Global Imbalances  Financial Crises  and Central Bank Policies Book

Global Imbalances Financial Crises and Central Bank Policies


  • Author : Andreas Steiner
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-08-11
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 196
  • ISBN 10 : 0128104023

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Global Imbalances Financial Crises and Central Bank Policies Excerpt :

Global Imbalances, Financial Crises, and Central Bank Policies assesses the relationships between global imbalances, financial crises, and central bank policies, with a specific focus on their reserves. The book contains a strictly international perspective with an analysis based on empirical research that enables the reader to develop an analytical model that emphasizes interactions among individual central banks. With this innovative approach, the book develops a new method for defining an optimal demand for reserves. In addition, the book describes implications for financial reforms that might ultimately be more important than its empirical findings. Presents a systematic account of the relationship between the build-up of reserves and central bank policies Emphasizes a global view of currency reserves, which is usually ignored in analyses of their effect Includes datasets as well as all illustrations and figures in online ancillary materials

Global Imbalances  Financial Crises  and Central Bank Policies Book

Global Imbalances Financial Crises and Central Bank Policies


  • Author : Andreas Steiner
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2016-07-25
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128104033

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Global Imbalances Financial Crises and Central Bank Policies Excerpt :

Global Imbalances, Financial Crises, and Central Bank Policies assesses the relationships between global imbalances, financial crises, and central bank policies, with a specific focus on their reserves. The book contains a strictly international perspective with an analysis based on empirical research that enables the reader to develop an analytical model that emphasizes interactions among individual central banks. With this innovative approach, the book develops a new method for defining an optimal demand for reserves. In addition, the book describes implications for financial reforms that might ultimately be more important than its empirical findings. Presents a systematic account of the relationship between the build-up of reserves and central bank policies Emphasizes a global view of currency reserves, which is usually ignored in analyses of their effect Includes datasets as well as all illustrations and figures in online ancillary materials

No Way Out  Book

No Way Out


  • Author : Vincent R. Reinhart
  • Publisher : AEI Press
  • Release Date : 2013-02-21
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN 10 : 9780844743608

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No Way Out Excerpt :

In No Way Out?, Vincent R. Reinhart and his coauthors provide a concise narrative of the financial crisis, the mismatched market incentives and government policies that precipitated it, and the likelihood of its recurrence. This volume is an indispensable resource for policymakers and financial leaders and a timely reminder that until we understand the history of government intervention in the marketplace, we are doomed to repeat failed policies.

Monetary Policy Strategy in a Global Environment Book

Monetary Policy Strategy in a Global Environment


  • Author : Philippe Moutot
  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre: Globalization
  • Pages : 42
  • ISBN 10 : 9781437923650

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Monetary Policy Strategy in a Global Environment Excerpt :

Since the mid-1980s the world economy has gone through profound transformations of which the sources and effects are probably not yet completely understood. The process of continuous integration in trade, production and financial markets across countries and economic regions ¿- which is what is generally defined as ¿globalisation¿ ¿- affects directly the conduct of monetary policy in a variety of respects. The aim of this paper is to present an overview of the structural implications of globalization for the domestic economies of developed countries and to deduct from these implications lessons for the conduct of monetary policy, and in particular the assessment of risks to price stability. Charts and tables.

Managing Complexity Book

Managing Complexity


  • Author : Tanim Bayoumi
  • Publisher : Brookings Institution Press
  • Release Date : 2016-01-05
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 291
  • ISBN 10 : 9780815727163

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Managing Complexity Excerpt :

A critical look at the challenges facing international policy cooperation in the new postcrisis environment. The global financial crisis of 2007–09 highlighted the economic interdependencies between all major countries, raising the issues of international cooperation. Managing Complexity: Economic Policy Cooperation after the Crisis looks at how, following the global financial crisis, countries have changed the way they cooperate with each other on matters of economic policy. In this volume, the result of a joint research project of Chatham House and the International Monetary Fund, researchers and policymakers who were directly involved in the crisis take a critical look at the challenges facing international policy cooperation in the new postcrisis environment and at how the theory and practice of cooperation have evolved as a result of the crisis.

