Handbook of Basal Ganglia Structure and Function Book

Handbook of Basal Ganglia Structure and Function

  • Author : Heinz Steiner
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-09-01
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : 1074
  • ISBN 10 : 012802206X

Handbook of Basal Ganglia Structure and Function Excerpt :

"Handbook of Basal Ganglia Structure and Function, Second Edition, " offers an integrated overview of the structural and functional aspects of the basal ganglia, highlighting clinical relevance. The basal ganglia, a group of forebrain nuclei interconnected with the cerebral cortex, thalamus, and brainstem, are involved in numerous brain functions, such as motor control and learning, sensorimotor integration, reward, and cognition. These nuclei are essential for normal brain function and behavior, and their importance is further emphasized by the numerous and diverse disorders associated with basal ganglia dysfunction, including Parkinson s disease, Tourette s syndrome, Huntington s disease, obsessive-compulsive disorder, dystonia, and psychostimulant addiction. This updated edition has been thoroughly revised to provide the most up-to-date account of this critical brain structure. Edited and authored by internationally acclaimed basal ganglia researchers, the new edition contains ten entirely new chapters that offer expanded coverage of anatomy and physiology, detailed accounts of recent advances in cellular/molecular mechanisms and cellular/physiological mechanisms, and critical, deeper insights into the behavioral and clinical aspects of basal ganglia function and dysfunction. Synthesizes widely dispersed information on the behavioral neurobiology of the basal ganglia, including advances in the understanding of anatomy, cellular/molecular and cellular/physiological mechanisms, and behavioral and clinical aspects of function and dysfunctionWritten by international authors who are preeminent researchers in the fieldExplores, in full, the clinically relevant impact of the basal ganglia on various psychiatric and neurological diseases"

Handbook of Basal Ganglia Structure and Function Book
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Handbook of Basal Ganglia Structure and Function

  • Author : Heinz Steiner
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2010-03-17
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080912158

Handbook of Basal Ganglia Structure and Function Excerpt :

The Basal Ganglia comprise a group of forebrain nuclei that are interconnected with the cerebral cortex, thalamus and brainstem. Basal ganglia circuits are involved in various functions, including motor control and learning, sensorimotor integration, reward and cognition. The importance of these nuclei for normal brain function and behavior is emphasized by the numerous and diverse disorders associated with basal ganglia dysfunction, including Parkinson’s disease, Tourette’s syndrome, Huntington’s disease, obsessive-compulsive disorder, dystonia, and psychostimulant addiction. The Handbook of Basal Ganglia provides a comprehensive overview of the structural and functional organization of the basal ganglia, with special emphasis on the progress achieved over the last 10-15 years. Organized in six parts, the volume describes the general anatomical organization and provides a review of the evolution of the basal ganglia, followed by detailed accounts of recent advances in anatomy, cellular/molecular, and cellular/physiological mechanisms, and our understanding of the behavioral and clinical aspects of basal ganglia function and dysfunction. Synthesizes widely dispersed information on the behavioral neurobiology of the basal ganglia, including advances in the understanding of anatomy, cell-molecular and cell-physiological mechanisms, and behavioral/clinical aspects of function and dysfunction Features a truly international cast of the preeminent researchers in the field Fully explores the clinically relevant impact of the basal ganglia on various psychiatric and neurological diseases

The Basal Ganglia II Book

The Basal Ganglia II

  • Author : Malcolm B. Carpenter
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2012-03-22
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 548
  • ISBN 10 : 1468453491

The Basal Ganglia II Excerpt :

This volume was generated from papers presented at the Second Triennial Symposium of the International Basal Ganglia Society (IBAGS) held at the University of Victoria, British Columbia, July 21-23, 1986. The meeting was held as a satellite symposium following the XXX Congress of the International Union of Physiological Sciences at Vancouver. IBAGS was founded at a similar satellite symposium held in Lorne, Australia, organized by John S. McKenzie and sponsored by the University of Melbourne. The symposium held in Australia was attended by 50 scientists from 12 different countries. The results of the first symposium, edited by John S. McKenzie, Robert E. Kemm and Lynette N. Wilcock, were published by Plenum Press in 1984 under the title, The Basal Ganglia - Structure and Function. It was decided that the Society should meet on a triennial basis. The time and place for Second IBAGS Symposium were set by A.G. Phillips who served as Chairman of the Program Committee along with I. Divac, S.A. Greenfield and E.T. Rolls and J.S. McKenzie. Michael E. Corcoran of the Department of Psychology, University of Victoria served as the on-site coordinator and arranger for the Symposium. He was ably assisted by Ms. Morag McNeil who handled the details which made the meeting run smoothly.

