Graphitic Nanofibers Book
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Graphitic Nanofibers

  • Author : Juzer Jangbarwala
  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release Date : 2016-12-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323511056

Graphitic Nanofibers Excerpt :

The world of nanomaterials is complex; there is dubiety as well as unrealistic optimism about costs, practicality, timing for the availability of, and the true capabilities of products featured in the news. The progress of the industry is being affected from the incertitude generated by the multitudinous names used, coupled with lack of clarity and standardization in the definitions for carbonaceous nanomaterials, such as graphene, graphene oxide, nanographene, nanographene flakes, nanographite flakes, graphene nanoribbons, single-layer graphene, few-layer graphene, nanographite, nanotubes, nanofibers. In this perspicuous book about the carbonaceous nanomaterial domain, the author concisely covers nomenclature, characteristics, applications, costs, and manufacturing; all with the cardinal goal to offer the reader a reality check by delineating the steps to commercialization. Along the way, he also examines the cost impact of the touted applications and the boundaries of market adoption. Through references and personal experience, the author makes a compelling case for the market readiness of a mostly neglected class of nanomaterials known as Graphitic Nanofibers. Includes varied levels of technical focus and financial analyses to appeal to a range of skills and interests. Graphitic Nanofibers presents a technical and financial case for graphitic nanofibers, as materials that meet commercialization criteria today. Through personal experience and references, the author compares the functionality of graphitic nanofibers with the more hyped nanomaterials, and provides a comparitive reality check from a business perspective on the ease of manufacturing, cost and market adaptation. Includes varied levels of technical focus and financial analyses to appeal to a range of skills and interests.

Carbon Nanofibers Book

Carbon Nanofibers

  • Author : Madhuri Sharon
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2021-02-09
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119769125

Carbon Nanofibers Excerpt :

This book covers the fundamentals and applications of Carbon Nanofiber (CNF). In the first section, the initial chapter on the fundamentals of CNF is by Professor Maheshwar Sharon, the recognized “Father of Carbon Nanotechnology in India”, which powerfully provides a succinct overview of CNFs. This is followed by a chapter on biogenics that have produced unique morphologies of CNF that makes them suitable to various applications. This is followed by a chapter that mainly focuses on nanocomposites, especially those involving nanocomposites of CNF. The role of nanocatalysts and composites in promoting and enhancing the synthesis and application of CNF is then covered, followed by an important chapter on the characterization of CNF. The second section of the book encompasses the various applications of CNF, such as its use as a possible superconductor to adsorb and store hydrogen, and as a microwave absorber. The application of CNF for environmental concerns is also detailed by assessing its usefulness in dye and heavy metal removal from polluted water. The applications that are addressed include lithium-ion battery, solar cell, antenna, cosmetics, usefulness in regenerative medicine, as well as various aspects of agrotechnology.

Materials for Low Temperature Fuel Cells Book

Materials for Low Temperature Fuel Cells

  • Author : Bradley Ladewig
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2015-03-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527330423

Materials for Low Temperature Fuel Cells Excerpt :

There are a large number of books available on fuel cells; however, the majority are on specific types of fuel cells such as solid oxide fuel cells, proton exchange membrane fuel cells, or on specific technical aspects of fuel cells, e.g., the system or stack engineering. Thus, there is a need for a book focused on materials requirements in fuel cells. Key Materials in Low-Temperature Fuel Cells is a concise source of the most important and key materials and catalysts in low-temperature fuel cells. A related book will cover key materials in high-temperature fuel cells. The two books form part of the "Materials for Sustainable Energy & Development" series. Key Materials in Low-Temperature Fuel Cells brings together world leaders and experts in this field and provides a lucid description of the materials assessment of fuel cell technologies. With an emphasis on the technical development and applications of key materials in low-temperature fuel cells, this text covers fundamental principles, advancement, challenges, and important current research themes. Topics covered include: proton exchange membrane fuel cells, direct methanol and ethanol fuel cells, microfluidic fuel cells, biofuel cells, alkaline membrane fuel cells, functionalized carbon nanotubes as catalyst supports, nanostructured Pt catalysts, non-PGM catalysts, membranes, and materials modeling. This book is an essential reference source for researchers, engineers and technicians in academia, research institutes and industry working in the fields of fuel cells, energy materials, electrochemistry and materials science and engineering.

