Genetic and Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass Book

Genetic and Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass


  • Author : Arindam Kuila
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2020-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128179536

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Genetic and Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass Excerpt :

Genetic and Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass describes the different aspects of biofuel production from lignocellulosic biomass. Each chapter presents different technological approaches for cost effective liquid biofuel production from agroresidues/biomass. Two chapters cover future direction and the possibilities of biomass-based biofuel production at the industrial level. The book provides a genetic and metabolic engineering approach for improved cellulase production and the potential of strains that can ferment both pentose and hexose sugars. The book also gives direction on how to overcome challenges for the further advancement of lignocellulosic biomass-based biofuel production. Covers genetic engineering approaches for higher cellulase production from fungi Includes genetic and metabolic engineering approaches for development of potential pentose and hexose fermenting strain which can tolerate high ethanol and toxic phenolic compounds Describe different bioreactors used in different steps of biomass-based biofuel production Outlines future prospects and potential of biofuel production from lignocellulosic biomass

Genetic and Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass Book

Genetic and Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass


  • Author : Arindam Kuila
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-02-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128179543

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Genetic and Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass Excerpt :

Genetic and Metabolic Engineering for Improved Biofuel Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass describes the different aspects of biofuel production from lignocellulosic biomass. Each chapter presents different technological approaches for cost effective liquid biofuel production from agroresidues/biomass. Two chapters cover future direction and the possibilities of biomass-based biofuel production at the industrial level. The book provides a genetic and metabolic engineering approach for improved cellulase production and the potential of strains that can ferment both pentose and hexose sugars. The book also gives direction on how to overcome challenges for the further advancement of lignocellulosic biomass-based biofuel production. Covers genetic engineering approaches for higher cellulase production from fungi Includes genetic and metabolic engineering approaches for development of potential pentose and hexose fermenting strain which can tolerate high ethanol and toxic phenolic compounds Describe different bioreactors used in different steps of biomass-based biofuel production Outlines future prospects and potential of biofuel production from lignocellulosic biomass

Improving Metabolic Engineering and Characterization of Clostridium Thermocellum for Improved Cellulosic Ethanol Production Book

Improving Metabolic Engineering and Characterization of Clostridium Thermocellum for Improved Cellulosic Ethanol Production


  • Author : Beth Alexandra Papanek
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2016
  • Genre: Biomass energy
  • Pages : 91
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:1002857092

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Improving Metabolic Engineering and Characterization of Clostridium Thermocellum for Improved Cellulosic Ethanol Production Excerpt :

Biofules are an important option for humanity to move away from its dependence on fossil fuels. Transitioning from food crops to lignocellulosic alternatives for the production of biofuels is equally important. Most commonly, biofuels are produced using a crop such as corn or soybeans to feed sugars to the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae for the fermentation of ethanol. Lignocellulosic biofuel production would eliminate the need for food crops and transition to biomass such as switchgrass, poplar, or corn stover. Currently, lignocellulosic biofuel production is limited primarily because of the cost of converting the biomass to fermentable sugars than can then be metabolized by yeast. To overcome this barrier, a process must be employed that can convert lignocellulosic biomass directly to fuels and chemicals quickly and affordably. Clostridium thermocellum is one of the most promising candidates for the production of advanced biofuels because of its potential ability to convert cellulose directly to ethanol without the expensive addition of enzymes. Challenges to implementing C. thermocellum on an industrial scale still exist including side product formation, slow growth, limited titers, inhibition on high solids loadings, and a limited ability to perform genetic engineering. This thesis considers all of these concerns with C. thermocellum and attempts to systematically improve each characteristic to produce an industrially relevant strain of C. thermocellum for advanced biofuel production. Metabolic engineering is applied for the elimination of undesirable fermentation products. Laboratory evolution and medium supplementation are used to improve and understand the mechanisms that influence growth rate, and systematic approaches are used to improve transformation for more efficient genetic engineering of C. thermocellum in the future.

