Fractal Solutions for Understanding Complex Systems in Earth Sciences Book

Fractal Solutions for Understanding Complex Systems in Earth Sciences

  • Author : V.P. Dimri
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-11-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319246758

Fractal Solutions for Understanding Complex Systems in Earth Sciences Excerpt :

This book deals with fractals in understanding problems encountered in earth science, and their solutions. It starts with an analysis of two classes of methods (homogeneous fractals random models, and homogeneous source distributions or “one point” distributions) widely diffused in the geophysical community, especially for studying potential fields and their related source distributions. Subsequently, the use of fractals in potential fields is described by scaling spectral methods for estimation of curie depth. The book also presents an update of the use of the fractal concepts in geological understanding of faults and their significance in geological modelling of hydrocarbon reservoirs. Geophysical well log data provide a unique description of the subsurface lithology; here, the Detrended Fluctuation Analysis technique is presented in case studies located off the west-coast of India. Another important topic is the fractal model of continuum percolation which quantitatively reproduce the flow path geometry by applying the Poiseuille’s equation. The pattern of fracture heterogeneity in reservoir scale of natural geological formations can be viewed as spatially distributed self-similar tree structures; here, the authors present simple analytical models based on the medium structural characteristics to explain the flow in natural fractures. The Fractal Differential Adjacent Segregation (F-DAS) is an unconventional approach for fractal dimension estimation using a box count method. The present analysis provides a better understanding of variability of the system (adsorbents – adsorbate interactions). Towards the end of book, the authors discuss multi-fractal scaling properties of seismograms in order to quantify the complexity associated with high-frequency seismic signals. Finally, the book presents a review on fractal methods applied to fire point processes and satellite time-continuous signals that are sensitive to fire occurrences.

Heat and Mass Transfer in Drying of Porous Media Book

Heat and Mass Transfer in Drying of Porous Media

  • Author : Peng Xu
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-07-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351019200

Heat and Mass Transfer in Drying of Porous Media Excerpt :

Heat and Mass Transfer in Drying of Porous Media offers a comprehensive review of heat and mass transfer phenomena and mechanisms in drying of porous materials. It covers pore-scale and macro-scale models, includes various drying technologies, and discusses the drying dynamics of fibrous porous material, colloidal porous media and size-distributed particle system. Providing guidelines for mathematical modeling and design as well as optimization of drying of porous material, this reference offers useful information for researchers and students as well as engineers in drying technology, food processes, applied energy, mechanical, and chemical engineering.

Optical Remote Sensing of Ocean Hydrodynamics Book

Optical Remote Sensing of Ocean Hydrodynamics

  • Author : Victor Raizer
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-03-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351119177

Optical Remote Sensing of Ocean Hydrodynamics Excerpt :

Optical Remote Sensing is one of the main technologies used in sea surface monitoring. Optical Remote Sensing of Ocean Hydrodynamics investigates and demonstrates capabilities of optical remote sensing technology for enhanced observations and detection of ocean environments. It provides extensive knowledge of physical principles and capabilities of optical observations of the oceans at high spatial resolution, 1-4m, and on the observations of surface wave hydrodynamic processes. It also describes the implementation of spectral-statistical and fusion algorithms for analyses of multispectral optical databases and establishes physics-based criteria for detection of complex wave phenomena and hydrodynamic disturbances including assessment and management of optical databases. This book explains the physical principles of high-resolution optical imagery of the ocean surface, discusses for the first time the capabilities of observing hydrodynamic processes and events, and emphasizes the integration of optical measurements and enhanced data analysis. It also covers both the assessment and the interpretation of dynamic multispectral optical databases and includes applications for advanced studies and nonacoustic detection. This book is an invaluable resource for researches, industry professionals, engineers, and students working on cross-disciplinary problems in ocean hydrodynamics, optical remote sensing of the ocean and sea surface remote sensing. Readers in the fields of geosciences and remote sensing, applied physics, oceanography, satellite observation technology, and optical engineering will learn the theory and practice of optical interactions with the ocean.

Untangling Complex Systems Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Untangling Complex Systems

  • Author : Pier Luigi Gentili
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-09-03
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 568
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429847547

Untangling Complex Systems Excerpt :

Complex Systems are natural systems that science is unable to describe exhaustively. Examples of Complex Systems are both unicellular and multicellular living beings; human brains; human immune systems; ecosystems; human societies; the global economy; the climate and geology of our planet. This book is an account of a marvelous interdisciplinary journey the author made to understand properties of the Complex Systems. He has undertaken his trip, equipped with the fundamental principles of physical chemistry, in particular, the Second Law of Thermodynamics that describes the spontaneous evolution of our universe, and the tools of Non-linear dynamics. By dealing with many disciplines, in particular, chemistry, biology, physics, economy, and philosophy, the author demonstrates that Complex Systems are intertwined networks, working in out-of-equilibrium conditions, which exhibit emergent properties, such as self-organization phenomena and chaotic behaviors in time and space.

