Groundwater Environment in Asian Cities Book

Groundwater Environment in Asian Cities

  • Author : Sangam Shrestha
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2016-02-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 542
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128031674

Groundwater Environment in Asian Cities Excerpt :

Groundwater contributes to the sustainable development of many Asian cities by providing water for domestic, industrial and agricultural uses and regulating ecosystem flows. However, groundwater has not always been properly managed, which often has resulted in depletion and degradation of the resource. Groundwater Environment in Asian Cities presents the up-to-date scientific knowledge on groundwater environment in fourteen Asian cities using Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework. In detail the book presents the facts and figures of groundwater dependency, problems related to groundwater over exploitation, implementation of various policy instruments and management practices and their results in selected fourteen Asian cities, namely; Bandung (Indonesia), Bangkok (Thailand), Beijing (China), Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan), Chitwan (Nepal), Delhi (India), Dili (East Timor), Ho Chi Minh (Vietnam), Hyderabad (India), Khulna (Bangladesh), Lahore (Pakistan), Seoul (South Korea), Tokyo (Japan), and Yangon (Myanmar). The book provides the one-step platform to get sufficient details about groundwater aquifers, hydrogeology, groundwater status, impacts on groundwater environment and responses (technology, policy, institutional, etc.) deployed in the case studies cities, and therefore, provides a snap-shot of Asian groundwater environments. The theoretical background of the topics discussed along with the case studies help the readers understand the similarities and differences about the status of groundwater development and use in each city. In addition, the information in the book will serve as a baseline for other research such as mitigation of groundwater related problems (e.g., land subsidence), impact of climate change on groundwater, and importance of groundwater for implementing sustainable development goals in future. Presents a framework for evaluating groundwater environment in urban environments Includes case studies and local examples from a broad geograp

Groundwater Environment in Asian Cities Book

Groundwater Environment in Asian Cities

  • Author : Sangam Shrestha
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2016-01-01
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN 10 : 0128031662

Groundwater Environment in Asian Cities Excerpt :

Groundwater Environment in Asian Cities: Case Studies, Concepts, and Methods is an ideal resource given the fact that the United Nations estimates that by the year 2030 46% of the world's total population will reside in South East Asia, China, and India. With many of these countries plagued by excessive groundwater extraction, pollution, and poor infrastructure, all factors that contribute to the degradation of the region's fresh water sources, the book employs regional case studies to illustrate each city's unique environment, problems encountered, and different groundwater technologies and methods deployed. In this reference, each case study includes maps of the country's watershed and groundwater basin, water demand, the role of groundwater in total water demand, and aquifer types and their distribution. Presents a framework for evaluating groundwater environment and sustainability in urban environments Provides a reference point for mitigating groundwater problems related to quantity, quality, abstraction, use, management, and control Includes case studies and local examples from a broad geographical range of urban environments from virtually every region in Asia, including Bangkok, Ho Chi Minh City, Tokyo, and Jakarta

Groundwater Management in Asian Cities Book

Groundwater Management in Asian Cities

  • Author : Satoshi Takizawa
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2008-08-27
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 334
  • ISBN 10 : 9784431783992

Groundwater Management in Asian Cities Excerpt :

In 2007, the world's urban population surpassed the number of people living in rural areas and is still growing. The number of city dwellers who do not have access to piped water and rely on groundwater is also increasing. In many Asian cities, groundwater is not only the source of domestic water but also an important resource for industrial development, making better management of groundwater resources essential for sustainable development. Because groundwater is easier to access and costs less than water from piped systems, groundwater abstraction cannot be easily regulated. Policies for groundwater management adopted in Japan and other Asian countries are compared, and technologies for efficient use of groundwater are elucidated. Groundwater contamination is also a serious problem that exacerbates water scarcity in Asian cities. Case studies illustrate the cause and consequences of naturally occurring contaminants such as arsenic and fluoride, and groundwater contamination due to anthropogenic contaminants is described. Also discussed are technologies for treating contaminated groundwater to reduce the health risks of drinking contaminated groundwater.

