Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste Book

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste


  • Author : Michael J Apted
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2017-05-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 802
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081006528

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Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste Excerpt :

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste, Second Edition, critically reviews state-of-the-art technologies and scientific methods relating to the implementation of the most effective approaches to the long-term, safe disposition of nuclear waste, also discussing regulatory developments and social engagement approaches as major themes. Chapters in Part One introduce the topic of geological disposal, providing an overview of near-surface, intermediate depth, and deep borehole disposal, spanning low-, medium- and high-level wastes. Part Two addresses the different types of repository systems – crystalline, clay, and salt, also discussing methods of site surveying and construction. The critical safety issue of engineered barrier systems is the focus of Part Three, with coverage ranging from nuclear waste canisters, to buffer and backfill materials. Lastly, Parts Four and Five focus on safety, security, and acceptability, concentrating on repository performance assessment, then radiation protection, environmental monitoring, and social engagement. Comprehensively revised, updated, and expanded with 25% new material on topics of current importance, this is the standard reference for all nuclear waste management and geological repository professionals and researchers. Contains 25% more material on topics of current importance in this new, comprehensive edition Fully updated coverage of both near-surface/intermediate depth, and deep borehole disposal in one convenient volume Goes beyond the scientific and technical aspects of disposal to include the political, regulatory, and societal issues involved, all from an international perspective

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste Book

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste


  • Author : Michael J Apted
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-07-27
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 792
  • ISBN 10 : 9781845699789

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Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste Excerpt :

Geological disposal has been internationally adopted as the most effective approach to assure the long-term, safe disposition of the used nuclear fuels and radioactive waste materials produced from nuclear power generation, nuclear weapons programs, medical, treatments, and industrial applications. Geological repository systems take advantage of natural geological barriers augmented with engineered barrier systems to isolate these radioactive materials from the environment and from future populations. Geological repository systems for safe disposal of spent nuclear fuels and radioactive waste critically reviews the state-of-the-art technologies, scientific methods, regulatory developments, and social engagement approaches directly related to the implementation of geological repository systems. Part one introduces geological disposal, including multiple-barrier geological repositories, as well as reviewing the impact of nuclear fuel recycling practices and underground research laboratory activities on the development of disposal concepts. Part two reviews geological repository siting in different host rocks, including long-term stability analysis and radionuclide transport modelling. Reviews of the range of engineered barrier systems, including waste immobilisation technologies, container materials, low pH concretes, clay-based buffer and backfill materials, and barrier performance are presented in Part three. Part four examines total system performance assessment and safety analyses for deep geological and near-surface disposal, with coverage of uncertainty analysis, use of expert judgement for decision making, and development and use of knowledge management systems. Finally, Part five covers regulatory and social approaches for the establishment of geological disposal programs, from the development of radiation standards and risk-informed, performance-based regulations, to environmental monitoring and social engagement in the siting and operation of repositories. W

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste Book

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste


  • Author : Michael J Apted
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2017-06-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 802
  • ISBN 10 : 008100642X

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Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste Excerpt :

Geological Repository Systems for Safe Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuels and Radioactive Waste, Second Edition, critically reviews state-of-the-art technologies and scientific methods relating to the implementation of the most effective approaches to the long-term, safe disposition of nuclear waste, also discussing regulatory developments and social engagement approaches as major themes. Chapters in Part One introduce the topic of geological disposal, providing an overview of near-surface, intermediate depth, and deep borehole disposal, spanning low-, medium- and high-level wastes. Part Two addresses the different types of repository systems - crystalline, clay, and salt, also discussing methods of site surveying and construction. The critical safety issue of engineered barrier systems is the focus of Part Three, with coverage ranging from nuclear waste canisters, to buffer and backfill materials. Lastly, Parts Four and Five focus on safety, security, and acceptability, concentrating on repository performance assessment, then radiation protection, environmental monitoring, and social engagement. Comprehensively revised, updated, and expanded with 25% new material on topics of current importance, this is the standard reference for all nuclear waste management and geological repository professionals and researchers. Contains 25% more material on topics of current importance in this new, comprehensive edition Fully updated coverage of both near-surface/intermediate depth, and deep borehole disposal in one convenient volume Goes beyond the scientific and technical aspects of disposal to include the political, regulatory, and societal issues involved, all from an international perspective

