Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis Book

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis


  • Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2012-12-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 771
  • ISBN 10 : 9780323137881

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Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis Excerpt :

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis is written by experts in the measurement of radioactivity. The book describes the broad scope of analytical methods available and instructs the reader on how to select the proper technique. It is intended as a practical manual for research which requires the accurate measurement of radioactivity at all levels, from the low levels encountered in the environment to the high levels measured in radioisotope research. This book contains sample preparation procedures, recommendations on steps to follow, necessary calculations, computer controlled analysis, and high sample throughput techniques. Each chapter includes practical techniques for application to nuclear safety, nuclear safeguards, environmental analysis, weapons disarmament, and assays required for research in biomedicine and agriculture. The fundamentals of radioactivity properties, radionuclide decay, and methods of detection are included to provide the basis for a thorough understanding of the analytical procedures described in the book. Therefore, the Handbook can also be used as a teaching text. Key Features * Includes sample preparation techniques for matrices such as soil, air, plant, water, animal tissue, and surface swipes * Provides procedures and guidelines for the analysis of commonly encountered na

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis Book

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis


  • Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-03-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1108
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128143988

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Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis Excerpt :

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis: Radiation Physics and Detectors, Volume One, and Radioanalytical Applications, Volume Two, Fourth Edition, is an authoritative reference on the principles, practical techniques and procedures for the accurate measurement of radioactivity - everything from the very low levels encountered in the environment, to higher levels measured in radioisotope research, clinical laboratories, biological sciences, radionuclide standardization, nuclear medicine, nuclear power, and fuel cycle facilities, and in the implementation of nuclear forensic analysis and nuclear safeguards. It includes sample preparation techniques for all types of matrices found in the environment, including soil, water, air, plant matter and animal tissue, and surface swipes. Users will find a detailed discussion of our current understanding of the atomic nucleus, nuclear stability and decay, nuclear radiation, and the interaction of radiation with matter relating to the best methods for radionuclide detection and measurement. Spans two volumes, Radiation Physics and Detectors and Radioanalytical Applications Includes a much-expanded treatment of calculations required in the measurement of radionuclide decay, energy of decay, nuclear reactions, radiation attenuation, nuclear recoil, cosmic radiation, and synchrotron radiation Includes the latest advances in liquid and solid scintillation analysis, alpha- and gamma spectrometry, mass spectrometric analysis, gas ionization and nuclear track analysis, and neutron detection and measurement Covers high-sample-throughput microplate techniques and multi-detector assay methods

Handbook of Environmental Radiation Book

Handbook of Environmental Radiation


  • Author : Alfred W. Klement
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2022-12-05
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 487
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351089920

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Handbook of Environmental Radiation Excerpt :

The primary aim of the handbook series will be to include as much useful data as possible for the specialist needing ready access for the solution of problems most likely to arise in the radiation protection professions. However, some selected review of fundamental concepts is also included to enable persons with a basic science or engineering background to acquire the necessary knowledge to solve a majority of problems in especially important aspects of radiation protection. Also since the profession is broad in discipline, an attempt has been made to fulfil the frequent need of professionals for a refresher course in some of the more important fundamentals needed to utilize data included in the handbook. Principles of management, organization, and procedures related to radiation safety will also be summarized in later volumes, with attention to presentation of methods for establishing new radiation safety programs based on the accumulated experience of others.

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis Book

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis


  • Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-03-07
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1074
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128143964

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Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis Excerpt :

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis: Radiation Physics and Detectors, Volume One, and Radioanalytical Applications, Volume Two, Fourth Edition, constitute an authoritative reference on the principles, practical techniques and procedures for the accurate measurement of radioactivity - everything from the very low levels encountered in the environment, to higher levels measured in radioisotope research, clinical laboratories, biological sciences, radionuclide standardization, nuclear medicine, nuclear power, and fuel cycle facilities, and in the implementation of nuclear forensic analysis and nuclear safeguards. It includes sample preparation techniques for all types of matrices found in the environment, including soil, water, air, plant matter and animal tissue, and surface swipes. Users will find the latest advances in the applications of radioactivity analysis across various fields, including environmental monitoring, radiochemical standardization, high-resolution beta imaging, automated radiochemical separation, nuclear forensics, and more. Spans two volumes, Radiation Physics and Detectors and Radioanalytical Applications Includes a new chapter on the analysis of environmental radionuclides Provides the latest advances in the applications of liquid and solid scintillation analysis, alpha- and gamma spectrometry, mass spectrometric analysis, Cherenkov counting, flow-cell radionuclide analysis, radionuclide standardization, aerosol analysis, high-resolution beta imaging techniques, analytical techniques in nuclear forensics, and nuclear safeguards Describes the timesaving techniques of computer-controlled automatic separation and activity analysis of radionuclides Provides an extensive table of the radiation characteristics of most radionuclides of interest for the radioanalytical chemist