Groundwater of South Asia Book

Groundwater of South Asia

  • Author : Abhijit Mukherjee
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-06-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 799
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811038891

Groundwater of South Asia Excerpt :

This book presents recent findings from the South Asian region (SA), broadly including groundwater studies on (a) quantity, (b) exploration, (c) quality and pollution, (d) economics, management and policies, (e) groundwater and society, and (f) sustainable sources. It offers a compilation of compelling, authentic insights into groundwater scenarios throughout the water-stressed South Asia region. Comprising Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, it is the most densely populated region in the world: It occupies approximately 4% of the global land area but supports more than 25% of the global population. The SA region now faces an acute shortage of fresh water due to a rapid rise in water demand and changes in societal water-use patterns. Combining essential advances and perspectives, this book offers a valuable resource for all scientists, planners and policymakers who are interested in understanding and developing the SA and other related areas.

Computers in Earth and Environmental Sciences Book

Computers in Earth and Environmental Sciences

  • Author : Hamid Reza Pourghasemi
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2021-09-22
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323886154

Computers in Earth and Environmental Sciences Excerpt :

Computers in Earth and Environmental Sciences: Artificial Intelligence and Advanced Technologies in Hazards and Risk Management addresses the need for a comprehensive book that focuses on multi-hazard assessments, natural and manmade hazards, and risk management using new methods and technologies that employ GIS, artificial intelligence, spatial modeling, machine learning tools and meta-heuristic techniques. The book is clearly organized into four parts that cover natural hazards, environmental hazards, advanced tools and technologies in risk management, and future challenges in computer applications to hazards and risk management. Researchers and professionals in Earth and Environmental Science who require the latest technologies and advances in hazards, remote sensing, geosciences, spatial modeling and machine learning will find this book to be an invaluable source of information on the latest tools and technologies available. Covers advanced tools and technologies in risk management of hazards in both the Earth and Environmental Sciences Details the benefits and applications of various technologies to assist researchers in choosing the most appropriate techniques for purpose Expansively covers specific future challenges in the use of computers in Earth and Environmental Science Includes case studies that detail the applications of the discussed technologies down to individual hazards

Emerging Issues in the Water Environment during Anthropocene Book

Emerging Issues in the Water Environment during Anthropocene

  • Author : Manish Kumar
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2019-08-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 365
  • ISBN 10 : 9789813297715

Emerging Issues in the Water Environment during Anthropocene Excerpt :

This book intends to bring together and integrate the subject matter of water quality. The book covers aspects of water related to climate change, emerging aspects of engineering sciences, bio-geochemical sciences, hydro geochemistry, river management and morphology, social sciences, and public policy. The book covers the role of disruptive innovations in water management, policy formation and impact mitigation strategies. The book includes lab results as well as case studies. It provides recommendations and solutions for policy making and sustainable water management. The chapters in this book deal cohesively with many aspects of the water environment during the Anthropocene era. The contents cover myriad issues, such as land degradation, water scarcity, urbanization, climate change, and disruptive innovation. The book also discusses issues highly pertinent to society and sustainability, such as the prevalence of enteric viruses and pharmaceutical residues as a possible anthropogenic markers in the aquatic environment. The book will prove useful for students, professionals, and researchers working on various aspects of water related concerns.

Groundwater and Subsurface Environments Book

Groundwater and Subsurface Environments

  • Author : Makoto Taniguchi
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-02-24
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN 10 : 9784431539049

Groundwater and Subsurface Environments Excerpt :

Excessive groundwater pumping, groundwater contamination, and subsurface thermal anomalies have occurred frequently in Asian coastal cities, greatly disturbing the urban aquifer and the subsurface environment. In this volume, the relationship between the stage of a city’s development and subsurface environment issues have been explored. Intensive field surveys were done in Tokyo, Osaka, Seoul, Taipei, Bangkok, Jakarta, and Manila. New, advanced methods, including satellite, tracer techniques, and the social economy model, were developed to evaluate subsurface conditions. Groundwater storage and groundwater recharge rates, as well as the accumulation and transport of pollutants, have been compiled as integrated indices of natural capacities under climate and social changes, and used to evaluate the vulnerability risk for all cities. The indices have been made on a yearly basis for seven cities for a century (1900–2000). Using these indicators it is now possible to manage groundwater resources in a sustainable fashion. This volume is indispensable to researchers in hydrology, coastal oceanography, civil engineering, urban geography, social economy, climatology, geothermics, and urban management.

