Grapevine Breeding Programs for the Wine Industry Book

Grapevine Breeding Programs for the Wine Industry

  • Author : Andrew G. Reynolds
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2015-04-20
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782420804

Grapevine Breeding Programs for the Wine Industry Excerpt :

Grapevine Breeding Programs for the Wine Industry: Traditional and Molecular Techniques summarizes recent trends in grapevine breeding, both in terms of research and practical programs. The first group of chapters covers the challenges faced by breeders and existing and emerging techniques used to combat them. Two further groups of chapters focus on grapevine breeding programs in different wine-producing countries around the world. With authoritative contributions from experts across the world’s winemaking regions, this book will be an essential reference for all those involved in viticulture and oeneology wanting to explore new methods, understand different approaches and refine existing practices. Covers challenges faced by breeders Highlights grapevine breeding programs in different wine-producing countries Contributions from experts across the world’s winemaking regions

Grapevine Viruses  Molecular Biology  Diagnostics and Management Book

Grapevine Viruses Molecular Biology Diagnostics and Management

  • Author : Baozhong Meng
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-07-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 698
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319577067

Grapevine Viruses Molecular Biology Diagnostics and Management Excerpt :

The domestication of grapes dates back five thousand years ago and has spread to nearly all continents. In recent years, grape acreage has increased dramatically in new regions, including the United States of America, Chile, Asia (China and India), and Turkey. A major limiting factor to the sustained production of premium grapes and wines is infections by viruses. The advent of powerful molecular and metagenomics technologies, such as molecular cloning and next generation sequencing, allowed the discovery of new viruses from grapes. To date, grapevine is susceptible to 64 viruses that belong to highly diverse taxonomic groups. The most damaging diseases include: (1) infectious degeneration; (2) leafroll disease complex; and (3) rugose wood complex. Recently, two new disease syndromes have been recognized: Syrah decline and red blotch. Losses due to fanleaf degeneration are estimated at $1 billion annually in France alone. Other diseases including leafroll, rugose wood, Syrah de cline and red blotch can result in total crop loss several years post-infection. This situation is further exacerbated by mixed infections with multiple viruses and other biotic as well as adverse abiotic environmental conditions, such as drought and winter damage, causing even greater destruction. The book builds upon the last handbook (written over twenty years ago) on the part of diagnostics and extensively expands its scope by inclusion of molecular biology aspects of select viruses that are widespread and economically most important. This includes most current information on the biology, transmission, genome replication, transcription, subcellular localization, as well as virus-host interactions. It also touches on several novel areas of scientific inquiry. It also contains suggested directions for future research in the field of grapevine virology.

Molecular Biology   Biotechnology of the Grapevine Book

Molecular Biology Biotechnology of the Grapevine

  • Author : Kalliopi Apostolos Roubelakis-Angelakis
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2001
  • Genre: Gardening
  • Pages : 474
  • ISBN 10 : 0792369491

Molecular Biology Biotechnology of the Grapevine Excerpt :

Grapevine is one of the major cultivated plant crops. As with most woody plant species, molecular biology and biotechnology have progressed at a slow pace, due to several obstacles which have had to be overcome. However, substantial progress has now been made and useful information has been accumulated in the literature; numerous genes have been characterized from grapevine and significant progress has been made in the molecular and non-molecular biotechnological applications. In an effort to collect and present the state of the art on grapevine molecular biology and biotechnology, 41 scientists from 12 countries worked jointly on the preparation of this book. It is intended as a reference book for viticulturists, graduate and undergraduate students, biotechnological companies, and any scientist who is interested in molecular biology and biotechnology of plants with emphasis on grapevine.

Grape Rootstocks and Related Species Book

Grape Rootstocks and Related Species

  • Author : Alireza Rahemi
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022-06-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 201
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030994075

Grape Rootstocks and Related Species Excerpt :

This book covers about 20 grape species that are vitally important in breeding programs and provide information on approximately 150 of the most familiar grape rootstocks in the world. Today, grape rootstocks play a fundamental role in resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses and adaptation of grapevine to different environmental conditions, a factor that has opened commercial grape growing up to regions that might otherwise be overlooked. Grape rootstocks can be used for adaptation to a variety of soil conditions, including soil texture, depth, nutrient availability, pH, salinity, lime content, water availability (drought), and water drainage. Rootstocks can also be used to shift scion cultivar; the timing of various key phenological events and indirectly affects vineyard design. There are around 1500 grape rootstocks developed in the world, of which around 50 are commonly used as commercial rootstock. North American species account for around 30 species, and two-third of them have already been used for rootstock breeding at one time or another. However, the most commonly available rootstocks are derived from just three American species (V. berlandieri, V. rupestris, and V. riparia). Therefore, the most common grape rootstocks have a narrow genetic base, and efforts to extend the gene pools for breeding programs by using the other species are of ongoing importance to the industry and scientific community.