Central Banks as Economic Institutions Book

Central Banks as Economic Institutions


  • Author : Jean-Philippe Touffut
  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release Date : 2008-01-01
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN 10 : 9781848445185

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Central Banks as Economic Institutions Excerpt :

Theories and practices in central banking and monetary policy have changed radically over recent decades with independence and inflation targeting as the new keywords. This book offers interesting perspectives on the drivers of this development and its implication. It addresses contemporary questions on accountability, transparency and objectives for monetary policy as well as current policy problems related to globalization and financial imbalances. The book is topical, insightful and well written a must for everybody with an interest in central banking and monetary policy. Torben M. Andersen, University of Aarhus, Denmark The number of central banks in the world is approaching 180, a tenfold increase since the beginning of the twentieth century. What lies behind the spread of this economic institution? What underlying process has brought central banks to hold such a key role in economic life today? This book examines from a transatlantic perspective how the central bank has become the bank of banks. Thirteen distinguished economists and central bankers have been brought together to evaluate how central banks work, arrive at their policies, choose their instruments and gauge their success in managing economies, both in times of crisis and periods of growth. Central banks have gained greater independence from government control over the last 20 years. This widespread trend throws up new questions regarding the foundations, prerogatives and future of this economic institution. This book provides a better understanding of the current financial crisis through the in-depth study of the central bank. Researchers in the fields of monetary theory, monetary policy and central banking will find this volume of great interest. It will also appeal to students of economics, political economy, banking and finance, as well as economists, academics, and public policy advisers and analysts.

Global Imbalances and the Financial Crisis Book
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Global Imbalances and the Financial Crisis


  • Author : Steven Vincent Dunaway
  • Publisher : Council on Foreign Relations
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 56
  • ISBN 10 : 9780876094280

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Global Imbalances and the Financial Crisis Excerpt :

Crafting stimulus packages and financial bailouts to address immediate problems has for many reasons been a priority for policymakers. In this Council Special Report, however, Steven Dunaway argues that policymakers must go beyond these steps and tackle one of the root causes of today's crisis: imbalances between savings and investment in major countries. The report analyzes the nature of these imbalances, which occur when some countries, such as the United States, run large current account (essentially trade) deficits while others, such as China, maintain large surpluses. Dunaway identifies three features of the international financial system that have allowed the imbalances to persist, features that involve both floating and managed exchange rates as well as the issuance of reserve assets. In particular, he notes that the United States' status as an issuer of such assets has enabled it to finance a current account deficit. The report then prescribes a variety of steps to address global imbalances. Beyond stimulus packages around the world, it urges measures to raise savings (principally government savings) in the United States, reform labor and product markets in Europe and Japan to increase competition and flexibility, and boost domestic consumption in China. Finally, the report advocates improving International Monetary Fund (IMF) surveillance of member states' economic policies by reducing the role of the Fund's executive board and depoliticizing the selection of its senior management.

Global Cooperation Among G20 Countries Book

Global Cooperation Among G20 Countries


  • Author : Michael Callaghan
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-12-09
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN 10 : 9788132216599

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Global Cooperation Among G20 Countries Excerpt :

At the outbreak of the global financial crisis, 2008, the G20 was widely acknowledged as helping prevent an even more serious decline in the global economy. It helped to calm the panic in financial markets and articulate a set of possible policy options to restore global stability and growth. However, as the dual-track recovery set in, policy options for advanced economies and EMEs diverged. Within this context, this book will explore the scope for cooperation amongst the G20 and the diverging challenges and the intricate interconnectedness of policy options between advanced economies and the EMEs within the G20.

