Gibbs  Entropic Paradox and Problems of Separation Processes Book

Gibbs Entropic Paradox and Problems of Separation Processes


  • Author : Eugene Barsky
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-03-06
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN 10 : 0444639195

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Gibbs Entropic Paradox and Problems of Separation Processes Excerpt :

Gibbs' Entropic Paradox and Problems of Separation Processes reviews the so-called Gibb's Paradox observed during the mixing of two systems. During the last 150 years many physicists and specialists in thermodynamics, statistical and quantum mechanics been engaged in the solution of the Gibbs paradox. Many books and journal articles have written on this topic but a widely accepted answer is still lacking. In the present book the author reviews and analyzes all these data. Based on this, the book formulates a different approach to this paradox and substantiates it on the basis of physical and statistical principles. It clearly shows that entropy consists of two parts - static and dynamic. Up to now, entropy has been connected only with the process dynamics. However, the Gibbs paradox is caused by the change in the static component of entropy. Finally, the book includes examples of separation processes and how to optimize them in various fields such as biology, cosmology, crystallography, social sciences. Provides a precise definition of entropy and allows the formulation of criteria for optimization of separation processes Explains the role of entropy in many processes facilitating an in-depth analysis and understanding of complicated systems and processes Provides solutions to scientific and applied problems in various scientific disciplines related to separation processes Elucidates the entropy's role in many separation systems

Gibbs  Entropic Paradox and Problems of Separation Processes Book

Gibbs Entropic Paradox and Problems of Separation Processes


  • Author : Eugene Barsky
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2017-03-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444639202

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Gibbs Entropic Paradox and Problems of Separation Processes Excerpt :

Gibbs' Entropic Paradox and Problems of Separation Processes reviews the so-called Gibb’s Paradox observed during the mixing of two systems. During the last 150 years, many physicists and specialists in thermodynamics, statistical and quantum mechanics been engaged in the solution of the Gibbs paradox. Many books and journal articles have written on this topic, but a widely accepted answer is still lacking. In this book, the author reviews and analyzes all this data. Based on findings, the book formulates a different approach to this paradox and substantiates it on the basis of physical and statistical principles. The book clearly shows that entropy consists of two parts, static and dynamic. Up to now, entropy has been connected only with the process dynamics. However, the Gibbs paradox is caused by the change in the static component of entropy. Finally, the book includes examples of separation processes and how to optimize them in various fields, including biology, cosmology, crystallography and the social sciences. Provides a precise definition of entropy and allows the formulation of criteria for optimization of separation processes Explains the role of entropy in many processes, facilitating an in-depth analysis and understanding of complicated systems and processes Provides solutions to scientific and applied problems in various scientific disciplines related to separation processes Elucidates entropy’s role in many separation systems

Entropy of Complex Processes and Systems Book

Entropy of Complex Processes and Systems


  • Author : Eugene Barsky
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2020-07-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128225394

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Entropy of Complex Processes and Systems Excerpt :

Entropy of Complex Processes and Systems formalizes our understanding of many complex processes, including the development of the methodology of analytical computation of complex processes as applied in many industries, such as ore processing, or more generally, in areas of natural sciences. The adequacy of the results of these calculations is confirmed by numerous experimental data obtained both on pilots and industrial facilities. The book also provides a thorough analysis of the underlying physical foundations of entropy performed from new standpoints that are of interest to theoreticians studying contemporary expositions. Provides methodologies for controlling and optimizing complex processes in branches of industry that involve transformation of materials or substances Describes entropy as the universal characteristic of a stochastic process independent of the system Introduces a new definition of entropy specifically related to dynamical phenomena

A TEXTBOOK OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS Book

A TEXTBOOK OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS


  • Author : K. V. NARAYANAN
  • Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
  • Release Date : 2013-01-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 564
  • ISBN 10 : 9788120347472

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A TEXTBOOK OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS Excerpt :

Designed as an undergraduate-level textbook in Chemical Engineering, this student-friendly, thoroughly class-room tested book, now in its second edition, continues to provide an in-depth analysis of chemical engineering thermodynamics. The book has been so organized that it gives comprehensive coverage of basic concepts and applications of the laws of thermodynamics in the initial chapters, while the later chapters focus at length on important areas of study falling under the realm of chemical thermodynamics. The reader is thus introduced to a thorough analysis of the fundamental laws of thermodynamics as well as their applications to practical situations. This is followed by a detailed discussion on relationships among thermodynamic properties and an exhaustive treatment on the thermodynamic properties of solutions. The role of phase equilibrium thermodynamics in design, analysis, and operation of chemical separation methods is also deftly dealt with. Finally, the chemical reaction equilibria are skillfully explained. Besides numerous illustrations, the book contains over 200 worked examples, over 400 exercise problems (all with answers) and several objective-type questions, which enable students to gain an in-depth understanding of the concepts and theory discussed. The book will also be a useful text for students pursuing courses in chemical engineering-related branches such as polymer engineering, petroleum engineering, and safety and environmental engineering. New to This Edition • More Example Problems and Exercise Questions in each chapter • Updated section on Vapour–Liquid Equilibrium in Chapter 8 to highlight the significance of equations of state approach • GATE Questions up to 2012 with answers