Scientists Debate Gaia Book
Score: 5
From 2 Ratings

Scientists Debate Gaia

  • Author : Stephen Henry Schneider
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 377
  • ISBN 10 : 0262194988

Scientists Debate Gaia Excerpt :

Leading scientists bring the controversy over Gaia up to date by exploring a broad range of recent thinking on Gaia theory.

Fractal Behaviour of the Earth System Book

Fractal Behaviour of the Earth System

  • Author : V.P. Dimri
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2005-12-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540265368

Fractal Behaviour of the Earth System Excerpt :

It is with pleasure that I write the foreword to this excellent book. A wide range of observations in geology and solid-earth geophysics can be - plained in terms of fractal distributions. In this volume a collection of - pers considers the fractal behavior of the Earth's continental crust. The book begins with an excellent introductory chapter by the editor Dr. V.P. Dimri. Surface gravity anomalies are known to exhibit power-law spectral behavior under a wide range of conditions and scales. This is self-affine fractal behavior. Explanations of this behavior remain controversial. In chapter 2 V.P. Dimri and R.P. Srivastava model this behavior using Voronoi tessellations. Another approach to understanding the structure of the continental crust is to use electromagnetic induction experiments. Again the results often exhibit power law spectral behavior. In chapter 3 K. Bahr uses a fractal based random resister network model to explain the observations. Other examples of power-law spectral observations come from a wide range of well logs using various logging tools. In chapter 4 M. Fedi, D. Fiore, and M. La Manna utilize multifractal models to explain the behavior of well logs from the main KTB borehole in Germany. In chapter 5 V.V. Surkov and H. Tanaka model the electrokinetic currents that may be as- ciated with seismic electric signals using a fractal porous media. In chapter 6 M. Pervukhina, Y. Kuwahara, and H. Ito use fractal n- works to correlate the elastic and electrical properties of porous media.

Geocomplexity and the Physics of Earthquakes Book

Geocomplexity and the Physics of Earthquakes

  • Author : John Rundle
  • Publisher : American Geophysical Union
  • Release Date : 2000-01-10
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 284
  • ISBN 10 : 9780875909783

Geocomplexity and the Physics of Earthquakes Excerpt :

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 120. Earthquakes in urban centers are capable of causing enormous damage. The January 16, 1995 Kobe, Japan earthquake was only a magnitude 6.9 event and yet produced an estimated $200 billion loss. Despite an active earthquake prediction program in Japan, this event was a complete surprise. Similar scenarios are possible in Los Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle, and other urban centers around the Pacific plate boundary. The development of forecast or prediction methodologies for these great damaging earthquakes has been complicated by the fact that the largest events repeat at irregular intervals of hundreds to thousands of years, resulting in a limited historical record that has frustrated phenomenological studies. The papers in this book describe an emerging alternative approach, which is based on a new understanding of earthquake physics arising from the construction and analysis of numerical simulations. With these numerical simulations, earthquake physics now can be investigated in numerical laboratories. Simulation data from numerical experiments can be used to develop theoretical understanding that can be subsequently applied to observed data. These methods have been enabled by the information technology revolution, in which fundamental advances in computing and communications are placing vast computational resources at our disposal.

Fractal Sustainability Book

Fractal Sustainability

  • Author : Isabel Canto de Loura
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2016-08-12
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 124
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317133629

Fractal Sustainability Excerpt :

Even though the fractal approach to sustainability and organizational change management is not new, no authors so far seem to have truly attempted to use fractals as a mathematical means to map and measure organizational sustainability. Several sustainability maturity models and change management models and frameworks, concepts and computer generated systems came to the fore during the past two decades. They provided a set of useful tools for managers, academics and students to refer to, or on which to base their own actions and plans. However, one issue remains: most of those models and frameworks share a rather similar linear ‘skeleton’; the main difference between them is the quantitative variety of steps within each phase, stage, and parameter and how in depth each of these is presented. The authors' work addresses a clear gap in the literature and in applied research, as it emphasizes the relevance of using a complex mathematically-based but user-friendly fractal approach. Readers are able to better understand, implement, map and measure change management processes leading to a sustainability-focused mindset. Subsequent chapters guide you through the steps towards creating committed sustainability-based strategies, attitudes, actions and practices across all levels in the broad organizational context. This text is essential reading for students researching business and management and who are interested in the Fractal Sustainability concept.

Fractals in Science Book

Fractals in Science

  • Author : Armin Bunde
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 1994
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015034305519

Fractals in Science Excerpt :

The fractal concept has become an important tool for understanding irregular complex systems in many scientific disciplines. This book provides a detailed discussion of fractals in biology, heterogeneous chemistry, polymers and earth sciences. Disk includes 14 demonstrations of interactive programs in these fields.