Disposition of High Level Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel Book

Disposition of High Level Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2001-07-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 215
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309073172

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Disposition of High Level Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel Excerpt :

Focused attention by world leaders is needed to address the substantial challenges posed by disposal of spent nuclear fuel from reactors and high-level radioactive waste from processing such fuel. The biggest challenges in achieving safe and secure storage and permanent waste disposal are societal, although technical challenges remain. Disposition of radioactive wastes in a deep geological repository is a sound approach as long as it progresses through a stepwise decision-making process that takes advantage of technical advances, public participation, and international cooperation. Written for concerned citizens as well as policymakers, this book was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and waste management organizations in eight other countries.

Disposition of High Level Radioactive Waste Through Geological Isolation Book

Disposition of High Level Radioactive Waste Through Geological Isolation


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1999-11-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 42
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309067782

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Disposition of High Level Radioactive Waste Through Geological Isolation Excerpt :

During the next several years, decisions are expected to be made in several countries on the further development and implementation of the geological disposition option. The Board on Radioactive Waste Management (BRWM) of the U.S. National Academies believes that informed and reasoned discussion of relevant scientific, engineering and social issues can-and should-play a constructive role in the decision process by providing information to decision makers on relevant technical and policy issues. A BRWM-initiated project including a workshop at Irvine, California on November 4-5, 1999, and subsequent National Academies' report to be published in spring, 2000, are intended to provide such information to national policy makers both in the U.S. and abroad. To inform national policies, it is essential that experts from the physical, geological, and engineering sciences, and experts from the policy and social science communities work together. Some national programs have involved social science and policy experts from the beginning, while other programs have only recently recognized the importance of this collaboration. An important goal of the November workshop is to facilitate dialogue between these communities, as well as to encourage the sharing of experiences from many national programs. The workshop steering committee has prepared this discussion for participants at the workshop. It should elicit critical comments and help identify topics requiring in-depth discussion at the workshop. It is not intended as a statement of findings, conclusions, or recommendations. It is rather intended as a vehicle for stimulating dialogue among the workshop participants. Out of that dialogue will emerge the findings, conclusions, and recommendations of the National Academies' report.

One Step at a Time Book

One Step at a Time


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2003-03-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309087087

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One Step at a Time Excerpt :

Compared to other large engineering projects, geologic repositories for high-level waste present distinctive challenges because: 1) they are first-of-a-kind, complex, and long-term projects that must actively manage hazardous materials for many decades: 2) they are expected to hold these hazardous materials passively safe for many millennia after repository closure; and 3) they are widely perceived to pose serious risks. As is the case for other complex projects, repository programs should proceed in stages. One Step at a Time focuses on a management approach called "adaptive staging" as a promising means to develop geologic repositories for high-level radioactive waste such as the proposed repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Adaptive staging is a learn-as-you-go process that enables project managers to continuously reevaluate and adjust the program in response to new knowledge and stakeholder input. Advice is given on how to implement staging during the construction, operation, closure, and post-closure phases of a repository program.

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Book

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste


  • Author : W. R. Alexander
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-07-29
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN 10 : 0080468888

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Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Excerpt :

Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste presents a critical review of designing, siting, constructing and demonstrating the safety and environmental impact of deep repositories for radioactive wastes. It is structured to provide a broad perspective of this multi-faceted, multi-disciplinary topic: providing enough detail for a non-specialist to understand the fundamental principles involved and with extensive references to sources of more detailed information. Emphasis is very much on “deep geological disposal – at least some tens of metres below land surface and, in many cases, many hundred of metres deep. Additionally, only radioactive wastes are considered directly – even though such wastes often contain also significant chemotoxic or otherwise hazardous components. Many of the principles involved are generally applicable to other repository options (e.g. near-surface or on-surface disposal) and, indeed, to other types of hazardous waste. Presents a current critical review in designing, siting, constructing and demonsrating the safety and environmental impact of deep repositories for radwaste Addresses the fundamental principles of radioactive waste with up-to-date examples and real-world case studies Written for a multi-disciplinary audience, with an appropriate level of detail to allow a non-specialist to understand

