Gastrointestinal Diseases and Their Associated Infections Book

Gastrointestinal Diseases and Their Associated Infections


  • Author : Guy D. Eslick
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release Date : 2019-01-17
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323548441

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Gastrointestinal Diseases and Their Associated Infections Excerpt :

Many bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and fungi play key roles in the development of gastrointestinal diseases, and this practical reference brings you up to speed with this increasingly important area. Covering a broad range of GI diseases and cancers, this resource provides an expert overview of the field, ideal for all gastroenterologists and infectious disease physicians. Covers infections associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease and Barrett’s esophagus, gallbladder disease, acute pancreatitis, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, appendicitis, Whipple Disease, Crohn’s Disease, and more. Discusses esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, cholangiocarcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, and colorectal cancer. Includes chapters on gut microbiome, fecal transplants, and the molecular pathgenesis of gastrointestinal infections. Consolidates today’s available information on this timely topic into a single convenient resource.

Antimicrobial Peptides in Gastrointestinal Diseases Book

Antimicrobial Peptides in Gastrointestinal Diseases


  • Author : Chi Hin Cho
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-06-06
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128143209

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Antimicrobial Peptides in Gastrointestinal Diseases Excerpt :

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), including cathelicidins and defensins are host defence peptides that carry out multiple roles in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Antimicrobial Peptides in Gastrointestinal Diseases presents knowledge about the physiological functions and pharmacological actions of AMPs in inflammation, cancer, and further infection of the GI tract. The book provides coverage from the basic research to clinical application for GI diseases. Current research and development of AMPs is presented, opening the way for further work on these peptides, not only in the context of GI diseases, but also for similar pathologies in other organs. AMPs are key to the regulation of human microbiome and second line defence in the GI mucosa, prevent colonization of pathogens and modulation of innate response to invading pathogens, and modify immunological reactions during inflammatory processes and oncogenic development in the GI mucosa. More importantly, AMPs possess diversified anti-microbial actions against various infectious diseases in the GI tract. With these physiological functions and pharmacological actions, AMPs have significant potential as therapeutic agents for the treatment of inflammation, cancer and further infection in the GI tract. Provides an overview of AMPs, particularly cathelicidin and defensin, in different diseases Covers inflammation and ulcer repair in the stomach and colon and carcinogenesis in the GI tract Presents AMP information and knowledge in a concise manner Gives useful information on all aspects of AMPs Promotes research on AMPs and their development as drugs, from bench, to clinical application

Infections of the Gastrointestinal Tract Book

Infections of the Gastrointestinal Tract


  • Author : Herbert L. Dupont
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN 10 : 9781468436952

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Infections of the Gastrointestinal Tract Excerpt :

Enteric infection has played an important role in the majority of the world's populations, including children (particularly those under four years of age), the aged, the malnourished, military populations, and per sons from industrialized regions traveling to developing areas. The magni tude of the problem has been profound in areas of the world with reduced economic development, where there exists a greater reservoir of entero pathogens and a larger susceptible population with nutritional deficits. Morbidity from enteric infection in developing areas exceeds that seen in industrialized countries by severalfold, with the problem being most seri ous in infants who are bottle-fed and other infants and young children soon after being weaned from the breast ("weanling diarrhea"). Of greater significance than the inverse relationship of diarrhea morbidity with levels of industrial development is the relationship of death from intestinal infection and socioeconomic advancement. Mortality rate from diarrhea is 10 to 100 times greater in developing areas. In many parts of the third world, diarrhea, resultant dehydration, and associated malnutri tion are the leading causes of death in infants and young children and account for as great as one-third of pediatric deaths.

Molecular Pathology in Clinical Practice Book

Molecular Pathology in Clinical Practice


  • Author : Debra G.B. Leonard
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-11-25
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN 10 : 9780387332277

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Molecular Pathology in Clinical Practice Excerpt :

This authoritative textbook embodies the current standard in molecular testing for practicing pathologists, and residents and fellows in training. The text is organized into eight sections: genetics, inherited cancers, infectious disease, neoplastic hematopathology, solid tumors, HLA typing, identity testing, and laboratory management. Discussion of each diagnostic test includes its clinical significance, available assays, quality control and lab issues, interpretation, and reasons for testing. Coverage extends to HIV, hepatitis, developmental disorders, bioterrorism, warfare organisms, lymphomas, breast cancer and melanoma, forensics, parentage, and much more. Includes 189 illustrations, 45 in full-color. This textbook is a classic in the making and a must-have reference.