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis Book

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis


  • Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2019-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 866
  • ISBN 10 : 0128143975

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Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis Excerpt :

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis: Radiation Physics and Detectors, Volume One, Fourth Edition, is an authoritative reference on the principles, practical techniques and procedures for the accurate measurement of radioactivity - everything from the very low levels encountered in the environment, to higher levels measured in radioisotope research, clinical laboratories, biological sciences, radionuclide standardization, nuclear medicine, nuclear power, and fuel cycle facilities, and in the implementation of nuclear forensic analysis and nuclear safeguards. It includes sample preparation techniques for all types of matrices found in the environment, including soil, water, air, plant matter and animal tissue, and surface swipes. Users will find a detailed discussion of our current understanding of the atomic nucleus, nuclear stability and decay, nuclear radiation, and the interaction of radiation with matter relating to the best methods for radionuclide detection and measurement. Spans two volumes, Radiation Physics and Detectors and Radioanalytical Applications Includes a new chapter on neutron radiation detection and measurement Provides the latest advances in high-resolution beta imaging techniques, analytical techniques in nuclear forensics and nuclear safeguards Covers high-sample-throughput microplate techniques and multi-detector assay methods Describes the timesaving techniques of computer-controlled automatic separation and activity analysis of radionuclides

Radioactivity Book

Radioactivity


  • Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2016-05-13
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 932
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444634962

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Radioactivity Excerpt :

A recipient of the PROSE 2017 Honorable Mention in Chemistry & Physics, Radioactivity: Introduction and History, From the Quantum to Quarks, Second Edition provides a greatly expanded overview of radioactivity from natural and artificial sources on earth, radiation of cosmic origins, and an introduction to the atom and its nucleus. The book also includes historical accounts of the lives, works, and major achievements of many famous pioneers and Nobel Laureates from 1895 to the present. These leaders in the field have contributed to our knowledge of the science of the atom, its nucleus, nuclear decay, and subatomic particles that are part of our current knowledge of the structure of matter, including the role of quarks, leptons, and the bosons (force carriers). Users will find a completely revised and greatly expanded text that includes all new material that further describes the significant historical events on the topic dating from the 1950s to the present. Provides a detailed account of nuclear radiation – its origin and properties, the atom, its nucleus, and subatomic particles including quarks, leptons, and force carriers (bosons) Includes fascinating biographies of the pioneers in the field, including captivating anecdotes and insights Presents meticulous accounts of experiments and calculations used by pioneers to confirm their findings

CRC Handbook of Radioanalytical ChemistryVolume 1 Book

CRC Handbook of Radioanalytical ChemistryVolume 1


  • Author : Juraj Tolgyessy
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 1991-04-03
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 680
  • ISBN 10 : 0849335132

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CRC Handbook of Radioanalytical ChemistryVolume 1 Excerpt :

Radioanalytical methods have become among the most important means for elemental analysis and the determination of chemical species Their extreme sensitivity has made them indispensable in a wide range of applications, including mineral analysis, medical and biophysical work, criminology, history, archaeology, and space research. This handbook combines theoretical and practical radioanalytical work covering the entire field of radioanalytical chemistry. Topics discussed include analysis by activation and nuclearreactions, isotope dilution analysis, radioreagent methods, analysis by absorption and the scattering of radiation. The handbook is extremely useful to scientists conducting applied and basic research in subjects related to analytical measurements, engineers designing control facilities and equipment, and professors and students working with analyticalchemistry, radiochemistry, radioanalytical chemistry, enviromental chemistry, biology, and physics.

Introduction to Radiological Physics and Radiation Dosimetry Book
Score: 4
From 3 Ratings

Introduction to Radiological Physics and Radiation Dosimetry


  • Author : Frank Herbert Attix
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2008-09-26
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 628
  • ISBN 10 : 9783527617142

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Introduction to Radiological Physics and Radiation Dosimetry Excerpt :

A straightforward presentation of the broad concepts underlying radiological physics and radiation dosimetry for the graduate-level student. Covers photon and neutron attenuation, radiation and charged particle equilibrium, interactions of photons and charged particles with matter, radiotherapy dosimetry, as well as photographic, calorimetric, chemical, and thermoluminescence dosimetry. Includes many new derivations, such as Kramers X-ray spectrum, as well as topics that have not been thoroughly analyzed in other texts, such as broad-beam attenuation and geometrics, and the reciprocity theorem. Subjects are layed out in a logical sequence, making the topics easier for students to follow. Supplemented with numerous diagrams and tables.

