Gasification of Waste Materials Book

Gasification of Waste Materials


  • Author : Simona Ciuta
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-10-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 162
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128127179

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Gasification of Waste Materials Excerpt :

Gasification of Waste Materials: Technologies for Generating Energy, Gas and Chemicals from MSW, Biomass, Non-recycled Plastics, Sludges and Wet Solid Wastes explores the most recent gasification technologies developing worldwide to convert waste solids to energy and synthesis gas and chemical products. The authors examine the thermodynamic aspects, accepted reaction mechanisms and kinetic constraints of using municipal solid waste (MSW), biomass, non-recycled plastics (NRP), sludges and wet solid wastes as feedstock. They identify the distinctions between pyrolysis, gasification, plasma, hydrothermal gasification, and supercritical systems. A comprehensive summary of laboratory and demonstration activities is presented, as well as field scale systems that have been in operation using solid waste streams as input, highlighting their areas of disconnect and alignment. The book also provides a summary of information on emissions from the stack, comparing them with other thermal conversion systems using similar feedstock. It then goes on to assess the areas that must be improved to ensure gasification systems become as successful as combustion systems operating on waste streams, ranging from feedstock processing to gasifier output gas clean-up, downstream system requirements and corrosion. The economics and future projections for waste gasification systems are also discussed. For its consolidation of the current technical knowledge, this text is recommended for engineering researchers, graduate students, industry professionals, municipal engineers and decision makers when planning, designing and deploying waste to energy projects, especially those using MSW as feedstock. Provides field demonstrations of large scale systems, their results and the challenges that need to be overcome when developing commercial applications and possible solutions Presents the most recent technologies in lab and demonstration scale Examines the critical development needs and real life chall

Gasification for Low grade Feedstock Book

Gasification for Low grade Feedstock


  • Author : Yongseung Yun
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-07-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 290
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789232882

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Gasification for Low grade Feedstock Excerpt :

Most coveted energy forms nowadays are gas in nature and electricity due to their environmental cleanness and convenience. Recently, gasification market trend is starting to switch to low-grade feedstock such as biomass, wastes, and low-rank coal that are still not properly utilized. In this sense, the most promising area of development in gasification field lies in low-grade feedstock that should be converted to more user-friendly gas or electricity form in utilization. This book tried to shed light on the works on gasification from many parts of the world and thus can feel the technology status and the areas of interest regarding gasification for low-grade feedstock.

Substitute Natural Gas from Waste Book

Substitute Natural Gas from Waste


  • Author : Massimiliano Materazzi
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-05-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 538
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128156445

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Substitute Natural Gas from Waste Excerpt :

Substitute Natural Gas from Waste: Technical Assessment and Industrial Applications of Biochemical and Thermochemical Processes provides an overview of the science and technology of anaerobic digestion and thermal gasification for the treatment of biomass and unrecyclable waste residues. The book provides both the theoretical and practical basis for the clean and high-efficiency utilization of waste and biomass to produce Bio-Substitute Natural Gas (SNG). It examines different routes to produce bio-SNG from waste feedstocks, detailing solutions to unique problems, such as scale up issues and process integration. Final sections review waste sourcing and processing. This book is an ideal and practical reference for those developing, designing, scaling and managing bio-SNG production and utilization systems. Engineering students will find this to be a comprehensive resource on the application of fundamental concepts of bio-SNG production that are illustrated through innovative, recent case studies. Presents detailed scientific and technical information Describes up-to-date concepts, processes and plants for efficient anaerobic digestion and gasification of wastes and syngas utilization Compares gasification with anaerobic digestion for different situations Proposes alternative strategies to increase efficiency and overcome energy balance limitations Includes benchmarking data and industrial real-life examples to demonstrate the main process features and implementation pathways of bio-SNG systems from dry and wet waste, both in developed and developing countries

Thermochemical Waste Treatment Book

Thermochemical Waste Treatment


  • Author : Elena Cristina Rada
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-03-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9781771883092

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Thermochemical Waste Treatment Excerpt :

This title includes a number of Open Access chapters. Increasing attention is being paid to the valorization of solid wastes—converting them into energy or other useful products. This book describes recent research into methodologies and technologies for managing various forms of solid waste, while at the same time generating energy and revenue with less impact on the environment. Topics include combustion, gasification, pyrolysis, and hydrothermal carbonization. The transition from a fossil fuel-based economy to a more sustainable economy will require a solid foundation of ongoing scientific research. The editor of this compendium, a well-respected researcher in the field, has selected studies that help to build that foundation.