Antibiotic Associated Diarrhoea and Colitis Book

Antibiotic Associated Diarrhoea and Colitis


  • Author : S.P. Borriello
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 180
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400956643

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Antibiotic Associated Diarrhoea and Colitis Excerpt :

Antimicrobial-associated diarrhea is often caused by Clostridium difficile; this disease can best be diagnosed by detection of fecal cytotoxin in a tissue culture assay and, when therapy is indicated, can be effectively treated with orally administered vancomycin. The cause of disease in most cases of antimicrobial-associated diarrhea that do not involve C. difficile is not known; fortunately, this form of diarrhea 1S usually mild. Antimicrobial-associated diarrhea may also rarely involve s. aureus and certain enteric pathogens. 37 QHAPTER 4 Qf. TECTlON. ISOLATION Al:iQ. . . IQENTlFICATlON OF CLOSTRIDIUM PIFFICILE S.P. BORRIELLO and PAULINE HONOUR Introduction 38 Detection of Co dlfflcile in stools 38 Direct methods 38 Indirect methods 39 Isolation of Co djfficjle 40 Identification of Co difflcile 44 38 DETECTION ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF CLOSTRIDIUM DIFFICILE S.P. Borriello and Pauline Honour Introduction In view of the mounting evidence generated world wide in the last few years that firmly implicates £. difficile as the aetiological agent in both antibiotic and non-antibiotic associated pseudomembranous colitis (Larson ~ al., 1978, Bartlett ~ al., 1978a, George ~ al., 1978a), and also recent recognition of the fact that there may be a spectrum of gastrointestinal diseases associated with £. difficile infections (Borriello and Larson, 1981, Bolton ~ al., 1980, Brettle ~ al., 1982), an increasing number of laboratories are seeking to detect, isolate and identify £. difficile from clinical samples.

Oxford Textbook of Medical Mycology Book

Oxford Textbook of Medical Mycology


  • Author : Christopher C. Kibbler
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-12-14
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 401
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198755388

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Oxford Textbook of Medical Mycology Excerpt :

The Oxford Textbook of Medical Mycology is a comprehensive reference text which brings together the science and medicine of human fungal disease. Written by a leading group of international authors to bring a global expertise, it is divided into sections that deal with the principles of mycology, the organisms, a systems based approach to management, fungal disease in specific patient groups, diagnosis, and treatment. The detailed clinical chapters take account of recent international guidelines on the management of fungal disease. With chapters covering recent developments in taxonomy, fungal genetics and other 'omics', epidemiology, pathogenesis, and immunology, this textbook is well suited to aid both scientists and clinicians. The extensive illustrations, tables, and in-depth coverage of topics, including discussion of the non-infective aspects of allergic and toxin mediated fungal disease, are designed to aid the understanding of mechanisms and pathology, and extend the usual approach to fungal disease. This textbook is essential reading for microbiologists, research scientists, infectious diseases clinicians, respiratory physicians, and those managing immunocompromised patients. Part of the Oxford Textbook in Infectious Disease and Microbiology series, it is also a useful companion text for students and trainees looking to supplement mycology courses and microbiology training.

Surgical Pathology of the GI Tract  Liver  Biliary Tract  and Pancreas Book

Surgical Pathology of the GI Tract Liver Biliary Tract and Pancreas


  • Author : Robert D. Odze
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release Date : 2009-01-01
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1387
  • ISBN 10 : 9781416040590

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Surgical Pathology of the GI Tract Liver Biliary Tract and Pancreas Excerpt :

This one-of-a-kind reference provides a comprehensive and practical guide to help you interpret endoscopic biopsies and resection specimens of all organs related to the digestive system. Plus, thanks to Expert Consult, you'll be able to access the entire contents of this title online and download all images, from anywhere there's an internet connection. The more than 2250 high quality illustrations, 30% more than in the first edition, help you recognize and diagnose any tissue sample under the microscope. Five new chapters, additional expert authors, expanded tables, and coverage of the current clinical approach to management and treatment options, particularly screening and surveillance recommendations for preneoplastic disorders, round out this unique reference. Acts as a one-stop resource for the entire gastrointestinal system, liver, biliary tract, and pancreas. Incorporates over 2250 high quality color illustrations so you can recognize and diagnose any tissue sample under the microscope. Provides all the necessary tools to make a comprehensive diagnostic workup including data from ancillary techniques and molecular findings whenever appropriate. Simplifies complex topics and streamlines decision-making using extensive tables, graphs, and flowcharts. Helps you avoid diagnostic errors thanks to practical advice on pitfalls in differential diagnosis. Uses a new "road map" at the beginning of each chapter, as well as a new, more clinical focus to help you navigate through the book more quickly. Reflects the latest classification and staging systems available so you can provide the clinician with the most accurate and up-to-date diagnostic and prognostic indicators, including key molecular aspects of tumor pathology. Includes access to the entire contents online, from anywhere there's an internet connection. Adds five new chapters including "Screening and Surveillance of the GI Tract", "Congenital and Developmental Disorders of the GI Tract", "Pediatric Enteropathi