Eco Materials Processing   Design VI Book

Eco Materials Processing Design VI

  • Author : Hyung Sun Kim
  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release Date : 2005-06-15
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 698
  • ISBN 10 : 9783038130055

Eco Materials Processing Design VI Excerpt :

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The book will present materials researchers and users with a wealth of new information covering the entire spectrum of ecology, eco-materials, nano-materials, bio-materials, recycling, environmental protection and energy conversion related materials.

Carbon Nanotubes and Carbon Nanofibers in Concrete   Advantages and Potential Risks Book

Carbon Nanotubes and Carbon Nanofibers in Concrete Advantages and Potential Risks

  • Author : Andrzej Cwirzen
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-07-10
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323855723

Carbon Nanotubes and Carbon Nanofibers in Concrete Advantages and Potential Risks Excerpt :

This book focuses on the application of carbon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers in traditional concretes based on Portland cement. Fundamental information is given related to the production technologies of carbon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers, as well as concretes and methods of incorporation. It also contains a section focusing on the possible negative effects of carbon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers on animals and humans. The book indicates benefits and possible problems related to the application of carbon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers in concrete. It is designed to be easy to access and digest for the reader, aiming to reach an audience, not only from academia, but also from the construction industry, materials producers, and contractors who might work with nanomaterials. Outlines the major properties and synthesis methods for carbon nanomaterials in concrete engineering; Explains the role of carbon nanotubes and nanofibers in creating high-performance concrete; Assesses the major challenges of integrating carbon nanomaterials into concrete manufacture on an industrial scale.

Materials Chemistry Book

Materials Chemistry

  • Author : Klaus Friedrich
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-04-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 494
  • ISBN 10 : 9781771882521

Materials Chemistry Excerpt :

This book focuses on important aspects of materials chemistry by providing an overview of the theoretical aspects of materials chemistry, by describing the characterization and analysis methods for materials, and by explaining physical transport mechanisms in various materials. Not only does this book summarize the classical theories of materials chemistry, but also it exhibits their engineering applications in response to the current key issues. The chapters provide practical equations, figures, and references, providing suitable complement to the text. This book is designed to provide important information for scientists and engineers on experimental research in materials chemistry using modern methods. The methods and instrumentation described represent modern analytical techniques useful to researchers, product development specialists, and quality control experts in polymer synthesis and manufacturing.

Engineering Materials Book

Engineering Materials

  • Author : Ali Pourhashemi
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2014-11-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 290
  • ISBN 10 : 9781771880435

Engineering Materials Excerpt :

This book covers many important aspects of applied research and evaluation methods in chemical engineering and materials science that are important in chemical technology and in the design of chemical and polymeric products. This book gives readers a deeper understanding of physical and chemical phenomena that occur at surfaces and interfaces. The link between interfacial behavior and the performance of products and chemical processes is important. Helping to fill the gap between theory and practice, this book explains the major concepts of new advances in high-performance materials and their applications. This new book: • Highlights some important areas of current interest in polymer products and chemical processes • Focuses on topics with more advanced methods • Emphasizes precise mathematical development and actual experimental details • Analyzes theories to formulate and prove the physicochemical principles • Provides an up-to-date and thorough exposition of the present state of the art of complex materials

Activated Carbon Fiber and Textiles Book

Activated Carbon Fiber and Textiles

  • Author : Jonathan Y Chen
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-08-05
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN 10 : 9780081006788

Activated Carbon Fiber and Textiles Excerpt :

Activated Carbon Fiber and Textiles provides systematic coverage of the fundamentals, properties, and current and emerging applications of carbon fiber textiles in a single volume, providing industry professionals and academics working in the field with a broader understanding of these materials. Part I discusses carbon fiber principles and production, including precursors and pyrolysis, carbon fiber spinning, and carbonization and activation. Part II provides more detailed analysis of the key properties of carbon fiber textiles, including their thermal, acoustic, electrical, adsorption, and mechanical behaviors. The final section covers applications of carbon fiber such as filtration, energy protection, and energy and gas storage. Features input from an editor who is an expert in his field: Professor Jonathan Chen has a wealth of experience in the area of activated carbon fiber materials Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of the key aspects of activated carbon fiber textiles, from their principles, processing, and properties to their industrial applications Offers up-to-date coverage of new technology for the fiber and textiles industries Covers applications such as filtration, energy protection, and energy and gas storage

Handbook of Hydrogen Storage Book

Handbook of Hydrogen Storage

  • Author : Michael Hirscher
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2010-02-16
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 373
  • ISBN 10 : 3527629815

