fire testing of products, systems, components, and materials used across these essential sectors, with all regulations and standards brought up to date. Relays all new developments in fire safety standards, regulations and performance requirements Covers a broad range of infrastructure sectors such as construction, transport, and mining Updated to include cutting-edge fire tests and the latest iteration of standards including ISO, ASTM, and EN

Fabric Testing Book

Fabric Testing

  • Author : Jinlian Hu
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2008-09-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845695064

Fabric Testing Excerpt :

The textile industry is becoming an increasingly competitive environment. Differentiating products by quality is particularly important. Testing can be performed both to improve product quality and achieve compliance to international, regional or retailer specific standards. Fabric testing provides a comprehensive review of the tests available for fabrics. The book begins with introductory chapters which discuss the scope, importance and statistical analysis of fabric testing. The book then reviews various types of fabric tests such as fabric composition testing, physical and mechanical tests, fabric chemical testing, how to test appearance, permeability, comfort and flammability, as well as dyeing and colouring tests and key issues in testing textile samples. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors Fabric testing is a valuable resource for designers, technologists, quality inspectors and testing institutes in the textile industry. It is also relevant for academics and students within the textile field. Reviews various types of fabric tests including fabric composition and fabric chemical testing Discusses the scope, significance and statistical analysis of fabric testing Assesses the importance of fabric testing to both product quality and industry standard compliance

Advances in Fire Retardant Materials Book

Advances in Fire Retardant Materials

  • Author : A. Richard Horrocks
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2008-09-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845695071

Advances in Fire Retardant Materials Excerpt :

This important book provides a comprehensive account of the advances that have occurred in fire science in relation to a broad range of materials. The manufacture of fire retardant materials is an active area of research, the understanding of which can improve safety as well as the marketability of a product. The first part of the book reviews the advances that have occurred in improving the fire retardancy of specific materials, ranging from developments in phosphorus and halogen-free flame retardants to the use of nanocomposites as novel flame retardant systems. Key environmental issues are also addressed. The second group of chapters examines fire testing issues and regulations. A final group of chapters addresses the application of fire retardant materials in such areas as composites, automotive materials, military fabrics and aviation materials. With its distinguished editors and array of international contributors, this book is an essential reference for producers, manufacturers, retailers and all those wishing to improve fire retardancy in materials. It is also suitable for researchers in industry or academia. Reviews advances in improving the retardancy of materials Addresses key environmental issues Examines fire testing issues and regulations and the challenges involved

Fire Toxicity Book

Fire Toxicity

  • Author : A A Stec
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-03-12
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 728
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845698072

Fire Toxicity Excerpt :

Toxic fire effluents are responsible for the majority of fire deaths, and an increasing large majority of fire injuries, driven by the widespread and increasing use of synthetic polymers. Fire safety has focused on preventing ignition and reducing flame spread through reducing the rate of heat release, while neglecting the important issue of fire toxicity. This is the first reference work on fire toxicity and the only scientific publication on the subject in the last 15 years. Assessment of toxic effects of fires is increasingly being recognised as a key factor in the assessment of fire hazards. This book raises important issues including the types of toxic effluents that different fires produce, their physiological effects, methods for generation and assessment of fire toxicity, current and proposed regulations and approaches to modelling the toxic impact of fires. The contributors to Fire toxicity represent an international team of the leading experts in each aspect of this challenging and important field. This book provides an important reference work for professionals in the fire community, including fire fighters, fire investigators, regulators, fire safety engineers, and formulators of fire-safe materials. It will also prove invaluable to researchers in academia and industry. Investigates the controversial subject of toxic effluents as the cause of the majority of fire deaths and injuries Describes the different types of toxic effluents and the specific fires that they produce, their physiological effects and methods for generation Provides an overview of national and international fire safety regulations including current and proposed regulations such as a standardized framework for prediction of fire gas toxicity

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials  Second Edition Book

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials Second Edition

  • Author : Charles A. Wilkie
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2009-12-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 840
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420084009

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials Second Edition Excerpt :