Crisis and Reform Book

Crisis and Reform


  • Author : Rohinton P. Medhora
  • Publisher : McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
  • Release Date : 2016-10-17
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN 10 : 9781928096016

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Crisis and Reform Excerpt :

The financial crisis that erupted in 2008 severely affected the global economy, plunging most countries into a recession with aftershocks still being felt today. Canada was able to weather the crisis well in comparison to many euro-zone countries and the United States, but it did not escape unscathed. Two major themes are explored in this volume: Canada’s role in the international financial system and the Canadian policy response to the global financial crisis. These themes are examined in light of the shift from the classical gold standard to Bretton Woods to the “non-system” of late, the finance-trade crossover agenda, the changing role of central banks, the European Monetary Union, developing countries and a post-financial crisis global political economy. What becomes clear in this volume is that Canada plays a powerful role, which belies its size, in the development of the financial system and its regulation at an international level. Crisis and Reform: Canada and the International Financial System — the 28th volume of the influential Canada Among Nations series — examines the global financial crisis through Canada’s historical and current role in the international financial system. Canada has been held up as a shining example of good governance during the financial crisis, and its prominent role within international financial institutions should grow as Canada continues as a leading player in the global financial system.

The Global Financial Cycle  Monetary Policies and Macroprudential Regulations in Small  Open Economies Book

The Global Financial Cycle Monetary Policies and Macroprudential Regulations in Small Open Economies


  • Author : Gregory H Bauer
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2016
  • Genre: Monetary policy
  • Pages : 31
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:958271183

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The Global Financial Cycle Monetary Policies and Macroprudential Regulations in Small Open Economies Excerpt :

This paper analyzes the implications of the global financial cycle for conventional and unconventional monetary policies and macroprudential policy in small, open economies such as Canada. The paper starts by summarizing recent work on financial cycles and their growing correlation across borders. The resulting global financial cycle may be followed by a financial crisis that is quite costly. The cycle causes time variation in global risk premia in fixed income, equity and foreign exchange markets. In turn, time-varying global risk premia affect the transmission mechanisms of both conventional and unconventional monetary policies in small, open economies. While there are large costs associated with financial crises, the paper summarizes new work showing that the central banks' leaning against the effects of the global financial cycle would typically be too costly. The paper concludes with some suggestions for the formation of macroprudential policies that are designed to offset the financial imbalances that grow during the boom phase of the cycle.

The World Economy after the Global Crisis Book

The World Economy after the Global Crisis


  • Author : Barry Eichengreen
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2012-04-26
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN 10 : 9789814452205

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The World Economy after the Global Crisis Excerpt :

List of contributors The global credit crisis of 2008–2009 was the most serious shock to the world economy in fully 80 years. It was for the world as a whole what the Asian crisis of 1997–1998 was for emerging markets: a profoundly alarming wake-up call. By laying bare the fragility of global markets, it raised troubling questions about the operation of our deeply integrated world economy. It cast doubt on the efficacy of the dominant mode of light-touch financial regulation and more generally on the efficacy of the prevailing commitment to economic and financial liberalization. It challenged the managerial capacity of inherited institutions of global governance. And it augured a changing of the guard, pointing to the possibility that the economies that had been the leaders in the “global growth stakes” in the past might no longer be the leaders in the future. What the crisis means for reform, however, is still unclear. This book brings together leading scholars and policy analysts to describe and weigh the options. Successive chapters assess options for the global financial system, the global trading system, the international monetary system, and the Group of 20 and global governance. A final set of chapters contemplates the policy challenges for emerging markets and the advanced economies in the wake of the financial crisis. Contents:IntroductionFinancial Reform after the CrisisDid WTO Rules Restrain Protectionism During the Recent Systemic Crisis?The International Monetary System after the Financial CrisisThe Group of 20: Trials of Global Governance in Times of CrisisEmerging Markets in the Aftermath of the Global Financial CrisisChallenges for Emerging AsiaLong-Term Challenges for the Advanced Economies: Reducing Government Debt Readership: Students and researchers in the fields of international economics, macroeconomics, finance and development. Keywords:World Economy;Financial Crisis;Global Trading System;Global Financial System;International Monetary

Exorbitant Privilege Book

Exorbitant Privilege


  • Author : Barry Eichengreen
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2011-01-07
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN 10 : 0199779619

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Exorbitant Privilege Excerpt :