Gasification of Waste Materials Book

Gasification of Waste Materials


  • Author : Simona Ciuta
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2017-10-24
  • Genre: Biomass gasification
  • Pages : 162
  • ISBN 10 : 0128127163

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Gasification of Waste Materials Excerpt :

Gasification of Waste Materials: Technologies for Generating Energy, Gas and Chemicals from MSW, Biomass, Non-recycled Plastics, Sludges and Wet Solid Wastes explores the most recent gasification technologies developing worldwide to convert waste solids to energy and synthesis gas and chemical products. The authors examine the thermodynamic aspects, accepted reaction mechanisms and kinetic constraints of using municipal solid waste (MSW), biomass, non-recycled plastics (NRP), sludges and wet solid wastes as feedstock. They identify the distinctions between pyrolysis, gasification, plasma, hydrothermal gasification, and supercritical systems. A comprehensive summary of laboratory and demonstration activities is presented, as well as field scale systems that have been in operation using solid waste streams as input, highlighting their areas of disconnect and alignment. The book also provides a summary of information on emissions from the stack, comparing them with other thermal conversion systems using similar feedstock. It then goes on to assess the areas that must be improved to ensure gasification systems become as successful as combustion systems operating on waste streams, ranging from feedstock processing to gasifier output gas clean-up, downstream system requirements and corrosion. The economics and future projections for waste gasification systems are also discussed. For its consolidation of the current technical knowledge, this text is recommended for engineering researchers, graduate students, industry professionals, municipal engineers and decision makers when planning, designing and deploying waste to energy projects, especially those using MSW as feedstock. Provides field demonstrations of large scale systems, their results and the challenges that need to be overcome when developing commercial applications and possible solutions Presents the most recent technologies in lab and demonstration scale Examines the critical development needs and real life chall

Sustainable Alternative Syngas Fuel Book

Sustainable Alternative Syngas Fuel


  • Author : Chaouki Ghenai
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2019-11-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 105
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789845808

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Sustainable Alternative Syngas Fuel Excerpt :

The development and use of sustainable and alternative fuels (syngas, biogas, biodiesel, bio-oil, hydrogen) derived from sources other than petroleum is needed due to the limited fossil fuel resources, the need for reduction of atmospheric greenhouse gas emissions, energy security, and to meet the future high energy demand due to population growth. New alternative fuels that can be produced locally and derived from renewable sources will be more sustainable compared to fossil fuels. Alternative and renewable fuels can be produced using different thermochemical and bio-chemical processes. Gasification is a thermochemical process used to produce syngas fuel (mainly hydrogen and carbon dioxide) from renewable (biomass) and conventional (coal) sources. The syngas fuels produced from the gasification process can be used for different applications: power generation (combustion of syngas fuel in gas turbine engines), heating, and transportation (internal combustion engines). This book intends to provide the reader with an overview of the current technologies, methods, and strategies of syngas fuel production, characterization, and application.

Energy from Waste Book

Energy from Waste


  • Author : Paul Breeze
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-10-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 100
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128095133

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Energy from Waste Excerpt :

Energy from Waste is a concise, up-to-date and accessible guide on how to create power from both urban and industrial waste. The book explores the types of waste that, instead of going to landfill, can be converted to energy, also discussing the most up-to-date technologies for doing so. The book contains a strong emphasis on the related environmental impacts and economic factors involved in the various methods of generating electricity, making this a valuable and insightful read for those involved in the management and conversion of waste, including energy engineers, managers and technicians. Explores both urban and industrial waste, its composition and how it is collected, enabling readers to better understand which power generation technologies can be used to convert it into power Discusses the most up-to-date technologies, along with the impacts they have on the environment, including solid residue, chemicals and dust from the flue-gas treatment (and the flue gas itself) Evaluates the economic impact of converting energy from waste and implementing and managing waste plants

Pyrolysis and Gasification of a Solid Recovered Fuel  SRF  and Its Model Materials Book

Pyrolysis and Gasification of a Solid Recovered Fuel SRF and Its Model Materials


  • Author : Oscar Sosa Sabogal
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2022
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 0
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:1344294434

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Pyrolysis and Gasification of a Solid Recovered Fuel SRF and Its Model Materials Excerpt :

Solid waste materials that cannot be reused or recycled are increasingly used to produce Solid Recovered Fuels (SRF). They can be transformed by thermochemical processes such as gasification, thus producing a synthesis gas that can be used in cogeneration (heat and electricity) or for the synthesis of liquid or gaseous fuels. SRF constitute a raw material of interest, that has been largely less studied than biomass in gasification. The objective of the thesis is to investigate the pyrolysis and gasification of SRF, in relation with their physical and chemical characteristics, under controlled operating conditions. For this purpose, a new laboratory-scale experimental device was developed. An experimental characterization and CFD calculations provided a complete description of the temperature profiles for the sample and the gas inside the reactor. Several model materials (wood, cardboard, polyethylene terephthalate, polyethylene and polypropylene), often found in SRF, were studied separately, in an inert atmosphere and in the presence of air as an oxidizing agent. The yield and distribution of reaction products (char, gas species, tar) were determined. Pyrolysis of wood/plastic mixtures showed an increased conversion of carbon to gaseous products in comparison with what would be expected with no interaction. Based on the experimental pyrolysis results for the individual model materials, a correlation was developed to predict the product yields as a function of the feedstock C, H and O contents.

