Gap Junction Structure and Chemical Regulation Book

Gap Junction Structure and Chemical Regulation


  • Author : Camillo Peracchia
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-02-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128163801

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Gap Junction Structure and Chemical Regulation Excerpt :

Gap Junction Structure and Chemical Regulation: Direct Calmodulin Role in Cell-to-Cell Channel Gating describes and discusses the findings of major studies conducted during the past century on the structure and chemical regulation of direct cell-to-cell communication via gap junction channels. Chapters bring together important findings on direct cell communication, from its history, to its structure and regulation. These channels are essential for normal organ function, and mutations in their protein (connexin) cause various diseases. The book is useful for established investigators who need a review on the field and young investigators who need a thorough resource for study and comprehension. Contains comprehensive, historical coverage on direct cell-to-cell communication Provides detailed coverage of gap junction channel structure and regulation, with extensive coverage of the direct role of calmodulin in channel gating Delivers a thorough description of models proposed for the chemical gating of gap junction channels

Molecular Biology of the Cell Book
Score: 4.5
From 5 Ratings

Molecular Biology of the Cell


  • Author : Bruce Alberts
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 0815332181

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Molecular Biology of the Cell Excerpt :

Gap Junctions  Molecular Basis of Cell Communication in Health and Disease Book

Gap Junctions Molecular Basis of Cell Communication in Health and Disease


  • Author : Dale J. Benos
  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release Date : 1999-12-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 648
  • ISBN 10 : 0125506457

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Gap Junctions Molecular Basis of Cell Communication in Health and Disease Excerpt :

Since the first gap junction protein (connexin) was cloned over a decade ago, more than a dozen connexin genes have been cloned. Consequently, a wealth of information on the molecular basis of gap junctional communication has been accumulated. This book pays tribute to this exciting era in the history of cell communication research by documenting the great strides made in this field as a result of the merging of biophysics and molecular biology, two of the most powerful approaches to studying the molecular basis of membrane channel behavior. Twenty-eight comprehensive chapters, authored by internationally recognized leaders in the field, discuss the biophysical, physiological, and molecular characteristics of cell-to-cell communication via gap junctions. Key aspects of molecular structure, formation, gating, conductance, and permeability of vertebrate and invertebrate gap junction channels are highlighted. In addition, a number of chapters focus on recent discoveries that implicate connexin mutations and alterations of gap junctional communication in the pathogenesis of several diseases, including the X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth demyelinating disease, some forms of inherited sensorineural deafness, malignant transformation, cardiac malformations and arrhythmia, eye lens cataract, and Chagas disease.

Gap Junctions in the Nervous System Book

Gap Junctions in the Nervous System


  • Author : David C. Spray
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-06-29
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 317
  • ISBN 10 : 9783662219355

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Gap Junctions in the Nervous System Excerpt :

This book deals with the types of gap junction proteins (connexins) and their distribution within the nervous system, the physiological properties of channels formed of each connexin, and the role of gap junction channels in functions of normal and pathological brain and peripheral nerve. Although glial tissue is emphasized, additional groups of chapters deal with neurons in the central nervous system and with the retina.

Cell Cell Channels Book

Cell Cell Channels


  • Author : František Baluška
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-08-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 321
  • ISBN 10 : 9780387469577

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Cell Cell Channels Excerpt :

he biological sciences are dominated by the idea that cells are the functionally autonomous, physically separated, discrete units of life. TThis concept was propounded in the 19th century by discoveries of the cellular structuring of both plants and animals. Moreover, the ap parent autonomy of unicellular eukaryotes, as well as the cellular basis of the mammalian brain (an organ whose anatomy for a long while defied attempts to validate the idea of the cellular nature of its neurons), seemed to provide the final conclusive evidence for the completeness of *cell theory', a theory which has persisted in an almost dogmatic form up to the present day. However, it is very obvious that there are numerous observations which indicate that it is not the cells which serve as the basic units of biological life but that this property falls to some other, subcellular assemblage. To deal with this intricate problem concerning the fundamental unit of living matter, we proposed the so-called Cell Body concept which, in fact, devel ops an exceedingly original idea proposed by Julius Sachs at the end of the 19th century. In the case of eukaryotic cells, DNA-enriched nuclei are intimately associated with a microtubular cytoskeleton. In this configuration—as a Cell Body—these two items comprise the fundamental functional and struc tural unit of eukaryotic living matter. The Cell Body seems to be inherent to all cells in all organisms.