Advances in Grape and Wine Biotechnology Book

Advances in Grape and Wine Biotechnology

  • Author : Antonio Morata
  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release Date : 2019-09-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN 10 : 9781789846126

Advances in Grape and Wine Biotechnology Excerpt :

Advances in Grape and Wine Biotechnology is a collection of fifteen chapters that addresses different issues related to the technological and biotechnological management of vineyards and winemaking. It focuses on recent advances in the field of viticulture with interesting topics such as the development of a microvine model for research purposes, the mechanisms of cultivar adaptation and evolution in a climate change scenario, and the consequences of vine water deficit on yield components. Other topics include the metabolic profiling of different Saccharomyces and non-Saccharomyces yeast species and their contribution in modulating the sensory quality of wines produced in warm regions, the use of new natural and sustainable fining agents, and available physical methods to reduce alcohol content. This volume will be of great interest to researchers and vine or wine professionals.

Wine Science Book

Wine Science

  • Author : Ronald S. Jackson
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-04-04
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1030
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128165379

Wine Science Excerpt :

Wine Science: Principles and Applications, Fifth Edition, delivers in-depth information and expertise in a single, science-focused volume, including all the complexities and nuances of creating a quality wine product. From variety, to the chemistry that transforms grape to fruit to wine, the book presents sections on the most important information regarding wine laws, authentication, the latest technology used in wine production, and expert-insights into the sensory appreciation of wine and its implications in health. This book is ideal for anyone seeking to understand the science that produces quality wines of every type. Presents thorough explanations of viticulture and winemaking principles from grape to taste bud Addresses historical developments in wine production, notably sparkling wines Provides techniques in grapevine breeding, notably CRISPR Compares production methods in a framework that provides insights into the advantages and disadvantages of each

Improving Sustainable Viticulture and Winemaking Practices Book

Improving Sustainable Viticulture and Winemaking Practices

  • Author : J. Miguel Costa
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2022-03-19
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323851671

Improving Sustainable Viticulture and Winemaking Practices Excerpt :

Improving Sustainable Practices in Viticulture and Enology provides an up-to-date view on the major issues concerning the sustainability of the wine supply chain. The book describes problems and solutions on the use of inputs (e.g., water, energy) and emphasizes the roles and limitations of implementing circularity in the sector. It identifies some of the most relevant metrics while pinpointing the most critical issues concerning the environmental impacts of wine’s supply chain (vineyards, wineries, trading). This is a novel reference to help the industry excel in production while improving current environmental practices. Professionals in industry, academics, environmentalists and anyone interested in gaining knowledge in sustainable solutions and practices in viticulture and wine production will find this resource indispensable. Suggests and discusses solutions to overcome challenges imposed by adverse climate conditions Presents innovative technologies that have an impact on the efficiency of resources and recycling Includes technological tools for more precise monitoring and management in the wine supply chain

Plant Breeding Reviews Book

Plant Breeding Reviews

  • Author : Irwin Goldman
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2019-10-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119616771

Plant Breeding Reviews Excerpt :

Contents 1. Maria Isabel Andrade: Sweetpotato Breeder, Technology Transfer Specialist, and Advocate 1 2. Development of Cold Climate Grapes in the Upper Midwestern U.S.: The Pioneering Work of Elmer Swenson 31 3. Candidate Genes to Extend Fleshy Fruit Shelf Life 61 4. Breeding Naked Barley for Food, Feed, and Malt 95 5. The Foundations, Continuing Evolution, and Outcomes from the Application of Intellectual Property Protection in Plant Breeding and Agriculture 121 6. The Use of Endosperm Genes for Sweet Corn Improvement: A review of developments in endosperm genes in sweet corn since the seminal publication in Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 1, by Charles Boyer and Jack Shannon (1984) 215 7. Gender and Farmer Preferences for Varietal Traits: Evidence and Issues for Crop Improvement 243 8. Domestication, Genetics, and Genomics of the American Cranberry 279 9. Images and Descriptions of Cucurbita maxima in Western Europe in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries 317