The Microbiology of Nuclear Waste Disposal Book

The Microbiology of Nuclear Waste Disposal


  • Author : Jonathan R. Lloyd
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-10-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128186961

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The Microbiology of Nuclear Waste Disposal Excerpt :

The Microbiology of Nuclear Waste Disposal is a state-of-the-art reference featuring contributions focusing on the impact of microbes on the safe long-term disposal of nuclear waste. This book is the first to cover this important emerging topic, and is written for a wide audience encompassing regulators, implementers, academics, and other stakeholders. The book is also of interest to those working on the wider exploitation of the subsurface, such as bioremediation, carbon capture and storage, geothermal energy, and water quality. Planning for suitable facilities in the U.S., Europe, and Asia has been based mainly on knowledge from the geological and physical sciences. However, recent studies have shown that microbial life can proliferate in the inhospitable environments associated with radioactive waste disposal, and can control the long-term fate of nuclear materials. This can have beneficial and damaging impacts, which need to be quantified. Encompasses expertise from both the bio and geo disciplines, aiming to foster important collaborations across this disciplinary divide Includes reviews and research papers from leading groups in the field Provides helpful guidance in light of plans progressing worldwide for geological disposal facilities Includes timely research for planning and safety case development

Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean Up Book

Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean Up


  • Author : William E Lee
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-10-31
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 912
  • ISBN 10 : 9780857097446

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Radioactive Waste Management and Contaminated Site Clean Up Excerpt :

Radioactive waste management and contaminated site clean-up reviews radioactive waste management processes, technologies, and international experiences. Part one explores the fundamentals of radioactive waste including sources, characterisation, and processing strategies. International safety standards, risk assessment of radioactive wastes and remediation of contaminated sites and irradiated nuclear fuel management are also reviewed. Part two highlights the current international situation across Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America. The experience in Japan, with a specific chapter on Fukushima, is also covered. Finally, part three explores the clean-up of sites contaminated by weapons programmes including the USA and former USSR. Radioactive waste management and contaminated site clean-up is a comprehensive resource for professionals, researchers, scientists and academics in radioactive waste management, governmental and other regulatory bodies and the nuclear power industry. Explores the fundamentals of radioactive waste including sources, characterisation, and processing strategies Reviews international safety standards, risk assessment of radioactive wastes and remediation of contaminated sites and irradiated nuclear fuel management Highlights the current international situation across Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America specifically including a chapter on the experience in Fukushima, Japan

Nuclear Wastes Book

Nuclear Wastes


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1996-02-23
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309176484

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Nuclear Wastes Excerpt :

Disposal of radioactive waste from nuclear weapons production and power generation has caused public outcry and political consternation. Nuclear Wastes presents a critical review of some waste management and disposal alternatives to the current national policy of direct disposal of light water reactor spent fuel. The book offers clearcut conclusions for what the nation should do today and what solutions should be explored for tomorrow. The committee examines the currently used "once-through" fuel cycle versus different alternatives of separations and transmutation technology systems, by which hazardous radionuclides are converted to nuclides that are either stable or radioactive with short half-lives. The volume provides detailed findings and conclusions about the status and feasibility of plutonium extraction and more advanced separations technologies, as well as three principal transmutation concepts for commercial reactor spent fuel. The book discusses nuclear proliferation; the U.S. nuclear regulatory structure; issues of health, safety and transportation; the proposed sale of electrical energy as a means of paying for the transmutation system; and other key issues.