Handbook of Membrane Channels Book

Handbook of Membrane Channels


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2012-12-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 591
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323138901

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Handbook of Membrane Channels Excerpt :

This handbook provides a thorough account of recent directions in membrane channel research. Each subject is covered in terms of channel biophysics, pharmacology, and molecular biology. The introductory chapter reviews methodologies of molecular biology currently used for studying molecular structure and function of membrane channels and specific domains in channel proteins.

Gap Junction Channels and Hemichannels Book

Gap Junction Channels and Hemichannels


  • Author : Donglin Bai
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-07-25
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 305
  • ISBN 10 : 1498738621

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Gap Junction Channels and Hemichannels Excerpt :

Gap junction channels are a group of intercellular channels expressed in tissues and organs to synchronize many physiological processes. A gap junction channel is formed by the docking of two hemichannels, and each hemichannel is a hexamer of connexins. The field of gap junction channel and hemichannel research has recently exploded and became one of the most active areas of cell biology. Numerous novel approaches and techniques have been developed, but there is no single book dedicated to the unique techniques and protocols employed for the research on these large pore channels. This book fills the gap and focuses on protocols, approaches and reviews of gap junction channels and connexin hemichannels. It will be a useful reference for graduate students, postdoctoral fellows and researchers. Anyone with an interest in gap junction channels and hemichannels will need this summary of state-of-the-art techniques and protocols.

Astrocytes and Epilepsy Book

Astrocytes and Epilepsy


  • Author : Jacqueline A. Hubbard
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-07-05
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 394
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128026243

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Astrocytes and Epilepsy Excerpt :

Epilepsy is a devastating group of neurological disorders characterized by periodic and unpredictable seizure activity in the brain. There is a critical need for new drugs and approaches given than at least one-third of all epilepsy patients are not made free of seizures by existing medications and become "medically refractory". Much of epilepsy research has focused on neuronal therapeutic targets, but current antiepileptic drugs often cause severe cognitive, developmental, and behavioral side effects. Recent findings indicate a critical contribution of astrocytes, star-shaped glial cells in the brain, to neuronal and network excitability and seizure activity. Furthermore, many important cellular and molecular changes occur in astrocytes in epileptic tissue in both humans and animal models of epilepsy. The goal of Astrocytes and Epilepsy is to comprehensively review exciting findings linking changes in astrocytes to functional changes responsible for epilepsy for the first time in book format. These insights into astrocyte contribution to seizure susceptibility indicate that astrocytes may represent an important new therapeutic target in the control of epilepsy. Astrocytes and Epilepsy includes background explanatory text on astrocyte morphology and physiology, epilepsy models and syndromes, and evidence from both human tissue studies and animal models linking functional changes in astrocytes to epilepsy. Beautifully labelled diagrams are presented and relevant figures from the literature are reproduced to elucidate key findings and concepts in this rapidly emerging field. Astrocytes and Epilepsy is written for neuroscientists, epilepsy researchers, astrocyte investigators as well as neurologists and other specialists caring for patients with epilepsy. Presents the first comprehensive book to synthesize historical and recent research on astrocytes and epilepsy into one coherent volume Provides a great resource on the field of astrocyte biology and astrocyte-neuron i

Connexins Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Connexins


  • Author : Andrew Harris
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-11-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 573
  • ISBN 10 : 9781597454896

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Connexins Excerpt :

Connexins: A Guide is a practical and valuable reference and text covering a wide scope of information about the connexin family of membrane channel proteins. The editors and contributing authors intend for this cutting-edge work to be informative to scientists wishing to learn about the field, as well as to those who are active researchers in this area. Connexins: A Guide masterfully addresses specific needs of the scientific community; it is a comprehensive and comprehensible narrative of the uncommonly diverse connexin field, making previously hard-to-find information easily accessible, while also presenting intelligible insights into the extensive experimental methods and conceptual frameworks necessary to appreciate and understand the important roles that connexin channel proteins play in health and disease.

Regenerative Pharmacology Book

Regenerative Pharmacology


  • Author : George J. Christ
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2013-04-15
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107354739

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Regenerative Pharmacology Excerpt :

Regenerative medicine is broadly defined as the repair or replacement of damaged cells, tissues and organs. It is a multidisciplinary effort in which technologies derive from the fields of cell, developmental and molecular biology; chemical and material sciences (i.e. nanotechnology); engineering; surgery; transplantation; immunology; molecular genetics; physiology; and pharmacology. As regenerative medicine technologies continue to evolve and expand across the boundaries of numerous scientific disciplines, they remain at the forefront of the translational research frontier with the potential to radically alter the treatment of a wide variety of disease and dysfunction. This book will draw attention to the critical role that pharmacological sciences will undeniably play in the advancement of these treatments. This book is invaluable for advanced students, postdoctoral fellows, researchers new to the field of regenerative medicine/tissue engineering, and experienced investigators looking for new research avenues. The first state-of-the-art book in this rapidly evolving field of research.