Gasification for Practical Applications Book

Gasification for Practical Applications


  • Author : Yongseung Yun
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2012-10-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN 10 : 9789535108184

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Gasification for Practical Applications Excerpt :

Although there were many books and papers that deal with gasification, there has been only a few practical book explaining the technology in actual application and the market situation in reality. Gasification is a key technology in converting coal, biomass, and wastes to useful high-value products. Until renewable energy can provide affordable energy hopefully by the year 2030, gasification can bridge the transition period by providing the clean liquid fuels, gas, and chemicals from the low grade feedstock. Gasification still needs many upgrades and technology breakthroughs. It remains in the niche market, not fully competitive in the major market of electricity generation, chemicals, and liquid fuels that are supplied from relatively cheap fossil fuels. The book provides the practical information for researchers and graduate students who want to review the current situation, to upgrade, and to bring in a new idea to the conventional gasification technologies.

Gasification Technologies Book

Gasification Technologies


  • Author : John Rezaiyan
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2005-04-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420028140

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Gasification Technologies Excerpt :

In contrast to traditional combustion, gasification technologies offer the potential for converting coal and low or negative-value feedstocks, such as petroleum coke and various waste materials into usable energy sources or chemicals. With a growing number of companies operating and marketing systems based on gasification concepts worldwide, this b

Gasification Book

Gasification


  • Author : Valter Silva
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2021-09-29
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 222
  • ISBN 10 : 9781839687952

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Gasification Excerpt :

Gasification is the thermochemical process of converting carbonaceous material in the presence of an oxidant less than stoichiometric to form a gaseous product, known as synthesis gas or syngas, at high temperatures. The gas produced can have different uses depending on its quality. Among these uses are to drive internal combustion engines and gas turbines, direct burning, and synthesis of chemical components. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the various techniques and applications of syngas developed thus far to contribute to a better understanding of this important process of obtaining a renewable fuel, which is essential for the development of a sustainable economy.

Sustainable Resource Recovery and Zero Waste Approaches Book

Sustainable Resource Recovery and Zero Waste Approaches


  • Author : Mohammad Taherzadeh
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-07-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444642837

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Sustainable Resource Recovery and Zero Waste Approaches Excerpt :

Sustainable Resource Recovery and Zero Waste Approaches covers waste reduction, biological, thermal and recycling methods of waste recovery, and their conversion into a variety of products. In addition, the social, economic and environmental aspects are also explored, making this a useful textbook for environmental courses and a reference book for both universities and companies. Provides a novel approach on how to achieve zero wastes in a society Shows the roadmap on achieving Sustainable Development Goals Considers critical aspects of municipal waste management Covers recent developments in waste biorefinery, thermal processes, anaerobic digestion, material recycling and landfill mining

Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes Book

Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes


  • Author : Gary C. Young
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2010-11-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN 10 : 1118029275

DOWNLOAD BOOK
Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes Excerpt :

A technical and economic review of emerging waste disposal technologies Intended for a wide audience ranging from engineers and academics to decision-makers in both the public and private sectors, Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes: Economic, Technical, and Renewable Comparisons reviews the current state of the solid waste disposal industry. It details how the proven plasma gasification technology can be used to manage Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) and to generate energy and revenues for local communities in an environmentally safe manner with essentially no wastes. Beginning with an introduction to pyrolysis/gasification and combustion technologies, the book provides many case studies on various waste-to-energy (WTE) technologies and creates an economic and technical baseline from which all current and emerging WTE technologies could be compared and evaluated. Topics include: Pyrolysis/gasification technology, the most suitable and economically viable approach for the management of wastes Combustion technology Other renewable energy resources including wind and hydroelectric energy Plasma economics Cash flows as a revenue source for waste solids-to-energy management Plant operations, with an independent case study of Eco-Valley plant in Utashinai, Japan Extensive case studies of garbage to liquid fuels, wastes to electricity, and wastes to power ethanol plants illustrate how currently generated MSW and past wastes in landfills can be processed with proven plasma gasification technology to eliminate air and water pollution from landfills.