Atoms  Mechanics  and Probability Book

Atoms Mechanics and Probability


  • Author : Olivier Darrigol
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-02-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN 10 : 9780192548344

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Atoms Mechanics and Probability Excerpt :

One of the pillars of modern science, statistical mechanics, owes much to one man, the Austrian physicist Ludwig Boltzmann (1844-1906). As a result of his unusual working and writing styles, his enormous contribution remains little read and poorly understood. The purpose of this book is to make the Boltzmann corpus more accessible to physicists, philosophers, and historians, and so give it new life. The means are introductory biographical and historical materials, detailed and lucid summaries of every relevant publication, and a final chapter of critical synthesis. Special attention is given to Boltzmann's theoretical tool-box and to his patient construction of lofty formal systems even before their full conceptual import could be known. This constructive tendency largely accounts for his lengthy style, for the abundance of new constructions, for the relative vagueness of their object—and for the puzzlement of commentators. This book will help the reader cross the stylistic barrier and see how ingeniously Boltzmann combined atoms, mechanics, and probability to invent new bridges between the micro- and macro-worlds.

The Law of Mass Action Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

The Law of Mass Action


  • Author : Andrei B. Koudriavtsev
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-06-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642567704

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The Law of Mass Action Excerpt :

'Why are atoms so small?' asks 'naive physicist' in Erwin Schrodinger's book 'What is Life? The Physical Aspect of the Living Cell'. 'The question is wrong' answers the author, 'the actual problem is why we are built of such an enormous number of these particles'. The idea that everything is built of atoms is quite an old one. It seems that l Democritus himself borrowed it from some obscure Phoenician source . The arguments for the existence of small indivisible units of matter were quite simple. 2 According to Lucretius observable matter would disappear by 'wear and tear' (the world exists for a sufficiently long, if not infinitely long time) unless there are some units which cannot be further split into parts. th However, in the middle of the 19 century any reference to the atomic structure of matter was considered among European physicists as a sign of extremely bad taste and provinciality. The hypothesis of the ancient Greeks (for Lucretius had translated Epicurean philosophy into Latin hexameters) was at that time seen as bringing nothing positive to exact science. The properties of gaseous, liquid and solid bodies, as well as the behaviour of heat and energy, were successfully described by the rapidly developing science of thermodynamics.

A History of Thermodynamics Book
Score: 4
From 1 Ratings

A History of Thermodynamics


  • Author : Ingo Müller
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-07-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540462279

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A History of Thermodynamics Excerpt :

This book offers an easy to read, all-embracing history of thermodynamics. It describes the long development of thermodynamics, from the misunderstood and misinterpreted to the conceptually simple and extremely useful theory that we know today. Coverage identifies not only the famous physicists who developed the field, but also engineers and scientists from other disciplines who helped in the development and spread of thermodynamics as well.

Feynman Lectures On Computation Book
Score: 4
From 2 Ratings

Feynman Lectures On Computation


  • Author : Richard P. Feynman
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2018-07-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429980077

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Feynman Lectures On Computation Excerpt :

When, in 1984?86, Richard P. Feynman gave his famous course on computation at the California Institute of Technology, he asked Tony Hey to adapt his lecture notes into a book. Although led by Feynman, the course also featured, as occasional guest speakers, some of the most brilliant men in science at that time, including Marvin Minsky, Charles Bennett, and John Hopfield. Although the lectures are now thirteen years old, most of the material is timeless and presents a ?Feynmanesque? overview of many standard and some not-so-standard topics in computer science such as reversible logic gates and quantum computers.

Intermolecular and Surface Forces Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Intermolecular and Surface Forces


  • Author : Jacob N. Israelachvili
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-05-29
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 710
  • ISBN 10 : 0080923631

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Intermolecular and Surface Forces Excerpt :

This reference describes the role of various intermolecular and interparticle forces in determining the properties of simple systems such as gases, liquids and solids, with a special focus on more complex colloidal, polymeric and biological systems. The book provides a thorough foundation in theories and concepts of intermolecular forces, allowing researchers and students to recognize which forces are important in any particular system, as well as how to control these forces. This third edition is expanded into three sections and contains five new chapters over the previous edition. · starts from the basics and builds up to more complex systems · covers all aspects of intermolecular and interparticle forces both at the fundamental and applied levels · multidisciplinary approach: bringing together and unifying phenomena from different fields · This new edition has an expanded Part III and new chapters on non-equilibrium (dynamic) interactions, and tribology (friction forces)