For more than half a century, the U.S. dollar has been not just America's currency but the world's. It is used globally by importers, exporters, investors, governments and central banks alike. Nearly three-quarters of all $100 bills circulate outside the United States. The dollar holdings of the Chinese government alone come to more than $1,000 per Chinese resident. This dependence on dollars, by banks, corporations and governments around the world, is a source of strength for the United States. It is, as a critic of U.S. policies once put it, America's "exorbitant privilege." However, recent events have raised concerns that this soon may be a privilege lost. Among these have been the effects of the financial crisis and the Great Recession: high unemployment, record federal deficits, and financial distress. In addition there is the rise of challengers like the euro and China's renminbi. Some say that the dollar may soon cease to be the world's standard currency--which would depress American living standards and weaken the country's international influence. In Exorbitant Privilege, one of our foremost economists, Barry Eichengreen, traces the rise of the dollar to international prominence over the course of the 20th century. He shows how the greenback dominated internationally in the second half of the century for the same reasons--and in the same way--that the United States dominated the global economy. But now, with the rise of China, India, Brazil and other emerging economies, America no longer towers over the global economy. It follows, Eichengreen argues, that the dollar will not be as dominant. But this does not mean that the coming changes will necessarily be sudden and dire--or that the dollar is doomed to lose its international status. Challenging the presumption that there is room for only one true global currency--either the dollar or something else--Eichengreen shows that several currencies have shared this international role over long periods. What was t

Global Imbalances and Financial Capitalism Book

Global Imbalances and Financial Capitalism


  • Author : Jacques Mazier
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2020-05-07
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 267
  • ISBN 10 : 9780429795077

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Global Imbalances and Financial Capitalism Excerpt :

The past few decades have witnessed the emergence of economic imbalances at the world level and within the euro zone. The failure of mainstream economics to accurately predict financial crises, or model the effects of finance-led growth, highlights the need for alternative frameworks. A key text, Global Imbalances and Financial Capitalism: Stock-Flow-Consistent Modelling demonstrates that Stock-Flow-Consistent models are well adapted to study this growth regime due to their ability to analyse the real and financial sides of the economy in an integrated way. This approach is combined with an analysis of exchange rate misalignments using the Fundamental Equilibrium Exchange Rate (FEER) methodology, which serves to give a synthetic view of international imbalances. Together, these models describe how global and regional imbalances are created, as well as suggest appropriate tools through which they may be reduced. The book also considers alternative economic policies in the euro zone (international risk sharing, fiscal federalism, eurobonds, European investments, a multispeed euro zone) alongside alternative monetary policies. In particular, it examines the possibilities of using SDR (Special Drawing Rights) as a reserve asset to be issued to fight a global recession, to support the development of low-income countries, or as an anchor to improve global monetary stability. This text will be of interest to students, scholars, and researchers of economic theory and international monetary economics. It will also appeal to professional organisations who supervise international relations.

Global Imbalances and Petrodollars Book

Global Imbalances and Petrodollars


  • Author : Rabah Arezki
  • Publisher : International Monetary Fund
  • Release Date : 2009-04
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 28
  • ISBN 10 : IND:30000107253977

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Global Imbalances and Petrodollars Excerpt :

We analyze the European Central Bank's (ECB's) response to the global financial crisis. Our results suggest that even during the crisis, the core part of ECB's monetary policy transmission-from policy rates to market rates-has continued to operate, but at a decreased efficiency. We also find some evidence that the ECB's non-standard measures, namely the lengthening of the maturity of monetary policy operations and the provision of funds at the fixed rate, reduced money market term spreads, facilitating the pass-through from policy to market rates. Furthermore, the results imply that the substantial increase in the ECB's balance sheet may have contributed to a reduction in government bond term spreads.

Monetary Policy in Times of Crisis Book

Monetary Policy in Times of Crisis


  • Author : Massimo Rostagno
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2021
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 449
  • ISBN 10 : 9780192895912

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Monetary Policy in Times of Crisis Excerpt :

The first twenty years of the European Central Bank offer a unique insight into how a central bank can navigate macroeconomic insecurity and crisis. This volume examines the structures and decision-making processes behind the complex measures taken by the ECB to tackle some of the toughest economic challenges in the history of modern Europe.