Handbook of Reward and Decision Making Book

Handbook of Reward and Decision Making

  • Author : Jean-Claude Dreher
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2009-06-04
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 526
  • ISBN 10 : 0080923488

Handbook of Reward and Decision Making Excerpt :

This book addresses a fundamental question about the nature of behavior: how does the brain process reward and makes decisions when facing multiple options? The book presents the most recent and compelling lesion, neuroimaging, electrophysiological and computational studies, in combination with hormonal and genetic studies, which have led to a clearer understanding of neural mechanisms behind reward and decision making. The neural bases of reward and decision making processes are of great interest to scientists because of the fundamental role of reward in a number of behavioral processes (such as motivation, learning and cognition) and because of their theoretical and clinical implications for understanding dysfunctions of the dopaminergic system in several neurological and psychiatric disorders (schizophrenia, Parkinson's disease, drug addiction, pathological gambling, ...). Comprehensive coverage of approaches to studying reward and decision making, including primate neurophysiology and brain imaging studies in healthy humans and in various disorders, genetic and hormonal influences on the reward system and computational models. Covers clinical implications of process dysfunction (e.g., schizophrenia, Parkinson's disease, eating disorders, drug addiction, pathological gambling) Uses multiple levels of analysis, from molecular mechanisms to neural systems dynamics and computational models. " This is a very interesting and authoritative handbook by some of the most outstanding investigators in the field of reward and decision making ", Professor Edmund T. Rolls, Oxford Center for Computational Neuroscience, UK

Handbook on Decision Making Book

Handbook on Decision Making

  • Author : Chee Peng Lim
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-09-07
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 532
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642136399

Handbook on Decision Making Excerpt :

Decision making arises when we wish to select the best possible course of action from a set of alternatives. With advancements of the digital technologies, it is easy, and almost instantaneous, to gather a large volume of information and/or data pertaining to a problem that we want to solve. For instance, the world-wi- web is perhaps the primary source of information and/or data that we often turn to when we face a decision making problem. However, the information and/or data that we obtain from the real world often are complex, and comprise various kinds of noise. Besides, real-world information and/or data often are incomplete and ambiguous, owing to uncertainties of the environments. All these make decision making a challenging task. To cope with the challenges of decision making, - searchers have designed and developed a variety of decision support systems to provide assistance in human decision making processes. The main aim of this book is to provide a small collection of techniques stemmed from artificial intelligence, as well as other complementary methodo- gies, that are useful for the design and development of intelligent decision support systems. Application examples of how these intelligent decision support systems can be utilized to help tackle a variety of real-world problems in different - mains, e. g. business, management, manufacturing, transportation and food ind- tries, and biomedicine, are also presented. A total of twenty chapters, which can be broadly divided into two parts, i. e.

A Handbook of Process Tracing Methods for Decision Research Book

A Handbook of Process Tracing Methods for Decision Research

  • Author : Michael Schulte-Mecklenbeck
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2011-05-20
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN 10 : 9781135389772

A Handbook of Process Tracing Methods for Decision Research Excerpt :

This handbook provides a critical review and user’s guide to conducting and reporting process tracing studies of decision making. Each chapter covers a specific method that is presented and reviewed by authors who are experts in the method’s application to decision research. The book ultimately illustrates and presents a multi-method approach and is essential reading for graduate students and researchers wishing to undertake such studies on decision making.

Society  Organizations and the Brain  building towards a unified cognitive neuroscience perspective Book

Society Organizations and the Brain building towards a unified cognitive neuroscience perspective

  • Author : Carl Senior
  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release Date : 2015-07-02
  • Genre: Uncategoriezed
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9782889195800

Society Organizations and the Brain building towards a unified cognitive neuroscience perspective Excerpt :

This e-book brings together scholars in both the neurosciences and organizational sciences who have adopted various approaches to study the cognitive mechanisms mediating the social behavior that we see within organizations. Such an approach has been termed by ourselves, and others, as ‘organisational cognitive neuroscience’. In recent years there has been a veritable increase in studies that have explored the cognitive mechanisms driving such behaviors, and much progress has been made in understanding the neural underpinnings of processes such as financial exchange, risk awareness and even leadership. However, while these studies are informative and add to our understanding of human cognition they fall short of providing evidence-based recommendations for practice. Specifically, we address the broader issue of how the neuroscientific study of such core social behaviors can be used to improve the very way that we work. To address these gaps in our understanding the chapters in this book serve as a platform that allows scholars in both the neurosciences and the organizational sciences to highlight the work that spans across these two fields. The consolidation of these two fields also serves to highlight the utility of a singular organizational cognitive neuroscience. This is a fundamentally important outcome of the book as the application of neuroscience to address economically relevant behaviors has seen a variety of fields evolve in their own right, such as neuromarketing, neuroeconomics and so forth. The use of neuro-scientific technologies,in particular fMRI, has indeed led to a bewildering (and somewhat suffocating) proliferation of new approaches, however, the speed of such developments demands that we must proceed carefully with such ventures or risk some fundamental mistakes. The book that you now hold will consolidates these new neuroscience based approaches and in doing so highlight the importance of this approach in helping us to understand human socia

