Germanium Based Technologies Book
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Germanium Based Technologies


  • Author : Cor Claeys
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-07-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN 10 : 008047490X

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Germanium Based Technologies Book Description :

Germanium is a semiconductor material that formed the basis for the development of transistor technology. Although the breakthrough of planar technology and integrated circuits put silicon in the foreground, in recent years there has been a renewed interest in germanium, which has been triggered by its strong potential for deep submicron (sub 45 nm) technologies. Germanium-Based technologies: From Materials to Devices is the first book to provide a broad, in-depth coverage of the field, including recent advances in Ge-technology and the fundamentals in material science, device physics and semiconductor processing. The contributing authors are international experts with a world-wide recognition and involved in the leading research in the field. The book also covers applications and the use of Ge for optoelectronics, detectors and solar cells. An ideal reference work for students and scientists working in the field of physics of semiconductor devices and materials, as well as for engineers in research centres and industry. Both the newcomer and the expert should benefit from this unique book. State-of-the-art information available for the first time as an all-in-source Extensive reference list making it an indispensable reference book Broad coverage from fundamental aspects up to industrial applications

Metal Impurities in Silicon  and Germanium Based Technologies Book

Metal Impurities in Silicon and Germanium Based Technologies


  • Author : Cor Claeys
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-08-13
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 438
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319939254

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Metal Impurities in Silicon and Germanium Based Technologies Book Description :

This book provides a unique review of various aspects of metallic contamination in Si and Ge-based semiconductors. It discusses all of the important metals including their origin during crystal and/or device manufacturing, their fundamental properties, their characterization techniques and their impact on electrical devices’ performance. Several control and possible gettering approaches are addressed. The book offers a valuable reference guide for all researchers and engineers studying advanced and state-of-the-art micro- and nano-electronic semiconductor devices and circuits. Adopting an interdisciplinary approach, it combines perspectives from e.g. material science, defect engineering, device processing, defect and device characterization, and device physics and engineering.

Extended Defects in Germanium Book

Extended Defects in Germanium


  • Author : Cor Claeys
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-12-29
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540856146

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Extended Defects in Germanium Book Description :

The aim is to give an overview of the physics of extended defects in Germanium, i.e. dislocations (line defects), grain boundaries, stacking faults, twins and {311} defects (two-dimensional defects) and precipitates, bubbles, etc. The first part covers fundamentals, describing the crystallographic structure and other physical and electrical properties, mainly of dislocations. Since dislocations are essential for the plastic deformation of Germanium, methods for analysis and imaging of dislocations and to evaluate their structure are described. Attention is given to the electrical and optical properties, which are important for devices made in dislocated Ge. The second part treats the creation of extended defects during wafer and device processing. Issues are addressed such as defect formation during ion implantation, necessary to create junctions, which are an essential part in every device type. Extended defects are also created during the deposition of thin or thick epitaxial layers on other substrates, which are important for optoelectronic and photovoltaic applications. In brief, the book is intended to provide a fundamental understanding of the extended-defect formation during Ge materials and device processing, providing ways to distinguish harmful from less detrimental defects and should point out ways for defect engineering and control.

SiGe and Ge Book

SiGe and Ge


  • Author : David Louis Harame
  • Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
  • Release Date : 2006-01-01
  • Genre: Electronic apparatus and appliances
  • Pages : 1248
  • ISBN 10 : 9781566775076

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SiGe and Ge Book Description :

The second International SiGe & Ge: Materials, Processing, and Devices Symposium was part of the 2006 ECS conference held in Cancun, Mexico from October 29-Nov 3, 2006. This meeting provided a forum for reviewing and discussing all materials and device related aspects of SiGe & Ge. The hardcover edition includes a bonus CD-ROM containing the PDF of the entire issue.

SiGe Based Technologies Book

SiGe Based Technologies


  • Author : Y. Shiraki
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 1993-02-18
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 289
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444596895

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SiGe Based Technologies Book Description :

The preparation of silicon germanium microstructures, their physical, chemical and electrical characterization, and their device processing and application are reviewed in this book. Special emphasis is given to ultrathin Si/Ge superlattices. Topics covered include: Wafer preparation and epitaxial growth; surface effects driven phenomena, such as clustering, segregation, 'surfactants'; Analysis, both in situ and ex situ; Strain adjustment methods; High quality buffers; Modification of material properties by quantum wells and superlattices; Devices: Novel concepts, processing, modelling, demonstrators. The questions highlighted, particularly those articles comparing related or competing activities, will provide a wealth of knowledge for all those interested in the future avenues of theory and applications in this field.