Reductionism  Emergence and Levels of Reality Book

Reductionism Emergence and Levels of Reality


  • Author : Sergio Chibbaro
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-05-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 154
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319063614

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Reductionism Emergence and Levels of Reality Excerpt :

Scientists have always attempted to explain the world in terms of a few unifying principles. In the fifth century B.C. Democritus boldly claimed that reality is simply a collection of indivisible and eternal parts or atoms. Over the centuries his doctrine has remained a landmark, and much progress in physics is due to its distinction between subjective perception and objective reality. This book discusses theory reduction in physics, which states that the whole is nothing more than the sum of its parts: the properties of things are directly determined by their constituent parts. Reductionism deals with the relation between different theories that address different levels of reality, and uses extrapolations to apply that relation in different sciences. Reality shows a complex structure of connections, and the dream of a unified interpretation of all phenomena in several simple laws continues to attract anyone with genuine philosophical and scientific interests. If the most radical reductionist point of view is correct, the relationship between disciplines is strictly inclusive: chemistry becomes physics, biology becomes chemistry, and so on. Eventually, only one science, indeed just a single theory, would survive, with all others merging in the Theory of Everything. Is the current coexistence of different sciences a mere historical venture which will end when the Theory of Everything has been established? Can there be a unified description of nature? Rather than an analysis of full reductionism, this book focuses on aspects of theory reduction in physics and stimulates reflection on related questions: is there any evidence of actual reduction? Are the examples used in the philosophy of science too simplistic? What has been endangered by the search for (the) ultimate truth? Has the dream of reductionist reason created any monsters? Is big science one such monster? What is the point of embedding science Y within science X, if predictions cannot be made on that basis?

Physical Chemistry in Depth Book

Physical Chemistry in Depth


  • Author : Johannes Karl Fink
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2009-09-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 588
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642010149

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Physical Chemistry in Depth Excerpt :

"Physical Chemistry in Depth" is not a stand-alone text, but complements the text of any standard textbook on "Physical Chemistry" into depth having in mind to provide profound understanding of some of the topics presented in these textbooks. Standard textbooks in Physical Chemistry start with thermodynamics, deal with kinetics, structure of matter, etc. The "Physical Chemistry in Depth" follows this adjustment, but adds chapters that are treated traditionally in ordinary textbooks inadequately, e.g., general scaling laws, the graphlike structure of matter, and cross connections between the individual disciplines of Physical Chemistry. Admittedly, the text is loaded with some mathematics, which is a prerequisite to thoroughly understand the topics presented here. However, the mathematics needed is explained at a really low level so that no additional mathematical textbook is needed.

Computational Thermodynamics of Materials Book

Computational Thermodynamics of Materials


  • Author : Zi-Kui Liu
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2016-06-30
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 261
  • ISBN 10 : 9780521198967

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Computational Thermodynamics of Materials Excerpt :

Integrates fundamental concepts with experimental data and practical applications, including worked examples and end-of-chapter problems.

Encyclopedia of Polymer Blends  Volume 3 Book

Encyclopedia of Polymer Blends Volume 3


  • Author : Avraam I. Isayev
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-06-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527653997

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Encyclopedia of Polymer Blends Volume 3 Excerpt :

A complete and timely overview of the topic, this Encyclopedia imparts knowledge of fundamental principles and their applications for academicians, scientists and researchers, while informing engineers, industrialists and entrepreneurs of the current state of the technology and its utilization. The most comprehensive source on polymer blends available on the market Offers a complete and timely overview of the topic Each article presents up to date research & development on a topic and its basic principles and applications, integrates case studies, laboratory and pilot plant experiments, and gives due reference to published and patented literature Equips academics, scientists and researchers with knowledge of fundamentals principles and their applications, and informs the engineers, industrialists and entrepreneurs about the state of the art technology and its applications

From Microphysics to Macrophysics Book

From Microphysics to Macrophysics


  • Author : Roger Balian
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-06-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 607
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540454809

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From Microphysics to Macrophysics Excerpt :

This popular, often cited text returns in a softcover edition to provide a thorough introduction to statistical physics and thermodynamics, and to exhibit the universal chain of ideas leading from the laws of microphysics to the macroscopic behaviour of matter. A wide range of applications illustrates the concepts, and many exercises reinforce understanding. Volume II applies statistical methods to systems governed by quantum effects, in particular to solid state physics, explaining properties due to the crystal structure or to the lattice excitations or to the electrons. The last chapters are devoted to non-equilibrium processes and to kinetic equations, with many applications included.