Biofuels Production Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Biofuels Production


  • Author : Vikash Babu
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2013-09-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN 10 : 9781118835739

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Biofuels Production Excerpt :

The search for alternative sources of energy to offset diminishing resources of easy and cost-effective fossil fuels has become a global initiative, and fuel generated from biomass is a leading competitor in this arena. Large-scale introduction of biofuels into the energy mix could contribute to environmentally and economicaly sustainable development on a global scale. The processes and methodologies presented in this volume will offer a cutting-edge and comprehensive approach to the production of biofuels, for engineers, researchers, and students.

Current Status and Future Scope of Microbial Cellulases Book

Current Status and Future Scope of Microbial Cellulases


  • Author : Deepak K. Tuli
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-03-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128218969

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Current Status and Future Scope of Microbial Cellulases Excerpt :

Current Status and Future Scope of Microbial Cellulases not only explores the present and future of cellulase production, it also compares solid state fermentation (SSF) and submerged fermentation (SMF) for cellulase production. Chapters explore bioprocess engineering, metabolic engineering and genetic engineering approaches for enhanced cellulase production, including the application of cellulase for biofuel production. This important resource presents current technical status and the future direction of advances in cellulase production, including application of cellulases in different sectors. Covers the present industrial scenarios and future prospect of cellulase production Describes the molecular structure of cellulase Explores genetic engineering, metabolic engineering and other approaches for improved cellulase production Includes different applications of cellulases, including their application in the bioenergy sector

Non conventional Yeasts  from Basic Research to Application Book

Non conventional Yeasts from Basic Research to Application


  • Author : Andriy Sibirny
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-08-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 568
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030211103

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Non conventional Yeasts from Basic Research to Application Excerpt :

This volume scopes several aspects of non-conventional yeast research prepared by the leading specialists in the field. An introduction on taxonomy and systematics enhances the reader’s knowledge on yeasts beyond established ones such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Biotechnological approaches that involve fungal utilization of unusual substrates, production of biofuels and useful chemicals as citric acid, glutathione or erythritol are discussed. Further, strategies for metabolic engineering based on knowledge on regulation of gene expression as well as sensing and signaling pathways are presented. The book targets researchers and advanced students working in Microbiology, Microbial Biotechnology and Biochemistry.

Bioprocessing for Biofuel Production Book

Bioprocessing for Biofuel Production


  • Author : Neha Srivastava
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-10-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811570704

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Bioprocessing for Biofuel Production Excerpt :

Converting biomass to biofuels involves hydrolyzing cellulose to sugars using cost-intensive commercial enzymes – an expensive step that makes large-scale production economically non-viable. As such, there is a need for low-cost bioprocessing. This book critically evaluates the available bioprocessing technologies for various biofuels, and presents the latest research in the field. It also highlights the recent developments, current challenges and viable alternative approaches to reduce the overall cost of producing biofuels.

Biotechnology for Biofuel Production and Optimization Book

Biotechnology for Biofuel Production and Optimization


  • Author : Carrie A Eckert
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2016-01-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 572
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081000533

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Biotechnology for Biofuel Production and Optimization Excerpt :

Biotechnology for Biofuel Production and Optimization is the compilation of current research findings that cover the entire process of biofuels production from manipulation of genes and pathways to organisms and renewable feedstocks for efficient biofuel production as well as different cultivation techniques and process scale-up considerations. This book captures recent breakthroughs in the interdisciplinary areas of systems and synthetic biology, metabolic engineering, and bioprocess engineering for renewable, cleaner sources of energy. Describes state-of-the-art engineering of metabolic pathways for the production of a variety of fuel molecules Discusses recent advances in synthetic biology and metabolic engineering for rational design, construction, evaluation of novel pathways and cell chassis Covers genome engineering technologies to address complex biofuel-tolerant phenotypes for enhanced biofuel production in engineered chassis Presents the use of novel microorganisms and expanded substrate utilization strategies for production of targeted fuel molecules Explores biohybrid methods for harvesting bioenergy Discusses bioreactor design and optimization of scale-up

Extremophilic Microbial Processing of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks to Biofuels  Value Added Products  and Usable Power Book