So You Think Medicine is Modern Book

So You Think Medicine is Modern

  • Author : Dr Eddie Price
  • Publisher : Australian eBook Publisher
  • Release Date : 2015-04-22
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN 10 : 9781925271362

So You Think Medicine is Modern Excerpt :

Disappointed by the lack of uptake in the utilisation of Health Outcomes into routine day-to-day medical practice, Dr Price was confronted by the objection that as these measures were patients’ responses to questions – they were “subjective” and therefore not good science. Medicine, said the doctors, was based in science, which was objective. This made no sense to Dr Price, who considered himself an advocate for scientific medicine. He vowed to find the science that would prove that “Outcomes Medicine” was not only based on good science but the latest science. This led him on a journey from Systems Theory to Quantum Mechanics, to Dissipative Structures, to Einstein and e = mc2. He read about fractals, Mandelbrot, and the work of the world-famous Santa Fe Institute set up by “particle physics” Nobel Prize Winner, Murray Gell-Mann, which developed the latest science – Complexity Science. Dr Price concluded that the human body is a Complex Adaptive System (CAS) and realised that there was an additional in-between “state of matter” between solid and fluid. This, he called “SOPHTID”, the mnemonic for (S)Second (O)Order (PH)Phase (T)Transition (ID)Identity, a state which enables fractals and power laws to come about or emerge. Dr Price further contended this was a “functional” state that not only was consistent with Health Outcomes “functional” measurements, but enabled information generation and with the aid of the solid and fluid parts of the cell, information processing or cognition. Dr Price’s hypothesis on the SOPHTID state has now been supported by Longo & Montévil in their 2014 book, Perspectives on Organisms, where they call this “SOPHTID state”, Extended Critically. Thus, with this scientific backing, “Outcomes Medicine” is now best called “Complexity Medicine”, and is backed by the latest science. It enables a new form of Digitised Medicine that will revolutionise healthcare improving Health Outcomes and drastical

Earth and Mind Book

Earth and Mind

  • Author : Cathryn A. Manduca
  • Publisher : Geological Society of America
  • Release Date : 2006-01-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 188
  • ISBN 10 : 9780813724133

Earth and Mind Excerpt :

Nature Book


  • Author : Sir Norman Lockyer
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1869
  • Genre: Electronic journals
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015031263950

Nature Excerpt :

Fractals in Natural Sciences Book

Fractals in Natural Sciences

  • Author : T Vicsek
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 1994-10-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 656
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814596800

Fractals in Natural Sciences Excerpt :

During the last couple of years, fractals have been shown to represent the common aspects of many complex processes occurring in an unusually diverse range of fields including biology, chemistry, earth sciences, physics and technology. Using fractal geometry as a language, it has become possible to get a deeper insight into previously intractable problems. Among many others, a better understanding of growth phenomena, turbulence, iteractive functions, colloidal aggregation, biological pattern formation and inhomogenous materials has emerged through the application of such concepts as scale invariance, self-affinity and multifractality. This volume contains a selection of high quality papers that discuss the latest developments in the research of fractals. It is divided into 5 sections and contains altogether 64 papers. Each paper is written by a well known author or authors in the field. Beginning each section is a short introduction, written by a prominent author, which gives a brief overview of the topics discussed in the respective sections. Contents:A) Biology:1. Communication, Regulation and Control during Complex Patterning of Bacterial Colonies (E Ben-Jocob et al.)2. Fractal Landscapes in Biological Systems ( H E Stanley et al.)3. Self-Similar Colony Morphogenesis by Bacteria as the Experimental Model of Fractal Growth by a Cell Population (T Matsuyama et al.); etc.B) Chemistry:1. Fractal Description of Anomalous Diffusion in Dynamical Systems (J Klafter et al.)2. Reaction-Front Dynamics in A + B → C with Initially-Separated Reactants (S Havlin et al.)3. Corrosion Pattern Formation in Aluminium Thin Layers (L Balázs et al.) etc.C) Earth Sciences:1. Fractal Tectonics and Erosion (D L Turcotte)2. A Cascade Model of Wave Turbulence with Applications to Surface Gravity and Capillary Waves (R E Glazman)3. Power-Law Distribution of River Basin Sizes (H Takayasu) etc.D) Methods:1. Beyond Classical Multifractal Analysis Using Wavelets: Uncovering a Multiplicative

Mineralogy in the System of Earth Sciences Book

Mineralogy in the System of Earth Sciences

  • Author : Emil Constantinescu
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1999
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN 10 : UCSD:31822029722444

Mineralogy in the System of Earth Sciences Excerpt :

To celebrate Professor Emil Constantinescu's 60th birthday, this volume presents a selection of his major papers. The papers are grouped according to the main directions of Professor Constantinescu's work -- paying tribute to his wide-ranging interests and the impact he has made, and continues to make, on so many areas within the sphere of earth sciences.