Handbook of Logic and Language Book

Handbook of Logic and Language

  • Author : Johan F.A.K. van Benthem
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2010-12-17
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 1168
  • ISBN 10 : 0444537279

Handbook of Logic and Language Excerpt :

The logical study of language is becoming more interdisciplinary, playing a role in fields such as computer science, artificial intelligence, cognitive science and game theory. This new edition, written by the leading experts in the field, presents an overview of the latest developments at the interface of logic and linguistics as well as a historical perspective. It is divided into three parts covering Frameworks, General Topics and Descriptive Themes. Completely revised and updated - includes over 25% new material Discusses the interface between logic and language Many of the authors are creators or active developers of the theories

Handbook of the Logic of Argument and Inference Book

Handbook of the Logic of Argument and Inference

  • Author : R.H. Johnson
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2002-09-11
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 508
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080532912

Handbook of the Logic of Argument and Inference Excerpt :

The Handbook of the Logic of Argument and Inference is an authoritative reference work in a single volume, designed for the attention of senior undergraduates, graduate students and researchers in all the leading research areas concerned with the logic of practical argument and inference. After an introductory chapter, the role of standard logics is surveyed in two chapters. These chapters can serve as a mini-course for interested readers, in deductive and inductive logic, or as a refresher. Then follow two chapters of criticism; one the internal critique and the other the empirical critique. The first deals with objections to standard logics (as theories of argument and inference) arising from the research programme in philosophical logic. The second canvasses criticisms arising from work in cognitive and experimental psychology. The next five chapters deal with developments in dialogue logic, interrogative logic, informal logic, probability logic and artificial intelligence. The last chapter surveys formal approaches to practical reasoning and anticipates possible future developments. Taken as a whole the Handbook is a single-volume indication of the present state of the logic of argument and inference at its conceptual and theoretical best. Future editions will periodically incorporate significant new developments.

Handbook of Philosophical Logic Book

Handbook of Philosophical Logic

  • Author : Dov M. Gabbay
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2002-05-31
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 406
  • ISBN 10 : 1402005830

Handbook of Philosophical Logic Excerpt :

such questions for centuries (unrestricted by the capabilities of any hard ware). The principles governing the interaction of several processes, for example, are abstract an similar to principles governing the cooperation of two large organisation. A detailed rule based effective but rigid bureaucracy is very much similar to a complex computer program handling and manipulating data. My guess is that the principles underlying one are very much the same as those underlying the other. I believe the day is not far away in the future when the computer scientist will wake up one morning with the realisation that he is actually a kind of formal philosopher! The projected number of volumes for this Handbook is about 18. The subject has evolved and its areas have become interrelated to such an extent that it no longer makes sense to dedicate volumes to topics. However, the volumes do follow some natural groupings of chapters. I would like to thank our authors are readers for their contributions and their commitment in making this Handbook a success. Thanks also to our publication administrator Mrs J. Spurr for her usual dedication and excellence and to Kluwer Academic Publishers for their continuing support for the Handbook.

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic Book

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic

  • Author : Stewart Shapiro
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2005-02-10
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 856
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190287535

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic Excerpt :

Mathematics and logic have been central topics of concern since the dawn of philosophy. Since logic is the study of correct reasoning, it is a fundamental branch of epistemology and a priority in any philosophical system. Philosophers have focused on mathematics as a case study for general philosophical issues and for its role in overall knowledge- gathering. Today, philosophy of mathematics and logic remain central disciplines in contemporary philosophy, as evidenced by the regular appearance of articles on these topics in the best mainstream philosophical journals; in fact, the last decade has seen an explosion of scholarly work in these areas. This volume covers these disciplines in a comprehensive and accessible manner, giving the reader an overview of the major problems, positions, and battle lines. The 26 contributed chapters are by established experts in the field, and their articles contain both exposition and criticism as well as substantial development of their own positions. The essays, which are substantially self-contained, serve both to introduce the reader to the subject and to engage in it at its frontiers. Certain major positions are represented by two chapters--one supportive and one critical. The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Math and Logic is a ground-breaking reference like no other in its field. It is a central resource to those wishing to learn about the philosophy of mathematics and the philosophy of logic, or some aspect thereof, and to those who actively engage in the discipline, from advanced undergraduates to professional philosophers, mathematicians, and historians.