Extremophilic Microbial Processing of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks to Biofuels Value Added Products and Usable Power


  • Author : Rajesh K. Sani
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-07-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319744599

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Extremophilic Microbial Processing of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks to Biofuels Value Added Products and Usable Power Excerpt :

This book presents a review and in-depth analyses of improved biotechnological processes emphasizing critical aspects and challenges of lignocellulosic biomass conversion into biofuels and value-added products especially using extremophiles and recombinant microorganisms. The book specifically comprises extremophilic production of liquid and gaseous biofuels (bioethanol, biobutanol, biodiesel, biohydrogen, and biogas) as well as value added products (e.g. single cell protein, hydrocarbons, lipids, exopolysaccharides, and polyhydroxyalkanoates). The book also provides the knowledge on how to develop safe, more efficient, sustainable, and economical integrated processes for enhanced conversion of lignocellulosic feedstocks to liquid and gaseous biofuels. Finally the book describes how to perform the techno-economical and life-cycle assessments of new integrated processes involving extremophiles. These modeling exercises are critical in addressing any deficiencies associated with the demonstration of an integrated biofuels and value-added products production process at pilot scale as well as demonstration on the commercialization scale.

Biofuels Production     Sustainability and Advances in Microbial Bioresources Book

Biofuels Production Sustainability and Advances in Microbial Bioresources


  • Author : Ajar Nath Yadav
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2020-10-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 387
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030539337

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Biofuels Production Sustainability and Advances in Microbial Bioresources Excerpt :

This book focuses on the different kinds of biofuels and biofuel resources. Biofuels represent a major type of renewable energy. As part of a larger bio-economy, they are closely linked to agriculture, forestry and manufacturing. Biofuels have the potential to improve regional energy access, reduce dependence on fossil fuels and contribute to climate protection. Further, this alternative form of energy could revitalize the forestry and agricultural sector and promote the increased use of renewable resources as raw materials in a range of industrial processes. Efforts are continuously being made to develop economically competitive biofuels, and microbes play important roles in the production of biofuels from various bioresources. This book elaborates on recent advances in existing microbial technologies and on sustainable approaches to improving biofuel production processes. Additionally, it examines trends in, and the limitations of, existing processes and technologies. The book offers a comprehensive overview of microbial bioresources, microbial technologies, advances in bioconversion and biorefineries, as well as microbial and metabolic engineering for efficient biofuel production. Readers will also learn about the environmental impacts and the influence of climate change on the sustainability of biofuel production. This book is intended for researchers and students whose work involves biorefinery technologies, microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, environmental biology and related fields.

Bioalcohol Production Book

Bioalcohol Production


  • Author : Keith W. Waldron
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-05-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845699611

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Bioalcohol Production Excerpt :

Bioethanol is one of the main biofuels currently used as a petroleum-substitute in transport applications. However, conflicts over food supply and land use have made its production and utilisation a controversial topic. Second generation bioalcohol production technology, based on (bio)chemical conversion of non-food lignocellulose, offers potential advantages over existing, energy-intensive bioethanol production processes. Food vs. fuel pressures may be reduced by utilising a wider range of lignocellulosic biomass feedstocks, including energy crops, cellulosic residues, and, particularly, wastes. Bioalcohol production covers the process engineering, technology, modelling and integration of the entire production chain for second generation bioalcohol production from lignocellulosic biomass. Primarily reviewing bioethanol production, the book’s coverage extends to the production of longer-chain bioalcohols which will be elemental to the future of the industry. Part one reviews the key features and processes involved in the pretreatment and fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass for bioalcohol production, including hydrothermal and thermochemical pretreatment, and fractionation to separate out valuable process feedstocks. Part two covers the hydrolysis (saccharification) processes applicable to pretreated feedstocks. This includes both acid and enzymatic approaches and also importantly covers the development of particular enzymes to improve this conversion step. This coverage is extended in Part three, with chapters reviewing integrated hydrolysis and fermentation processes, and fermentation and co-fermentation challenges of lignocellulose-derived sugars, as well as separation and purification processes for bioalcohol extraction. Part four examines the analysis, monitoring and modelling approaches relating to process and quality control in the pretreatment, hydrolysis and fermentation steps of lignocellulose-to-bioalcohol production. Finally, Part five discusses th