Brain Computations Book

Brain Computations

  • Author : Edmund T. Rolls
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2021-01-07
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 960
  • ISBN 10 : 9780198871101

Brain Computations Excerpt :

In order to understand how the brain works, it is essential to know WHAT is computed by different brain systems, and HOW those computations are performed. This is the aim of Brain Computations: What and How. Pioneering in its approach, this book will be of interest to all scientists interested in brain function and how the brain works

Oxford Handbook of Human Action Book
Score: 5
From 1 Ratings

Oxford Handbook of Human Action

  • Author : Ezequiel Morsella
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2008-10-16
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN 10 : 0199718784

Oxford Handbook of Human Action Excerpt :

In the last decade, there has been a tremendous surge of research on the mechanisms of human action. This volume brings together this new knowledge in a single, concise source, covering most if not all of the basic questions regarding human action: What are the mechanisms by which action plans are acquired (learned), mentally represented, activated, selected, and expressed? The chapters provide up-to-date summaries of the published research on this question, with an emphasis on underlying mechanisms. This 'bible' of action research brings together the current thinking of eminent researchers in the domains of motor control, behavioral and cognitive neuroscience, psycholinguistics, biology, as well as cognitive, developmental, social, and motivational psychology. It represents a determined multidisciplinary effort, spanning across various areas of science as well as national boundaries.

The Cambridge Handbook of Human Affective Neuroscience Book

The Cambridge Handbook of Human Affective Neuroscience

  • Author : Jorge Armony
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2013-01-21
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781107310704

The Cambridge Handbook of Human Affective Neuroscience Excerpt :

Neuroscientific research on emotion has developed dramatically over the past decade. The cognitive neuroscience of human emotion, which has emerged as the new and thriving area of 'affective neuroscience', is rapidly rendering existing overviews of the field obsolete. This handbook provides a comprehensive, up-to-date and authoritative survey of knowledge and topics investigated in this cutting-edge field. It covers a range of topics, from face and voice perception to pain and music, as well as social behaviors and decision making. The book considers and interrogates multiple research methods, among them brain imaging and physiology measurements, as well as methods used to evaluate behavior and genetics. Editors Jorge Armony and Patrik Vuilleumier have enlisted well-known and active researchers from more than twenty institutions across three continents, bringing geographic as well as methodological breadth to the collection. This timely volume will become a key reference work for researchers and students in the growing field of neuroscience.

Anhedonia  A Comprehensive Handbook Volume I Book

Anhedonia A Comprehensive Handbook Volume I

  • Author : Michael S. Ritsner
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-07-08
  • Genre: Medical
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN 10 : 9789401785914

Anhedonia A Comprehensive Handbook Volume I Excerpt :

This is the first comprehensive two-volume collection on anhedonia, a disorder that played an important role in psychopathology theories at the beginning of the twentieth century. Anhedonia is a condition in which the capacity of pleasure is partially or completely lost, and it refers to both a personality trait, and a “state symptom” in various neuropsychiatric and physical disorders. It has a putative neural substrate, originating in the dopaminergic mesolimbic and mesocortical reward circuit. Over the past three decades cognitive psychology and behavioral neuroscience have expanded our understanding of anhedonia and other reward-related processes. The aim of this new two-volume collection on anhedonia is to highlight the contributions of eminent scientists in this field as well as to provide readers with comprehensive accounts of recent developments as perceived by the authors. This monograph is divided into five parts. Volume I contains parts one and two (Conceptual Issues and Neurobiological Advances) including 14 chapters that serve as an introduction and overview of conceptual issues. Volume II contains three parts (Anhedonia in Psychotic Disorders, Anhedonia in Mood and Personality Disorders, and Anhedonia in Neurological and Physical Disorders) including 15 chapters that provide an overview of the construct, measurement of anhedonia in schizophrenia spectrum disorders, hedonic capacity and related factors in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder, anhedonia as an indicator of genetic liability for schizophrenia, and as a trait marker for depression, the role of an anhedonia in trauma-related disorders, anorexia nervosa, stress-induced eating disorders, schizotypal traits and risk of suicide. This book will be of interest to a broad spectrum of readers including psychiatrists, psychologists, neurologists, neuroscientists, endocrinologists, pharmacologists, general practitioners, geriatricians, graduate students, and health care providers in the field

