Handbook of Stable Isotope Analytical Techniques Book

Handbook of Stable Isotope Analytical Techniques


  • Author : Pier A. de Groot
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2008-11-10
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1398
  • ISBN 10 : 9780080930114

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Handbook of Stable Isotope Analytical Techniques Excerpt :

This two-volume reference serves as a handbook containing a wealth of information for all isotope chemists working in a wide range of disciplines including anthropology to ecology; drug detection methodology to toxicology; nutrition to food science; and the atmospheric sciences to geochemistry. Complementing the first volume, Volume II includes matters that are not strictly confined to the analytical techniques themselves, but relate to analysis of stable isotopes, such as the views on the development of mass spectrometers, isotopic scales, standards and references, and directives for setting up a laboratory. ALSO AVAILABLE: Volume I: Dec. 2004, 0444511148/9780444511140, $176.00 Volume I and II (set): Oct. 2007, 0444511164/9780444511164, $205.00 * Presents an encyclopedic overview of stable isotope analytical techniques in an objective way * Includes descriptions of methods and diagrams of analytical devices * Addresses how older techniques formed the basis for present-day techniques, which can be useful in constructing modern analytical systems * Completments Volume I of the set

Handbook of Stable Isotope Analytical Techniques Book

Handbook of Stable Isotope Analytical Techniques


  • Author : Pier Anne de Groot
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Genre: Geochemistry
  • Pages : 1234
  • ISBN 10 : OCLC:1112858965

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Handbook of Stable Isotope Analytical Techniques Excerpt :

Volume I contains subjective reviews, specialized and novel technique descriptions by guest authors. Part 1 includes contributions on purely analytical techniques and Part 2 includes matters such as development of mass spectrometers, stability of ion sources, standards and calibration, correction procedures and experimental methods to obtain isotopic fractionation factors. Volume II will be available in 2005.

Handbook of Stable Isotope Analytical Techniques Book
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Handbook of Stable Isotope Analytical Techniques


  • Author : Pier A. de Groot
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2004-10-27
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 1258
  • ISBN 10 : 0080533272

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Handbook of Stable Isotope Analytical Techniques Excerpt :

(Parent with price) Volume I contains subjective reviews, specialized and novel technique descriptions by guest authors. Part 1 includes contributions on purely analytical techniques and Part 2 includes matters such as development of mass spectrometers, stability of ion sources, standards and calibration, correction procedures and experimental methods to obtain isotopic fractionation factors. Volume II will be available in 2005.

Compound specific Stable Isotope Analysis Book

Compound specific Stable Isotope Analysis


  • Author : Maik A Jochmann
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2015-11-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : null
  • ISBN 10 : 9781782626107

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Compound specific Stable Isotope Analysis Excerpt :

The use of Compound-specific Stable Isotope Analysis (CSIA) is increasing in many areas of science and technology for source allocation, authentication, and characterization of transformation reactions. Until now, there have been no textbooks available for students with an analytical chemical background or basic introductory books emphasising the instrumentation and theory. This book is the first to focus solely on stable isotope analysis of individual compounds in sometimes complex mixtures. It acts as both a lecture companion for students and a consultant for advanced scientists in fields including forensic and environmental science. The book starts with a brief history of the field before going on to explain stable isotopes from scratch. The different ways to express isotope abundances are introduced together with isotope effects and isotopic fractionation. A detailed account of the required technical equipment and general procedures for CSIA is provided. This includes sections on derivatization and the use of microextraction techniques in GC-IRMS. The very important topic of referencing and calibration in CSIA is clearly described. This differs from approaches used in quantitative analysis and is often difficult for the newcomer to comprehend. Examples of successful applications of CSIA in food authenticity, forensics, archaeology, doping control, environmental science, and extraterrestrial materials are included. Applications in isotope data treatment and presentation are also discussed and emphasis is placed on the general conclusions that can be drawn from the uses of CSIA. Further instrumental developments in the field are highlighted and selected experiments are introduced that may act as a basis for a short practical course at graduate level.