Radioactive Aerosols Book

Radioactive Aerosols


  • Author : Constantin Papastefanou
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2011-07-28
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN 10 : 0080555985

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Radioactive Aerosols Excerpt :

Whenever radioactivity is released to the atmosphere, for example by the detonation of nuclear weapons or the testing of nuclear weapons or from nuclear reactor accidents that fraction of it which remains airborne for more than a few hours is liable to be attached to aerosol particles. The resulting radioactive aerosols are carried by atmospheric mixing processes until they settle out or are scavenged by precipitation. The radiation exposure pathway of maximum concern to humans is by inhalation of aerosols and their deposition in the respiratory tract. In this context, it is important to note that radioactive aerosols are commonly of natural origin alos. In particular, the associated radionuclides can be of natural terrestrial origin, such as the decay products of radon gas, or they can e cosmogenic, such as beryllium-7. The exposure of miners of uranium and other ores and minerals to radon and its aerosol-borne decay products is of major significance. The book describes the formation of aerosols, their aerodynamic size distribution, their atmospheric residence time, their sampling and measurement, the range of radioactive aerosols found and studied thus far, including man-made nuclides and radon decay products and their interaction with man, including deposition in the lung and subsequent health effects. Advanced level science handbook for researchers, scientists and academics Covers all aspects of radiation exposure in humans, including subsequent health implications Presents the latest findings and analysis in this highly topical area

Handbook of Environmental Analysis Book

Handbook of Environmental Analysis


  • Author : Pradyot Patnaik
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-08-23
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 628
  • ISBN 10 : 9781498745628

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Handbook of Environmental Analysis Excerpt :

The Handbook will cover all aspects of environmental analysis and will examine the emergence of many new classes of pollutants in recent years. It will provide information on an array of topics from instrumentation, analytical techniques, and sample preparations to statistical calculations, chemical structures, and equations. It will present the tools and techniques required to measure a wide range of toxic pollutants in our environment. It will be fully revised throughout, and will add four new chapters (Microbial Analysis, Chlorophyll, Chlorine, Chloramines and Chlorine Dioxide, and Derivatization Reactions in Environmental Analysis).

Radiation Oncology Physics Book

Radiation Oncology Physics


  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher : IAEA
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 657
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015060547364

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Radiation Oncology Physics Excerpt :

This publication is aimed at students and teachers involved in teaching programmes in field of medical radiation physics, and it covers the basic medical physics knowledge required in the form of a syllabus for modern radiation oncology. The information will be useful to those preparing for professional certification exams in radiation oncology, medical physics, dosimetry or radiotherapy technology.

Measurement  Instrumentation  and Sensors Handbook Book

Measurement Instrumentation and Sensors Handbook


  • Author : John G. Webster
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-12-19
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 1640
  • ISBN 10 : 9781351833349

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Measurement Instrumentation and Sensors Handbook Excerpt :

The Second Edition of the bestselling Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook brings together all aspects of the design and implementation of measurement, instrumentation, and sensors. Reflecting the current state of the art, it describes the use of instruments and techniques for performing practical measurements in engineering, physics, chemistry, and the life sciences and discusses processing systems, automatic data acquisition, reduction and analysis, operation characteristics, accuracy, errors, calibrations, and the incorporation of standards for control purposes. Organized according to measurement problem, the Spatial, Mechanical, Thermal, and Radiation Measurement volume of the Second Edition: Contains contributions from field experts, new chapters, and updates to all 96 existing chapters Covers instrumentation and measurement concepts, spatial and mechanical variables, displacement, acoustics, flow and spot velocity, radiation, wireless sensors and instrumentation, and control and human factors A concise and useful reference for engineers, scientists, academic faculty, students, designers, managers, and industry professionals involved in instrumentation and measurement research and development, Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook, Second Edition: Spatial, Mechanical, Thermal, and Radiation Measurement provides readers with a greater understanding of advanced applications.