Population  Development  and the Environment Book

Population Development and the Environment

  • Author : Helen James
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-02-15
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 460
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811321016

Population Development and the Environment Excerpt :

This book takes the reader into some of the most intransigent social, economic, and political issues that impact achieving sustainable development in Asia and the Pacific. Through meticulous analysis of the integrated relationships between population, development, and the environment, the chapters in this volume investigate the impacts of hydropower development on fragile ecosystems; mining, landslides and environmental degradation; deforestation; water and food security; rural-urban migration, poverty alleviation, civil society and community empowerment; and how disaster recovery requires multi-scalar and multi-disciplinary approaches that take into account governance, culture, and leadership. Legal frameworks may be legislated, but are often rarely implemented. The book will be valuable to students of sustainability, population and development, and governmental policy advising sectors as well as the NGO and humanitarian sectors. The distinctive characteristic of this book is that it encapsulates an integrated, multi-disciplinary focus which brings to the discussion both robust empirical research and challenging policy applications in the investigation of how the sustainable development goals may be achieved in Asia and the Pacific.

From Headwaters to the Ocean Book

From Headwaters to the Ocean

  • Author : Makoto Taniguchi
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2008-09-11
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 700
  • ISBN 10 : 9780415472791

From Headwaters to the Ocean Excerpt :

The vulnerability of water resources due to climate change and human activities is globally increasing. The phenomenon of hydrological change is complicated because of the combinations and interactions between natural climate fluctuation, global warming and human activities including changes in land utilization. The impact areas of hydrological changes are also not only within the basin, but reach to the ocean through coastal water exchanges. This book presents contributions focused on integrated water management from headwater to the ocean in a time of climate change and increasing population.

Responding to Climate Change in Asian Cities Book

Responding to Climate Change in Asian Cities

  • Author : Diane Archer
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2016-11-03
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 222
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317217749

Responding to Climate Change in Asian Cities Excerpt :

The role of cities in addressing climate change is increasingly recognised in international arenas, including the Sustainable Development Goals, the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, and the New Urban Agenda. Asia is home to many of the countries that are most vulnerable to climate change impacts and, along with Africa, will be the site of most urban population growth over the coming decades. Bringing together a range of city experiences, Responding to Climate Change in Asian Cities provides valuable insights into how cities can overcome some of the barriers to building climate resilience, including addressing the needs of vulnerable populations. The chapters are centred on an overarching understanding that adaptive urban governance is necessary for climate resilience. This requires engaging with different actors to take into account their experiences, vulnerabilities and priorities; building knowledge, including collecting and using appropriate evidence; and understanding the institutions shaping interactions between actors, from the national to the local level. The chapters draw on a mix of research methodologies, demonstrating the variety of approaches to understanding and building urban resilience that can be applied in urban settings. Bringing together a range of expert contributors, this book will be of great interest to scholars of urban studies, sustainability and environmental studies, development studies and Asian studies.

Environmental Governance in Europe and Asia Book

Environmental Governance in Europe and Asia

  • Author : Jona Razzaque
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2012-12-20
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN 10 : 9781136155772

Environmental Governance in Europe and Asia Excerpt :

This book looks at environmental governance in both Asia and Europe and offers a comparative analysis of the two regions in order to provide a better understanding of the concept of ‘environmental governance’ and its status in Europe and Asia. The book assesses the legislative, institutional and participatory mechanisms which affect the overall development of environmental governance, and analyses current issues, concerns and strategies in respect of environmental governance at the local, national, and international levels. The rapid changes in economic, social and political life have had an enormous impact on Asia’s ecosystems and resources. Asian countries, in the name of economic development, are following the same environmentally destructive path their European counterparts followed in the past. The key to the environmental future of these two regions lies in the evolution of the character of governance - the ensemble of social ethics, public policies and institutions which structure how state actors and the civil society interact with the environment. This book will be valuable to scholars and students of environmental politics, EU and Asian studies, public policy, environmental law, and to decision makers and policy analysts.