Millimeter Wave Receiver Concepts for 77 GHz Automotive Radar in Silicon Germanium Technology Book

Millimeter Wave Receiver Concepts for 77 GHz Automotive Radar in Silicon Germanium Technology


  • Author : Dietmar Kissinger
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-03-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 111
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461422891

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Millimeter Wave Receiver Concepts for 77 GHz Automotive Radar in Silicon Germanium Technology Book Description :

The book presents the analysis and design of integrated automotive radar receivers in Silicon-Germanium technology, for use in complex multi-channel radar transceiver front-ends in the 77GHz frequency band. The main emphasis of the work is the realization of high-linearity and low-power modular receiver channels as well as the investigation of millimeter-wave integrated test concepts for the receiver front-end.

Advanced Material and Device Applications with Germanium Book

Advanced Material and Device Applications with Germanium


  • Author : Sanghyun Lee
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2018-10-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 100
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789840315

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Advanced Material and Device Applications with Germanium Book Description :

Germanium is an elemental semiconductor, which played an important role in the birth of the semiconductor but soon was replaced with silicon. However, germanium is poised to make a remarkable comeback in the semiconductor industry. With this increasing attention, this book describes the fundamental aspects of germanium and its applications. The contributing authors are experts in their field with great in-depth knowledge. The authors strongly feel that this contribution might be of interest to readers and help to expand the scope of their knowledge.

Silicon  Germanium  and Their Alloys Book

Silicon Germanium and Their Alloys


  • Author : Gudrun Kissinger
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2014-12-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 431
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466586642

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Silicon Germanium and Their Alloys Book Description :

Despite the vast knowledge accumulated on silicon, germanium, and their alloys, these materials still demand research, eminently in view of the improvement of knowledge on silicon–germanium alloys and the potentialities of silicon as a substrate for high-efficiency solar cells and for compound semiconductors and the ongoing development of nanodevices based on nanowires and nanodots. Silicon, Germanium, and Their Alloys: Growth, Defects, Impurities, and Nanocrystals covers the entire spectrum of R&D activities in silicon, germanium, and their alloys, presenting the latest achievements in the field of crystal growth, point defects, extended defects, and impurities of silicon and germanium nanocrystals. World-recognized experts are the authors of the book’s chapters, which span bulk, thin film, and nanostructured materials growth and characterization problems, theoretical modeling, crystal defects, diffusion, and issues of key applicative value, including chemical etching as a defect delineation technique, the spectroscopic analysis of impurities, and the use of devices as tools for the measurement of materials quality.

Silicon Germanium Book

Silicon Germanium


  • Author : Raminderpal Singh
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2004-03-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN 10 : 0471660914

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Silicon Germanium Book Description :

"An excellent introduction to the SiGe BiCMOS technology, from the underlying device physics to current applications." -Ron Wilson, EETimes "SiGe technology has demonstrated the ability to provide excellent high-performance characteristics with very low noise, at high power gain, and with excellent linearity. This book is a comprehensive review of the technology and of the design methods that go with it." -Alberto Sangiovanni-Vincentelli Professor, University of California, Berkeley Cofounder, Chief Technology Officer, Member of Board Cadence Design Systems Inc. Filled with in-depth insights and expert advice, Silicon Germanium covers all the key aspects of this technology and its applications. Beginning with a brief introduction to and historical perspective of IBM's SiGe technology, this comprehensive guide quickly moves on to: * Detail many of IBM's SiGe technology development programs * Explore IBM's approach to device modeling and characterization-including predictive TCAD modeling * Discuss IBM's design automation and signal integrity knowledge and implementation methodologies * Illustrate design applications in a variety of IBM's SiGe technologies * Highlight details of highly integrated SiGe BiCMOS system-on-chip (SOC) design Written for RF/analog and mixed-signal designers, CAD designers, semiconductor students, and foundry process engineers worldwide, Silicon Germanium provides detailed insight into the modeling and design automation requirements for leading-edge RF/analog and mixed-signal products, and illustrates in-depth applications that can be implemented using IBM's advanced SiGe process technologies and design kits. "This volume provides an excellent introduction to the SiGe BiCMOS technology, from the underlying device physics to current applications. But just as important is the window the text provides into the infrastructure-the process development, device modeling, and tool development." -Ron Wilson Silicon Engineering Editor, EETimes "This boo

Silicon Germanium Materials and Devices   A Market and Technology Overview to 2006 Book

Silicon Germanium Materials and Devices A Market and Technology Overview to 2006


  • Author : R. Szweda
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2002-11-26
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN 10 : 0080541216

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Silicon Germanium Materials and Devices A Market and Technology Overview to 2006 Book Description :

The first edition of Silicon Germanium Materials & Devices - A Market & Technology Overview to 2006 examines the development of the silicon germanium business over a six-year period 2001 to 2006. It analyses the trends in markets, technologies and industry structure and profiles all the major players. It is specifically aimed at users and manufacturers of substrates, epiwafers, equipment and devices. The analysis includes a competitive assessment of the market of silicon germanium vs. gallium arsenide, indium phosphide vs. other forms of silicon. Silicon Germanium Materials & Devices - A Market & Technology Overview to 2006 is designed to assist with business plans, R&D and manufacturing strategies. It will be an indispensable aid for managers responsible for business development, technology assessment and market research. The report examines the rapid development of silicon germanium from an R&D curiosity to production status. An extensive treatment from materials through processes to devices and applications it encapsulates the entire silicon germanium business of today and assesses future directions. For a PDF version of the report please call Tina Enright on +44 (0) 1865 843008 for price details.

