GPCRs Book

GPCRs


  • Author : Beata Jastrzebska
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-09-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128167281

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GPCRs Excerpt :

GPCRS: Structure, Function, and Drug Discovery provides a comprehensive overview of recent discoveries and our current understanding of GPCR structure, signaling, physiology, pharmacology and methods of study. In addition to the fundamental aspects of GPCR function and dynamics, international experts discuss crystal structures, GPCR complexes with partner proteins, GPCR allosteric modulation, biased signaling through protein partners, deorphanization of GPCRs, and novel GPCR-targeting ligands that could lead to the development of new therapeutics against human diseases. GPCR association with, and possible therapeutic pathways for, retinal degenerative diseases, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, cancer and diabetic nephropathy, among other illnesses, are examined in-depth. Addresses our current understanding and novel advances in the GPCR field, directing readers towards recent finding of key significance for translational medicine Combines a thorough discussion of structure and function of GPCRs with disease association and drug discovery Features chapter contributions from international experts in GPCR structure, signaling, physiology and pharmacology

G Protein Coupled Receptors Book

G Protein Coupled Receptors


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-01-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 332
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128151082

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G Protein Coupled Receptors Excerpt :

G-Protein-Coupled Receptors, Part B, 2nd Edition, Volume 149, the latest release in the Methods in Cell Biology series, continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. This volume covers Optical Approaches for Visualization of Arrestin Binding to Muscarinic Receptors, Luciferase Reporter Assay for Unlocking Ligand-mediated Signaling of GPCRs, Assays to Measure GPCR Dependent Cellular Migration, Characterization of the Frizzled GPCRs, Binding Assays for Bradykinin and Angiotensin Receptors, Detection of Misfolded Rhodopsin Aggregates in Cells, Measuring GPCR Ubiquitination and Trafficking, Culture of Primary Neurons and its Use in Studying GPCR Trafficking, and much more. Covers the increasingly appreciated cell biology field of G-protein-coupled receptors Includes both established and new technologies Contributed by experts in the field

Modelling of GPCRs Book

Modelling of GPCRs


  • Author : Andrea Strasser
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-08-13
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400745964

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Modelling of GPCRs Excerpt :

G protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) comprise an important protein family, which is involved in signal transduction in the cell. Besides that a large number of drugs, available on market, address GPCRs. For an efficient and improved development of appropriate drugs, molecular modelling of GPCRs is – in order to understand the ligand-receptor interactions and functionality of GPCRs on molecular level - an important tool. The book “Modelling of GPCRs – a practical handbook” is focussed onto a practical introduction into molecular modelling of GPCRs. This book is very useful for beginners in GPCR modelling, but also addresses the advanced GPCR modeller: On the one hand, the book introduces principles of GPCR modelling, including extensive examples. On the other hand, detailed outlooks onto advanced GPCR modelling techniques are presented. Furthermore, the book includes important data, like information about crystal structures in a summarized manner or amino acid sequences, which are essential for GPCR modelling in general. Due to an increase in efficacy and data handling most modellers use LINUX as operating system. To address this, a summary of most important LINUX commands with examples is presented within the book.

Neuropeptide GPCRs in neuroendocrinology Book

Neuropeptide GPCRs in neuroendocrinology


  • Author : Jae Young Seong
  • Publisher : Frontiers E-books
  • Release Date : 2014-11-07
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889192670

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Neuropeptide GPCRs in neuroendocrinology Excerpt :

The human genome encompasses ˜ 860 G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) including 374 non-chemosensory GPCRs. Half of these latter GPCRs recognize (neuro)peptides as natural ligands. GPCRs thus play a pivotal role in neuroendocrine communication. In particular, GPCRs are involved in the neuroendocrine control of feeding behavior, reproduction, growth, hydromineral homeostasis and stress response. GPCRs are also major drug targets and hence possess a strong potential for the development of innovative pharmaceuticals. The aim of this Research Topic was to assemble a series of review articles and original research papers on neuropeptide GPCRs and their ligands that would illustrate the different facets of the studies currently conducted in this domain.

GPCR Signaling in Cancer Book

GPCR Signaling in Cancer


  • Author : Arun K. Shukla
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-02
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128202302

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GPCR Signaling in Cancer Excerpt :

GPCR Signaling in Cancer, Volume 145, the latest release in the Advances in Cancer Research series, highlights recent developments in the area of GPCRs and cancer biology. Chapters included in this volume cover several GPCRs and their downstream effectors as case examples to highlight their fundamental understanding and therapeutic potential. Specific chapters address the Role of GRKs and beta-arrestins in cancer, Atypical GPCRs in cancer, the Role of a chemokine receptor (CCR) 5 in cancer, Targeting G protein-coupled receptors for therapeutics in cancer, Emerging GPCR signaling pathways in cancer, and more. G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) constitute a large family of cell surface receptors which are involved in nearly every cellular and physiological event. These receptors can recognize a broad array of ligands and they are targeted by nearly one third of the currently prescribed drugs including anti-cancer therapeutics.