Handbook of Hydrogen Storage Excerpt :

Owing to the limited resources of fossil fuels, hydrogen is proposed as an alternative and environment-friendly energy carrier. However, its potential is limited by storage problems, especially for mobile applications. Current technologies, as compressed gas or liquefied hydrogen, comprise severe disadvantages and the storage of hydrogen in lightweight solids could be the solution to this problem. Since the optimal storage mechanism and optimal material have yet to be identified, this first handbook on the topic provides an excellent overview of the most probable candidates, highlighting both their advantages as well as drawbacks. From the contents: ¿ Physisorption ¿ Clathrates ¿ Metal hydrides ¿ Complex hydrides ¿ Amides, imides, and mixtures ¿ Tailoring Reaction Enthalpies ¿ Borazan ¿ Aluminum hydride ¿ Nanoparticles A one-stop reference on all questions concerning hydrogen storage for physical and solid state chemists, materials scientists, chemical engineers, and physicists.

Oxford Handbook of Nanoscience and Technology Book

Oxford Handbook of Nanoscience and Technology

  • Author : A. V. Narlikar
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 2010-02-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 936
  • ISBN 10 : 9780191579677

Oxford Handbook of Nanoscience and Technology Excerpt :

This is an agenda-setting and high-profile book that presents an authoritative and cutting-edge analysis of nanoscience and technology. The Oxford Handbook of Nanoscience and Technology provides a comprehensive and accessible overview of the major achievements in different aspects of this field. The Handbook comprises 3 volumes, structured thematically, with 25 chapters each. Volume I presents fundamental issues of basic physics, chemistry, biochemistry, tribology etc. of nanomaterials. Volume II focuses on the progress made with host of nanomaterials including DNA and protein based nanostructures. Volume III highlights engineering and related developments, with a focus on frontal application areas. All chapters are written by noted international experts in the field. The book should be useful for final year undergraduates specializing in the field. It should prove indispensable to graduate students, and serious researchers from academic and industrial sectors working in the field of Nanoscience and Technology from different disciplines including Physics, Chemistry, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Medicine, Materials Science, Metallurgy, Ceramics, Information Technology as well as Electrical, Electronic and Computational Engineering.

Nanotechnology in Biology and Medicine Book

Nanotechnology in Biology and Medicine

  • Author : Tuan Vo-Dinh
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-10-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 740
  • ISBN 10 : 9781439893791

Nanotechnology in Biology and Medicine Excerpt :

The second edition of Nanotechnology in Biology and Medicine is intended to serve as an authoritative reference source for a broad audience involved in the research, teaching, learning, and practice of nanotechnology in life sciences. This technology, which is on the scale of molecules, has enabled the development of devices smaller and more efficient than anything currently available. To understand complex biological nanosystems at the cellular level, we urgently need to develop a next-generation nanotechnology tool kit. It is believed that the new advances in genetic engineering, genomics, proteomics, medicine, and biotechnology will depend on our mastering of nanotechnology in the coming decades. The integration of nanotechnology, material sciences, molecular biology, and medicine opens the possibility of detecting and manipulating atoms and molecules using nanodevices, which have the potential for a wide variety of biological research topics and medical uses at the cellular level. This book presents the most recent scientific and technological advances of nanotechnology for use in biology and medicine. Each chapter provides introductory material with an overview of the topic of interest; a description of methods, protocols, instrumentation, and applications; and a collection of published data with an extensive list of references for further details. The goal of this book is to provide a comprehensive overview of the most recent advances in instrumentation, methods, and applications in areas of nanobiotechnology, integrating interdisciplinary research and development of interest to scientists, engineers, manufacturers, teachers, and students.

Electrochemical Surface Science  Basics and Applications Book

Electrochemical Surface Science Basics and Applications

  • Author : Gaetano Granozzi
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release Date : 2019-10-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 398
  • ISBN 10 : 9783039216420

Electrochemical Surface Science Basics and Applications Excerpt :