The Myth of Executive Functioning Book

The Myth of Executive Functioning

  • Author : Leonard F. Koziol
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-07-08
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 127
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319044774

The Myth of Executive Functioning Excerpt :

Executive functioning: we measure it, assess it, document its development in youth, track its decline in age and use it as a basis for diagnoses, treatment planning and-of course-theories. Could it be possible that science has spent decades chasing a cognitive phantom? Noting the lack of consensus concerning definition, component skills, and location within the brain, The Myth of Executive Functioning calls basic assumptions, prominent theories, commonly used test methods, and even the phrase executive functioning into question. The book's deceptively simple argument takes an evolutionary/neuroscience look at the cornerstones of cognitive organization, including memory, planning, decision-making and adaptation to novel circumstances. From there, gaps are identified between systems of cognitive control and those behaviors that are evaluated in neuropsychological testing-gaps that contribute to the disconnect between how science views mind and body, brain and behavior. The author's problem-solving metaphor places new emphasis on stimulus processing and on the relationship between movement and thought as he offers thought-provoking perspectives on: The limits of neuropsychological constructs. The components of adaptive thinking. The automatic aspects of problem solving. The left-brain/right-brain dichotomy. Problems with the domain approach to cognition. New paradigms for testing cognitive functioning. A controversial presentation with the potential to change clinical practice and training, The Myth of Executive Functioning will be read, debated and learned from by neuropsychologists, clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, cognitive neuroscientists and rehabilitation specialists.

Textbook of Movement Disorders Book

Textbook of Movement Disorders

  • Author : Ashok Kumar
  • Publisher : JP Medical Ltd
  • Release Date : 2014-01-15
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN 10 : 9789350906408

Textbook of Movement Disorders Excerpt :

Comprehensive guide to movement disorders for practising neurologists and trainees. In-depth coverage of Parkinson's disease.

Adenosine Receptors in Neurodegenerative Diseases Book

Adenosine Receptors in Neurodegenerative Diseases

  • Author : David Blum
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2017-03-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128037454

Adenosine Receptors in Neurodegenerative Diseases Excerpt :

Adenosine Receptors in Neurodegenerative Diseases covers the role of adenosine receptors in brain function, also focusing on related methodologies and perspectives in therapeutics. The book provides an up-to-date overview by the best specialists in the field, helping readers consider the importance of adenosine and expand the global impact and visibility of adenosine research in the CNS field. Chapters include adenosine biology and signaling, gene regulation, control of motor function, and novel adenosine-based therapies in the CNS. It is an ideal resource for researchers, advanced graduate students, clinicians, and industry scientists working in the fields of clinical neuroscience and molecular and cellular neuroscience. Comprehensive reference that details adenosine receptors in neurodegenerative disorders, with details on brain function and possible therapeutics Gives insights on how these receptors modulate the neurodegenerative outcomes in different disorders Edited by two of the leading researchers in the field regarding adenosine role in the brain in aging and neurodegenerative conditions

Axons and Brain Architecture Book

Axons and Brain Architecture

  • Author : Kathleen Rockland
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-11-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128016824

Axons and Brain Architecture Excerpt :

Several excellent monographs exist which deal with axons. These, however, focus either on the cellular and molecular biology of axons proper or on network organization of connections, the latter with only an incidental or abstract reference to axons per se. Still relatively neglected, however, is the middle ground of terminations and trajectories of single axons in the mammalian central nervous system. This middle level of connectivity, between networks on the one hand and local, in vitro investigations on the other, is to some extent represented by retrograde tracer studies and labeled neurons, but there have so far been many fewer of the complementary anterograde studies, with total visualization of the axonal arborization. The present volume brings together in one source an interrelated treatment of single axons from the perspective of microcircuitry and as substrates of larger scale organization (tractography). Especially for the former area - axons in microcircuitry - an abundance of published data exists, but these are typically in specialty journals that are not often accessed by the broader community. By highlighting and unifying the span from microcircuitry to tractography, the proposed volume serves as a convenient reference source and in addition inspires further interactions between what currently tend to be separate communities. The volume also redresses the imbalance between in vitro/local connectivity and long-distance connections. Focusing on mammalian systems, Part 1 of this book is devoted to anatomical investigations of connections at the single axon level, drawing on modern techniques and classical methods from the 1990s. A particular emphasis is on broad coverage of cortical and subcortical connections from different species, so that common patterns of divergence, convergence, and collateralization can be easily appreciated. Part 2 addresses mechanisms of axon guidance, as these seem particularly relevant to pathways and branching patterns. Part

Cingulate Cortex Book

Cingulate Cortex

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2019-11-13
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444641977

Cingulate Cortex Excerpt :