Neurobiology of Sensation and Reward Book

Neurobiology of Sensation and Reward

  • Author : Jay A. Gottfried
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2011-03-28
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN 10 : 9781420067293

Neurobiology of Sensation and Reward Excerpt :

Synthesizing coverage of sensation and reward into a comprehensive systems overview, Neurobiology of Sensation and Reward presents a cutting-edge and multidisciplinary approach to the interplay of sensory and reward processing in the brain. While over the past 70 years these areas have drifted apart, this book makes a case for reuniting sensation and reward by highlighting the important links and interface between the two. Emphasizing the role of reward in reinforcing behaviors, the book begins with an exploration of the history, ecology, and evolution of sensation and reward. Progressing through the five senses, contributors explore how the brain extracts information from sensory cues. The chapter authors examine how different animal species predict rewards, thereby integrating sensation and reward in learning, focusing on effects in anatomy, physiology, and behavior. Drawing on empirical research, contributors build on the themes of the book to present insights into the human sensory rewards of perfume, art, and music, setting the scene for further cross-disciplinary collaborations that bridge the neurobiological interface between sensation and reward.

Handbook on Business Process Management 1 Book

Handbook on Business Process Management 1

  • Author : Jan vom Brocke
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-09-21
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 616
  • ISBN 10 : 9783642004162

Handbook on Business Process Management 1 Excerpt :

Business Process Management (BPM) has become one of the most widely used approaches for the design of modern organizational and information systems. The conscious treatment of business processes as significant corporate assets has facilitated substantial improvements in organizational performance but is also used to ensure the conformance of corporate activities. This Handbook presents in two volumes the contemporary body of knowledge as articulated by the world' s leading BPM thought leaders. This first volume focuses on arriving at a sound definition of Business Process Management approaches and examines BPM methods and process-aware information systems. As such, it provides guidance for the integration of BPM into corporate methodologies and information systems. Each chapter has been contributed by leading international experts. Selected case studies complement these views and lead to a summary of BPM expertise that is unique in its coverage of the most critical success factors of BPM.

The Oxford Handbook of Offender Decision Making Book

The Oxford Handbook of Offender Decision Making

  • Author : Wim Bernasco
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-05-08
  • Genre: Law
  • Pages : 760
  • ISBN 10 : 9780199338818

The Oxford Handbook of Offender Decision Making Excerpt :

Although the issue of offender decision-making pervades almost every discussion of crime and law enforcement, only a few comprehensive texts cover and integrate information about the role of decision-making in crime. The Oxford Handbook of Offender Decision Making provide high-quality reviews of the main paradigms in offender decision-making, such as rational choice theory and dual-process theory. It contains up-to-date reviews of empirical research on decision-making in a wide range of decision types including not only criminal initiation and desistance, but also choice of locations, times, targets, victims, methods as well as large variety crimes including homicide, robbery, domestic violence, burglary, street crime, sexual crimes, and cybercrime. Lastly, it provides in-depth treatments of the major methods used to study offender decision-making, including experiments, observation studies, surveys, offender interviews, and simulations. Comprehensive and authoritative, the Handbook will quickly become the primary source of theoretical, methodological, and empirical knowledge about decision-making as it relates to criminal behavior.

The Oxford Handbook of Positive Emotion and Psychopathology Book

The Oxford Handbook of Positive Emotion and Psychopathology

  • Author : June Gruber
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-09-05
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 992
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190653217

The Oxford Handbook of Positive Emotion and Psychopathology Excerpt :

Considerable research has been devoted to understanding how positive emotional processes influence our thoughts and behaviors, and the resulting body of work clearly indicates that positive emotion is a vital ingredient in our human quest towards well-being and thriving. Yet the role of positive emotion in psychopathology has been underemphasized, such that comparatively less scientific attention has been devoted to understanding ways in which positive emotions might influence and be influenced by psychological disturbance. Presenting cutting-edge scientific work from an internationally-renowned group of contributors, The Oxford Handbook of Positive Emotion and Psychopathology provides unparalleled insight into the role of positive emotions in mental health and illness. The book begins with a comprehensive overview of key psychological processes that link positive emotional experience and psychopathological outcomes. The following section focuses on specific psychological disorders, including depression, anxiety, trauma, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia, as well as developmental considerations. The third and final section of the Handbook discusses translational implications of this research and how examining populations characterized by positive emotion disturbance enables a better understanding of psychiatric course and risk factors, while simultaneously generating opportunities to bridge gaps between basic science models and psychosocial interventions. With its rich and multi-layered focus, The Oxford Handbook of Positive Emotion and Psychopathology will be of interest to researchers, teachers, and students from a range of disciplines, including social psychology, clinical psychology and psychiatry, biological psychology and health psychology, affective science, and neuroscience.