Adhesion   GPCRs Book

Adhesion GPCRs


  • Author : Simon Yona
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-06-26
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 199
  • ISBN 10 : 9781441979131

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Adhesion GPCRs Excerpt :

Upon completion of the human genome project over 800 G protein-coupled receptor 1 (GPCR) genes, subdivided into five categories, were identified. These receptors sense a diverse array of stimuli, including peptides, ions, lipid analogues, light and odour, in a discriminating fashion. Subsequently, they transduce a signal from the ligand–receptor complex into numerous cellular responses. The importance of GPCRs is further reflected in the fact that they constitute the most common target for therapeutic drugs across a 2 wide range of human disorders. Phylogenetic analysis of GPCRs produced the GRAFS classification system, which subdivides GPCRs into five discrete families: glutamate, rhodopsin, adhesion, frizzled/taste2 and secretin receptors. The adhesion-GPCR family 2 can be further subdivided into eight groups. The field of adhesion-GPCR biology has indeed become large enough to require a volume dedicated solely to this field. The contributors to this book have made a courageous effort to address the key concepts of adhesion-GPCR biology, including the evolution and biochemistry of adhesion-GPCRs; there are extensive discussions on the functional nature of these receptors during development, the immune response and tumourgenesis. Finally, there are chapters dedicated to adhesion-GPCR signalling, an area of intense investigation.

The Physiology and Pharmacology of Leucine rich Repeat GPCRs Book

The Physiology and Pharmacology of Leucine rich Repeat GPCRs


  • Author : Brian J. Arey
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2016-08-05
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889199587

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The Physiology and Pharmacology of Leucine rich Repeat GPCRs Excerpt :

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) represent a large and physiologically important class of cell surface receptors. There are approximately 750 known GPCRs present in the human genome that can be subdivided into general classes based upon sequence homology within their transmembrane domains. Therapeutically, GPCRs represent a fertile source for the development of therapies as they are a significant percentage of our current pharmacopeia. Among the three subclasses of GPCRs, the Class A (rhodopsin-like) receptors are by far the most prevalent and extensively studied. However, within the Class A receptors, sub-families of receptors can be distinguished based upon common sequence motifs within the transmembrane domains as well as extracellular and intracellular domains. One such family of Class A receptors is characterized by multiple leucine- rich repeats within their amino- terminal domains (the Leucine-rich Repeat family (LRR)). This family of GPCRs are best represented by the glycoprotein hormone receptors (LHR, FSHR and TSHR) which have been studied extensively but also includes receptors for the peptide hormone relaxin (RXFP1 and RXFP2 (RXFP2 also binds insulin-like peptide 3)) and three other receptors (LGR4, LGR5 and LGR6). LGR4-6 were, until recently, considered orphan receptors. However, emerging data have revealed that these proteins are the receptors for a family of growth factors called R-spondins. Over the last 20 years much has been learned about LRR receptors, including the development of synthetic agonists and antagonists, new insights into signaling (including signaling bias) and the physiological role these receptors play in regulating the function of many tissues. This topic will focus on what is known concerning the regulation of these receptors, their signaling pathways, functional consequences of activation and pharmacology.

Ligand Design for G Protein coupled Receptors  Volume 30 Book

Ligand Design for G Protein coupled Receptors Volume 30


  • Author : Didier Rognan
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2006-03-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN 10 : 3527312846

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Ligand Design for G Protein coupled Receptors Volume 30 Excerpt :

1. G protein-coupled receptors in the human genome -- 2. Why G protein-coupled receptors databases are needed -- 3. A novel drug screening assay for G protein-coupled receptors -- 4. Importance of GPCR dimerization for function : the case of the class C GPCRs -- 5. Molecular mechanisms of GPCR activation -- 6. Allosteric properties and regulation of G protein-coupled receptors -- 7. Chemogenomics approaches to ligand design -- 8. Strategies for the design of pGPCR-targeted libraries -- 9. Ligand-based rational design : virtual screening -- 10. 3-D structure of G protein-coupled receptors --11. 7TM models in structure-based drug design -- 12. Receptor-based rational design : virtual screening.

The G Protein Coupled Receptors Handbook Book

The G Protein Coupled Receptors Handbook


  • Author : Lakshmi A. Devi
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-03-01
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN 10 : 9781592599196

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The G Protein Coupled Receptors Handbook Excerpt :

A comprehensive survey of the many recent advances in the field of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR). The authors describe the current knowledge of GPCR receptor structure and function, the different mechanisms involved in the regulation of GPCR function, and the role of pharmacological chaperones in GPCR folding and maturation. They also present new findings about how GPCR dimerization/oligomerization modifies the properties of individual receptors and show how recent developments are leading to significant advances in drug discovery, such as the detection of ligands for orphan GPCRs. Also discussed are the most recent developments that could lead to new drug discoveries: the role of GPCRs in mediating pain, the development of receptor-type selective drugs based on the structural plasticity of receptor activation, and the identification of natural ligands of orphan GPCRs (deorphanization) as possible drug targets.