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes Book

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes


  • Author : Keith A. Hobson
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2018-09-13
  • Genre: Nature
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN 10 : 9780128147245

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Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes Excerpt :

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes, Second Edition, provides a complete introduction to new and powerful isotopic tools and applications that track animal migration, reviewing where isotope tracers fit in the modern toolbox of tracking methods. The book provides background information on a broad range of migration scenarios in terrestrial and aquatic systems and summarizes the most cutting-edge developments in the field that are revolutionizing the way migrant individuals and populations are assigned to their true origins. It allows undergraduates, graduate students and non-specialist scientists to adopt and apply isotopes to migration research, and also serves as a useful reference for scientists. The new edition thoroughly updates the information available to the reader on current applications of this technique and provides new tools for the isotopic assignment of individuals to origins, including geostatistical multi-isotope approaches and the ways in which researchers can combine isotopes with routine data in a Bayesian framework to provide best estimates of animal origins. Four new chapters include contributions on applications to the movements of terrestrial mammals, with particular emphasis on how aspects of animal physiology can influence stable isotope values. Includes an animal physiology component that is an in-depth overview of the cautions and caveats related to this technique Covers marine and aquatic isoscapes and methods to track marine organisms for researchers trying to apply isotopic tracking to animals in these environments Features state-of-the-art statistical treatments for assignment and combining diverse datasets

Calcium Stable Isotope Geochemistry Book

Calcium Stable Isotope Geochemistry


  • Author : Nikolaus Gussone
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-05-02
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN 10 : 9783540689539

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Calcium Stable Isotope Geochemistry Excerpt :

This book provides an overview of the fundamentals and reference values for Ca stable isotope research, as well as current analytical methodologies including detailed instructions for sample preparation and isotope analysis. As such, it introduces readers to the different fields of application, including low-temperature mineral precipitation and biomineralisation, Earth surface processes and global cycling, high-temperature processes and cosmochemistry, and lastly human studies and biomedical applications. The current state of the art in these major areas is discussed, and open questions and possible future directions are identified. In terms of its depth and coverage, the current work extends and complements the previous reviews of Ca stable isotope geochemistry, addressing the needs of graduate students and advanced researchers who want to familiarize themselves with Ca stable isotope research.

Sector Field Mass Spectrometry for Elemental and Isotopic Analysis Book

Sector Field Mass Spectrometry for Elemental and Isotopic Analysis


  • Author : Thomas Prohaska
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2014-11-21
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 666
  • ISBN 10 : 9781849735407

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Sector Field Mass Spectrometry for Elemental and Isotopic Analysis Excerpt :

This book was triggered by the success story of sector field mass spectrometry in elemental and isotopic analysis from the early days when the first mass spectrum of Ne was presented a hundred years ago. The outstanding and unique features of sector field mass spectrometry - high sensitivity, high mass resolution and simultaneous multiple ion detection - paved the way for its successful and increasing application in different fields of science. Written, compiled and edited by worldwide renowned experts with profound expertise in sector field mass spectrometry related to elemental and isotopic analysis, this book is intended to provide deep insight into the topic along with fundamental knowledge about elemental and isotopic analysis. Aimed at scientists in the field of natural and life sciences, instrument manufacturers, practitioners and graduate students, this book provides solid information about the methodological background and analytical capabilities of sector field mass spectrometry. A detailed description of peculiarities and an overview of the most relevant applications making use of specific techniques using sector field mass analysers (ICP-MS, GDMS, TIMS, SIMS and IRMS) are given, including a presentation of the currently available commercial instruments. This approach guarantees that readers are thoroughly introduced to and familiarized with the fascinating inter- and transdisciplinary field of sector field mass spectrometry.

Food Protected Designation of Origin Book

Food Protected Designation of Origin


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2013-06-11
  • Genre: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 800
  • ISBN 10 : 9780444595720

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Food Protected Designation of Origin Excerpt :

Protected designation of origin (PDO) taken together with other geographical indicators, such as protected geographical indication (PGI) and traditional specialty guaranteed (TSG), offer the consumer additional guarantees on the quality and authentication of foods. They are important tools that protect the names of regional foods, such as wines, cheeses, hams, sausages and olives, so that only foods that genuinely originate in a particular region are allowed to be identified as such. The economic value of these regional foods, as well as the increased interest from consumers and the food industry about the traceability and origin of food, mean that it has become necessary to establish methods for PDO and PGI authentication based on the specific characteristics and chemical markers of these kinds of products. This book offers a complete guide of the methods available to authenticate food PDO, beginning with an explanation of the analytical and chemometric methods available for PDO authentication, before looking at the main foods covered, PGI labels and the social and legal framework for food PGIs. It will be of interest to people engaged in the fields of food production, commercialization and consumption, as well as policymakers and control laboratories. Offers a complete guide to the methods available for food Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) authentication Explains the analytical and chemometric methods Focuses on the various food products covered by authentication labels

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes Book

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes


  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2008-04-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN 10 : 0080559263

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Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes Excerpt :