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis


  • Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2012-09-01
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1418
  • ISBN 10 : 9780123848741

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Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis Excerpt :

The updated and much expanded 3e of the Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis is an authoritative reference providing the principles, practical techniques, and procedures for the accurate measurement of radioactivity from the very low levels encountered in the environment to higher levels measured in radioisotope research, clinical laboratories, biological sciences, radionuclide standardization, nuclear medicine, nuclear power, and fuel cycle facilities and in the implementation of nuclear forensic analysis and nuclear safeguards. The book describes the basic principles of radiation detection and measurement and the preparation of samples from a wide variety of matrices, assists the investigator or technician in the selection and use of appropriate radiation detectors, and presents state-of-the-art methods of analysis. Fundamentals of radiation properties, radionuclide decay, the calculations involved, and methods of detection provide the basis for a thorough understanding of the analytical procedures. The Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis, 3e, is suitable as a teaching text for university and professional training courses. The only comprehensive reference that describes the principles of detection and practical applications of every type of radioactivity detector currently used. The new 3e is broader in scope, with revised and expanded chapters, new authors, and seven new chapters on Alpha Spectrometry, Radionuclide Standardization, Radioactive Aerosol Measurements, Environmental Radioactivity Monitoring, Marine Radioactivity Analysis, Nuclear Forensic Analysis and Analytical Techniques in Nuclear Safeguards Discusses in detail the principles, theory and practice applied to all types of radiation detection and measurement, making it useful for both teaching and research

Radioactive Air Sampling Methods Book

Radioactive Air Sampling Methods


  • Author : Mark L. Maiello
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2010-10-18
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420009682

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Radioactive Air Sampling Methods Excerpt :

Although the field of radioactive air sampling has matured and evolved over decades, it has lacked a single resource that assimilates technical and background information on its many facets. Edited by experts and with contributions from top practitioners and researchers, Radioactive Air Sampling Methods provides authoritative guidance on measuring airborne radioactivity from industrial, research, and nuclear power operations, as well as naturally occuring radioactivity in the environment. Designed for industrial hygienists, air quality experts, and heath physicists, the book delves into the applied research advancing and transforming practice with improvements to measurement equipment, human dose modeling of inhaled radioactivity, and radiation safety regulations. To present a wide picture of the field, it covers the international and national standards that guide the quality of air sampling measurements and equipment. It discusses emergency response issues, including radioactive fallout and the assets used to assess airborne radioactive emergencies. The book includes a comprehensive series of air sampling methods for commonly encountered radioactive isotopes in the industrial environment that detail the steps to conducting a proper air sampling study. With coverage of fundamental air sampling techniques and practical knowledge, the book provides insight into the contemporary thinking of experts, the maturity of the field, and its deep literature base. Building a bridge between the science behind air sampling and its practice, it supplies the know-how required to achieve technically rigorous air sampling data.

Radiation Detection Book

Radiation Detection


  • Author : Douglas McGregor
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-08-19
  • Genre: Political Science
  • Pages : 1851
  • ISBN 10 : 9781000038606

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Radiation Detection Excerpt :

Radiation Detection: Concepts, Methods, and Devices provides a modern overview of radiation detection devices and radiation measurement methods. The book topics have been selected on the basis of the authors’ many years of experience designing radiation detectors and teaching radiation detection and measurement in a classroom environment. This book is designed to give the reader more than a glimpse at radiation detection devices and a few packaged equations. Rather it seeks to provide an understanding that allows the reader to choose the appropriate detection technology for a particular application, to design detectors, and to competently perform radiation measurements. The authors describe assumptions used to derive frequently encountered equations used in radiation detection and measurement, thereby providing insight when and when not to apply the many approaches used in different aspects of radiation detection. Detailed in many of the chapters are specific aspects of radiation detectors, including comprehensive reviews of the historical development and current state of each topic. Such a review necessarily entails citations to many of the important discoveries, providing a resource to find quickly additional and more detailed information. This book generally has five main themes: Physics and Electrostatics needed to Design Radiation Detectors Properties and Design of Common Radiation Detectors Description and Modeling of the Different Types of Radiation Detectors Radiation Measurements and Subsequent Analysis Introductory Electronics Used for Radiation Detectors Topics covered include atomic and nuclear physics, radiation interactions, sources of radiation, and background radiation. Detector operation is addressed with chapters on radiation counting statistics, radiation source and detector effects, electrostatics for signal generation, solid-state and semiconductor physics, background radiations, and radiation counting and spectroscopy. Detectors for gamma-ray