When dealing with challenges such as providing fire protection while considering cost, mechanical and thermal performance and simultaneously addressing increasing regulations that deal with composition of matter and life cycle issues, there are no quick, one-size-fits-all answers. Packed with comprehensive coverage, scientific approach, step-by-step directions, and a distillation of technical knowledge, the first edition of Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials broke new ground. It supplied a one-stop resource for the development of new fire safe materials. The editors have expanded the second edition to echo the multidisciplinary approach inherent in current flame retardancy technology and put it in a revised, more user-friendly format. More than just an update of previously covered topics, this edition discusses: additional fire retardant chemistry developments in regulations and standards new flame retardant approaches fire safety engineering modeling and fire growth phenomena The book introduces flame retardants polymer-by-polymer, supplemented by a brief overview of mode of action and interaction, and all the other ancillary issues involved in this applied field of materials science. The book delineates what, why, and how to do it, covering the fundamentals of polymer burning/combustion and how to apply these systems and chemistries to specific materials classes. It also provides suggested formulations, discusses why certain materials are preferred for particular uses or applications, and offers a starting point from which to develop fire-safe materials.

Geosynthetics in Civil Engineering Book

Geosynthetics in Civil Engineering

  • Author : R W Sarsby
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2006-12-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845692490

Geosynthetics in Civil Engineering Excerpt :

Geosynthetics are man-made polymer-based materials which facilitate cost effective building, environmental, transportation and other construction projects. Given their versatility, geosynthetics are a vital material in all aspects of civil engineering. The first section of the book covers the fundamentals of geosynthetics. Chapters discuss the design and durability of geosynthetics together with their material properties and international standards governing their use. Building on these foundations, part two examines the various applications of geosynthetics in areas such as filters, separators, landfills, barriers and foundation materials. The book concludes by reviewing methods of quality assurance and the service life of geosynthetics. Written by an international team of contributors, Geosynthetics in civil engineering is an essential reference to all those involved in civil engineering. Discusses the fundamentals of geosynthetics Examines various applications in areas such as filters, separators, landfills and foundation materials Reviews quality assurance and the service life of geosynthetics

Advances in the Toxicity of Construction and Building Materials Book

Advances in the Toxicity of Construction and Building Materials

  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2022-03-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323852913

Advances in the Toxicity of Construction and Building Materials Excerpt :

Advances in the Toxicity of Construction and Building Materials presents the potential and toxic effects of building materials on human health, along with tactics on how to minimize exposure. Chapters are divided into four sections covering the toxicity of indoor environments, fire toxicity, radioactive materials, and toxicity from plastics, metals, asbestos, nanoparticles and construction wastes. Key chapters focus on the reduction of chemical emissions in houses with eco-labelled building materials and potential risks posed by indoor pollutants that may include volatile organic compounds (VOC), formaldehyde, semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOC), radon, NOx, asbestos and nanoparticles. Known illnesses and reactions that can be triggered by these toxic building materials include asthma, itchiness, burning eyes, skin irritations or rashes, nose and throat irritation, nausea, headaches, dizziness, fatigue, reproductive impairment, disruption of the endocrine system, impaired child development and birth defects, immune system suppression, and even cancer. Provides an essential guide to the potential toxic effects of building materials on human health Comprehensively examines materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds Presents coverage on fire toxicity and an evaluation of the radioactivity of building materials Includes several cases studies throughout and addresses current international standards

Mineral Wool Book

Mineral Wool

  • Author : B Sirok
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2008-05-29
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845694456

Mineral Wool Excerpt :

Mineral wool has a unique range of properties combining high thermal resistance with long-term stability. It is made from molten glass, stone or slag that is spun into a fibre-like structure which creates a combination of properties that no other insulation material can match. It has the ability to save energy, minimize pollution, combat noise, reduce the risk of fire and protect life and property in the event of fire. Mineral wool: Production and properties describes the technological process of mineral wool production and the physical characteristics of the melt and theoretical bases of multiregression and dimensionless theory. This is followed by the introduction of the fibre cooling model in the blow-away flow and the influence of temperature in the melt film (on the rotating centrifuge wheels) on the thickness of forming fibres. The second part predominantly focuses on the use of computer-aided visualisation: tools for the diagnostics of fibre and primary layer formation. Special attention is given to the study of aerodynamic characteristics of the airflow which significantly influences the quality of the final product. Mineral wool: Production and properties is suitable for engineers, researchers and for graduate and postgraduate students who want to broaden their knowledge of experimental methods in this field. Describes the technological process of mineral wool production and the physical characteristics Focuses on the use of computer-aided visualisation and discusses aerodynamic characteristics of the airflow Essential for engineers, researchers and students to gain knowledge of experimental methods in this field