The Cambridge Handbook of the Philosophy of Language Book

The Cambridge Handbook of the Philosophy of Language

  • Author : Piotr Stalmaszczyk
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2021-10-31
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 800
  • ISBN 10 : 9781108492386

The Cambridge Handbook of the Philosophy of Language Excerpt :

A comprehensive guide to contemporary investigations into the relationship between language, philosophy, and linguistics.

Philosophy of Logic Book
Score: 3
From 1 Ratings

Philosophy of Logic

  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2006-11-29
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 1218
  • ISBN 10 : 008046663X

Philosophy of Logic Excerpt :

The papers presented in this volume examine topics of central interest in contemporary philosophy of logic. They include reflections on the nature of logic and its relevance for philosophy today, and explore in depth developments in informal logic and the relation of informal to symbolic logic, mathematical metatheory and the limiting metatheorems, modal logic, many-valued logic, relevance and paraconsistent logic, free logics, extensional v. intensional logics, the logic of fiction, epistemic logic, formal logical and semantic paradoxes, the concept of truth, the formal theory of entailment, objectual and substitutional interpretation of the quantifiers, infinity and domain constraints, the Löwenheim-Skolem theorem and Skolem paradox, vagueness, modal realism v. actualism, counterfactuals and the logic of causation, applications of logic and mathematics to the physical sciences, logically possible worlds and counterpart semantics, and the legacy of Hilbert’s program and logicism. The handbook is meant to be both a compendium of new work in symbolic logic and an authoritative resource for students and researchers, a book to be consulted for specific information about recent developments in logic and to be read with pleasure for its technical acumen and philosophical insights. - Written by leading logicians and philosophers - Comprehensive authoritative coverage of all major areas of contemporary research in symbolic logic - Clear, in-depth expositions of technical detail - Progressive organization from general considerations to informal to symbolic logic to nonclassical logics - Presents current work in symbolic logic within a unified framework - Accessible to students, engaging for experts and professionals - Insightful philosophical discussions of all aspects of logic - Useful bibliographies in every chapter

Handbook of Practical Logic and Automated Reasoning Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Handbook of Practical Logic and Automated Reasoning

  • Author : John Harrison
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2009-03-12
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 681
  • ISBN 10 : 9780521899574

Handbook of Practical Logic and Automated Reasoning Excerpt :

One-stop reference, self-contained, with theoretical topics presented in conjunction with implementations for which code is supplied.

The Description Logic Handbook Book

The Description Logic Handbook

  • Author : Franz Baader
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2003-01-09
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 555
  • ISBN 10 : 0521781760

The Description Logic Handbook Excerpt :

Table of contents

Game Theoretical Semantics Book

Game Theoretical Semantics

  • Author : Esa. Saarinen
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-11-05
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 394
  • ISBN 10 : 9781402041082

Game Theoretical Semantics Excerpt :

This book is a collection of studies applying game-theoretical concepts and ideas to analysing the semantics of natural language and some formal languages. The bulk of the book consists of several papers by Hintikka, Carlson and Saarinen and discusses several of the central problems of the semantics of natural language. The topics covered are the semantics of natural language quantifiers, conditionals, pronouns and anaphora more generally. Hintikka’s famous essay presenting examples of "branching quantifier structures" in English, as well as one formulating his "any-every thesis", are included. The book also includes Hintikka’s closely argued philosophical discussion of the relationships between the new semantical games with the language games of Wittgenstein. Other papers apply the game-theoretical approach to formal languages including tense logics and tense anaphora (Saarinen), deontic logic and Ross’ paradox (Hintikka), and usual predicate logic (Rantala). The latter amounts to an explication of the "impossible possible" worlds as is shown in Hintikka’s concluding paper.

Handbook of Quantifiers in Natural Language Book

Handbook of Quantifiers in Natural Language

  • Author : Edward Keenan
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-03-28
  • Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 970
  • ISBN 10 : 9789400726819

Handbook of Quantifiers in Natural Language Excerpt :

Covering a strikingly diverse range of languages from 12 linguistic families, this handbook is based on responses to a questionnaire constructed by the editors. Focusing on the formation, distribution and semantic interpretation of quantificational expressions, the book explores 17 languages including German, Italian, Russian, Mandarin Chinese, Malagasy, Hebrew, Pima, Basque, and more. The language data sets enable detailed crosslinguistic comparison of numerous features. These include semantic classes of quantifiers (generalized existential, generalized universal, proportional, partitive), syntactically complex quantifiers (intensive modification, Boolean compounding, exception phrases) and several others such as quantifier scope ambiguities, quantifier float, and binary quantifiers. Its theory-independent content extends earlier work by Matthewson (2008) and Bach et al. (1995), making this handbook suitable for linguists, semanticians, philosophers of language and logicians alike.