Tracking Animal Migration with Stable Isotopes provides a consolidated overview of the current knowledge of stable isotopes in terrestrial migration research questions. It offers ecologists and conservation biologists provide a practical handbook for those considering using stable isotopes in their migration research. Presents information for readers to understand how to apply isotopic methods for tracking Critical information on areas for future research Practical guidelines and discussions of sample collection, sample preparation, and data analysis Enhanced understanding of data and statistical analysis in isotope-based studies of migratory animals

Chemistry In The Cryosphere  In 2 Parts  Book

Chemistry In The Cryosphere In 2 Parts


  • Author : Paul Shepson
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2021-10-12
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 924
  • ISBN 10 : 9789811230141

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Chemistry In The Cryosphere In 2 Parts Excerpt :

Ice and snow on Earth modulate and modify the climate, chemistry and fate of air and water pollutants. Climate change is drastically impacting Nature and extent of the cryosphere, with attendant feedbacks on atmospheric composition and climate. These changes are happening at a rate that outpaces the development of fundamental knowledge of processes that occur within/on the surfaces of ice and snow, confounding our ability to develop a predictive capability for future states of the Earth environment.This set, comprising 17 chapters, written by world experts on these topics, are thus intended to document the current state of understanding of the structure, physical properties, abundance, and chemical and microbiological processes that occur within/on ice and snow in all Earth environments in which it exists, and to express needs for improvement of that understanding. This, only comprehensive treatise/collection that covers environmentally relevant chemistry and related physical aspects of snow and ice in the Earth system, and the connections to climate change, will be accessible to those with introductory college-level understanding of chemistry and physics.

Chemical and Physical Signatures for Microbial Forensics Book

Chemical and Physical Signatures for Microbial Forensics


  • Author : John B. Cliff
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2011-12-09
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 138
  • ISBN 10 : 9781603272179

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Chemical and Physical Signatures for Microbial Forensics Excerpt :

Combining the disciplines of biological, physical and chemical science, microbial forensics has a rapidly rising profile in a world increasingly troubled by the threat of ‘biocrime’ and ‘bioterrorism’. This valuable resource is a major addition to a body of literature reckoned to lack sufficient breadth. It presents a variety of phenotypic and trace signature methodologies associated with cultured microorganisms that, despite being genetically identical, may be characterized by differing cultural environments. One of the central challenges faced by those working in this field is the sheer diversity of potentially harmful agents, which in themselves total more than 1000 viruses, bacteria, fungi and protozoan parasites. Their numerous additional variants render the process of ‘fingerprinting’ biological agents notoriously difficult, especially when the limitations of genetic analysis are factored in. Attribution of crime is relatively easy through human DNA, but lacking the genetic individuation of humans and animals, microbial forensics has to complement phylogenetic techniques with chemical and physical ones. In the best case, genetic analysis in the ‘biocrime’ sector can exclude sources, narrow the population of possible sources and support associations with potential sources. To complement these genetic techniques, chemical and physical methods can be used to compare ‘signatures’ imparted to microbial samples by environments in which they are grown and processed. Collating a range of microbiological fingerprinting techniques in one volume, and covering everything from statistical analysis to laboratory protocols, this publication furthers the aim of forensic investigators who need robust and legally admissible forensic evidence to present in a courtroom.

Combining and Reporting Analytical Results Book

Combining and Reporting Analytical Results


  • Author : Aleš Fajgelj
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 313
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015068764839

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Combining and Reporting Analytical Results Excerpt :

Reliable and metrologically comparable results of quantitative analytical methods are essential to assure that decisions taken on their basis have meaning and context. Problems with combining measurement results, calculating their uncertainties and establishing metrological traceability can prove complicated and ambiguous for measurement scientists. Combining and Reporting Analytical Results discusses in detail the problems faced by scientists, and presents a variety of approaches across biological, chemical and environmental sciences to resolving these types of issues. Topics include: validated methods of analysis; application of internal quality control procedures; participation in proficiency testing schemes; metrological traceability of measurement results and associated uncertainties, as well as some quality system issues and formal accreditation. Written by leading experts, and with worked examples and illustrations throughout, this invaluable reference source is ideal for analysts from various scientific fields.

Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science Book

Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science


  • Author : Robert Michener
  • Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
  • Release Date : 2007-10-08
  • Genre: Science
  • Pages : 566
  • ISBN 10 : UOM:39015073880786

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Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science Excerpt :

Highlighting the uses of stable isotope analysis in many ecological disciplines, this book examines the methods of research and information on experimental techniques in ecology. It looks at techniques that use natural abundance isotopes to: follow whole ecosystem element cycling; understand processes; and more.