Dietary Interventions in Gastrointestinal Diseases Book

Dietary Interventions in Gastrointestinal Diseases


  • Author : Ronald Ross Watson
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-01-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128144695

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Dietary Interventions in Gastrointestinal Diseases Excerpt :

Dietary Interventions in Gastrointestinal Diseases: Foods, Nutrients and Dietary Supplements provides valuable insights into the agents that affect metabolism and other health-related conditions in the gastrointestinal system. It provides nutritional treatment options for those suffering from gastrointestinal diseases including Crohn’s Disease, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Ulcerative Colitis and Allergies, among others. Information is presented on a variety of foods, including herbs, fruits, soy and olive oil, thus showing that changes in intake can change antioxidant and disease preventing non-nutrients and affect gastrointestinal health and/or disease promotion. This book serves as a valuable resource for biomedical researchers who focus on identifying the causes of gastrointestinal diseases and food scientists targeting health-related product development. Provides information on agents that affect metabolism and other health-related conditions in the gastrointestinal tract Explores the impact of composition, including differences based on country of origin and processing techniques to highlight compositional differences and their effect on the gastrointestinal tract Addresses the most positive results from dietary interventions using bioactive foods to impact gastrointestinal diseases, including reduction of inflammation and improved function of organs

Canine and Feline Gastroenterology   E Book Book

Canine and Feline Gastroenterology E Book


  • Author : Robert J. Washabau
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release Date : 2012-09-02
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1024
  • ISBN 10 : 9781437703023

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Canine and Feline Gastroenterology E Book Excerpt :

A comprehensive reference standard for the discipline, Canine and Feline Gastroenterology covers the biology, pathobiology, and diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal, pancreatic, and hepatobiliary systems. An international team of experts, including 85 authors from 17 different countries, led by Robert Washabau and Michael Day, covers everything from minor problems such as adverse food reactions to debilitating inflammatory, infectious, metabolic, and neoplastic diseases of the digestive system. This authoritative text utilizes an evidence-based approach to reflect the latest science and research, complemented by principles of problem solving, algorithms to improve clinical diagnoses, and extensive full-color illustrations. For generalists and specialists alike, this gastroenterology reference should be part of every serious practitioner's professional library. A comprehensive, 928-page reference standard covers the discipline of canine and feline gastroenterology. An international focus is provided by 85 authors from 17 different countries, including renowned experts in veterinary gastroenterology, internal medicine, pathology, clinical pathology, radiology, and infectious disease. Coverage of the entire breadth and depth of gastroenterology ranges from biology to pathobiology, as well as diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal, pancreatic, and hepatobiliary systems. Current information on GI microflora, immunology, cellular growth, and systems integration provides a foundation for treating clinical problems. Coverage of diseases in dogs and cats includes the oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, colon, anorectum, liver and biliary tract, exocrine pancreas, peritoneum, and associated vasculature. A focus on patient management examines the full range of procedures and techniques essential to diagnosis and treatment from clinical signs and diagnosis to nutritional support and pharmacologic managem

Integrative Gastroenterology Book

Integrative Gastroenterology


  • Author : Gerard E. Mullin
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-10-01
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190933050

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Integrative Gastroenterology Excerpt :

Digestive complaints have become increasingly common. Recent statistics show that gastrointestinal complaints account for nearly a third of all visits to primary care doctors and that nearly one in two Americans suffer from digestive disease. Millions more suffer from conditions such as migraine headaches, arthritis, mood disorders, chronic fatigue, asthma, allergies, and menstrual dysfunction, which are all related to a disorder in digestive health. Despite the evidence in support of integrative approaches to treatment and prevention of digestive symptoms, these approaches are largely overlooked in treating gastrointestinal disorders. Rather, treatment plans tend to be exclusively pharmacologically based and have appreciable toxicity. Integrative Gastroenterology, Second edition, is a comprehensive guide to helping health care practitioners understand and appreciate how to manage patients with gastrointestinal conditions integrating conventional and complimentary approaches. This text reviews the latest advances in science and research with regards to the gut microbiome, physiology, and interconnections between the gut and other organ systems. Coverage includes a diverse range of treatment methods, such as probiotics, meditation, massage, yoga, supplements, special diets, energy medicine, homeopathy, and acupuncture, as well as a special section devoted to mind-body medicine in digestive health and disease. In discussing unconventional treatments, the authors address many of the controversies that surround the remedies.