Electrochemical surface science (EC-SS) is the natural advancement of traditional surface science (where gas–vacuum/solid interfaces are studied) to liquid (solution)/electrified solid interfaces. Such a merging between two different disciplines—i.e., surface science (SS) and electrochemistry—officially advanced ca. three decades ago. The main characteristic of EC-SS versus electrochemistry is the reductionist approach undertaken, inherited from SS and aiming to understand the microscopic processes occurring at electrodes on the atomic level. A few of the exemplary keystone tools of EC-SS include EC-scanning probe microscopies, operando and in situ spectroscopies and electron microscopies, and differential EC mass spectrometry (DEMS). EC-SS indirectly (and often unconsciously) receives a great boost from the requirement for rational design of energy conversion and storage devices for the next generation of energetic landscapes. As a matter of fact, the number of material science groups deeply involved in such a challenging field has tremendously expanded and, within such a panorama, EC and SS investigations are intimately combined in a huge number of papers. The aim of this Special Issue is to offer an open access forum where researchers in the field of electrochemistry, surface science, and materials science could outline the great advances that can be reached by exploiting EC-SS approaches. Papers addressing both the basic science and more applied issues in the field of EC-SS and energy conversion and storage materials have been published in this Special Issue.

Medical Coatings and Deposition Technologies Book

Medical Coatings and Deposition Technologies

  • Author : David Glocker
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-06-24
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 800
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119308676

Medical Coatings and Deposition Technologies Excerpt :

Medical Coatings and Deposition Technologies is an important new addition to the libraries of medical device designers and manufacturers. Coatings enable the properties of the surface of a device to be controlled independently from the underlying bulk properties; they are often critical to the performance of the device and their use is rapidly growing. This book provides an introduction to many of the most important types of coatings used on modern medical devices as well as descriptions of the techniques by which they are applied and methods for testing their efficacy. Developers of new medical devices and those responsible for producing them will find it an important reference when deciding if a particular functionality can be provided by a coating and what limitations may apply in a given application. Written as a practical guide and containing many specific coating examples and a large number of references for further reading, the book will also be useful to students in materials science & engineering with an interest in medical devices. Chapters on antimicrobial coatings as well as coatings for biocompatibility, drug delivery, radiopacity and hardness are supported by chapters describing key liquid coating processes, plasma-based processes and chemical vapor deposition. Many types of coatings can be applied by more than one technique and the reader will learn the tradeoffs given the relevant design, manufacturing and economic constraints. The chapter on regulatory considerations provides important perspectives regarding the marketing of these coatings and medical devices.

Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Book

Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

  • Author : Gabor L. Hornyak
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2008-12-22
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1640
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420047806

Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Excerpt :

The maturation of nanotechnology has revealed it to be a unique and distinct discipline rather than a specialization within a larger field. Its textbook cannot afford to be a chemistry, physics, or engineering text focused on nano. It must be an integrated, multidisciplinary, and specifically nano textbook. The archetype of the modern nano textbook, Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology builds a solid background in characterization and fabrication methods while integrating the physics, chemistry, and biology facets. The remainder of this color text focuses on applications, examining engineering aspects as well as nanomaterials and industry-specific applications in such areas as energy, electronics, and biotechnology. Also available in two course-specific volumes: Introduction to Nanoscience elucidates the nanoscale along with the societal impacts of nanoscience, then presents an overview of characterization and fabrication methods. The authors systematically discuss the chemistry, physics, and biology aspects of nanoscience, providing a complete picture of the challenges, opportunities, and inspirations posed by each facet before giving a brief glimpse at nanoscience in action: nanotechnology. Fundamentals of Nanotechnology surveys the field’s broad landscape, exploring the physical basics such as nanorheology, nanofluidics, and nanomechanics as well as industrial concerns such as manufacturing, reliability, and safety. The authors then explore the vast range of nanomaterials and systematically outline devices and applications in various industrial sectors. Qualifying instructors who purchase either of these volumes (or the combined set) are given online access to a wealth of instructional materials. These include detailed lecture notes, review summaries, slides, exercises, and more. The authors provide enough material for both one- and two-semester courses.

Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine in Diabetes Book

Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine in Diabetes

  • Author : Lan-Anh Le
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2012-03-08
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN 10 : 9781466505087

Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine in Diabetes Excerpt :

Understanding the importance of nanosciences in diabetes is problematic as some texts can be too technical for the novice. This book uses a reader–friendly format suitable not only for practitioners but newcomers as well. It begins with general aspects of nanotechnology and nanomedicine in diabetes. It then discusses glucose and glucose sensors based on functional nanocomposites before moving on to a discussion of insulin and the use of nanoprobes to monitor cell processes in the pancreas. Finally, it explores drugs and other treatments, including second-generation sulfonylurea glipizide loaded biodegradable nanoparticles and nanoparticle-mediated delivery of angiogenic inhibitors in diabetic retinopathy.