Metabolic Regulation and Metabolic Engineering for Biofuel and Biochemical Production Book

Metabolic Regulation and Metabolic Engineering for Biofuel and Biochemical Production


  • Author : Kazuyuki Shimizu
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-07-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 325
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351650106

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Metabolic Regulation and Metabolic Engineering for Biofuel and Biochemical Production Excerpt :

The global warming problem is becoming critical year by year, causing climate disaster all over the world, where it has been believed that the CO2 gas emitted from the factories and the burning of fossil fuels may be one of the reasons of global warming. Moreover, the global stock of fossil fuels is limited, and may run out soon within several tens of years. Although wind, geo-thermal, and tide energies have been considered as clean energy sources, those depend on the land or sea locations and subject to the climate change. Biofuel and biochemical production from renewable bio-resources has thus been paid recent attention from environmental protection and energy production points of view, where the current chemical and energy producing plants can be also utilized with slight modification. The so-called 1st generation biofuels have been produced from corn starch and sugarcane in particular in USA and Brazil. However, this causes the problem of the so-called "food and energy issues" as the production scale increases. The 2nd generation biofuel production from lingo-cellulosic biomass or wastes has thus been paid recent attention. However, it requires energy intensive pretreatment for the degradation of lingo-cellulosic biomass, and the fermentation is slow due to low growth rate, and thus the productivity of biofuels and bio-chemicals is low. The 3rd generation biofuel production from photosynthetic organisms such as cyanobacteria and algae has been also paid attention, because such organisms can grow with only sun light and CO2 in the air, but the cell growth rate and thus the productivity of the fuels is significantly low. The main part or core of such production processes is the fermentation by micro-organisms. In particular, it is critical to properly understand the cell metabolism followed by the efficient metabolic engineering. The book gives comprehensive explanation of the cell metabolism and the metabolic regulation mechanisms of a variety of micro-organisms.

Biofuels Book

Biofuels


  • Author : Mansour Al Qubeissi
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2019-03-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 188
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789855357

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Biofuels Excerpt :

Amongst concerns about climate change, energy security decline and depletion of fossil fuels, this book explores the high importance of and interests in alternative energy resources. Many studies have shown that biomass fuels are sustainable, environmentally friendly and can be the most appropriate replacement to the depleting crude oil. Additionally, they can expand green landscapes, create new job opportunities, be directly utilised in standard power systems and improve combustion performance. Biomass fuels can be limited due to production cost and competition with food. Therefore, plant and food wastes play an important role in reducing these costs and recycling dump bio-materials. Production of biofuels from non-food biomass has emerged as a sustainable option to tackle the problems associated with growing demands for energy.

Microbial Stress Tolerance for Biofuels Book

Microbial Stress Tolerance for Biofuels


  • Author : Zonglin Lewis Liu
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-09-15
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 310
  • ISBN 10 : 3642214673

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Microbial Stress Tolerance for Biofuels Excerpt :

The development of sustainable and renewable biofuels is attracting growing interest. It is vital to develop robust microbial strains for biocatalysts that are able to function under multiple stress conditions. This Microbiology Monograph provides an overview of methods for studying microbial stress tolerance for biofuels applications using a systems biology approach. Topics covered range from mechanisms to methodology for yeast and bacteria, including the genomics of yeast tolerance and detoxification; genetics and regulation of glycogen and trehalose metabolism; programmed cell death; high gravity fermentations; ethanol tolerance; improving biomass sugar utilization by engineered Saccharomyces; the genomics on tolerance of Zymomonas mobilis; microbial solvent tolerance; control of stress tolerance in bacterial host organisms; metabolomics for ethanologenic yeast; automated proteomics work cell systems for strain improvement; and unification of gene expression data for comparable analyses under stress conditions.