The WorldatWork Handbook of Total Rewards Book

The WorldatWork Handbook of Total Rewards

  • Author : WorldatWork
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2021-01-21
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN 10 : 9781119682493

The WorldatWork Handbook of Total Rewards Excerpt :

Equip yourself to manage, motivate, compensate, and reward everyone in this workplace revolution The future of work is here. From the shift to Millennials and Gen Z in the workforce to the advent of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and the Gig Economy, the world of work and rewards has significantly changed since the initial WorldatWork Handbook was published. Human resources and total rewards professionals need tools to equip them to manage a changing workforce. This completely revised second edition addresses the challenging and disruptive issues facing employers today and tomorrow. The WorldatWork Handbook of Total Rewards is the definitive authority on compensation and rewards from the leading global nonprofit organizations for professionals who are engaged in the critically important practice of total rewards. This book is a go-to resource for all business professionals and leaders who reward and create productive, committed and inspired workforces worldwide. Readers will learn the basics of rewards, along with a deep dive and high-level view of how rewards programs enable organizations to deliver on their brand promises and perform at their optimal level. Gain a thorough understanding of compensation and benefits, along with employee well-being, development, and recognition, all updated to address the realities of today’s workplace. Understand why the Millennial and Gen Z workforce requires a different value proposition, and how to meet their needs. Discover the tools and techniques you need to help you reskill and become a highly valued workforce contributor and leader in the digital era. Learn how to attract, retain, and engage talent by building a healthy workplace culture and employing unique incentives that drive high performance and loyalty. Technical enough for specialists but broad in scope for managers and HR generalists, this well-rounded resource belongs on the desk of anyone interested in organizational effectiveness. An indispensable tool for un

The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences Book

The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences

  • Author : Andrew C. Papanicolaou
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-04-27
  • Genre: Psychology
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN 10 : 9780190621407

The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences Excerpt :

The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences describes in a readily accessible manner the several functional neuroimaging methods and critically appraises their applications that today account for a large part of the contemporary cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychology literature. The complexity and the novelty of these methods often cloud appreciation of the methods' contributions and future promise. The Handbook begins with an overview of the basic concepts of functional brain imaging common to all methods, and proceeds with a description of each of them, namely magnetoencephalography (MEG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), positron emission tomography (PET), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Its second part covers the various research applications of functional neuroimaging on issues like the function of the default mode network; the possibility and the utility of imaging of consciousness; the search for mnemonic traces of concepts; human will and decision-making; motor cognition; language; the mechanisms of affective states and pain; the presurgical mapping of the brain; and others. As such, the volume reviews the methods and their contributions to current research and comments on the degree to which they have enhanced our understanding of the relation between neurophysiological activity and sensory, motor, and cognitive functions. Moreover, it carefully considers realistic contributions of functional neuroimaging to future endeavors in cognitive neuroscience, medicine, and neuropsychology.

Handbook of Decision Making Book

Handbook of Decision Making

  • Author : Paul C. Nutt
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2010-09-07
  • Genre: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 720
  • ISBN 10 : 1444323121

Handbook of Decision Making Excerpt :

Wiley's new Handbook of Decision Making is a vital reference text for all students and professionals of management, organization and decision making. The handbook offers a wide range of theoretical and empirical approaches to the understanding of organizational and strategic decisions. Contributors are internationally known experts drawn from North America, Canada and Europe who have spent many years in the study of decision making, and decision making relevant topics. We believe the handbook will become a tour de force in the understanding decision making, offering a wide variety of perspectives, topics, and summative understanding of the field. Chapters in the Handbook were prepared by the leading experts in their field and include cutting edge empirical, theoretical, and review chapters. The chapters bring together for the first time a critical mass of writing on decision making as an organizational and research activity. The Editors are two of the leading international experts in decision making and contribute to the Handbook with five original Chapters that offer an appraisal of the field and suggestions for research, as well as the current status of decision making practice and suggestion for improvement.