G Protein Coupled Receptors Book

G Protein Coupled Receptors


  • Author : Tatsuya Haga
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2005-08-04
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420038279

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G Protein Coupled Receptors Excerpt :

This book provides a broad base of knowledge of G-protein-coupled receptors. Useful at both the university and industrial levels, this book is of particular interest to those who are developing therapeutic approaches to diseases using drugs that influence receptor activation.

G Protein coupled Receptors Book

G Protein coupled Receptors


  • Author : Georges Vauquelin
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2008-03-11
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN 10 : 047051664X

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G Protein coupled Receptors Excerpt :

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are membrane proteins that transduce a vast array of extracellular signals into intracellular reactions ranging from cell-cell communication processes to physiological responses. They play an important role in a variety of diseases from cancer and diabetes, to neurodegenerative, inflammatory and respiratory disorders. GPCRs are therefore of utmost interest in drug development: over half of all prescription drugs currently on the market act by targeting these receptors directly or indirectly. G Protein-coupled Receptors: Molecular Pharmacology provides a clear summary of the current knowledge in this fast-evolving field. The book sets out with an introduction to signalling molecules and their receptors, and an overview of the technical approaches used to investigate these interactions. Structural, functional and especially pharmacological aspects of GPCRs are then discussed in more detail and much attention is devoted to the analysis and interpretation of experimental data. The now widespread use of recombinant cell lies, receptor mutants and related artifices in drug research is critically evaluated. Special attention is also devoted to topical but often poorly understood concepts, such as insurmountable antagonism, inverse agonism and allosteric interactions. By combining general information with the major state-of-the-art concepts in GPCR-research, this outstanding book equips the reader with the necessary background for understanding and critically evaluating the current literature. Written by two experts from academia and industry, G Protein-coupled Receptors: Molecular Pharmacology offers a unique view of academic and applied approaches aiming to reveal new ideas in pharmaceutical research. The book is of interest to anyone involved in drug development and preclinical research and those who need to function within multi-disciplinary teams in the pharmaceutical industry: from investigators to product managers or clinicians who

G Protein Coupled Receptors Book

G Protein Coupled Receptors


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-02-26
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 502
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128036129

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G Protein Coupled Receptors Excerpt :

G-Protein-Coupled Receptors: Signaling, Trafficking, and Regulation, a new volume in the Methods in Cell Biology series continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. This volume covers research methods in G-Protein-Coupled Receptors, and includes sections on such topics signaling, trafficking and regulation. Covers the increasingly appreciated cell biology field of G-protein-coupled receptors Includes both established and new technologies Contributed by experts in the field Covers topics such as signaling, trafficking, and regulation

Identification and Expression of G Protein Coupled Receptors Book

Identification and Expression of G Protein Coupled Receptors


  • Author : Kevin R. Lynch
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 1999-05-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 246
  • ISBN 10 : 047119493X

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Identification and Expression of G Protein Coupled Receptors Excerpt :

The past decade has seen tremendous advances in the study of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), including the molecular cloning and identification of more than 100 hundred GPCR genes. But while GPCRs serve as targets for more than 300 medicines in the modern pharmacopoeia, the shrinking pool of known ligands and the continuing discovery of orphan GPCR genes have underscored the need for new approaches to ligand identification. Identification and Expression of G Protein-Coupled Receptors addresses this new direction in GPCR biochemistry-offering a definitive laboratory bench manual that emphasizes expression over primary cloning strategies. In a series of expert contributions by well-known researchers, this book provides detailed protocols for various expression systems-from bacteria to mammalian cells-as well as straightforward opinions on the advantages and shortcomings of each approach. Topics covered include: * Homology screening and the polymerase chain reaction in the cloning of GPCR genes * Cloning of GPCRs using mammalian cell expression * GPCR informatics and the orphan problem * The use of Xenopus laevis oocytes for the study of GPCRs * Stable expression of GPCRs in mammalian cells * Heterologous expression in primary cell cultures * Expression of GPCR in Escherichia coli * Large scale expression and purification of GPCRs in mammalian cells * High-level expression of GPCRs in the Baculovirus/Sf9 cell expression system * Expression of GPCRs in Drosophila Schneider 2 cells * Methods for genetic analysis and ligand identification using heterologous GPCRs expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae Supplemented with numerous photographs and illustrations, Identification and Expression of G Protein-Coupled Receptors is important reading for biochemists, pharmacologists, neuroscientists, structural biologists, and anyone involved in GPCR-based research. It delivers a wealth of useful advice, practical tips, and invaluable insight into trends at the cutting-edge of cu

G Protein Coupled Receptors in Drug Discovery Book

G Protein Coupled Receptors in Drug Discovery


  • Author : Kenneth H. Lundstrom
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2005-07-11
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420028218

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G Protein Coupled Receptors in Drug Discovery Excerpt :

The broad range of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) encompasses all areas of modern medicine and have an enormous impact on the process of drug development. Using disease-oriented methods to cover everything from screening to expression and crystallization, G Protein-Coupled Receptors in Drug Discovery describes the physiological roles of GPCRs