The Grape Genome Book

The Grape Genome

  • Author : Dario Cantu
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2019-11-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 367
  • ISBN 10 : 9783030186012

The Grape Genome Excerpt :

This book describes the current state of international grape genomics, with a focus on the latest findings, tools and strategies employed in genome sequencing and analysis, and genetic mapping of important agronomic traits. It also discusses how these are having a direct impact on outcomes for grape breeders and the international grape research community. While V. vinifera is a model species, it is not always appreciated that its cultivation usually requires the use of other Vitis species as rootstocks. The book discusses genetic diversity within the Vitis genus, the available genetic resources for breeding, and the available genomic resources for other Vitis species. Grapes (Vitis vinifera spp. vinifera) have been a source of food and wine since their domestication from their wild progenitor (Vitis vinifera ssp. sylvestris) around 8,000 years ago, and they are now the world’s most valuable horticultural crop. In addition to being economically important, V. vinifera is also a model organism for the study of perennial fruit crops for two reasons: Firstly, its ability to be transformed and micropropagated via somatic embryogenesis, and secondly its relatively small genome size of 500 Mb. The economic importance of grapes made V. vinifera an obvious early candidate for genomic sequencing, and accordingly, two draft genomes were reported in 2007. Remarkably, these were the first genomes of any fruiting crop to be sequenced and only the fourth for flowering plants. Although riddled with gaps and potentially omitting large regions of repetitive sequences, the two genomes have provided valuable insights into grape genomes. Cited in over 2,000 articles, the genome has served as a reference in more than 3,000 genome-wide transcriptional analyses. Further, recent advances in DNA sequencing and bioinformatics are enabling the assembly of reference-grade genome references for more grape genotypes revealing the exceptional extent of structural variation in the species.

Viticulture and Winemaking under Climate Change Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Viticulture and Winemaking under Climate Change

  • Author : Helder Fraga
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2019-12-19
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN 10 : 9783039219742

Viticulture and Winemaking under Climate Change Excerpt :

The importance of viticulture and the winemaking socio-economic sector is acknowledged worldwide. The most renowned winemaking regions show very specific environmental characteristics, where climate usually plays a central role. Considering the strong influence of weather and climatic factors on grapevine yields and berry quality attributes, climate change may indeed significantly impact this crop. Recent trends already point to a pronounced increase in growing season mean temperatures, as well as changes in precipitation regimes, which have been influencing wine typicity across some of the most renowned winemaking regions worldwide. Moreover, several climate scenarios give evidence of enhanced stress conditions for grapevine growth until the end of the century. Although grapevines have high resilience, the clear evidence for significant climate change in the upcoming decades urges adaptation and mitigation measures to be taken by sector stakeholders. To provide hints on the abovementioned issues, we have edited a Special Issue entitled “Viticulture and Winemaking under Climate Change”. Contributions from different fields were considered, including crop and climate modeling, and potential adaptation measures against these threats. The current Special Issue allows for the expansion of scientific knowledge in these particular fields of research, as well as providing a path for future research.

Managing Wine Quality Book

Managing Wine Quality

  • Author : Andrew G. Reynolds
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2021-12-17
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 886
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081020661

Managing Wine Quality Excerpt :

Managing Wine Quality, Volume 2: Oenology and Wine Quality, Second Edition, brings together authoritative contributions from experts across the world’s winemaking regions who cover yeasts, fermentation, enzymes, and stabilization, amongst other topics. A new chapter covers, in detail, extraction technologies and wine quality. Other sections cover the management of wine sensory quality, with new chapters covering the management of fortified wines, of Botrytized wines, and of wines produced from dried grapes. In addition, an updated section on insect taints in wine has been widened to cover all insects. With a focus on recent studies, advanced methods, and a look to future technologies, this fully updated edition is an essential reference for anyone involved in viticulture and oenology who wants to explore new methods, understand different approaches, and refine existing practices. Reviews our current understanding of yeast and fermentation management, as well as the effects of aging on wine quality Details alternatives to cork in bottle closing and the latest developments in the stabilization and clarification of wines Includes new chapters covering extraction technologies for wine quality and on managing the quality of a wide range of wine types, including fortified and Botryized wines Provides extensively expanded coverage of insect taints and their effects on wine quality

Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment Book

Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment

  • Author : Ivan Francisco Garcia Tejero
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-01-03
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128131657

Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment Excerpt :

Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment: Tools, Strategies and Challenges for Woody Crops explores the complex relationship between water scarcity and climate change, agricultural water-use efficiency, crop-water stress management and modeling water scarcity in woody crops. Understanding these cause- and effect relationships and identifying the most appropriate responses are critical for sustainable crop production. The book focuses on Mediterranean environments to explain how to determine the most appropriate strategy and implement an effective plan; however, core concepts are translational to other regions. Informative for those working in agricultural water management, irrigation and drainage, crop physiology and sustainable agriculture. Focuses on semi-arid crops including olive, vine, citrus, almonds, peach, nectarine, plum, subtropical fruits and others Explores crop physiological responses to drought at plant, cellular and/or molecular levels Presents tool options for assessing crop-water status and irrigation scheduling

Conservation and Utilization of Horticultural Genetic Resources Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Conservation and Utilization of Horticultural Genetic Resources

  • Author : P.E. Rajasekharan
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-06-25
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 680
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811336690

Conservation and Utilization of Horticultural Genetic Resources Excerpt :

The conservation of crop genetic resources is one of the important elements in efforts to sustainably increase agricultural production in low-income countries, and to guarantee long-term food security, especially for the low-income population groups in these countries. Horticultural crops, as high-value crops, have an important role to play in revitalizing rural economies and can add significantly to national economies. Moreover, horticulture provides more than twice the number of jobs compared to traditional cereal crop production, and the shifting of conventional agriculture towards high-value horticulture has increased employment opportunities in developing countries. To exploit this potential, researchers need a vast array of horticultural genetic resources and information on new traits. Horticultural crops, which are only a part of PGRFA (Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture), are characterized by a wide and varied range of species. In fact, there are five major horticultural crop groups: fruit and nut crops, vegetables, food legumes, roots and tubers, and lastly the ornamental and medicinal group. In this context, the present book provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of conservation and utilization of horticultural genetic resources, addressing contemporary approaches to conservation in connection with different technologies, including biotechnological approaches as practised in India and in some cases, globally. It includes a brief chapter on the unique nature of horticultural genetic resources, providing a rationale for viewing them as being distinct from field crop genetic resources. Subsequent chapters share insights on protocols for the conservation of selected horticultural crops ex situ, and focus on the increased need to complement these efforts with in situ conservation approaches. Geospatial tools are also briefly described, emphasizing their utility with regard to mapping and managing resources. The book also explores t

North American Crop Wild Relatives  Volume 1 Book

North American Crop Wild Relatives Volume 1

  • Author : Stephanie L. Greene
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-12-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319951010

North American Crop Wild Relatives Volume 1 Excerpt :

The plant species that humans rely upon have an extended family of wild counterparts that are an important source of genetic diversity used to breed productive crops. These wild and weedy cousins are valuable as a resource for adapting our food, forage, industrial and other crops to climate change. Many wild plant species are also directly used, especially for revegetation, and as medicinal and ornamental plants. North America is rich in these wild plant genetic resources. This book is a valuable reference that describes the important crop wild relatives and wild utilized species found in Canada, the United States and Mexico. The book highlights efforts taken by these countries to conserve and use wild resources and provides essential information on best practices for collecting and conserving them. Numerous maps using up-to-date information and methods illustrate the distribution of important species, and supplement detailed description on the potential value these resources have to agriculture, as well as their conservation statuses and needs. There is broad recognition of the urgent need to conserve plant diversity; however, a small fraction of wild species is distinguished by their potential to support agricultural production. Many of these species are common, even weedy, and are easily overshadowed by rare or endangered plants. Nevertheless, because of their genetic proximity to agriculturally important crops or direct use, they deserve to be recognized, celebrated, conserved, and made available to support food and agricultural security. This comprehensive two-volume reference will be valuable for students and scientists interested in economic botany, and for practitioners at all levels tasked with conserving plant biodiversity. The chapters 'Public Education and Outreach Opportunities for Crop Wild Relatives in North America' and 'Genetic Resources of Crop Wild Relatives – A Canadian Perspective' are open access under a CC BY 4.0 license via