Nuclear Waste Management Book

Nuclear Waste Management


  • Author : Man-Sung Yim
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022
  • Genre: Electric power distribution
  • Pages : 850
  • ISBN 10 : 9789402421064

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Nuclear Waste Management Excerpt :

This book lays a comprehensive foundation for addressing the issue of safety in the lifecycle of nuclear waste. With the focus on the fundamental principles, the book covers key technical approaches to safety in the management of spent nuclear fuel, reprocessed high-level waste, low-level waste, and decommissioning wastes. Behaviors of nuclear waste in natural and engineered systems in relation to safety assessment are also described through the explanation of fundamental processes. For any country involved with the use of nuclear power, nuclear waste management is a topic of grave importance. Although many countries have heavily invested in nuclear waste management, having a successful national program still remains a major challenge. This book offers substantial guidance for those seeking solutions to these problems. As the problem of nuclear waste management is largely influenced by social factors, the connection between technical and social issues in nuclear waste management is also discussed. The book is a core text for advanced students in nuclear and environmental engineering, and a valuable reference for those working in nuclear engineering and related areas.

Radioactive Waste Repository Licensing Book

Radioactive Waste Repository Licensing


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 1992-02-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 110
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309046916

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Radioactive Waste Repository Licensing Excerpt :

This book recounts the issues raised and the viewpoints aired at a recent symposium on repository licensing. It summarizes the problems surrounding the setting of an Environmental Protection Agency standard for the release of radionuclides and the regulatory problems inherent in meeting such a standard. Symposium participants came from a variety of federal agencies and advisory groups, state governments, public interest groups, engineering firms, national laboratories, and foreign and international organizations. The book illustrates the strong feeling in the radioactive waste disposal community that changes must be made if the United States is to fulfill its promise of safe management of current and future nuclear waste.

Challenges of Nuclear Waste Governance Book

Challenges of Nuclear Waste Governance


  • Author : Achim Brunnengräber
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-03-17
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 333
  • ISBN 10 : 9783658214418

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Challenges of Nuclear Waste Governance Excerpt :

This is volume two of a comparative analysis of nuclear waste governance and public participation in decision-making regarding the storage and siting of high-level radioactive waste and spent fuel in different countries. The contributors examine both the historical and current approaches countries have taken to address the wicked challenge of nuclear waste governance. The analyses discuss the regulations, technology choices, safety criteria, costs and financing issues, compensation schemes, institutional structures, and approaches to public participation found in each country.

End Points for Spent Nuclear Fuel and High Level Radioactive Waste in Russia and the United States Book

End Points for Spent Nuclear Fuel and High Level Radioactive Waste in Russia and the United States


  • Author : National Research Council
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2003-06-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 153
  • ISBN 10 : 9780309087247

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End Points for Spent Nuclear Fuel and High Level Radioactive Waste in Russia and the United States Excerpt :

End Points for spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste in Russian and the United States provides an analysis of the management of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste in Russia and the United States, describing inventories, comparing approaches, and assessing the end-point options for storage and disposal of materials and wastes. The authoring committee finds that despite differences in philosophy about nuclear fuel cycles, Russia and the United States need similar kinds of facilities and face similar challenges, although in Russia many of the problems are worse and funding is less available. This book contains recommendations for immediate and near-term actions, for example, protecting and stabilizing materials that are security and safety hazards, actions for the longer term, such as developing more interim storage capacity and studying effects of deep injection, and areas for collaboration.

Minimization of Radioactive Waste from Nuclear Power Plants and the Back End of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Book

Minimization of Radioactive Waste from Nuclear Power Plants and the Back End of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle


  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1995
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 96
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015042169998

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Minimization of Radioactive Waste from Nuclear Power Plants and the Back End of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Excerpt :

Waste management at the back end of the nuclear fuel cycle comprises the various activities involved in the handling of the spent fuel once it has left the reactor. The purpose of the minimization of radioactive waste is threefold: (a) to reduce the risks of radiation exposure of technical personnel as well as of the public; (b) to reduce contamination of the environment; and (c) to reduce overall costs by reducing the repository space required for final waste disposal. Waste minimization has become a major part of waste management policies.