High Mobility and Quantum Well Transistors Book

High Mobility and Quantum Well Transistors


  • Author : Geert Hellings
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-03-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 140
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400763401

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High Mobility and Quantum Well Transistors Book Description :

For many decades, the semiconductor industry has miniaturized transistors, delivering increased computing power to consumers at decreased cost. However, mere transistor downsizing does no longer provide the same improvements. One interesting option to further improve transistor characteristics is to use high mobility materials such as germanium and III-V materials. However, transistors have to be redesigned in order to fully benefit from these alternative materials. High Mobility and Quantum Well Transistors: Design and TCAD Simulation investigates planar bulk Germanium pFET technology in chapters 2-4, focusing on both the fabrication of such a technology and on the process and electrical TCAD simulation. Furthermore, this book shows that Quantum Well based transistors can leverage the benefits of these alternative materials, since they confine the charge carriers to the high-mobility material using a heterostructure. The design and fabrication of one particular transistor structure - the SiGe Implant-Free Quantum Well pFET – is discussed. Electrical testing shows remarkable short-channel performance and prototypes are found to be competitive with a state-of-the-art planar strained-silicon technology. High mobility channels, providing high drive current, and heterostructure confinement, providing good short-channel control, make a promising combination for future technology nodes.

Current Trends in Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors Book

Current Trends in Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors


  • Author : M. F. Chang
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 1996
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 421
  • ISBN 10 : 9810220979

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Current Trends in Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors Book Description :

Recent advances in communication, digital signal processing and computational systems demand very high performance electronic circuits. Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors (HBTs) have the potential of providing a more efficient solution to many key system requirements through intrinsic device advantages. This book reviews the present status of GaAs, InP and silicon-based HBT technologies and their applications to digital, analog, microwave and mixed-signal circuits and systems. It represents the first major effort to cover the complete scope of the HBT technology development in the past decade, starting from the fundamental device physics, material growth, device reliability, scaling, processing, modeling to advanced HBT integrated circuit design for various system applications.

Radiation Effects in Advanced Semiconductor Materials and Devices Book

Radiation Effects in Advanced Semiconductor Materials and Devices


  • Author : C. Claeys
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2002-08-21
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 401
  • ISBN 10 : 3540433937

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Radiation Effects in Advanced Semiconductor Materials and Devices Book Description :

As microprocessors shrink in size, there is a growing need to understand and combat potential radiation damage problems. Space applications are an obvious case, but, beyond that, today's device and circuit fabrication rely on an increasing number of processing steps that involve a perilous environment where inadvertent radiation damage can occur. This book is aimed at researchers seeking an overview of the field and nuclear, space, and process engineers. Background knowledge of semiconductor and device physics is assumed, but the basic concepts are all concisely summarized.

Ultra Clean Processing of Semiconductor Surfaces XIII Book

Ultra Clean Processing of Semiconductor Surfaces XIII


  • Author : Paul W. Mertens
  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release Date : 2016-09-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN 10 : 9783035730845

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Ultra Clean Processing of Semiconductor Surfaces XIII Book Description :

This volume contains the proceedings of 13th International Symposium on Ultra Clean Processing of Semiconductor Surfaces (UCPSS 2016, Knokke, Belgium, September 12-14, 2016) (www.ucpss.org) and includes studies on cleaning such as particle removal using acoustic enhancement, removal of metallic contamination, pattern collapse of fine flexible and fragile features, wetting and drying issues, control and measuring of contamination . FEOL and BEOL topics cover: chemistry of semiconductor surfaces, cleaning related to new gate stacks, cleaning at the interconnect level, selective wet etching, resist strip and polymer removal, cleaning and contamination control for various new materials and cleaning after Chemical-Mechanical-Polishing (CMP).

Gettering and Defect Engineering in Semiconductor Technology XII Book

Gettering and Defect Engineering in Semiconductor Technology XII


  • Author : Anna Cavallini
  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release Date : 2007-10-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 648
  • ISBN 10 : 9783038131946

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Gettering and Defect Engineering in Semiconductor Technology XII Book Description :

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). This collection comprises 117 peerreviewed papers invited from over 70 research institutions in more than 25 countries. These papers, written by internationally recognized experts in the field, review the current state-of-the-art and predict future trends in their respective authors’ fields of research. Fundamental aspects, as well as technological problems associated with defects in electronic materials and devices, are addressed