Shifting Horizons of Public International Law Book

Shifting Horizons of Public International Law

  • Author : J.L. Kaul
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-01-08
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN 10 : 9788132237242

Shifting Horizons of Public International Law Excerpt :

This book offers a South Asian perspective on international law, maintaining a suitable distance from the ‘Western’ approach. The themes discussed reflect the region’s particular contribution to the development of international law. Each South Asian country has its own important role to play in promoting regional trade, regulating maritime affairs, ensuring access to water, debating State responsibility, engaging with International Criminal Court, questioning diplomatic and consular immunities, and, most importantly, upholding human rights. These issues are addressed by local contributors from Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, who have come together to represent the whole South Asian region on a single academic platform.

Water Resources Management and Sustainability Book

Water Resources Management and Sustainability

  • Author : Pankaj Kumar
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2022
  • Genre: Electronic books
  • Pages : 532
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811665738

Water Resources Management and Sustainability Excerpt :

Water is the elixir of life and is crucial for sustainable development. Earlier, it was considered to be a limitless or at least a fully renewable natural resource. During the past 20 years, however, there has been tremendous pressure on this precious natural resource mainly due to rapid urbanization, industrialization and the increase in the human population. Together, these have resulted in increasing demand for irrigation, industrial, and household purposes to meet supply-chain requirements. Keeping in mind the scarcity of available water resources in the near future and its impending threats, it has become imperative on the part of scientists in hydrology and allied disciplines such as geography, landscape planning, sustainability science etc. Regional planners and supply chain management experts also must be involved in studying the spatial and temporal nature of the growing demand for water and the future availability for its judicial use and sustainable management. A primary intent of the book is to provide comprehensive scientific knowledge base on water resource management and sustainability. It covers geo-engineering and scientific problems, case studies, and sustainable solutions in the water resources management domain. Additionally and of equal importance, the chapters of the book provide in-depth coverage on water resource vulnerability, water quality, wastewater treatment, application of remote sensing and geographical information systems hydrological modeling and harvesting, climate variability and runoff, sediment discharge and irrigation planning, community participation in water governance, internet of things and machine learning applications for sustainable water resources management. This practical, state-of-the-art reference book is a valuable resource for students, researchers, scientists, policymakers, spatio-temporal designers of water resource systems, various stake holders interested in hydro-climatology and sustainable water resources man

Water Resource Modeling and Computational Technologies Book

Water Resource Modeling and Computational Technologies

  • Author : Mohammad Zakwan
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2022-10-22
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 722
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323985178

Water Resource Modeling and Computational Technologies Excerpt :

Water Resource Modeling and Computational Technologies, Seventh Edition provides the reader with a comprehensive overview of the applications that computational techniques have in various sectors of water resource engineering. The book explores applications of recent modeling and computational techniques in various sectors of water resource engineering, including hydroinformatics, irrigation engineering, climate change, hydrologic forecasting, floods, droughts, image processing, GIS, water quality, aquifer mapping, basin scale modeling, computational fluid dynamics, numerical modeling of surges and groundwater flow, river engineering, optimal reservoir operation, multipurpose projects, and water resource management. As such, this is a must read for hydrologists, civil engineers and water resource managers. Presents contributed chapters from global experts in the field of water resources from both a science and engineering perspective Includes case studies throughout, providing readers with an opportunity to understand how case specific challenges can help with computational techniques Provides basic concepts as well as a literature review on the application of computational techniques in various sectors of water resources

Global Change and Future Earth Book

Global Change and Future Earth

  • Author : Tom Beer
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-10-18
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 447
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107171596

Global Change and Future Earth Excerpt :

Authoritative reviews on the wide-ranging ramifications of climate change, from an international team of eminent researchers.