An Introduction to Fire Dynamics Book

An Introduction to Fire Dynamics

  • Author : Dougal Drysdale
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2011-08-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119976103

An Introduction to Fire Dynamics Excerpt :

"Drysdale's book is by far the most comprehensive - everyone in the office has a copy...now including me. It holds just about everything you need to know about fire science." (Review of An Introduction to Fire Dynamics, 2nd Edition) After 25 years as a bestseller, Dougal Drysdale's classic introduction has been brought up-to-date and expanded to incorporate the latest research and experimental data. Essential reading for all involved in the field from undergraduate and postgraduate students to practising fire safety engineers and fire prevention officers, An Introduction to Fire Dynamics is unique in that it addresses the fundamentals of fire science and fire dynamics, thus providing the scientific background necessary for the development of fire safety engineering as a professional discipline. An Introduction to Fire Dynamics Includes experimental data relevant to the understanding of fire behaviour of materials; Features numerical problems with answers illustrating the quantitative applications of the concepts presented; Extensively course-tested at Worcester Polytechnic Institute and the University of Edinburgh, and widely adopted throughout the world; Will appeal to all those working in fire safety engineering and related disciplines.

Fire Science and Technology 2015 Book

Fire Science and Technology 2015

  • Author : Kazunori Harada
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-10-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 940
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811003769

Fire Science and Technology 2015 Excerpt :

This book focuses on topics in the entire spectrum of fire safety science, targeting research in fires, explosions, combustion science, heat transfer, fluid dynamics, risk analysis, structural engineering, and other subjects. The book contributes to a gain in advanced scientific knowledge and presents or advances new ideas in all topics in fire safety science. Two decades ago, the 1st Asia-Oceania Symposium on Fire Science and Technology was held in Hefei, China. Since then, the Asia-Oceania Symposia have grown in size and quality. This book, reflecting that growth, helps readers to understand fire safety technology, design, and methodology in diverse areas including historical buildings, photovoltaic panels, batteries, and electric vehicles.

Polymers   Opportunities and Risks I Book

Polymers Opportunities and Risks I

  • Author : Peter Eyerer
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2010-08-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540884170

Polymers Opportunities and Risks I Excerpt :

Since their first industrial use polymers have gained a tremendous success. The two volumes of "Polymers - Opportunities and Risks" elaborate on both their potentials and on the impact on the environment arising from their production and applications. Volume 11 "Polymers - Opportunities and Risks I: General and Environmental Aspects" is dedicated to the basics of the engineering of polymers – always with a view to possible environmental implications. Topics include: materials, processing, designing, surfaces, the utilization phase, recycling, and depositing. Volume 12 "Polymers - Opportunities and Risks II: Sustainability, Product Design and Processing" highlights raw materials and renewable polymers, sustainability, additives for manufacture and processing, melt modification, biodegradation, adhesive technologies, and solar applications. All contributions were written by leading experts with substantial practical experience in their fields. They are an invaluable source of information not only for scientists, but also for environmental managers and decision makers.

Tunnel Fire Dynamics Book

Tunnel Fire Dynamics

  • Author : Haukur Ingason
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-11-14
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN 10 : 9781493921997

Tunnel Fire Dynamics Excerpt :

This book covers a wide range of issues in fire safety engineering in tunnels, describes the phenomena related to tunnel fire dynamics, presents state-of-the-art research, and gives detailed solutions to these major issues. Examples for calculations are provided. The aim is to significantly improve the understanding of fire safety engineering in tunnels. Chapters on fuel and ventilation control, combustion products, gas temperatures, heat fluxes, smoke stratification, visibility, tenability, design fire curves, heat release, fire suppression and detection, CFD modeling, and scaling techniques all equip readers to create their own fire safety plans for tunnels. This book should be purchased by any engineer or public official with responsibility for tunnels. It would also be of interest to many fire protection engineers as an application of evolving technical principles of fire safety.

Mining American Book

Mining American

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1909
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015080075354

Mining American Excerpt :

Mining Science Book

Mining Science

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1909
  • Genre: Mineral industries
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : MINN:31951000875442U

Mining Science Excerpt :