Junctional Complexes of Epithelial Cells Book

Junctional Complexes of Epithelial Cells


  • Author : Gregory R. Bock
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2008-04-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 284
  • ISBN 10 : 9780470513415

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Junctional Complexes of Epithelial Cells Excerpt :

Epithelial cells cover the outer and inner surfaces of the body, forming a selective polarized barrier between the intercellualar space and the 'external' world. Linking the cells of this continuous layer and contributing to epithelial organization and function are specialized membrane domains--desmosomes, gap junctions, and occluding junctions. The contributors to this multidisciplinary symposium volume explore the nature of such junctional structures, focusing on the molecular organization and diversity of their constituent proteins, their formation and control, and interactions with ions and cytoskeletal elements. The physiological significance of cell-cell interaction in epithelia is considered, with reference to cell adhesion, barrier formation and intercellular communication, and to the functional implications for tissue architecture, embryonic development, morphogenesis and carcinogenesis.

Discovering the Brain Book

Discovering the Brain


  • Author : National Academy of Sciences
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1992-01-01
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309045292

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Discovering the Brain Excerpt :

The brain ... There is no other part of the human anatomy that is so intriguing. How does it develop and function and why does it sometimes, tragically, degenerate? The answers are complex. In Discovering the Brain, science writer Sandra Ackerman cuts through the complexity to bring this vital topic to the public. The 1990s were declared the "Decade of the Brain" by former President Bush, and the neuroscience community responded with a host of new investigations and conferences. Discovering the Brain is based on the Institute of Medicine conference, Decade of the Brain: Frontiers in Neuroscience and Brain Research. Discovering the Brain is a "field guide" to the brain--an easy-to-read discussion of the brain's physical structure and where functions such as language and music appreciation lie. Ackerman examines How electrical and chemical signals are conveyed in the brain. The mechanisms by which we see, hear, think, and pay attention--and how a "gut feeling" actually originates in the brain. Learning and memory retention, including parallels to computer memory and what they might tell us about our own mental capacity. Development of the brain throughout the life span, with a look at the aging brain. Ackerman provides an enlightening chapter on the connection between the brain's physical condition and various mental disorders and notes what progress can realistically be made toward the prevention and treatment of stroke and other ailments. Finally, she explores the potential for major advances during the "Decade of the Brain," with a look at medical imaging techniques--what various technologies can and cannot tell us--and how the public and private sectors can contribute to continued advances in neuroscience. This highly readable volume will provide the public and policymakers--and many scientists as well--with a helpful guide to understanding the many discoveries that are sure to be announced throughout the "Decade of the Brain."

Anatomy and Physiology Book
Score: 3
From 3 Ratings

Anatomy and Physiology


  • Author : J. Gordon Betts
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2013-04-25
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 1947172808

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Anatomy and Physiology Excerpt :

Regulation of Tissue Oxygenation  Second Edition Book

Regulation of Tissue Oxygenation Second Edition


  • Author : Roland N. Pittman
  • Publisher : Biota Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-08-18
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 99
  • ISBN 10 : 9781615047215

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Regulation of Tissue Oxygenation Second Edition Excerpt :

This presentation describes various aspects of the regulation of tissue oxygenation, including the roles of the circulatory system, respiratory system, and blood, the carrier of oxygen within these components of the cardiorespiratory system. The respiratory system takes oxygen from the atmosphere and transports it by diffusion from the air in the alveoli to the blood flowing through the pulmonary capillaries. The cardiovascular system then moves the oxygenated blood from the heart to the microcirculation of the various organs by convection, where oxygen is released from hemoglobin in the red blood cells and moves to the parenchymal cells of each tissue by diffusion. Oxygen that has diffused into cells is then utilized in the mitochondria to produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the energy currency of all cells. The mitochondria are able to produce ATP until the oxygen tension or PO2 on the cell surface falls to a critical level of about 4–5 mm Hg. Thus, in order to meet the energetic needs of cells, it is important to maintain a continuous supply of oxygen to the mitochondria at or above the critical PO2 . In order to accomplish this desired outcome, the cardiorespiratory system, including the blood, must be capable of regulation to ensure survival of all tissues under a wide range of circumstances. The purpose of this presentation is to provide basic information about the operation and regulation of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, as well as the properties of the blood and parenchymal cells, so that a fundamental understanding of the regulation of tissue oxygenation is achieved.