A Computational Logic Handbook Book

A Computational Logic Handbook

  • Author : Robert S. Boyer
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2014-05-10
  • Genre: Mathematics
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN 10 : 9781483277783

A Computational Logic Handbook Excerpt :

Perspectives in Computing: A Computational Logic Handbook contains a precise description of the logic and a detailed reference guide to the associated mechanical theorem proving system, including a primer for the logic as a functional programming language, an introduction to proofs in the logic, and a primer for the mechanical theorem. The publication first offers information on a primer for the logic, formalization within the logic, and a precise description of the logic. Discussions focus on induction and recursion, quantification, explicit value terms, dealing with features and omissions, elementary mathematical relationships, Boolean operators, and conventional data structures. The text then takes a look at proving theorems in the logic, mechanized proofs in the logic, and an introduction to the system. The text examines the processes involved in using the theorem prover, four classes of rules generated from lemmas, and aborting or interrupting commands. Topics include executable counterparts, toggle, elimination of irrelevancy, heuristic use of equalities, representation of formulas, type sets, and the crucial check points in a proof attempt. The publication is a vital reference for researchers interested in computational logic.

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language Book

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language

  • Author : Ernest Lepore
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 2008-09-25
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 1104
  • ISBN 10 : 0199552231

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language Excerpt :

The definitive reference work for this diverse and fertile field: an outstanding international team contribute 41 new essays covering topics from the nature of language to meaning, truth, and reference, and the interfaces of philosophy of language with linguistics, psychology, logic, epistemology, and metaphysics.

Handbook of Formal Languages Book

Handbook of Formal Languages

  • Author : Grzegorz Rozenberg
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 1997
  • Genre: Computers
  • Pages : 625
  • ISBN 10 : 3540606491

Handbook of Formal Languages Excerpt :

Summary: Discusses language theory beyond linear or string models: trees, graphs, grids, pictures, computer graphics.

The Routledge Handbook of Linguistic Reference Book

The Routledge Handbook of Linguistic Reference

  • Author : Stephen Biggs
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2020-12-23
  • Genre: Philosophy
  • Pages : 586
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000226768

The Routledge Handbook of Linguistic Reference Excerpt :

This Handbook offers students and more advanced readers a valuable resource for understanding linguistic reference; the relation between an expression (word, phrase, sentence) and what that expression is about. The volume’s forty-one original chapters, written by many of today’s leading philosophers of language, are organized into ten parts: I Early Descriptive Theories II Causal Theories of Reference III Causal Theories and Cognitive Significance IV Alternate Theories V Two-Dimensional Semantics VI Natural Kind Terms and Rigidity VII The Empty Case VIII Singular (De Re) Thoughts IX Indexicals X Epistemology of Reference Contributions consider what kinds of expressions actually refer (names, general terms, indexicals, empty terms, sentences), what referring expressions refer to, what makes an expression refer to whatever it does, connections between meaning and reference, and how we know facts about reference. Many contributions also develop connections between linguistic reference and issues in metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of science.

Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine Book

Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine

  • Author : Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-04-06
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1224
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401795791

Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine Excerpt :

Medical practice is practiced morality, and clinical research belongs to normative ethics. The present book elucidates and advances this thesis by: 1. analyzing the structure of medical language, knowledge, and theories; 2. inquiring into the foundations of the clinical encounter; 3. introducing the logic and methodology of clinical decision-making, including artificial intelligence in medicine; 4. suggesting comprehensive theories of organism, life, and psyche; of health, illness, and disease; of etiology, diagnosis, prognosis, prevention, and therapy; and 5. investigating the moral and metaphysical issues central to medical practice and research. Many systems of (classical, modal, non-classical, probability, and fuzzy) logic are introduced and applied. Fuzzy medical deontics, fuzzy medical ontology, fuzzy medical concept formation, fuzzy medical decision-making and biomedicine and many other techniques of fuzzification in medicine are introduced for the first time.