Diagnosis and Treatment in Internal Medicine Book

Diagnosis and Treatment in Internal Medicine


  • Author : Patrick Davey
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-08-30
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1297
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199568741

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Diagnosis and Treatment in Internal Medicine Excerpt :

Diagnosis and Treatment in Internal Medicine equips trainee doctors with the essential skills and core knowledge to establish a diagnosis reliably and quickly, before outlining the management of the clinical condition diagnosed. Organised into three sections, the first provides a vital overview, whilst the second focuses on common presentations and diagnoses. Uniquely, this new book shows readers how to turn symptoms into a list of diagnoses ordered by probability - a differential diagnosis. Experienced consultants who teach trainees every day demonstrate how to derive an ordered differential diagnosis, how to narrow this down to a single diagnosis and if not, how to live with diagnostic uncertainty. The final section provides a comprehensive account of the management of system-based syndromes and diseases. Highly-structured chapters emphasize how common conditions present, how to approach a diagnosis, and how to estimate prognosis, treatment and its effectiveness. An onus is placed on the development of crucial diagnostic skills and the ability to devise evidence-based management plans quickly and accurately, making this an ideal text for core medical trainees.

Probiotics in The Prevention and Management of Human Diseases Book

Probiotics in The Prevention and Management of Human Diseases


  • Author : Mitesh Kumar Dwivedi
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-12-20
  • Genre: Health & Fitness
  • Pages : 530
  • ISBN 10 : 0128237333

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Probiotics in The Prevention and Management of Human Diseases Excerpt :

Probiotics in The Prevention and Management of Human Diseases: A Scientific Perspective addresses the use of probiotics and their mechanistic aspects in diverse human diseases. In particular, the mechanistic aspects of how these probiotics are involved in mitigating disease symptoms (novel approaches and immune-mechanisms induced by Probiotics), clinical trials of certain probiotics, and animal model studies will be presented through this book. In addition, the book covers the role of probiotics in prevention and management aspects of crucial human diseases, including multidrug resistant infections, hospital acquired infections, allergic conditions, autoimmune diseases, metabolic disorders, gastrointestinal diseases, neurological disorders, and cancers. Finally, the book addresses the use of probiotics as vaccine adjuvants and as a solution for nutritional health problems and describes the challenges of using probiotics in management of human disease conditions as well as their biosafety concerns. Intended for nutrition researchers, microbiologists, physiologists, and researchers in related disciplines as well as students studying these topics require a resource that addresses the specific role of probiotics in the prevention and management of human disease. Contains information on the use of probiotics in significant human diseases, including antibiotic resistant microbial infections Presents novel applications of probiotics, including their use in vaccine adjuvants and concept of pharmabiotics Includes case studies and human clinical trials for probiotics in diverse disease conditions and explores the role of probiotics in mitigation of the symptoms of disease

CDC Yellow Book 2018  Health Information for International Travel Book

CDC Yellow Book 2018 Health Information for International Travel


  • Author : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-04-17
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190628635

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CDC Yellow Book 2018 Health Information for International Travel Excerpt :

THE ESSENTIAL WORK IN TRAVEL MEDICINE -- NOW COMPLETELY UPDATED FOR 2018 As unprecedented numbers of travelers cross international borders each day, the need for up-to-date, practical information about the health challenges posed by travel has never been greater. For both international travelers and the health professionals who care for them, the CDC Yellow Book 2018: Health Information for International Travel is the definitive guide to staying safe and healthy anywhere in the world. The fully revised and updated 2018 edition codifies the U.S. government's most current health guidelines and information for international travelers, including pretravel vaccine recommendations, destination-specific health advice, and easy-to-reference maps, tables, and charts. The 2018 Yellow Book also addresses the needs of specific types of travelers, with dedicated sections on: · Precautions for pregnant travelers, immunocompromised travelers, and travelers with disabilities · Special considerations for newly arrived adoptees, immigrants, and refugees · Practical tips for last-minute or resource-limited travelers · Advice for air crews, humanitarian workers, missionaries, and others who provide care and support overseas Authored by a team of the world's most esteemed travel medicine experts, the Yellow Book is an essential resource for travelers -- and the clinicians overseeing their care -- at home and abroad.