Cingulate Cortex, Volume 166 summarizes research on the cingulate cortex, including its structure and function in health and how it is compromised in disease or trauma. Chapters discuss the cingulate organization by region and area, cover its function in consciousness, attention, social cognition and spatial orientation, review neurological disorders with cingulate involvement, including neurodegenerative disorders, movement disorders, Parkinson’s, ADHD, Cognitive impairment, Palsy, Tourette’s Syndrome, chronic pain, seizures, and more. Final sections discuss the relationship between the cingulate cortex, stress and psychiatric disorders. Coverage here includes PTSD, anxiety, depression, and evidence-based treatment for same. Identifies the structure and function of all areas and regions of the cingulate cortex Discusses its role in sensory-motor, cognitive and emotional processing Covers cingulate-mediated neurological and psychiatric disorders Supplies evidence-based treatment for cingulate mediated disorders

The Heart  Qalb  and The Brain Book

The Heart Qalb and The Brain

  • Author : Fikri Suadu
  • Publisher : Nas Media Pustaka
  • Release Date : 2022-11-02
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 100
  • ISBN 10 : 9786233516884

The Heart Qalb and The Brain Excerpt :

Thus, this book is based on both luxuries: knowledge from His side and the radiance of Nur Muhammad. These are the two luxuries that every Muslim should pursue because there is no luxury without these two luxuries. The luxury that fueled the rise of medieval Islamic civilization (9th century to the 12th century) and inspired the rise of the modern Western world. As a result, this book is nothing but a form of gratitude for His knowledge. So, there is no other motivation other than these luxuries. In addition, it is also gratitude for all situations. I believe that there is no evil, La Ilaha Illallah, that there is nothing but His existence. Nothing is free, separate, or independent from His existence: everything takes place within the boundaries of His law. Even man’s free will interacts and integrates with the unity of His Law. Therefore, may Allah bless us with an abundance of goodness in all of our situations.

Handbook of Brain Microcircuits Book

Handbook of Brain Microcircuits

  • Author : Gordon M. Shepherd
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2018
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 625
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190636111

Handbook of Brain Microcircuits Excerpt :

In order to focus on principles, each chapter in this work is brief, organized around 1-3 wiring diagrams of the key circuits, with several pages of text that distil the functional significance of each microcircuit

Developmental Disorders of the Brain Book

Developmental Disorders of the Brain

  • Author : Nicole J. Rinehart
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2016-10-14
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN 10 : 9781317432661

Developmental Disorders of the Brain Excerpt :

Developmental Disorders of the Brain: Brain and Behaviour addresses disabilities that occur or have their roots in the early, developmental phase of life which are of utmost concern to parents, siblings, carers and teachers. This text describes the latest clinical and behavioral findings of disorders which largely or entirely involve the frontostriatal (basal ganglia) system including Tourette’s, Obsessive-Compulsive and Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity disorders, Schizophrenia, Autism, gambling and addiction, depression, and Conduct, Developmental Motor Co-ordination, and language disorders. Examples of disorders involving the frontocerebellar are also described such as Asperger’s disorder, Williams, Fragile X, and Cerebellar Cognitive Affective syndromes, and Friedreich Ataxia. This book also discusses the relevant anatomy, physiology and pathology, and some of the major functions mediated by affected or relevant structures, together with accounts of the latest recording, brain imaging and stimulating techniques related to these kinds of disorders. Covering both frontostriatal and frontocerebellar, systems which control and direct normal behavior, and which can fail with often distressing consequences during development, as well as addressing behavioural, clinical, pathophysiological and technical aspects, this text is vital to understanding, diagnosis and management of developmental disorders of the brain. This text will be of great interest to clinicians, researchers, teachers and parents.

Functional and Clinical Neuroanatomy Book

Functional and Clinical Neuroanatomy

  • Author : Jahangir Moini
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-02-21
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 770
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128174258

Functional and Clinical Neuroanatomy Excerpt :

Functional and Clinical Neuroanatomy: A Guide for Health Care Professionals is a comprehensive, yet easy-to read, introduction to neuroanatomy that covers the structures and functions of the central, peripheral and autonomic nervous systems. The book also focuses on the clinical presentation of disease processes involving specific structures. It is the first review of clinical neuroanatomy that is written specifically for nurses, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, medical students and medical assistants who work in the field of neurology. It will also be an invaluable resource for graduate and postgraduate students in neuroscience. With 22 chapters, including two that provide complete neurological examinations and diagnostic evaluations, this book is an ideal resource for health care professionals across a wide variety of disciplines. Written specifically for "mid-level" providers in the field of neurology Provides an up-to-date review of clinical neuroanatomy based on the latest guidelines Provides a logical, step-by-step introduction to neuroanatomy Offers hundreds of full-color figures to illustrate important concepts Highlights key subjects in "Focus On" boxes Includes Section Reviews at critical points in the text of each chapter

Endocannabinoids and Lipid Mediators in Brain Functions Book

Endocannabinoids and Lipid Mediators in Brain Functions

  • Author : Miriam Melis
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-05-30
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN 10 : 9783319573717

Endocannabinoids and Lipid Mediators in Brain Functions Excerpt :

The science of cannabinoids is 50 years old. These past years provided a remarkable and constant number of breakthroughs, showing that the signaling mediated by endocannabinoids and lipid mediators impacts almost every function of the body. Indeed, this represents a special field of research, which allows tackling the complexity of biological functions, and provides potential therapeutic frameworks for a plethora of diseases. The number of exciting discoveries brought up to the scientific community almost on a daily basis highlights the importance of an updated volume on this topic. Particularly, given that potential therapeutic benefits of cannabis and cannabinoids are currently under heavy analysis in many Countries worldwide. Hence, the main objective of this book is to explore not only some of the many functions of endocannabinoids (and lipid mediators) in physiological control of networks at a cellular and molecular level, but also to extend this knowledge for potential use of cannabinoids and/or drugs regulating endocannabinoid levels in vivo as therapeutic target(s) in neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders. In this book new findings and ideas about the endocannabinoid system and its roles as neuronal circuit modulator related to human brain pathologies characterized by alterations in neuroplasticity will be highlighted. Endocannabinoid roles in key systems controlling appetite, pain, learning and memory, as well as sleep and stress responses will be presented. In addition, pathological processes associated with changes in endocannabinoid signaling will be discussed in the context of anxiety, autism, depression and addiction. This book will provide an excellent background to researchers looking for extending their areas of interest, and to newcomers in the field.

ADHD as a Model of Brain Behavior Relationships Book

ADHD as a Model of Brain Behavior Relationships

  • Author : Leonard F. Koziol
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-09-24
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 93
  • ISBN 10 : 9781461483823

ADHD as a Model of Brain Behavior Relationships Excerpt :

ADHD as a Model of Brain-Behavior Relationships Leonard F. Koziol, Deborah Ely Budding, and Dana Chidekel Series Title: Springer Briefs in Neuroscience Subseries: The Vertically Organized Brain in Theory and Practice It's been a basic neurological given: the brain does our thinking, and has evolved to do the thinking, as controlled by the neocortex. In this schema, all dysfunction can be traced to problems in the brain’s lateral interactions. But in scientific reality, is this really true? Challenging this traditional cortico-centric view is a body of research emphasizing the role of the structures that control movement-the brain's vertical organization-in behavioral symptoms. Using a well-known, widely studied disorder as a test case, ADHD as a Model of Brain-Behavior Relationships offers an innovative framework for integrating neuroscience and behavioral research to refine diagnostic process and advance the understanding of disorders. Identifying a profound disconnect between current neuropsychological testing and the way the brain actually functions, this revision of the paradigm critiques the DSM and ICD in terms of the connectedness of brain structures regarding cognition and behavior. The authors argue for a large-scale brain network approach to pathology instead of the localizing that is so common historically, and for an alternate set of diagnostic criteria proposed by the NIMH. Included in the coverage: The diagnosis of ADHD: history and context. ADHD and neuropsychological nomenclature Research Domain Criteria: a dimensional approach to evaluating disorder The development of motor skills, executive function, and a relation to ADHD The role of the cerebellum in cognition, emotion, motivation, and dysfunction How large-scale brain networks interact Heralding a more accurate future of assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of neurodevelopmental disorders, ADHD as a Model of Brain-Behavior Relationships represents a major step forward for neuropsychologists, c

Neural Circuit and Cognitive Development Book

Neural Circuit and Cognitive Development

  • Author : Bin Chen
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-06-10
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 668
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128144121

Neural Circuit and Cognitive Development Excerpt :

Neural Circuit and Cognitive Development, Second Edition, the latest release in the Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience series, provides a much-needed update to underscore the latest research in this rapidly evolving field, with new section editors discussing the technological advances that are enabling the pursuit of new research on brain development. This volume is devoted mainly to anatomical and functional development of neural circuits and neural systems and cognitive development. Understanding the critical role these changes play in neurodevelopment provides the ability to explore and elucidate the underlying causes of neurodevelopmental disorders and their effect on cognition. This series is designed to fill the knowledge gap, offering the most thorough coverage of this field on the market today and addressing all aspects of how the nervous system and its components develop. Features leading experts in various subfields as section editors and article authors Presents articles that have been peer reviewed to ensure accuracy, thoroughness and scholarship Includes coverage of mechanisms that control the assembly of neural circuits in specific regions of the nervous system and multiple aspects of cognitive development